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Childhood emotional neglect

Lisa J M van den Berg, Marieke S Tollenaar, Laura H C G Compier-de Block, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Bernet M Elzinga
Altered processing of emotional faces due to childhood maltreatment has repeatedly been reported, and may be a key process underlying the intergenerational transmission of maltreatment. The current study is the first to examine the role of neural reactivity to emotional and neutral faces in the transmission of maltreatment, using a multi-generational family design including 171 participants of 51 families of two generations with a large age range (8-69 years). The impact of experienced and perpetrated maltreatment (abuse and neglect) on face processing was examined in association with activation in the amygdala, hippocampus, inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and insula in response to angry, fearful, happy and neutral faces...
February 1, 2019: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Lies Van Assche, Luc Van de Ven, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Patrick Luyten
OBJECTIVES: Research suggests that vulnerability for anxiety and depression in late life results from a complex interaction between (neuro)biological and environmental factors. In this context, there is growing evidence for the role of childhood trauma on vulnerability for both anxiety and depression throughout the course of life, mainly through its effects on attachment as a biologically based neurodevelopmental stress regulation system. Yet, the impact of childhood trauma on depression and anxiety in late life specifically remains unclear...
February 10, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
Gin S Malhi, Pritha Das, Tim Outhred, Lauren Irwin, Danielle Gessler, Zina Bwabi, Richard Bryant, Zola Mannie
OBJECTIVE: Mood disorders are more common among girls and typically emerge during adolescence. The precise reasons for this are unknown, but among the many mechanisms implicated are stress-induced hippocampal structural changes during this developmental stage. The hippocampus is a complex structure comprised of subfields that develop differentially and respond variably to stress and childhood adversity, both of which are risk factors for mood disorders. To better understand vulnerability to mood disorders, we investigated a cohort of adolescent girls and determined volumetric changes in their hippocampal subfields to elucidate the potential effects of childhood trauma...
February 2, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Lei Yang, Yaoyue Hu, Karri Silventoinen, Pekka Martikainen
OBJECTIVES: A number of studies have established the link between childhood adversity (CA) and depression across the life span. This association can be culturally specific, and it remains unclear whether and how different aspects of CA affect depressive symptoms in later life in non-Western societies. METHOD: Data were from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study in 2011, 2013, 2014 (Life Event History survey) and 2015 (N = 13,710). Depressive symptoms were measured repeatedly in 2011, 2013, and 2015 using the ten-item Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10)...
January 31, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
Jaakko Maatta, Antti Martikainen, Maarit Pakarinen, Tiina-Mari Ikaheimo, Mette Nissen, Mikael von Und Zu Fraunberg, Heimo Viinamaki, Jukka Huttunen
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) relieves pain by delivering doses of electric current to the dorsal column of the spinal cord and has been found to be most effective in the treatment of neuropathic pain. Psychological distress is a significant risk factor for the development of chronic pain and has been found to affect the outcome of SCS. Childhood trauma is a risk factor for chronic pain, but has not previously been studied in SCS patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this prospective registry-based study was to investigate the prevalence of 5 domains of childhood trauma (emotional neglect, emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, and sexual abuse) and their relationship with the outcome of spinal cord stimulation on patients suffering from treatment-resistant chronic pain...
January 2019: Pain Physician
Kagan Kircaburun, Mark D Griffiths, Joël Billieux
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has been related to a wide range of detrimental psychological and health consequences. The purpose of the present pilot study was to test the direct and indirect relationships between IGD and emotional trauma, body image dissatisfaction, social anxiety, loneliness, depression, and self-esteem. A total of 242 online gamers completed a survey comprising a comprehensive battery of psychometric self-report scales concerning aforementioned variables. Results indicated that IGD was significantly correlated with all the variables except for body image dissatisfaction...
2019: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Kayla A Chase, Jennifer K Melbourne, Cherise Rosen, Simon McCarthy-Jones, Nev Jones, Benjamin M Feiner, Rajiv P Sharma
Early childhood trauma, including physical, sexual or emotional abuse, neglect, harm or threat of harm, is associated with adulthood dysregulation of the immune system. Trauma can induce chronic immune system activation. Associations between a chronic pro-inflammatory state and schizophrenia are an enduring finding of psychiatry, with elevated cytokine concentrations correlated with psychotic symptom severity. Most importantly, persons with schizophrenia and a history of childhood trauma demonstrate increased cytokine levels...
December 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Snehal M Pinto Pereira, Sharon Stein Merkin, Teresa Seeman, Chris Power
OBJECTIVES: In two cohorts, we aimed to establish associations between early-life adversities and adult inflammation, and whether adult (a) adiposity or (b) socioeconomic disadvantage are key intermediaries. METHODS: In both cohorts (N=7,661, 1958 British birth cohort; N=1,255, MIDUS), information was used on adult inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen and (MIDUS only) interleukin-6 (IL-6)), adiposity and socioeconomic disadvantage, and early-life adversities (neglect, emotional neglect, physical, psychological, sexual abuse and childhood disadvantage)...
January 22, 2019: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Tracie O Afifi, Janique Fortier, Jitender Sareen, Tamara Taillieu
Importance: Inquiry into what childhood experiences are associated with antisocial behaviors in adulthood is necessary for prioritizing and informing efforts for effective prevention. Objective: To examine whether harsh physical punishment in the absence of child maltreatment and child maltreatment with and without harsh physical punishment are associated with antisocial behaviors in adulthood. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional study using data on the general US population obtained from the National Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave 3 from April 2012 to June 2013...
January 4, 2019: JAMA network open
Claire Bodkin, Lucie Pivnick, Susan J Bondy, Carolyn Ziegler, Ruth Elwood Martin, Carey Jernigan, Fiona Kouyoumdjian
BACKGROUND: A history of childhood abuse may affect people's health and criminal justice system involvement. Understanding the prevalence of childhood abuse among individuals in prison is important to inform effective and appropriate correctional services. OBJECTIVES: To review and summarize data on the prevalence of childhood abuse among people experiencing imprisonment in Canada. SEARCH METHODS: We searched for studies in bibliographic indexes, reference lists, and gray literature, and we consulted experts...
January 24, 2019: American Journal of Public Health
Raimo K R Salokangas, Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Stefanie J Schmidt, Henri Pesonen, Sinikka Luutonen, Paul Patterson, Heinrich Graf von Reventlow, Markus Heinimaa, Tiina From, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversities and trauma (CAT) are associated with adult mental disorders. Nevertheless, although CAT of different domains mostly co-occurs, and co-morbidity is common, the associations between CAT and mental disorders, when taking these interrelations into account, are not well known. AIMS: We aimed to study differential associations between the five core domains of CAT and current axis-I disorders, taking into consideration their interrelations...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Mental Health
Maria Carla Gerra, Matteo Manfredini, Elena Cortese, Maria Caterina Antonioni, Claudio Leonardi, Fernanda Magnelli, Lorenzo Somaini, Subramaniam Jayanthi, Jean Lud Cadet, Claudia Donnini
BACKGROUND: Vulnerability to cannabis use (CU) initiation and problematic use have been shown to be affected by both genetic and environmental factors, with still inconclusive and uncertain evidence. OBJECTIVE: Aim of the present study was to investigate the possible interplay between gene polymorphisms and psychosocial conditions in CU susceptibility. METHODS: Ninety-two cannabis users and ninety-three controls have been included in the study...
January 20, 2019: Substance Use & Misuse
Simone Cunningham, Caeleb Goff, R Michael Bagby, Jeremy G Stewart, Cherie Larocque, Raegan Mazurka, Arun Ravindran, Kate L Harkness
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is one of the strongest predictors of sexual and peer bullying re-victimization. However, it is not clear which types of maltreatment are associated with the greatest risk. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the differential relations of maternal- versus paternal-perpetrated emotional maltreatment, neglect, and physical maltreatment, as well as sexual maltreatment, to sexual victimization and peer bullying victimization outside the home...
January 15, 2019: Child Abuse & Neglect
Ruby Charak, Lillianne Villarreal, Rachel M Schmitz, Michiyo Hirai, Julian D Ford
BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse and neglect (CAN) and intimate partner violence victimization (IPV) is prevalent among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals (LGB). Identification of distinct patterns of childhood and adult victimization, including technology-mediated and face-to-face IPV, and their cumulative relations to mental/behavioral health challenges, among LGB people is needed to facilitate identification of at-risk individuals. OBJECTIVE: Using latent class analysis, we first sought to identify patterns of lifetime interpersonal victimization, primarily five types of CAN and IPV in LGB emerging adults...
January 14, 2019: Child Abuse & Neglect
Catherine Kreatsoulas, Eric W Fleegler, Laura D Kubzansky, Catherine M McGorrian, S V Subramanian
INTRODUCTION: While cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death, its determinants include unhealthy behaviours and clinical risk factors and are recognised as the "actual causes" of death. Risk likely accumulates over the life course and adverse childhood experiences may increase the risk of "actual causes" of death. To determine the prevalence and test the association of adverse childhood experiences among unhealthy behaviours and risk factors as a primordial risk factor among young adults...
January 8, 2019: American Journal of Medicine
Carla Nasca, Kathleen Watson, Betty Bigio, Thalia Robakis, Alison Myoraku, Tonita Wroolie, Bruce S McEwen, Natalie Rasgon
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance (IR) is a metabolic dysfunction often co-morbid with major depressive disorder (MDD). The paths to development of MDD remain largely unspecified, highlighting a need for identification of risk factors. Here, we tested whether specific subscales of childhood trauma as well as family history of type-2 diabetes (Fam-Hx-Dm2) contribute to the development of metabolic dysfunction and severity of depressive symptoms. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used a sample of 45 adults suffering from MDD that was well-characterized for insulin resistance and sensitivity as assessed by measures of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) plasma insulin (FPI) levels, body mass index (BMI), weight, homeostasis model assessment of insulin sensitivity (HOMA), Matsuda index as well as both glucose and insulin responses to oral glucose challenges...
January 10, 2019: Experimental Neurology
Kurt Albermann, Silke Wiegand-Grefe, Sibylle Winter
Child Protection in Families with Parental Mental Illness Children and adolescents from families with parental mental illness face an increased risk to experience abuse, neglect and maltreatment. The effects of imminent, intermittent or chronic distress on the development of the child and to differentiate these from neglect or maltreatment are not easily assignable in such families. Questionnaires and diagnostic instruments can be supportive tools for professionals in hospitals and private practices to identify and differentiate between burdens of children and families and potential endangerment...
January 2019: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Anat Talmon, Michal Horovitz, Nitzan Shabat, Orna Shechter Haramati, Karni Ginzburg
BACKGROUND: The transition to motherhood involves many challenges that require adjustment; included among them are adapting to body changes, forging a maternal identity, and attaching to the baby. Although these tasks may not be easy for any women, those who experienced emotional neglect during childhood may find them especially difficult. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to examine a model illuminating the mechanism underlying the association between childhood emotional neglect and women's adjustment during pregnancy and the postpartum period...
February 2019: Child Abuse & Neglect
Mary Sengutta, Łukasz Gawęda, Steffen Moritz, Anne Karow
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) often occur across different non-psychotic disorders in adolescent and young adult population and are related to early trauma. However, the mechanisms of how exposure to early trauma shapes the risk of PLEs are unclear. In our study, we investigated whether borderline personality features and further non-psychotic symptoms, i.e. factors related to both PLEs and childhood trauma, may mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and PLEs...
December 29, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Marleen Wildschut, Sanne Swart, Willemien Langeland, Adriaan Hoogendoorn, Jan H Smit, Nel Draijer
OBJECTIVE: Profiling patients who report early childhood trauma and emotional neglect may be useful for treatment planning. This study attempts to quantify a two-dimensional "trauma-neglect model" (Draijer, 2003) proposed to distinguish clinical profiles in terms of trauma-related, dissociative, and personality pathology. METHOD: A sample of patients referred to a trauma program ( n = 49) and a personality disorders program ( n = 101) was extensively assessed...
December 20, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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