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David Dreyer, Basil El Jundi, Dmitry Kishkinev, Carina Suchentrunk, Lena Campostrini, Barrie J Frost, Thomas Zechmeister, Eric J Warrant
Insect migrations are spectacular natural events and resemble a remarkable relocation of biomass between two locations in space. Unlike the well-known migrations of daytime flying butterflies, such as the painted lady ( Vanessa cardui ) or the monarch butterfly ( Danaus plexippus ), much less widely known are the migrations of nocturnal moths. These migrations - typically involving billions of moths from different taxa - have recently attracted considerable scientific attention. Nocturnal moth migrations have traditionally been investigated by light trapping and by observations in the wild, but in recent times a considerable improvement in our understanding of this phenomenon has come from studying insect orientation behaviour, using vertical-looking radar...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Anton V Volynkin, Robert J Borth, Sergei Didenko, Aidas Saldaitis
Catocala becheri Borth, Kons & Saldaitis, 2017 was recently described from Central Vietnam. It is a member of a morphologically well-defined group including Catocala intacta Leech, 1889 and Catocala hoferi Ishizuka & Ohshima, 2003 which both differ from C. becheri in wing pattern and male genitalia. (Borth et al. 2017). Recent collecting has provided additional specimens, including the first female C. becheri, described below.
November 14, 2017: Zootaxa
Hugo L Jr Kons, Robert J Borth, Aidas Saldaitis, Sergei Didenko
The Asian Catocala naganoi species group is delimited and reviewed, with a diagnosis of the constituent species based on genitalic, wing pattern, and COI 5' mtDNA characters. The included species are Catocala naganoi Sugi, 1982, C. solntsevi Sviridov, 1997, C. naumanni Sviridov, 1996, and C. katsumii sp. n. which is described here as new.
November 28, 2017: Zootaxa
Aidas Saldaitis, Oleg Pekarsky, Robert J Borth
A new species, Catocala nilssoni, sp. n., from the Liaoning and Shandong Provinces of northeast China is described. The new species clearly differs in wing pattern and genitalia from any other Catocala species. DNA results for one specimen of the new species further confirms its morphological exclusivity. Actual Catocala danilovi (O. Bang-Haas, 1927) male genitalia is pictured for the first time and the taxonomical status of the related Catocala florianii Saldaitis & Ivinskis, 2008 is discussed.
April 12, 2017: Zootaxa
Robert J Borth, Hugo L Kons, Aidas Saldaitis, Lawrence F Gall
The taxonomy of the Catocala nupta (L.), 1757 complex is analyzed using corresponding characters of the male genitalia, wing pattern, and COI 5' mitochondrial DNA, and is presently found to contain only two additional species: Catocala concubia Walker, [1858], and a new species Catocala benedeki described herein. Three new lectotypes are designated, and 12 status changes for existing names are introduced (10 new synonyms, 2 revised statuses).
May 9, 2017: Zootaxa
Theodore D Sargent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1978: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
Anton V Volynkin, Aidas Saldaitis, Liusheng Chen
Catocala toropovi Saldaitis, Kons & Borth, 2014 was recently described from the valleys of the Ili and Charyn rivers in southeast Kazakhstan. This species is similar to C. repudiata Staudinger, 1888 and C. optima Staudinger, 1888, but differs on morphological as well as genetic characters (Saldaitis et al. 2014). Catocala toropovi was described based on male specimens, as females were unknown at the time. During studies of Lepidoptera in Xinjiang Province, China, two females of C. toropovi were collected, and this paper provides a brief description and analysis of the female of this species...
July 21, 2016: Zootaxa
Hugo L Kons, Robert J Borth, Aidas Saldaitis
Here we describe Catocala didenko sp. n. as new for the noctuid genus Catocala Shrank, differing from Catocala duplicata Butler, 1885 and Catocala gansan Ishizuka & Wang, 2013 on wing pattern, male genitalia, and COI 5' mitochondrial DNA. These three species, along with Catocala dissimilis Bremer, 1861, comprise a small and distinctive species group within the genus. Exemplary uncommon morphological characters for this group include: extensive area of ventral side of claspers unsclerotized (Fig. 17); claspers with a subapical ventral bulging projection (Fig...
April 21, 2016: Zootaxa
Roger A Downer, Timothy A Ebert
A Skinner mercury vapor light trap was operated from 2001 through 2009 in a residential backyard to document biodiversity within the moth families Thyatiridae, Drepanidae, Geometridae, Mimallonidae, Apatelodidae, Lasiocampidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae, Erebidae (including Lymantriinae and Arctiinae), Euteliidae, Nolidae, and Noctuidae. When making comparisons to older literature, we recalculated our results to conform to the older classification of the Noctuoidea. Moths were released after identification. There were 501 species documented in 77581 captures from 1290 sampling dates...
2014: ZooKeys
Aidas Saldaitis, Hugo L Kons, Robert J Borth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Zootaxa
Katsumi Ishizuka, Tsutomu Shinkawa, Hiroshi Endo, Masaru Nonaka
Phylogenetic relationships of 31 Japanese Catocala species were analyzed based on the partial nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5 (ND5) gene (762 bp). When several non-Catocala Noctuidae moths were designated as the outgroup, these Catocala species formed a monophyletic group. However, divergences between these Catocala species were very deep, and no close phylogenetic relationships were recognized among them except for that between the two recently separated species, C. xarippe and C...
December 2011: Zoological Science
Richard J Webster, Alison Callahan, Jean-Guy J Godin, Thomas N Sherratt
The natural resting orientations of several species of nocturnal moth on tree trunks were recorded over a three-month period in eastern Ontario, Canada. Moths from certain genera exhibited resting orientation distributions that differed significantly from random, whereas others did not. In particular, Catocala spp. collectively tended to orient vertically, whereas subfamily Larentiinae representatives showed a variety of orientations that did not differ significantly from random. To understand why different moth species adopted different orientations, we presented human subjects with a computer-based detection task of finding and 'attacking' Catocala cerogama and Euphyia intermediata target images at different orientations when superimposed on images of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) trees...
February 27, 2009: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
A T Pietrewicz, A C Kamil
Blue jays trained to detect Catocala moths in slides were exposed to two types of slide series containing these moths: series of one species and series of two species intermixed. In one-species series, detection ability increased with successive encounters with one prey type. No similar effect occurred in two-species series. These results are a direct demonstration of a specific search image.
June 22, 1979: Science
T D Sargent
A dark moth (Catocala antinympha) and a light moth (Campaea perlata) rested on appropriate backgrounds in an experimental apparatus allowing a choice between black and white backgrounds. The selections remained unchanged when the circumocular scales of the moths were painted either black or white. These results suggest that selections of background by cryptic moths, with respect to background reflectance, are genetically fixed. Background selections by melanic forms in various species are interpreted in the light of this conclusion...
January 5, 1968: Science
A T Pietrewicz, A C Kamil
Blue jays learned to respond differentially to the presence or absence of Catocala moths in slides. This detection of the moths by the jays was affected by the background upon which the moth was placed and its body orientation, thus providing an objective measure of crypticity. These procedures are useful for the study of visual detection of prey.
February 11, 1977: Science
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1962: Mikroskopie
Kono, Reid, Kamil
Studies of prey detection have typically focused on how search image affects the capture of cryptic items. This study also considers how background vegetation influences cryptic prey detection. Blue jays, Cyanocitta cristata, searched digitized images for two Catocala moths: C. ilia, which is cryptic on oak, and C. relicta, which is cryptic on birch. Some images contained moths while others did not. The ability of blue jays to detect prey during repeated presentations of one prey type within a session was compared with their performance during randomly alternating presentations of both prey types within a session to examine search-image formation under two background conditions (informative and ambiguous)...
October 1998: Animal Behaviour
P A Faure, J H Fullard, J W Dawson
This study empirically tests the prediction that the echolocation calls of gleaning insectivorous bats (short duration, high frequency, low intensity) are acoustically mismatched to the ears of noctuid moths and are less detectable than those of aerially hawking bats. We recorded auditory receptor cell action potentials elicited in underwing moths (Catocala spp.) by echolocation calls emitted during gleaning attacks by Myotis septentrionalis (the northern long-eared bat) and during flights by the aerial hawker Myotis lucifugus (the little brown bat)...
May 1993: Journal of Experimental Biology
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