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Wisp 1

Kazim Sahin, Sara Perez Ojalvo, Fatih Akdemir, Cemal Orhan, Mehmet Tuzcu, Nurhan Sahin, Ibrahim H Ozercan, Sarah Sylla, Suleyman S Koca, Ismet Yilmaz, James R Komorowski
The purpose of this study was to test the effects of arginine-silicate-inositol complex (ASI), compared to a combination of the individual ingredients (A+S+I) of the ASI, on inflammatory markers and joint health in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat model. A total of 28 Wistar rats were divided into four groups: (i) Control; (ii) Arthritic group, rats subjected to CIA induction by injection of bovine collagen type II (A); (iii) Arthritic group treated with equivalent doses of the separate components of the ASI complex (arginine hydrochloride, silicon, and inositol) (A+S+I); (iv) Arthritic group treated with the ASI complex...
January 8, 2019: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Bethan A Brown, Georgia M Connolly, Carina E J Mill, Helen Williams, Gianni D Angelini, Jason L Johnson, Sarah J George
We previously reported pro-survival effects of Wnt3a and Wnt5a proteins in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Wnt5a achieved this through induction of Wnt1-inducible signalling pathway protein-1 (WISP-1) consequent to β-catenin/CREB-dependent, TCF-independent, signalling. However, we found that as atherosclerosis advances, although Wnt5a protein was increased, WISP-1 was reduced. We hypothesized this disconnect could be due to aging. In this study, we elucidate the mechanism underlying Wnt3a pro-survival signalling and demonstrate the differential effect of age on Wnt3a- and Wnt5a-mediated survival...
December 12, 2018: Aging Cell
Carolyn A Meyers, Jiajia Xu, Greg Asatrian, Catherine Ding, Jia Shen, Kristen Broderick, Kang Ting, Chia Soo, Bruno Peault, Aaron W James
The vascular wall within adipose tissue is a source of mesenchymal progenitors, referred to as perivascular stem/stromal cells (PSC). PSC are isolated via fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS), and defined as a bipartite population of pericytes and adventitial progenitor cells (APCs). Those factors that promote the differentiation of PSC into bone or fat cell types are not well understood. Here, we observed high expression of WISP-1 among human PSC in vivo, after purification, and upon transplantation in a bone defect...
October 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mary P Nivison, Kathryn E Meier
CCN proteins are secreted into the extracellular environment where they interact with both components of the extracellular matrix and with cell surface receptors to regulate cellular function. Through these interactions, CCNs act as extracellular ligands to activate intracellular signal transduction pathways. CCN4/WISP-1, like other CCNs, plays multiple physiologic roles in development and also participates in pathogenesis. CCN4 is of particular interest with respect to cancer, showing promise as a biomarker or prognostic factor as well as a potential therapeutic target...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Sudhiranjan Gupta, Li Li
Thymosin beta-4 (Tβ4) is an actin sequestering protein and is furthermore involved in diverse biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, wound healing, stem- or progenitor cell differentiation, and modulates inflammatory mediators. Tβ4 also attenuates fibrosis. However, the role of Tβ4 in cardiomyocytes hypertrophy is unknown. Areas covered: In this review, we will discuss the role of Tβ4 in cardiac remodeling that specifically includes cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis only. Our review will further cover a new signaling pathway, the wingless and integrated-1 (Wnt) pathway in cardiac remodeling...
July 2018: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Fang Wu, Qingfeng Ma, Haiqing Song, Xiuhai Guo, Marcio A Diniz, Shlee S Song, Nestor R Gonzalez, Xiaoming Bi, Xunming Ji, Debiao Li, Qi Yang, Zhaoyang Fan
BACKGROUND: Intracranial atherosclerotic disease tends to affect multiple arterial segments. Using whole-brain vessel wall imaging, we sought to study the differences in plaque features among various types of plaques in patients with a recent unilateral anterior circulation ischemic stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-one patients with unilateral anterior circulation ischemic stroke were referred to undergo whole-brain vessel wall imaging (before and after contrast) within 1 month of symptom onset for intracranial atherosclerotic disease evaluations...
July 22, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Chun-Lu Yan, Sheng-Hua Li, Fang-Yu An, Yong-Qi Liu, Peng-Fei Xia, Zheng-Min Ma, Yan-Qiang Niu, Peng-Yao Liu
OBJECTIVES: To observe the effects of Yougui pill (Traditional Chinese Medicine) on the related factors of Wnt signal pathway of rats with knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and explore its protective mechanism. METHODS: Sixty SPF SD rats were randomly divided into the sham-operative group, model group, glucosamine sulfate group, high-dose, middle-dose, low-dose of Yougui pill treated group ( n =10). KOA model was established by modified Hulth method for six weeks. The rats in the high, middle and low-dose of Yougui pill group were treated with Yougui pills at the doses of 20,10 and 5 g/kg respectively by gastrogavage once a day for 8 weeks, while equal volume of normal saline was given to those in the sham and model control group and an equal volume of glucosamine sulfate (1...
February 8, 2018: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Vincent F M Segers, Dirk L Brutsaert, Gilles W De Keulenaer
The heart is a highly structured organ consisting of different cell types, including myocytes, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, stem cells, and inflammatory cells. This pluricellularity provides the opportunity of intercellular communication within the organ, with subsequent optimization of its function. Intercellular cross-talk is indispensable during cardiac development, but also plays a substantial modulatory role in the normal and failing heart of adults. More specifically, factors secreted by cardiac microvascular endothelial cells modulate cardiac performance and either positively or negatively affect cardiac remodeling...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Ilaria Barchetta, Flavia Agata Cimini, Danila Capoccia, Laura Bertoccini, Valentina Ceccarelli, Caterina Chiappetta, Frida Leonetti, Claudio Di Cristofano, Gianfranco Silecchia, Marju Orho-Melander, Olle Melander, Maria Gisella Cavallo
Neurotensin (NT) is a 13-amino acid peptide localized in the neuroendocrine cells of the small intestine, which promotes fat absorption and fatty acids translocation in response to lipid ingestion. NT-knock-out mice fed with a high-fat diet are protected from obesity, fatty liver, and the development of insulin-resistance. In humans, higher plasma levels of pro-NT, which is the stable circulating precursor of NT, predict obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and cardiovascular disease. In obesity, the presence of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) inflammation leads to unfavorable metabolic outcomes and is associated with the development of T2D and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
April 23, 2018: Nutrients
An-Chen Chang, Po-Chun Chen, Yu-Feng Lin, Chen-Ming Su, Ju-Fang Liu, Tien-Huang Lin, Show-Mei Chuang, Chih-Hsin Tang
Bone metastasis is a frequent occurrence in prostate cancer (PCa) that is associated with severe complications such as fracture, bone pain and hypercalcemia. The cross-talk between metastatic cancer cells and bone is critical to the development and progression of bone metastases. In our previous data, we have described how the involvement of the Wnt-induced secreted protein-1/vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (WISP-1/VCAM-1) system in this tumor-bone interaction contributes to human PCa cell motility. In this study, we found that WISP-1 regulates bone mineralization by inducing bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2), BMP4 and osteopontin (OPN) expression in osteoblasts...
July 10, 2018: Cancer Letters
Fang Wu, Haiqing Song, Qingfeng Ma, Jiayu Xiao, Tao Jiang, Xiaoqin Huang, Xiaoming Bi, Xiuhai Guo, Debiao Li, Qi Yang, Xunming Ji, Zhaoyang Fan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate atherosclerotic plaque characteristics in patients with artery-to-artery (A-to-A) embolic infarction by whole-brain high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Seventy-four patients (mean age, 54.7±12.1 years; 59 men) with recent stroke in the territory of middle cerebral artery because of intracranial atherosclerotic disease were prospectively enrolled. Whole-brain high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging was performed in all the patients both precontrast and postcontrast administration by using a 3-dimensional T1-weighted vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging technique known as inversion-recovery prepared sampling perfection with application-optimized contrast using different flip angle evolutions...
April 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Tarunkumar Hemraj Madne, Mark Edward Carl Dockrell
Growth factors like TGFβ and CTGF (CCN2) plays a vital role in various cellular functions. TGFβ and CTGF are overexpressed in renal fibrosis. CTGF act as profibrotic stimuli to TGFβ. CCN3 is a member of CCN family which also comprises CCN1 (CYR61), CCN2 (CTGF), CCN4 (WISP-1), CCN5 (WISP-2) and CCN6 (WISP-3). CCN3 has been shown to antagonise CTGF. In this study, we investigated the role of CCN3 in TGFβ1-mediated signalling in human podocytes culture. This study describes the novel function of CCN3 in regulation of TGFβ1 mediated non-canonical Smad signalling in human podocytes culture...
February 28, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
I Barchetta, F A Cimini, R De Gioannis, G Ciccarelli, L Bertoccini, A Lenzi, M G Baroni, M G Cavallo
BACKGROUND: Procollagen-III peptide (PIIINP) is a marker of fibrosis associated with increased cardiometabolic risk and progression of chronic liver diseases such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and steatohepatitis; its association with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been elucidated yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among circulating PIIINP levels, metabolic traits, and body fat distribution in subjects with T2DM with or without NAFLD...
July 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Lillianne H Wright, Daniel J Herr, Symone S Brown, Harinath Kasiganesan, Donald R Menick
Myocardial infarctions (MIs) cause the loss of myocytes due to lack of sufficient oxygenation and latent revascularization. Although the administration of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors reduces the size of infarctions and improves cardiac physiology in small-animal models of MI injury, the cellular targets of the HDACs, which the drugs inhibit, are largely unspecified. Here, we show that WNT-inducible secreted protein-1 (Wisp-1), a matricellular protein that promotes angiogenesis in cancers as well as cell survival in isolated cardiac myocytes and neurons, is a target of HDACs...
February 22, 2018: JCI Insight
Christopher Tacke, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Miriam Rehfeldt, Veronica Murahovschi, Mariya Markova, Margrit Kemper, Silke Hornemann, Ulrike Kaiser, Caroline Honig, Christiana Gerbracht, Stefan Kabisch, Tina Hörbelt, D Margriet Ouwens, Martin O Weickert, Heiner Boeing, Andreas F H Pfeiffer, Olga Pivovarova, Natalia Rudovich
WNT1 inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP-1/CCN4) is a novel adipokine, which is upregulated in obesity, and induces a pro-inflammatory response in macrophages in-vitro. Preclinical observations suggested WISP-1/CCN4 as a potential candidate for novel obesity therapy targeting adipose tissue inflammation. Whether circulating levels of WISP-1/CCN4 in humans are altered in obesity and/or type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and in the postprandial state, however, is unknown. This study assessed circulating WISP-1/CCN4 levels in a) paired liquid meal tests and hyperinsulinemic- euglycemic clamps (cohort I, n = 26), b) healthy individuals (cohort II, n = 207) and c) individuals with different stages of obesity and glucose tolerance (cohort III, n = 253)...
September 2018: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Hongwei Zhou, Yibing Yao, Yaojie Liang, Zhihong Wang, Xiaoyan Zhou, Weiping Guo, Xiangmin Yang, Jianli Jiang, Junzhong Sun, Zhinan Chen
Objective To screen the differentially expressed key molecules of HAb18G/CD147 signal transduction pathway in human hepatoma cells. Methods The total RNA was extracted from SMMC-7721 and T7721 cells, which were stably transfected and overexpressed HAb18G/CD147, and then detected by signal transduction-related microarray to identify differentially expressed key molecules. Results The microarray data indicated that there were 13 differentially expressed genes between T7721 and SMMC-7721 cells. In T7721 cell line which overexpressed HAb18G/CD147, the down-regulated genes included bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), BMP-5, endothelin-1 (ET-1), Wnt1-induced signaling proteins-2/CCN5 (WISP-2), cysteine-rich 61/CCN1 (Cyr61), prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA), and the up-regulated genes included interleukin-10 receptor α (IL-10Rα), IL-6, IL-8, CXCL2, mitochondrial superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), B factor and βig-h3...
September 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Eun Kyung Jung, Sun-Ae Kim, Tae Mi Yoon, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Hee Kyung Kim, Dong Hoon Lee, Joon Kyoo Lee, Ik-Joo Chung, Young-Eun Joo, Sang Chul Lim
WNT1-inducible-signaling pathway protein-1 (WISP-1) belongs to the family of cysteine rich 61/connective tissue growth factor/nephroblastoma overexpressed matricellular proteins, which are involved in various biological processes, including cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, angiogenesis and carcinogenesis. In the present study, the expression of WISP-1 was investigated, and its association with clinicopathological factors and prognosis in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was evaluated...
August 2017: Oncology Letters
Miguel Quiros, Hikaru Nishio, Philipp A Neumann, Dorothee Siuda, Jennifer C Brazil, Veronica Azcutia, Roland Hilgarth, Monique N O'Leary, Vicky Garcia-Hernandez, Giovanna Leoni, Mingli Feng, Gabriela Bernal, Holly Williams, Priya H Dedhia, Christian Gerner-Smidt, Jason Spence, Charles A Parkos, Timothy L Denning, Asma Nusrat
In response to injury, epithelial cells migrate and proliferate to cover denuded mucosal surfaces and repair the barrier defect. This process is orchestrated by dynamic crosstalk between immune cells and the epithelium; however, the mechanisms involved remain incompletely understood. Here, we report that IL-10 was rapidly induced following intestinal mucosal injury and was required for optimal intestinal mucosal wound closure. Conditional deletion of IL-10 specifically in CD11c-expressing cells in vivo implicated macrophages as a critical innate immune contributor to IL-10-induced wound closure...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Xiang Zhong, Yue Ju Tu, Yi Li, Ping Zhang, Wei Wang, Sha Sha Chen, Li Li, Arthur Ck Chung, Hui Yao Lan, Hai Yong Chen, Gui Sen Li, Li Wang
WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein-1 (WISP-1) is an extracellular matrix-related protein that plays multiple roles in cellular physiology and pathology. Accumulating evidence shows that WISP-1 is involved in the process underlying fibrotic diseases. However, the correlation between WISP-1 and renal fibrosis is unknown. In this study, we hypothesized that WISP-1 levels might be correlated with renal fibrosis and could be used as a noninvasive biomarker to screen for renal fibrosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
Hsiao-Chi Tsai, Huey-En Tzeng, Chun-Yin Huang, Yuan-Li Huang, Chun-Hao Tsai, Shih-Wei Wang, Po-Chuan Wang, An-Chen Chang, Yi-Chin Fong, Chih-Hsin Tang
In recent years, much research has focused on the role of angiogenesis in osteosarcoma, which occurs predominantly in adolescents and young adults. The vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) pathway is the key regulator of angiogenesis and in osteosarcoma. VEGF-A expression has been recognized as a prognostic marker in angiogenesis. Aberrant WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein-1 (WISP-1) expression is associated with various cancers. However, the function of WISP-1 in osteosarcoma angiogenesis is poorly understood...
April 13, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
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