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Age 27

Y L Dong, Y Y Zhang, X C Wang, L X Xie
Objective: To investigate the clinical features, treatment distribution and transition of Mooren's ulcer, and to observe the clinical outcomes and recurrence. Methods: Retrospective series case study. Medical records of 125 patients (154 eyes) with Mooren's ulcer treated between January 1996 and December 2015 at our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Seventy-eight males and 47 females were include, with age of (47.6±14.3) years (range: 23-82 years) and median disease course of 6 months (range: 1-240 months)...
February 11, 2019: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Y Xia, Y Wang, H W He, X L Hong, Q Z An, H M Zhang, Y Long
Objective: To investigate the ability of white blood cell (WBC), procalcitonin (PCT) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in the super-elderly patients with bloodstream infection. Methods: It was a retrospective study. A total of 77 patients (≥85 years) admitted to the ICU of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from June, 2016 to December, 2017 were enrolled. The patients included 67 males and 10 females, with an age of 85-105 years and the average age was (92±5) years. According to the results of blood culture, patients were divided into positive blood culture group ( n= 50) and negative blood culture group ( n= 27)...
January 29, 2019: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
X L Meng, Y Hai, G Xu, J C Yang, Q J Su
Objective: To retrospectively investigate the effects of long segment fusion and short segment fusion on lumbar sagittal alignment and quality of life in patients with degenerative scoliosis. Methods: From January 2011 to December 2014, 75 patients with degenerative scoliosis were treated with pedicle screw fixation. Total of 56 females and 19 males were included in this study. Fifty-four patients underwent short-segment fusion (≤3 segments) and 21 patients underwent long-segment fusion (>3 segments). The average age of the patients was (63±8) years...
January 29, 2019: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Latania K Logan, Rachel L Medernach, T Nicholas Domitrovic, Jared R Rispens, Andrea M Hujer, Nadia K Qureshi, Steven H Marshall, David C Nguyen, Susan D Rudin, Xiaotian Zheng, Sreenivas Konda, Robert A Weinstein, Robert A Bonomo
INTRODUCTION: The pandemic of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-(ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (Ent) is strongly linked to the dissemination of CTX-M-type-ESBL-Ent. We sought to define the epidemiology of infections in children due to an emerging resistance type, CTX-M-9-group-producing-Ent (CTX-M-9-grp-Ent). METHODS: A retrospective matched case-control analysis of children with CTX-M-9-grp-Ent infections who received medical care at three Chicago area hospitals was performed...
February 16, 2019: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Megan E Roberts, Michael D Slater, Micah Berman, Amy K Ferketich
OBJECTIVE: Blu's 'Something Better' advertising campaign ran in popular print magazines in 2017. The campaign included advertisements with fake warnings conveying positive messages, which mimicked the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)'s warning requirements for electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements that took effect in 2018. We report adolescent males' recall of these fake warnings and how exposure to fake warnings affected recall of other advertisement components, including the actual warning or health risks, brand and product...
February 16, 2019: Tobacco Control
Vibhash D Sharma, Kelly E Lyons, Jules M Nazzaro, Rajesh Pahwa
INTRODUCTION: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, its effect in older patients is not extensively studied, as they are often excluded from DBS surgery due to concerns of complications or reduced benefit. We assessed clinical outcomes after subthalamic nucleus (STN) DBS in older patients (age > 75 years) with PD. METHODS: All PD patients above 75 years who underwent STN-DBS between 1999 and 2015 were included...
February 11, 2019: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Anas Bennis, Hicham El Otmani, Nada Benkirane, Ilham Harrizi, Bouchra El Moutawakil, Mohammed Abdoh Rafai, Ilham Slassi
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) was suggested to be more frequent and have specific features among populations from Africa or North Africa. However, we could not find any large study about NMOSD in an African population in the medical literature. OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of NMOSD in a Moroccan monocenter population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. Patients fromJanuary 1999 to December 2015 fulfilling the 2015 International Consensus Criteria for NMOSD were included...
February 10, 2019: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Jewel Gausman, Danielle Lloyd, Thomas Kallon, S V Subramanian, Ana Langer, S Bryn Austin
Many young people experience sexual debut before they are able to manage risk in order to avoid adverse consequences. Gender norms, social position, and power can undermine an adolescent's ability to exercise agency in their first sexual encounters and negotiate safer sexual behavior. This study examines the intersection of psychosocial and interpersonal factors with the social and physical environment to form an ecological understanding of how the determinants that shape sexual activity differ between boys and girls in two urban slums in Monrovia, Liberia...
February 8, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Michel Bouchoucha, Noëlle Girault-Lidvan, Maria Hejnar, Florence Mary, Gheorges Airinei, Robert Benamouzig
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psychological factors are involved in many functional gastrointestinal disorders including globus. The aim of the present study was to assess the clinical and psychological correlates associated with globus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 707 patients (69% female, 45.2 ± 16.5 years, BMI 27.2 ± 11.7 kg/m2 ) filled an MMPI-2 questionnaire and a standard Rome III clinical questionnaire and were included in this cross sectional study. Data analysis was performed using a univariate analysis and a multivariate logistic regression with a backwards selection procedure on significant scales after a univariate analysis...
February 13, 2019: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Mehdi Akbari, Rasool Panahi, Ayub Valadbeigi, Morteza Hamadi Nahrani
INTRODUCTION: Deficient auditory processing can cause problems with speech perception and affect the development and evolution of reading skills. The efferent auditory pathway has an important role in normal auditory system functions like speech-in-noise perception, but there is still no general agreement on this. OBJECTIVE: To study the performance of the efferent auditory system in a group of children with reading impairment in comparison with normal reading and evaluation of its relationship with speech-in-noise perception...
January 28, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Álvaro Soto, Gladys Morales, Rosa Provoste, Fernando Lanas, Isabel Aliaga, Daniela Pacheco, Sergio Muñoz
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of a greater incidence of stroke in native populations and minorities. A total of 34% of the population in the Araucanía Region is indigenous. The association between Mapuche ethnicity and stroke is unknown. The aim of the study was to estimate the magnitude of the association between Mapuche ethnicity and stroke occurrence in patients admitted to the Dr. Hernán Henríquez Aravena Hospital (HHHA) in Temuco, Chile. METHODS: We performed an incident case-control-paired study with patients hospitalized with an acute stroke in the internal medicine service and controls from other medical services at the HHHA...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Girija Syamlal, Brian A King, Jacek M Mazurek
INTRODUCTION: Workplace tobacco control interventions reduce smoking and secondhand smoke exposure among U.S. workers. Data on smoke-free workplace policy coverage and cessation programs by industry and occupation are limited. This study assessed smoke-free workplace policies and employer-offered cessation programs among U.S. workers, by industry and occupation. METHODS: Data from the 2014-2015 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey, a random sample of the civilian, non-institutionalized population, were analyzed in 2018...
February 14, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Marcella A Raney, Colette F Hendry, Samantha A Yee
INTRODUCTION: Nature exposure is associated with many wellbeing benefits. However, the influence of green space on the physical activity and social behaviors of children is not completely understood. The purpose of the study was to complete a stepwise impact evaluation of a large-scale playground greening project at a Title 1 elementary school in Los Angeles, California. METHODS: Physical activity and social interaction data were collected with direct observation and accelerometers pre-, immediately post-, and 4 months post-greening at control (students enrolled=393) and experimental (students enrolled=538) locations from 2016 to 2017...
February 13, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
S Devroe, T Bleeser, M Van de Velde, L Verbrugge, F De Buck, J Deprest, R Devlieger, S Rex
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective, matched case-control cohort study describes the incidence, indications, anesthesia techniques and outcomes of pregnancies complicated by surgery in a single tertiary-referral hospital. METHODS: Retrospective review of the hospital records of 171 patients who had non-obstetric surgery in the current pregnancy, between 2001 and 2016. Pregnancy outcomes of these women were firstly compared with all contemporary non-exposed patients (n=35 411), and secondly with 684 non-exposed control patients, matched for age, time of delivery and parity...
January 12, 2019: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Wandong Hong, Vincent Zimmer, Zarrin Basharat, Maddalena Zippi, Simon Stock, Wujun Geng, Xueqin Bao, Junfeng Dong, Jingye Pan, Mengtao Zhou
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is no consensus on relationship between total cholesterol levels and incidence of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between total cholesterol (TC) and the disease severity of acute pancreatitis. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on patients with acute pancreatitis between April 2012 and December 2015 in a university hospital. Fasting blood total cholesterol (TC) was assayed within 24 h of admission, as well as 3-5 days, 7-9 days and 13-15 days during hospitalization...
January 31, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
D Spiliopoulos, M Panchal, D L Economides
AIM: To describe the experience of a single fetal medicine unit in evaluating pregnant women with potential exposure to Zika virus (ZIKV) following travel. METHOD: Between February 2016 and June 2017, a multidisciplinary team evaluated pregnant women by developing a local pathway based on Public Health England guidance. All pregnant women were offered serial fetal ultrasound scans (USS). If they presented with a history of clinical symptoms consistent with ZIKV infection during or within two weeks of travel or fetal USS was suggestive of microcephaly, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) and/or serology was used...
January 2019: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Wenche Ryberg, Per-Henrik Zahl, Lien My Diep, Nils Inge Landrø, Roar Fosse
BACKGROUND: Suicide prevention is a core task in mental health services. Our objective was to determine whether Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) reduced suicidal thoughts and behaviors and mental health distress more effectively than treatment as usual (TAU) in a heterogeneous patient population within specialized mental health care services. METHODS: In this observer-blinded pragmatic randomized controlled trial participants who scored 13 or above on Beck's Scale for Suicide Ideation-Current (BSSI-C) were included from seven in- and outpatient units...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Patrick Robelin, Julien Hadoux, Julien Forestier, David Planchard, Valérie Hervieu, Amandine Berdelou, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Pierre-Jean Valette, Sophie Leboulleux, Michel Ducreux, Catherine Lombard-Bohas, Eric Baudin, Thomas Walter
INTRODUCTION: Metastatic lung carcinoids (MLC) remain poorly characterized and no prognostic stratification exists. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study including patients with MLC in two European expert centers. The aims were to characterize these, identify prognostic factors of survival, and effectiveness of their treatments. RESULTS: A total of 162 patients with MLC were included: 50% were women, and median age was 61 years. Half of patients had synchronous metastases, mainly located in the liver (75%), bone (42%), and lung (25%)...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Alisa T Thavikulwat, Dingcai Cao, Thasarat S Vajaranant, Jennifer I Lim
PURPOSE: To determine the rate of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thinning in patients with sickle cell hemoglobinopathies. Design; Prospective cohort study METHODS: Sixty-seven patients averaging 35.8±11.5 years old at enrollment with electrophoretically-confirmed sickle cell hemoglobinopathies followed by the University of Illinois at Chicago retina clinic for ≥1 year were included. Exclusion criteria included a history of diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, glaucoma, ocular opacities, other retinopathies, and previous retinal procedures...
February 13, 2019: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Arjen Mol, Jeffrey H H Woltering, Willy N J M Colier, Andrea B Maier, Carel G M Meskers, Richard J A van Wezel
PURPOSE: Cerebral oxygenation as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) might be useful to discriminate between physiological and pathological responses after standing up in individuals with orthostatic hypotension. This study addressed the physiological sensitivity of the cerebral oxygenation responses as measured by NIRS to different types and speeds of postural changes in healthy adults and assessed the reliability of these responses. METHODS: Cerebral oxygenated hemoglobin (O2 Hb), deoxygenated hemoglobin (HHb) and tissue saturation index (TSI) were measured bilaterally on the forehead of 15 healthy individuals (12 male, age range 18-27) using NIRS...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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