Read by QxMD icon Read

Neuroendocrine Mediastinal Tumor

Ivette Hernández-Ayuso, Abelardo A Rodríguez-Reyes, Dolores Ríos Y Valles-Valles, P Ayumi Kawakami-Campos, Sharon L Herrera Cifuentes
We describe the clinic, image, and histopathologic features of a well differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (carcinoid tumour) metastatic to choroid and ciliary body in a 52-year-old Mexican Mestizo man. The ophthalmologic examination showed an inferior choroidal mass accompanied by exudative retinal detachment. Ultrasound B-Scan study revealed a diffuse thickened choroid with overlying serous retinal detachment, ultrasound A-Scan revealed a high internal reflectivity solid lesion. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) evidenced a dome shaped ciliary body mass, presumptive diagnosis was uveal tract metastatic disease...
October 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
Kewei Wang, Fuqiang Liu, Chuanlong Wu, Yan Liu, Lin Qi, Xiaohan Yang, Huizhen Zheng, Aixia Ma, Jiahui Wu, Fei Yan, Xinguo Hou, Li Chen, Ming Dong, Weikai Hou
Cushing's syndrome (CS) is a clinical syndrome characterized by hypercortisolemia. Cyclic Cushing's syndrome (CCS), which exhibits a periodic or irregular increasing pattern in cortisol, is a rare type of Cushing's syndrome. A 37-year-old man came to our hospital because of repeated dizzy spells, weakness and hypercortisolemia lasting two weeks. Endocrinological examinations indicated CCS with periodic and intermittent increases in cortisol. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed space occupying lesions on the upper lobe of left lung, and biopsy eventually proved that these were pulmonary carcinoid tumors with ectopic ACTH secretion, which was subsequently manifested a Cushing's syndrome...
December 19, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Sara Póvoa, Daniela Azevedo, Cristiana Marques, Helena Barroca, Andreia Costa
Large-cell neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are poorly differentiated malignancies of rare incidence and aggressive nature. NETs mostly arise in the lung followed by the gastrointestinal tract, although they are potentially ubiquitous throughout the body. Primary unknown NET has a worse prognosis and shorter survival comparing with other NETs, with limited available data in the literature concerning this subgroup. The authors report the case of large-cell NET with supraclavicular lymph node presentation. Total excisional biopsy revealed an enlarged adenopathy 18 × 15 × 10 mm, which was extensively infiltrated by a solid malignant neoplasm composed of large cells with granular chromatin, nuclear pseudo-inclusions, high mitotic index, and focal necrosis, with a Ki 67 index 25-30% and positive immunohistochemical study for the expression of cytokeratin 8/18, chromogranin, synaptophysin, and thyroid transcriptional factor-1 (TTF-1)...
April 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
Andrew D Newton, Jarrod D Predina, Christopher J Corbett, Lydia G Frenzel-Sulyok, Leilei Xia, E James Petersson, Andrew Tsourkas, Shuming Nie, Edward J Delikatny, Sunil Singhal
BACKGROUND: Near-infrared (NIR) imaging using the second time window of indocyanine green (ICG) allows localization of pulmonary, pleural, and mediastinal malignancies during surgery. Based on empirical evidence, we hypothesized that different histologic tumor types fluoresce optimally at different ICG doses. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with thoracic tumors biopsy-proven or suspicious for malignancy were enrolled in an NIR imaging clinical trial. Patients received a range of ICG doses 1 day before surgery: 1 mg/kg (n = 8), 2 mg/kg (n = 8), 3 mg/kg (n = 13), 4 mg/kg (n = 8), and 5 mg/kg (n = 8)...
November 22, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
R Adwan, P Prošvic, J Prošvicová, M Tomšová
INTRODUCTION: Multiple tumors belong to rare cancers. Almost all malignancies may occur in combination, the most common combination being gastrointestinal cancer with respiratory or urogenital tract cancer and with breast cancer in females. CASE REPORT: In 1999, a 66-year-old patient was diagnosed with a rectosigmoid tumor histologically proven as adenocarcinoma. Rectosigmoid resection was performed, followed by adjuvant radiotherapy and the Mayo Clinic FU/FA chemotherapy regimen...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Zhu Mei, He Wang, Shengnan Ren, Juan Wei, Yanhong Gu
RATIONALE: Thymic carcinoids are a rare type of malignant neuroendocrine tumors which have a poor prognosis due to their distant metastasis, invasive behaviour, and postoperative recurrence. Surgical resection is still the fundamental mode for treating thymic carcinoids. Here, we report the rapid shrinkage of an atypical thymic carcinoid with multiple metastases following chemoradiation plus octreotide as a first-line therapy PATIENT CONCERNS:: A 39-year-old Chinese man presented with chest tightness, dyspnea with a history of lumbago and untreated malignant thymoma...
November 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hiromitsu Domen, Yasuhiro Hida, Masaaki Sato, Haruka Takahashi, Tatsuru Ishikawa, Yosuke Shionoya, Midori Hashimoto, Kaoru Nishiyama, Yuma Aoki, Kazuho Inoko, Syotaro Furukawa, Kazuomi Ichinokawa, Hidehisa Yamada
BACKGROUND: Thymic large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is extremely rare. The detailed clinical features of thymic LNCECs remain unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: A 90-year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure, and an abdominal aortic aneurysm underwent computed tomography for follow-up, which showed an anterior mediastinal tumor, measuring 31 mm × 28 mm in diameter. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an iso-intensity mass on T1-weighted images and high intensity on T2-weighted images...
November 16, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
Aruna Nambirajan, Moanaro Longchar, Karan Madan, Saumya Ranjan Mallick, Aanchal Kakkar, Sandeep Mathur, Deepali Jain
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is the primary modality for mediastinal lymph node staging in lung carcinoma. We aimed to evaluate its utility in extra-pulmonary malignancies (EPM). METHODS: Database search of EBUS-TBNA aspirations (2013-2017) done in patients with known/suspected EPMs and mediastinal lymphadenopathy/masses was performed. All archived cytology/histology material was reviewed and categorised as positive, negative and unsatisfactory...
January 2019: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
Angela De Palma, Mariagrazia Lorusso, Francesco Di Gennaro, Rosatea Quercia, Ondina Pizzuto, Giuseppe Garofalo, Angela Fiorella, Elena Maiolino, Giulia Nex, Marcella Schiavone, Giulia De Iaco, Antonia Gentile, Gaetano Lastilla, Michele Loizzi, Leonardo Resta
Background: Pulmonary and mediastinal paragangliomas are rare tumors that may have neuroendocrine activity or be non-functional, incidental, in asymptomatic patients, or causing mass effect symptoms. Although being low-grade tumors, they can display an aggressive behaviour, developing local infiltration and distant metastases. We report our experience with three endothoracic paragangliomas and a Literature review, to point out diagnostic difficulties and problems related to surgical treatment...
September 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Takeaki Hidaka, Saki Okuzumi, Ako Matsuhashi, Hidenori Takahashi, Kazunori Hata, Seiichiro Shimizu, Yoshinobu Iwasaki
Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is a highly malignant cancer originally found in lung in 1991. In extremely rare occasions, primary LCNEC is found in the mediastinum; approximately 40 of such cases have been reported. Due to the limited number of reported cases, a standardized treatment protocol has yet to be established. We report a case of a 66-year-old woman with primary mediastinal LCNEC who presented with superior vena cava syndrome. Emergent radiotherapy was performed, followed by systemic chemotherapy with cisplatin and etoposide, which resulted in a dramatic tumor reduction...
October 17, 2018: Internal Medicine
Nicholas C Cleveland, Don N Nguyen, Kanika Goel, Cassie D Tran, Jeffrey S Mueller
Paragangliomas are extra-adrenal tumors that are derived from neuroendocrine chromaffin cells. The rare disease has a variable presentation depending upon its anatomic location and functionality. We describe the case of a 56-year-old female patient who had an incidental mass found on imaging. The patient underwent biochemical testing and a mediastinal biopsy due to the nonspecific imaging findings. The mediastinal mass was resected through hemisternotomy and found to be a functional paraganglioma. This case highlights the importance of radiologists to consider the prospect of paragangliomas in the differential diagnosis of an intra-thoracic mass...
September 11, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
Liangyuan Lu, Zhanmin Yang, Guyue Zhang, Bin An, Yanjun Lin, Xiangli Zheng
INTRODUCTION: Paragangliomas (PGs) or extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms of ubiquitous distribution. Those that produce excess catecholamine are categorized as functional, and those that do not are categorized as nonfunctional. Although modern medical technology is becoming more widespread, there are still substantial risks of misdiagnosis or missed diagnosis of PGs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 38-year-old woman who lived in an autonomous region of inner Mongolia presented complaining of having experienced coughing for approximately the past month...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tadashi Yamamuro, Kana Inoue, Yasuki Nagai, Daisuke Azuma, Aya Yamamoto, Kantaro Hara, Masaharu Kohara, Takashi Iwata, Shinichi Nakatsuka, Eiichi Morii, Tsunehiko Yamamoto
Ectopic ACTH syndrome (EAS) is a potentially fatal endocrine disease that results from a variety of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), such as small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and bronchial typical carcinoid. Typical carcinoid is usually slow growing, not associated with plasma progastrin releasing peptide (ProGRP) elevation. Here, we report a 47-year-old female smoker with progressive typical carcinoid and plasma ProGRP elevation. Several types of Cushingoid features were found on physical examination. In addition, laboratory examination showed elevated plasma ACTH and serum cortisol levels...
December 28, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Xing Wang, Qiming Chen, Jian Meng
Extrapulmonary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC) is an extremely rare and highly malignant tumor with a poor prognosis. Multiple metastases of SNEC are even more rare, and patients with locally advanced and metastatic disease generally face a poor outcome. To date, only a few cases of SNEC have been reported. Here, we describe a rare case of a 70-year-old female patient with SNEC of the tonsil who presented with multiple metastases and had achieved a complete response (CR) of the primary lesion and cervical lymph nodes for more than 1 year after receiving palliative chemotherapy...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Liyan Lu, Fengfang Li, Yamei Zhang, Peng Wang, Xindao Yin, Wenbin Li
RATIONALE: Small cell lung cancer accounts for 15-20% of all lung cancers and is the most common pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasm. Most small cell lung cancers arise from lobar or main bronchi, the most common manifestations of small cell lung cancer is a large mass centrally located within the lung parenchyma or a mediastinal mass involving the hilus. Small cell lung cancer is easily ignored by clinicians without lung parenchyma and hilus involvement. Here, we report a case of small cell lung cancer, which was misdiagnosed as the lymphoma in contrast enhanced CT and Ga-DOTA-NOC PET/CT imagings...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Miho Yamamoto, Soji Ozawa, Kazuo Koyanagi, Junya Oguma, Akihito Kazuno, Yamato Ninomiya, Kentaro Yatabe, Kazuhito Hatanaka
BACKGROUND: Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC) is a tumor of the gastrointestinal tract that contains both exocrine and endocrine components, with each component exceeding 30% of the total tumor area. Because MANECs are exceedingly rare, no therapeutic strategies have been established yet. CASE PRESENTATION: An 81-year-old man was referred to our hospital with a 5-month history of dysphagia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed an ulcerated mass in the lower thoracic esophagus, extending up to the esophagogastric junction (33 to 40 cm from the incisors)...
June 14, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
Sandeep Ramesh Kukkar, Harsha Panchal, Asha Anand
Primary neuroendocrine tumors of the thymus are unusual anterior mediastinal tumors with a variable prognosis. A retrospective analysis of five patients with primary neuroendocrine tumors of the thymus admitted to the Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmedabad, between 2012 and 2016, was done to study the clinical profile and outcome of these patients. The role of various prognostic factors such as surgical resection, histological grade, and Masaoka-Koga staging was also analyzed. Majority of the patients present with signs and symptoms related to a rapidly expanding mediastinal mass, such as breathlessness, facial puffiness, edema over the neck and extremities, chest pain, and other features of superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
Hong Tang, Hongyan Wang, Shaoyan Xi, Chunyu He, Yuxi Chang, Qiming Wang, Yufeng Wu
Background: Pulmonary large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is associated with poor prognosis, and its treatment strategy is still controversial, especially regarding chemotherapy regimens. Case report: We present the case of a 49-year-old Chinese male with primary pulmonary LCNEC treated with neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin plus pemetrexed. A suspected quasi-circular mass in the left lower pulmonary lobe and an enlarged mediastinal lymph node were found...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Mustafa Kupeli, Resit Dogan Koseoglu
Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNC) is a rare and aggressive cancer accounting for 3% of all lung cancers. A small percentage of LCNC called combined LCNC, can be seen in combinations with other lung tumor types. Multimodal therapy is proposed for this type of tumor but there is no any significant therapy since it is very rare tumor. This patient was a 66-year male and a heavy smoker with no symptoms of lung disease. Computed tomography core biopsy showed suspected adenocarcinoma. Right lower lobectomy was performed with mediastinal lymph node dissection via mini thoracotomy...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Toshirou Fukushima, Daisuke Gomi, Noriko Seno, Takahiko Gibo, Takashi Kobayashi, Nodoka Sekiguchi, Hirohide Matsushita, Yoshiko Kasahara, Keiko Mamiya, Tomonobu Koizumi
Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors are rare, and there have been very few reports regarding optimal chemotherapeutic regimens. Two molecular targeted agents, everolimus and sunitinib, have recently been shown to provide an additional treatment benefit for pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors. However, little information is available regarding the usefulness of streptozocin chemotherapy. Here, we encountered a case of relapsed and refractory mediastinal atypical carcinoid tumor associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 for various cytotoxic and molecular targeted agents...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"