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Infantile spams

Dee Daniels, Kelly Knupp, Tim Benke, Kristine Wolter-Warmerdam, Maura Moran, Fran Hickey
Objectives. To evaluate infantile spasms in children with Down syndrome including assessment of efficacy of treatments, presence of treatment lag, and to identify risk factors that may predict the occurrence of infantile spasms in this population. Methods. Medical charts, electroencephalograms, and brain magnetic resonance images were evaluated in 37 children treated for infantile spasms at a single institution from 2005 to 2015. Results. Mean age at diagnosis was 9.16 months, with an average 1.38-month lag from spasms onset to start of medication...
2019: Global Pediatric Health
Raffaele Falsaperla, Simona Domenica Marino, Silvia Marino, Piero Pavone
Aim of the study: To evaluate the electroclinical course and the correlation Electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern and epileptic seizures in an infant with Miller Dieker Syndrome (MDS) during the first year of life. Materials and Methods: MDS was diagnosed in the infant soon after birth and followed up from six months of life to one year, at the Department of Pediatrics, General Pediatric Operative Unit, Policlinico Vittorio Emanuele, University Hospital, XCatania, Italy, with clinical and serial EEG recording...
July 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Aglaia Vignoli, Francesca La Briola, Angela Peron, Katherine Turner, Chiara Vannicola, Monica Saccani, Elisabetta Magnaghi, Giulia Federica Scornavacca, Maria Paola Canevini
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric disorders are present in up to 90% of patients with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC), and represent an important issue for families. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is the most common neurobehavioral disease, affecting up to 61% of patients. The aims of this study were: 1) to assess the prevalence of ASD in a TSC population; 2) to describe the severity of ASD; 3) to identify potential risk factors associated with the development of ASD in TSC patients. METHODS: We selected 42 individuals over age 4 years with a definite diagnosis of TSC and followed at a TSC clinic in Northern Italy...
2015: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
P Prontera, A Bartocci, V Ottaviani, I Isidori, D Rogaia, C Ardisia, G Guercini, A Mencarelli, E Donti
Aicardi syndrome (AIS), a rare neurodevelopmental disorder thought to be caused by an X-linked dominant mutation, is characterized by 3 main features: agenesis of corpus callosum, infantile spams and chorioretinal lacunae. A genome-wide study of a girl with AIS lead us to identify a 6q deletion;12q duplication, derived from a maternal 6q;12q translocation. The two intellectually impaired brothers of the proband showed the same genomic anomalies, but not the constellation of features characterizing the AIS. This could be either a coincidental observation of 2 rare conditions, but can also suggest an alternative hypothesis for the genetic etiology of AIS, indicating the existence of a subset of autosomal genes whose mutation could act in a sex-confined manner...
April 2013: Molecular Syndromology
Roberto Horacio Caraballo, Victor Ruggieri, Gabriel Gonzalez, Ricardo Cersósimo, Beatriz Gamboni, Andrea Rey, Juan Carlos Perez Poveda, Bernardo Dalla Bernardina
UNLABELLED: In this study, we present the electroclinical features and evolution of patients with epileptic spasms (ES) in clusters without hypsarrhythmia and with or without focal or generalized paroxysmal discharges on the interictal EEG. We also discuss how to nosologically define these cases. METHODS: Between February 1, 1990, and December, 2009, sixteen patients met the electroclinical diagnostic criteria of ES in clusters without hypsarrhythmia. RESULTS: ES were cryptogenic in thirteen patients and symptomatic in three...
April 2011: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
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