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Sarpreet Kahlon, Kiah Brubacher-Cressman, Erica Caron, Keren Ramonov, Ruth Taubman, Katherine Berg, F Virginia Wright, Alicia J Hilderley
This study explored children's experiences of participating in one-to-one physical training programs to identify how programs can best promote physical activity participation for children with cerebral palsy. A qualitative descriptive design with self-determination theory was used. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 6 children with cerebral palsy, age 8-14 years, who participated in a fundamental-movement-skills or lower-limb strength-training program. A hybrid approach of deductive and inductive analysis was used...
February 15, 2019: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Helen Warwick, Sara Tai, Warren Mansell
Bipolar disorder (BD) is considered a severe and lifelong mental health diagnosis. However, there is growing evidence of people defying the odds and recovering. Processes underlying recovery remain poorly understood. This study aimed to explore these recovery processes and extend on the length of recovery defined within previous research. Twelve people previously diagnosed with BD who had not experienced an episode of depression and/or mania for four or more years, were interviewed. Standardised diagnostic interviews (SCID-RV) confirmed past diagnosis and recovery time...
February 12, 2019: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
J Hu, L Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2019: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Zheng-Cai Lou, Yihan Dong, Zi-Han Lou
BACKGROUND: Arterial epistaxis is commonly seen in the rhinology clinic and can have a significant impact on quality of life. Previous studies have explored various therapies to address epistaxis. METHODS: Patients were treated in the outpatient clinic or operating room by microwave ablation (MWA) with a 2450-MHz cooled-shaft antenna to treat an epistaxis bleeding point. RESULTS: Of the 481 patients with arterial epistaxis, bleeding was controlled within 1 to 2 minutes and only 2 patients with recurrent bleeding required re-ablation...
January 31, 2019: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
J Li, X Shao, T Cheng
BACKGROUND: The use of the self-gripping mesh (Progrip™) during laparoscopic inguinal hernia has been proved to be effective and eliminates the need of additional fixation. However, the deployment of the self-gripping mesh is challenging due to its adhesive property. The purpose of this study was to introduce and describe an easy self-gripping mesh deployment method in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: The self-gripping mesh was folded bilaterally towards the center of the mesh and placed vertically to align with the inferior epigastric artery, centered on the internal defect, then unfolded in a horizontal-bilateral unfolding method, first laterally, then medially...
January 31, 2019: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Carla Casulo, Paul M Barr
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most frequently occurring indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma with generally favorable outcomes, but a variable clinical course. Recent studies have elucidated the consistent and reproducible frequency of early disease progression in FL, occurring in approximately 20% of patients. Relapse of FL within 24 months of chemoimmunotherapy (POD24) is now established as a robust marker of poor survival, leading to increased risk of death. Currently there is no established method of identifying patients at risk for early disease progression at the time of their FL diagnosis...
January 30, 2019: Blood
Christopher M Ventura, Radha Kalluri
Vestibular ganglion neurons (VGN) transmit information along parallel neuronal pathways whose signature distinction is variability in spike-timing; some fire at regular intervals while others fire at irregular intervals. The mechanisms driving timing differences aren't fully understood but two opposing (but not mutually exclusive) hypotheses have emerged. In the first, regular-spiking is inversely correlated to the density of low-voltage gated potassium currents ( I KL ). In the second, regular spiking is directly correlated to the density of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide sensitive currents ( I H )...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Douglas G Adler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2019: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Steven G Leeds, Marissa Mencio, Estrellita Ontiveros, Marc A Ward
Perforations and leaks of the gastrointestinal tract are difficult to manage and are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Recently, endoscopic approaches have been applied with varying degrees of success. Most recently, the use of endoluminal vacuum therapy has been used with high success rates in decreasing both morbidity and mortality. Under an IRB-approved prospective registry that we started in July 2013, we have been using endoluminal vacuum therapy to treat a variety of leaks throughout the GI tract...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Jehuda Soleman, Jonathan Roth, Shlomi Constantini
BACKGROUND: Syringo-subarachnoid shunt (SSS) is a valid method for the treatment of syringomyelia persisting after foramen magnum decompression (FMD) for Chiari I malformation. METHOD: We give a brief overview on indication and outcome of SSS, followed by a detailed description of the surgical anatomy, and of the microsurgical technique. In particular, we highlight some key points for complication avoidance. CONCLUSION: SSS is a valid option to treat syringomyelia, since in experienced hands, the outcome is good in most patients, including those with holocord syringomyelia...
January 22, 2019: Acta Neurochirurgica
Luke D Tyson, Heather Lewis
Age-standardised mortality from liver disease in the United Kingdom has risen by 400% since 1970, with three-quarters of deaths from alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD). The 2013 National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death report found that only 47% of the patients dying in hospital from liver disease experienced 'good' care. We discuss common complications in the care of patients with ARLD and the evidence-based best practice that can improve patient outcomes, with a focus on the initial management of patients presenting acutely to the medical take...
January 2019: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
D Bhargava, R S Neelakandan, Y Sharma, S Beena, P Gurjar
With increasing clinical evidence, the replacement of the temporomandibular joint with alloplastic joints is being increasingly accepted in severe degenerative diseases. There remains a risk of infection and a possibility of a failure of not just these prostheses but any alloplastic joint prosthesis post-operatively. Therefore, an extra precaution and additional coverage to the joint using partial thickness myo-temporalis rotation flap could be a useful option to minimize post-operative joint failure.
January 11, 2019: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Maria Gavriatopoulou, Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Efstathios Kastritis, Meletios Athanasios Dimopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2018: Oncotarget
Rachel Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
J B Carlisle
In this paper I explain why I think that most of the models that predict postoperative mortality should not be used when we're talking to patients about postoperative survival. Available models are isolated in time (from survival in the present) and space (from survival outside hospital). We know a lot about survival outside hospitals, with sufficient detail that we can discriminate between a man born in 1975 vs. 1976, or a woman aged 64 years vs. 65 years. We can use survival outside hospitals to inform what we do in hospital...
January 2019: Anaesthesia
Ernest R Davidson
A brief history of quantum theory is given to illustrate the barriers to progress caused by preconceived ideas. The biases in my own thinking which I had to overcome to approach the right answer for the right reason are discussed. This is followed by a personal autobiography illustrating how I have led a life of serendipity with no real sense of purpose. Chance events have shaped my life. The algorithms for which I am best known are briefly discussed. Then highlights from the many applications of theory to excited states, bonding in ice, spin properties and magnetism, (e,2e) shake-up spectra, and organic reactions are mentioned...
January 2, 2019: Annual Review of Physical Chemistry
Jana Dengler, Andrew Yee, Susan E Mackinnon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Ephrat Huss, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Hassan Ganayiem
The literature describes a mismatch between the core concepts of salutogenesis, or sense of coherence (SOC), meaning manageability and comprehensibility, as these concepts are manifested in research with Western populations, as compared to non-Western populations. The overall objective of this study is to explore this mismatch and to understand how the core concept of salutogenesis is manifested in youth ages 14-16 from the indigenous Bedouin ethnic minority culture of the Negev, Israel, in their own terms through arts-based qualitative methods...
December 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Michelle Lavin, James S O'Donnell
Partial quantitative deficiency of plasma von Willebrand factor (VWF) is responsible for the majority of cases of von Willebrand disease, the commonest inherited human bleeding disorder. International consensus guidelines recommend that patients with reduced plasma VWF:Ag levels and bleeding phenotypes should be considered in two distinct subsets. First, patients with marked reductions in plasma VWF levels (<30 IU/dL) usually have significant bleeding phenotypes and should be classified with 'Type 1 VWD...
December 21, 2018: Blood
Lucas Troude, Florian Bernard, Elhadji Cheikh Ndiaye Sy, Pierre-Hugues Roche
BACKGROUND: The traditional retrosigmoid (RS) approach provides limited exposure of the inferior compartment of the CPA, while radical skull base approaches are demanding and associated with significant morbidity. METHODS: This study outlines the relevant surgical anatomy and the different surgical steps of a modified retrosigmoid (MRS) approach. RESULTS: The MRS provides enhanced exposure of the CPA and deep vascular structures resulting from a modified RS craniotomy and limited exposure of the sigmoid sinus...
December 19, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
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