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Cardiac Arrest ECMO

Atthasit Komindr, Ryuzo Abe, Yoshihisa Tateishi, Yuka Takahashi, Jun Goto, Keita Wada, Yutaka Furukawa, Atsushi Sugiura, Taro Imaeda, Natsumi Suga, Noriyuki Hattori, Shigeto Oda
Background: For patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), employing a well-coordinated, multidisciplinary team specializing in ECMO has reportedly been effective in delivering better clinical outcomes. This study aims to assess the impact of establishing such a specialized team for patients treated with ECMO. Method: This retrospective cohort study was performed at a tertiary-care hospital in Japan. We reviewed medical records of all consecutive patients treated with ECMO during October 2010-September 2016...
2019: Journal of Intensive Care
Benedict Kjaergaard, Jens Hedegaard Kristensen, Jesper Eske Sindby, Susanne de Neergaard, Bodil Steen Rasmussen
INTRODUCTION: In massive pulmonary embolism (PE) with circulatory collapse or with cardiac arrest, treatment can be difficult. Often, the diagnosis is unclear, and the time to treatment is crucial. Our institution has had an out-of-hospital team intended for the treatment of accidental hypothermia with extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) since 2004. The team has occasionally been involved in patients suffering massive PE. METHODS: We were called to 38 patients with PE, but two were assessed as untreatable...
February 17, 2019: Perfusion
Graeme MacLaren, Aparna Hoskote
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Critical Care Medicine
Maya Guglin, Mark J Zucker, Vanessa M Bazan, Biykem Bozkurt, Aly El Banayosy, Jerry D Estep, John Gurley, Karl Nelson, Rajasekhar Malyala, Gurusher S Panjrath, Joseph B Zwischenberger, Sean P Pinney
Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a rescue therapy that can stabilize patients with hemodynamic compromise, with or without respiratory failure, for days or weeks. In cardiology, the main indications for ECMO include cardiac arrest, cardiogenic shock, post-cardiotomy shock, refractory ventricular tachycardia, and acute management of complications of invasive procedures. The fundamental premise underlying ECMO is that it is a bridge-to recovery, to a more durable bridge, to definitive treatment, or to decision...
February 19, 2019: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Demetris Yannopoulos, Jason A Bartos, Tom P Aufderheide, Clifton W Callaway, Rajat Deo, Santiago Garcia, Henry R Halperin, Karl B Kern, Peter J Kudenchuk, Robert W Neumar, Ganesh Raveendran
Coronary artery disease is prevalent in different causes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), especially in individuals presenting with shockable rhythms of ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VF/pVT). The purpose of this report is to review the known prevalence and potential importance of coronary artery disease in patients with OHCA and to describe the emerging paradigm of treatment with advanced perfusion/reperfusion techniques and their potential benefits on the basis of available evidence...
February 14, 2019: Circulation
Melania M Bembea, Derek K Ng, Nicole Rizkalla, Peter Rycus, Javier J Lasa, Heidi Dalton, Alexis A Topjian, Ravi R Thiagarajan, Vinay M Nadkarni, Elizabeth A Hunt
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine cardiac arrest- and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-related risk factors associated with unfavorable outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: We performed an analysis of merged data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization and the American Heart Association Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation registries. SETTING: A total of 32 hospitals reporting to both registries between 2000 and 2014...
February 8, 2019: Critical Care Medicine
Tao Chen, Tuo Pan, Xuan Luo, Dongjin Wang
PURPOSE: In contrast to arterial lactate, previous studies have proposed central venous-to-arterial CO2 difference (P (v-a)CO2) as a more useful guide for categorizing patients at risk of developing septic shock. It is worthwhile studying P (v-a)CO2 in determining whether it could serve as a useful predictor for poor postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. We investigated the ability of P(v-a)CO2 to predict poor outcomes of patients with postoperative cardiogenic shock...
February 1, 2019: Shock
Murtaza Bharmal, Joseph M Venturini, Rhys F M Chua, Willard Sharp, David G Beiser, Corey Tabit, Taishi Hirai, Jonathan R Rosenberg, Janet Friant, John E A Blair, Jonathan D Paul, Sandeep Nathan, Atman P Shah
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is a resource-intensive tool that provides haemodynamic and respiratory support in patients who have suffered cardiac arrest. In this study, we investigated the cost-utility of ECPR (cost/QALY) in cardiac arrest patients treated at our institution. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who received ECPR following cardiac arrest between 2012 and 2018. All medical care-associated charges with ECPR and subsequent hospital admission were recorded...
February 1, 2019: Resuscitation
Wei Huang, Yongxin Qin
In 2018, a bunch of considerable positive progresses have been presented, including a revised "hour-1 bundle" introduced by international guideline for management of sepsis and septic shock, trans-pulmonary pressure monitoring via esophageal manometry in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) models, successful trials for new antibiotics, angiotensin II in patients with vasodilatory shock and renal replacement therapy, advanced airway management in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients as well cellular immunotherapy for septic shock...
January 2019: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Atsuna Fukuda, Takeshi Isoda, Naoya Sakamoto, Keisuke Nakajima, Tetsuya Ohta
BACKGROUND: Finding an abdominal mass or hematuria is the initial step in diagnosing Wilms tumor. As the first manifestation of Wilms tumor, it is exceedingly rare for pulmonary tumor embolism to present with cardiac arrest. A case of a patient whose sudden cardiac arrest due to massive pulmonary tumor embolism of Wilms tumor was not responsive to resuscitation is presented. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a five-year-old girl who collapsed suddenly during activity in nursery school and went into cardiac arrest in the ambulance...
January 31, 2019: BMC Pediatrics
Brent D Bauman, Amanda Louiselle, Rachel M Nygaard, Victor Vakayil, Robert Acton, Donavan Hess, Daniel Saltzman, Nathaniel Kreykes, Gwenyth Fischer, Jeffrey Louie, Bradley Segura
OBJECTIVES: Drowning is the second leading cause of death in children. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become the criterion standard therapy to resuscitate the hypothermic drowning victim in cardiac arrest. We present our own experience treating 5 children with hypothermic cardiac arrest in conjunction with a systematic review to analyze clinical features predictive of survival. METHODS: Our search resulted in 55 articles. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) younger than 18 years, (2) ECMO therapy, and (3) drowning...
January 29, 2019: Pediatric Emergency Care
Kazuki Miyazaki, Mayu Hikone, Yusuke Kuwahara, Takuto Ishida, Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Yuichi Hamabe
AIM: Patients with massive pulmonary embolism (PE) have poor outcomes and their management remains challenging. An interventional radiology (IVR)-computed tomography (CT) system available in our emergency room (ER) allows immediate access to CT and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) with safe cannulation under fluoroscopy. We aimed to determine if initial treatment in this "hybrid ER" is helpful in patients with PE requiring extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR)...
January 22, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Daniel Patricio, Lorenzo Peluso, Alexandre Brasseur, Olivier Lheureux, Mirko Belliato, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jacques Creteur, Fabio Silvio Taccone
BACKGROUND: The potential benefit of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) compared to conventional CPR (CCPR) for patients with refractory cardiac arrest (CA) remains unclear. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of a prospective database of CA patients, which includes all consecutive adult patients admitted to the Department of Intensive Care after CA between January 2012 and December 2017. The decision to initiate ECPR was made by the attending physician and ECPR performed by the ECPR team, which is composed of ICU physicians...
January 28, 2019: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Jamie L Bell, Lucas Saenz, Yuliya Domnina, Tracy Baust, Ashok Panigrahy, Michael J Bell, Marta Camprubí-Camprubí, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo
BACKGROUND: Children with both acquired and congenital heart disease have low mortality but increased risk of neurologic morbidity which is multi-factorial. We hypothesize that acute neurologic injuries contributes to mortality in such children and are an important cause of death. METHODS: Retrospective review of all admissions to the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit from January 2011 through January 2015. Patients were assessed for any acute neurologic events during admission (ANE) as defined by radiologic findings or electrographic seizures...
January 22, 2019: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Melania M Bembea, Ryan J Felling, Sherrill D Caprarola, Derek Ng, Aylin Tekes, Katharine Boyle, Alvin Yiu, Nicole Rizkalla, Jamie Schwartz, Allen D Everett, And Cynthia Salorio
Contemporary studies of long-term outcomes in children supported on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the United States are limited. We enrolled 99 ECMO patients between July 2010 and June 2015 in a two-center prospective observational study that included neurologic and neuropsychologic evaluation at 6 and 12 months, using standardized outcome measures. Pre-ECMO, 20 (20%) had a pre-existing neurologic diagnosis, 40 (40%) had cardiac arrest, and 10 of 47 (21%) children with neuroimaging had acute abnormal findings...
January 14, 2019: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Kai Chen, Jianfeng Hou, Hanwei Tang, Shengshou Hu
BACKGROUND: Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is widely used in postcardiotomy cardiac shock (PCS). The factors that affect mortality in patients who receive ECMO for PCS remain unclear. In this study, we analyzed the outcomes, predictive factors and complications of ECMO use for PCS. METHODS: A total of 152 adult subjects who received VA-ECMO for PCS in Fuwai Hospital were consecutively included. We retrospectively collected the baseline characteristics, outcomes and complications...
January 23, 2019: Annals of Intensive Care
Laura Ruggeri, Annalisa Franco, Ada Carla Alba, Rosalba Lembo, Samuele Frassoni, Anna Mara Scandroglio, Maria Grazia Calabrò, Alberto Zangrillo, Federico Pappalardo
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (eCPR) with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is gaining importance as a rescue therapy for refractory cardiac arrest. VA-ECMO, especially in the setting of eCPR, is plagued by hemorrhagic and thromboembolic complications. The authors' aims were to describe the coagulation profile in refractory cardiac arrest and assess its prognostic role. DESIGN: Single-center retrospective study...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
David Bellamy, Gabrielle Nuthall, Stuart Dalziel, Jonathan R Skinner
OBJECTIVES: To raise awareness among pediatric intensive care specialists of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia; an uncommon cause of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation arrest in children and young adults where epinephrine (adrenaline), even when given according to international protocols, can be counter-productive and life-threatening. We review three cases of cardiac arrest in children, later proven to be catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia related, where delay in recognition of this condition resulted in significantly longer resuscitation efforts, more interventions, and a longer time to return of spontaneous circulation...
January 11, 2019: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Valentina Della Torre, Chiara Robba, Paolo Pelosi, Federico Bilotta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe recent evidence regarding the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as salvage therapy for severe cardiac or respiratory failure in patients with trauma. The characteristics of this cohort of patients, including the risk of bleeding and the need for systemic anticoagulation, are generally considered as relative contraindications to ECMO treatment. However, recent evidence suggests that the use of ECMO should be taken in consideration even in this group of patients...
January 2, 2019: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Francisco Del Río, Amado Andrés, María Padilla, Ana I Sánchez-Fructuoso, María Molina, Ángel Ruiz, José M Pérez-Villares, Lorena Z Peiró, Teresa Aldabó, Rosa Sebastián, Eduardo Miñambres, Lidia Pita, Marcial Casares, Juan Galán, Cristina Vidal, Christel Terrón, Pablo Castro, Marga Sanroma, Elisabeth Coll, Beatriz Domínguez-Gil
Donation after uncontrolled circulatory death (uDCD) refers to donation from persons who have died following cardiac arrest and unsuccessful attempt at resuscitation. We report the Spanish experience of uDCD kidney transplantation, and identify factors related to short-term post-transplant outcomes. The Spanish CORE system compiles data on all donation and transplant procedures in the country. Between 2012-2015, 517 kidney transplants from 288 uDCD donors were performed. The incidence of primary non-function was 10%, and the incidence of delayed graft function was 76%...
December 19, 2018: Kidney International
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