Mohammad K Alsaleem, Hassan A Alalwan, Abdullah M Alkhars, Abdullah H Al Huwaiyshil, Wejdan M Alamri
Background  Patients with avascular necrosis related to sickle cell disease (SCD) can be severely disabled by the severe degenerative changes of their hip. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains the only surgical option for some of these patients. Total hip arthroplasty can be a challenging procedure, and SCD patients demonstrate high percentages of medical, intraoperative, and postoperative complications and implant failure. Furthermore, the need for THA following avascular necrosis in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia is high, and the subsequent risk of periprosthetic fracture is prevalent...
November 9, 2020: Curēus
Bareen Homoud, Alanoud Alhakami, Malak Almalki, Miselareem Shaheen, Alaa Althuabiti, Ali AlKhathaami, Ismail A Khatri
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus increases stroke risk 1.5 to 3 fold, particularly ischemic stroke. There is limited literature on the impact of diabetes on stroke patients in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: Determine the association of diabetes on the presentation, subtypes, in-hospital complications and outcomes of ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA). DESIGN: IRB approved, retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care center...
November 2020: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Ahmed Alhowimel, Mazyad Alotiabi, Neil Coulson, Kathryn Radford
AIM: To determine the feasibility of conducting a definitive randomised control trial (RCT) to answer the following questions: (1) Is early physiotherapy treatment acceptable and feasible for patients and direct healthcare providers? and (2) Is early physiotherapy intervention associated with better disability and psychosocial outcomes compared with the practice of routine MRIs? METHODS: In a feasibility RCT in Riyadh City from 01 March 2018 until 29 July 2018, chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients presenting to spine clinics were randomised to receive an MRI (intervention) plus physiotherapy rehabilitation or physiotherapy alone (control group)...
November 30, 2020: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Talal Alhuzimi
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience considerable amounts of stress and impaired emotional well-being. Consequently, it is likely that these have been adversely impacted by COVID-19 outbreak due to disruptions to the schedules of children with ASD. AIM: This study investigated the stress and emotional well-being of parents of children with ASD in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: The study obtained quantitative data from 150 parents of children with ASD from different regions in Saudi Arabia using an online survey...
January 2021: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Yasser Mohammed Bawazir
Purpose: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), if left untreated, can lead to joint damage and deformity, disability, and even death. Hence, early diagnosis and management are essential to improve clinical and functional outcomes. This study aimed to identify the most common variables and risk factors related to RA activity among patients living in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Patients and Methods: This study was conducted between January 2018 and March 2019 on consecutive patients diagnosed with RA at a tertiary care hospital in KSA...
2020: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
Ahmed Bakhsh, Ali Hassan Aljuzair, Hany Eldawoody
Introduction: The World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention indicates that by 2020, road traffic injuries will be a major killer, accounting for half a million deaths and 15 million disability-adjusted life years. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has one of the highest rates of spinal cord injuries in the world, with 62 people injured per 1 million, and the injuries are mostly due to traffic accidents. Methods: All polytrauma patients associated with spinal injuries admitted to Prince Mohammed bin Abdul Aziz Hospital (PMAH), Riyadh, from January 2017 to June 2018, were included in this study...
2020: Spine surgery and related research
Suliman Alghnam, Mesnad Alyabsi, Alhanouf Aburas, Taif Alqahtani, Miasem Bajowaiber, Ali Alghamdi, Ada Alqunaibet
Introduction: Road traffic crashes (RTCs) are a leading cause of death and disabilities and impose a significant burden on the healthcare system and economy of Saudi Arabia. Around 20% of all hospital beds are occupied by victims of RTCs, which represent approximately 80% of trauma deaths occurring in these facilities. Using a seatbelt is an effective method to reduce traffic deaths and minimize the extent of associated injuries. However, little is currently known about the prevalence and predictors of seatbelt use in Saudi Arabia...
2020: Frontiers in Public Health
Khalid M Alabdulwahhab, Mohammad S Ahmad
Aim: Visual impairment and blindness are important global health issues as they are associated with high morbidity, mortality, and decreased quality of life, leading to substantial economic loss and productivity. There are only a few published articles on vision impairment and blindness in Saudi Arabia to compare the range of estimated global prevalence of low vision, blindness, and their causes. This study aims to find out the important causes of vision impairment and blindness in schools for the blind in Qassim province, Saudi Arabia...
2020: Clinical Optometry
Shahabe Saquib Abullais, Falah Mohammed Falah Al-Shahrani, Khalaf Mohammed Saeed Al-Gafel, Al-Harthi Abdulrahman Saeed, Shouq Abdulrahman Al-Mathami, Shaeesta Khaleelahmed Bhavikatti, Abdul Ahad Ghaffar Khan
Oral health is perhaps the most neglected aspect of healthcare for persons living in rehabilitation centers, compared to the general population. The caregivers play a vital role in administering daily oral care to residents in rehabilitation centers: The aim of the present questionnaire-based study was to evaluate the caregivers' knowledge, attitude and practices towards oral healthcare at centers for the intellectually disabled in the Southern region of Saudi Arabia (SA). The present study was designed as a cross-sectional one-point time survey...
October 21, 2020: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Faisal M Sanai, Mohammed Alghamdi, Ellen Dugan, Abduljaleel Alalwan, Waleed Al-Hamoudi, Faisal Abaalkhail, Nasser AlMasri, Devin Razavi-Shearer, Homie Razavi, Jonathan Schmelzer, Faleh Z Alfaleh
BACKGROUND: No virologic cure exists for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, and existing therapies are designed to control viral replication. We aimed to estimate the national prevalence of HBsAg in 2017 and study the impact of an enhanced diagnosis rate and universal treatment administration on HBV-related outcomes in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dynamic transmission and disease burden model was developed to estimate the future economic burden of HBV infection...
September 25, 2020: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Zakaria M Ahmed, Mohamed F Khalil, Ahmed M Kohail, Islam F Eldesouky, Ahmed Elkady, Ashfaq Shuaib
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is associated with a rise in post-stroke depression (PSD) and anxiety (PSA). In this study, we evaluated the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the rates of PSD and PSA. METHODS: All stroke admissions to two hospitals in Saudi Arabia during two months were prospectively evaluated for PSD and PSA. NIHSS and serum TSH assessed on admission. PSD and PSA were evaluated using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Post-stroke disability was assessed by mRS, while social support assessed by Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS)...
September 10, 2020: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Majed Al Jeraisy, Maissa AlFuraih, Raghad AlSaif, Bushra AlKhalifah, Hazza AlOtaibi, Mostafa A Abolfotouh
BACKGROUND: Drooling is common in children with neurological disorders, but its management is very challenging, Scopolamine transdermal patch (STP) appears to be useful in controlling drooling, although it is not approved for this indication and there are limited clinical studies about its effectiveness. This study aimed (1) to assess the impact of STP use on the severity of drooling and on the frequency of emergency department (ED) and hospital readmission (RA) visits related to drooling, and (2) to determine the level of family satisfaction with STP when used in children with neurological disorders...
September 17, 2020: BMC Pediatrics
Adel Alanazi
PURPOSE: The paper undertakes a critical assessment of the use of smartphone apps for transportation by people with intellectual disabilities. Although apps for transportation such as Uber and Careem have been developed to assist people with disabilities and have numerous benefits, people with intellectual disabilities tend to encounter their own set of difficulties in accessing these apps. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This paper presents the research findings drawn from a focus group discussion conducted with nine people with moderate to mild intellectual disabilities in Riyadh, by using a qualitative study focussed on the interpretative paradigm...
September 15, 2020: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Ghaleb H Alnahdi, Ayman Elhadi, Susanne Schwab
BACKGROUND: This study examines undergraduate students' attitudes towards people with intellectual disability (PWID) in relation to their frequency of contact with people with intellectual disability, the quality of this contact, and their knowledge of intellectual disability (ID). METHOD: The study sample comprised 1001 undergraduate students (458 male students [46 %]; 543 female students [54 %]; mean age = 20.6 years) from Saudi Arabia and Egypt. The Arabic version of the Mental Retardation Attitude Inventory-Revised (MRAI-R) was used to examine attitudes towards PWID...
September 1, 2020: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Zaki Hakami, Hye Soo Chung, Seham Moafa, Hadia Nasser, Hajar Sowadi, Safeena Saheb, Ahmed M Bokhari, Nina K Anderson
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic braces have become symbols of wealth and fashion accessories in some parts of the world. However, there is a scarcity of information about the effects of fashion braces on various aspects of quality of life. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effects of fashion braces on oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with data collection from a Google form questionnaire distributed in Saudi Arabia via various forms of social media over a period of 4 months...
August 26, 2020: BMC Oral Health
Mohammed F Almuaigel, Aldanah Althwanay, Abdullah Alamri
Spontaneous dissection of the vertebral artery refers to cases that do not involve significant blunt or penetrating trauma as a precipitating factor. However, cases of spontaneous dissection of the vertebral artery do have a history of trivial or minor injury involving some degree of cervical distortion such as chiropractic neck manipulation, as the extreme hyperextension and/or rotation of the neck may create areas of stretch and lead to intimal or adventitial tears in the vertebral artery causing dissection...
July 21, 2020: Curēus
Areej AlFattani, Fatimah Rabhan, Lujain AlAssaf, Amal Alghammas, Edward De Vol
INTRODUCTION: Primary Health Care Centers (PHCC) are the first contact health facility to which patients in Saudi Arabia can go to seek help. Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders (PIDD) are of various types and severities, and they are associated with a delay in diagnosis. Early diagnosis of PIDD helps to improve the quality of life of affected children and prevent permanent consequences such as organ damage and disability. In this study, we present a protocol of a national survey that assesses awareness among PHCC physicians about diagnosing PIDD and the challenges associated with the execution of this protocol...
January 2020: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Mohammed A AlAteeq, Abdullah K Alsulayhim, Fahad AlHargan, Ibrahim S AlSamaani, Mohammed Alyousef, Abdulrahman AlDossari
Objectives The aim of this study is to measure the magnitude and describe morbidity pattern, management, and outcome of non-traffic unintentional injuries among a pediatric age group at a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods This is a retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at Emergency Department (ED) of King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, including all pediatric patients aged 0 to 14 years who had non-traffic unintentional injuries and admitted to the ED from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2017...
July 18, 2020: Curēus
Hani Almoallim, Rola Hassan, Mohamed Cheikh, Hanan Faruqui, Reem Alquraa, Ayman Eissa, Aous Alhazmi, Roaa Alsolaimani, Nahed Janoudi
Background: National Registries are essential to direct current practice. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) registries in the middle east and North Africa remain scarcely represented. Objective: To describe a population of Saudi RA patients and to compare the findings to internationally reported data. Methods: This is an observational study that was conducted at Doctor Soliman Fakeeh Hospital (DSFH) in Saudi Arabia. The study ran from 2014 to 2018 using a pool of 433 patients...
2020: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
Ali M Al Khathaami, Mohammed A Aldriweesh, Bayan A Al Bdah, Muath A Alhasson, Sultan A Alsaif, Waleed A Alluhidan, Faisal M Almutairi, Mohammed A Alskaini, Nasser Alotaibi, Saeed A M Alghamdi
OBJECTIVE: Anterior circulation Large Vessel Occlusion (LVO) stroke comes with significant morbidity and mortality. With the advent of endovascular interventions, its management has revolutionized. For health authorities to build systems and allocate resources, its burden, predictors, and outcome must be determined. METHODS: In a single tertiary care center, we retrospectively collected data from 1495 ischemic stroke patients to determine anterior circulation LVO prevalence, predictors, and outcome...
September 2020: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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