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Disability in saudi arabia

Dalyah Alamam, Niamh Moloney, Andrew Leaver, Hana I Alsobayel, Martin G Mackey
MINI: This study examined individual, psychosocial and physical factors in a Saudi population with CLBP and their association with CLBP-related disability. Participants demonstrated moderate disability, high BMI and low physical activity. Moderate-severe distress was evident in 26-39%. Pain intensity, fear avoidance beliefs, psychological distress and age emerged as important factors associated with disability. STUDY DESIGN: A cross sectional study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe multi-dimensional profiles for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and to examine the associations between CLBP-related disability and individual, psychosocial and physical factors in a Saudi population...
February 6, 2019: Spine
Sami AlEissa, Suhail Saad AlAssiri, Rayed Meshal AlJehani, Faisal Mohammedsaleh Konbaz, Mohammed Jassim AlSalman, Majed Abaalkhail, Mohammed Hassan AlShehri, Ibrahim Alfaris, Suliman Abdulah Alghnam
BACKGROUND: A traumatic spinal fracture (TSF) is a serious condition that has a tremendous impact on patients and their families. Understanding the causes and patterns of TSF is critical in developing prevention programs. OBJECTIVES: Identify causes and patterns of TSF and explore predictors of neurological disability in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center in Riyadh...
January 2019: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Alireza Ahmadi, Anaheed Shirazi, Elaheh Ainy, Shirin Djalalinia, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Nader Jahanmehr, Aliashgher Kiadaliri, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Farshid Pourmalek, Kazem Rahimi, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Arash Tehrani, Reza Malekzadeh, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study provides estimates of deaths, years of life lost (YLL), years of life lived with disability (YLD), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to 249 causes of death, 315 diseases and injuries, and 79 behavioral, environmental, occupational, and metabolic risk factors in 195 countries, territories, and regions by sex and 20 age categories in 195 countries and regions since 1990. In this study, we aimed to present the burden of road traffic injuries (RTIs) in Iran and 15 surrounding countries in 1990-2016...
December 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Alwaleed M Alyamani, Jammaz Alarifi, Abdulmajeed Alfadhel, Fahad Alfarawi, Khalid Alshamardl, Faisal Alassaf, Mohammed Alyamani, Fahad Alshahrani
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most prevalent neurologic disorders, leading to progressive disability that can be slowed but not stopped by treatment. It is characterized by tremors, slow movements, stiffness in arms and legs, and balance impairment. Despite advancement in treatment, diagnosis, and care of PD patients, lack of adequate knowledge and associated beliefs among the community might have a key role in limiting access to proper treatment and care. Objectives: To identify the level of awareness of our population regarding PD in terms of causes, signs, symptoms, and treatment...
November 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Mohamed K M Khalil, Sulaiman Al-Eidi, Meshary Al-Qaed, Saud AlSanad
Saudi Arabia is witnessing a healthcare transformation to face the challenges of the increased burden of noncommunicable diseases and to maintain the quality of healthcare services. However, in Saudi Arabia, where low back and neck pain, depressive disorders, migraine, diabetes, and anxiety disorders cause the most disability, a broader way of integrative health approach is needed to foster healthy lives and promote well-being for all ages. In the presence of the advanced modern medicine healthcare system in Saudi Arabia, the traditional medicine healing system is being used by a substantial proportion of Saudis but like a shadow healthcare system...
December 2018: Integrative Medicine Research
Ahmed Hussein Subki, Abdel Moniem Mukhtar, Omar M Saggaf, Ragaa A Ali, Khalid A Khalifa, Dalia M Al-Lulu, Mohammed Saad Alsallum, Diyaa H Bokhary, Ayman M Baabdullah, Sulaiman M Kassar, Basil M Jan, Muhab M Hindi, Mohammed M Jan
Background: Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder in childhood. However, there have been limited studies on its impact on the oral health of affected children. Our study aimed to assess the oral health of children with epilepsy in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, as perceived by their mothers. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in three hospitals. We included children 2-18 years old with physician-confirmed epilepsy diagnosis. We assessed parental perception of dental status and need for dental care using a standardized questionnaire that was completed by the mothers...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Ângela Alice Amadeu Megale, Fábio Carlos Magnoli, Alexandre Kazuo Kuniyoshi, Leo Kei Iwai, Denise V Tambourgi, Fernanda C V Portaro, Wilmar Dias da Silva
Background: Bitis arietans is a venomous snake found in sub-Saharan Africa and in parts of Morocco and Saudi Arabia. The envenomation is characterized by local and systemic reactions including pain, blistering, edema and tissue damage, besides hemostatic and cardiovascular disturbances, which can cause death or permanent disabilities in its victims. However, the action mechanisms that provoke these effects remain poorly understood, especially the activities of purified venom components...
2018: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
Lina Elsabbagh, Tasneem Al-Atwi, Dhai Aldossary, Ali M Alshami, Jonathan C Hill, Wahiba Abu-Ras, Huda Abu-Saad Huijer, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND: The STarT Back Tool (Subgrouping for Targeted Treatment; SBT) was developed and validated in the United Kingdom for adults with non-specific low back pain (LBP) to provide risk stratification groups. An Arabic version has not yet been developed. Consequently, our objectives were: First, to cross-culturally adapt the SBT for use in Arabic speaking adults (SBT-Ar) with LBP. Second, to assess the face, content and construct validity of SBT-Ar against relevant reference standards...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Deemah AlAteeq, Abdullah AlDaoud, Ahmad AlHadi, Hanoof AlKhalaf, Roumen Milev
Background: Stigma plays a powerful role in an individual's attitude towards mental illness and in their seeking psychiatric and psychological services. Assessing stigma from the perspective of people with mood disorders is important as these disorders have been ranked as major causes of disability. Objectives: To determine the extent and impact of stigma experiences in Saudi patients with depression and bipolar disorder, and to examine stigma experiences across cultures...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Ahmed Al-Digheari, Bassam Mahboub, Hesham Tarraf, Taskin Yucel, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Adam Doble, Aaicha Lahlou, Luqman Tariq, Fayaz Aziz, Abdelkader El Hasnaoui
Background: The SNAPSHOT program provides current data on the allergic rhinitis burden in the adult general population of five Middle Eastern countries (Egypt, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the latter three grouped into a Gulf cluster). Methods: A multi-country, cross-sectional, epidemiological program conducted by telephone in a random sample of the adult general population; quotas were defined per country demographics. Subjects were screened for allergic rhinitis using the Score For Allergic Rhinitis questionnaire...
2018: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
Ghaleb Hamad Alnahdi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the attitudes of Saudi students towards peers with disabilities. It examines how these attitudes are related to age, attending a school that includes students with intellectual disabilities, and having a relative with a disability. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: Participants included 357 elementary school male students (grades 3-6) who completed the Arabic version of the CATCH scale. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: The students presented positive attitudes towards peers with disabilities...
October 30, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Ameera Balobaid, Tawfeg Ben-Omran, Khushnooda Ramzan, Ruqaiah Altassan, Mariam Almureikhi, Sara Musa, Nadia Al-Hashmi, Mohammed Al-Owain, Hamad Al-Zaidan, Zuhair Al-Hassnan, Faiqa Imtiaz, Moeenaldeen Al-Sayed
Hyperphosphatasia with mental retardation syndrome 4 (HPMRS4) is a rare autosomal recessive condition caused by an impairment of glycosylphophatidylinositol biosynthesis. The cardinal features of HPMRS4 include; characteristic facial features, severe intellectual disability and various neurologic abnormalities. We report here detailed clinical, biochemical, and molecular findings of 14 patients clinically suspected to have HPMRS4, from three Middle-Eastern Countries; Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Oman. All patients in our series presented with the cardinal features pointing to HPMRS4 and with an elevated alkaline phosphatase level...
October 22, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Faris Alodaibi, Ahmed Alhowimel, Hana Alsobayel
BACKGROUND: Pain is a leading cause of disability and accounts for many hospital and physical therapy visits. Current pain science understanding has evolved and changed substantially in the past 20 years; however, university health science curricula may not have progressed at the same rate. This study aimed to examine knowledge about pain neurophysiology among physical therapy students in Saudi Arabia, and to compare their knowledge across different education levels and by gender. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted to examine the pain neurophysiology knowledge among college physical therapy students in Saudi Arabia...
October 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong, Fadia AlBuhairan
BACKGROUND: Most research on the health impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child abuse has been conducted in Western countries and may not be generalizable to women living in different contexts, such as Saudi Arabia. Chronic pain, a disabling health issue associated with experiences of both child abuse and IPV among women, negatively impacts women's well-being, quality of life, and level of functioning. Yet, the psychosocial mechanisms that explain how abuse relates to chronic pain are poorly understood...
October 3, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Hind Abobaker, Nebras Alghanaim, Fatemah Kamel
BACKGROUND: Natalizumab is the first targeted humanized monoclonal antibody to be approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Natalizumab appears to be more effective than current first-line disease-modifying therapies. In our study, we aimed to evaluate the outcome of Saudi patients with active RRMS treated with natalizumab and compare the results with other outcomes in the Gulf and international trials. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective single-center observational study involving 32 patients with RRMS at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
September 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
Abdulaziz M Sebiany, Ahmed S Hafez, Khalid F A Salama, Amr A Sabra
BACKGROUND: The combined action of biological, physical, and chemical agents in the environment impacts on children's health resulting in illness and disability. Body measurements provide the optimum method of evaluating the health status of children. This study was done to measure the main air pollutants that affect the physical growth of primary schoolboys and compare the growth patterns of these young boys in three different areas in the city of Dammam in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia...
September 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Mostafa A Abolfotouh, Saif Al Saif, Waleed A Altwaijri, Mohammed A Al Rowaily
BACKGROUND: Survival of preterm neonates has steadily improved over the past five decades, due to changes in the neonatal intensive care. However, in Saudi Arabia, there are no written guidelines on the definition of the lower limit of viability, and there has been a call for such a limit. The aims of this study were: (1) to determine lower limits of viability and survival in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants, and (2) to determine incidence of neurodevelopmental and cognitive abnormalities within 3-6 years after birth...
August 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Ala'a A S Al-Johani, Samia Sabor, Sami A R Aldubai
Background: Rapid and right intervention of parents can limit disability and increase the chances of survival of the injured child and make a big difference in the outcome. Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge and practice of first aid among parents attending PHCs in Al-Madinah city, 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in governmental primary healthcare centers in Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah city (Saudi Arabia) during the year 2017...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Mohammed Farhan Alruwaili, Amal Elwan
Background: Asthma is a common chronic disease in adolescents, and has led to a significant morbidity and disability. Few studies have estimated the prevalence of asthma in the Northern Borders Region of Saudi Arabia. Only limited data has been available about prevalence of asthma in adolescents' age. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of asthma and associated symptoms in 16 to 18-year-old adolescents, and to assess the level of asthma control among students with physician-diagnosed asthma, in the Northern Borders Region of Saudi Arabia...
June 2018: Electronic Physician
Saima Nazish, Rizwana Shahid, Azra Zafar, Foziah Alshamrani, Abdullah Al Sulaiman, Majed Alabdali, Danah Aljaafari, Esraa Al Wabari, Fahd A Alkhamis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the frequencies of different clinical presentations and the phenotypic spectrum of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in the Neurology Department of King Fahd Hospital of University Alkhobar in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Data of 190 MS patients who fulfilled the McDonald criteria were retrieved from medical records and analyzed. RESULTS: The age at disease onset was 26...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
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