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Thoracic expansion techniques

Norihiko Ikeda
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has become widely used since the 1990s and has become a standard treatment approach mainly for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. The few randomized controlled trials providing evidence of the effectiveness of VATS lobectomy at present are supported by a large number of propensity-matched studies, several high-quality meta-analyses, and outcome studies. These studies provide comprehensive data demonstrating the lower morbidity, shorter chest tube duration, and shorter hospital stay of VATS than thoracotomy during the postoperative course...
February 11, 2019: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Cali E Johnson, Sung W Ham, Kenneth R Ziegler, Gregory A Magee, Fred A Weaver, Fernando Fleischman, Sukgu M Han
Chronic type B aortic dissections with continued aneurysmal expansion of the thoracoabdominal aorta after the initial thoracic endovascular aortic repair represent a subset of aortic pathology in which staged distal extension to seal additional septal tears can be advantageous. This approach may require incorporation of visceral or renal branches into the distal seal zone, while maintaining the possibility of further distal extension in the future. We describe a novel technique for incorporation of the celiac axis, with a branch stent graft delivered from a transfemoral approach, then lifted cranially to create an antegrade sandwich graft configuration in a 59-year-old male who presented with a complicated type B aortic dissection requiring coverage of the celiac artery...
January 23, 2019: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Christopher A Latz, Virendra I Patel, Richard P Cambria, Emel A Ergul, R Todd Lancaster, Glenn M LaMuraglia, Mark F Conrad, W Darrin Clouse
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative outcomes and late mortality after open type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair are known, yet risk of late graft and subsequent aortic events is infrequently described. Such data are increasingly important as endovascular repair becomes an option and are the subject of this study. METHODS: During a 27-year interval, 233 patients underwent open surgical repair of type IV TAAA. Surviving patients were monitored for late aortic or graft-related events...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Honggang Zhang, He Huang, Yepeng Zhang, Zhao Liu, Tong Qiao, Xiwei Zhang, Changjian Liu, Yuanyong Jiao, Min Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term efficiency of two different endovascular repairs for type B aortic dissection involving the left subclavian artery. METHODS: From February 2013 to March 2016, a cohort of 43 patients with TBADs involving the LSA underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in two departments, consisting of 22 (Group A) with chimney grafts (CGs) and 21 (Group B) with single-branched stent graft (SBSG). Results of the two groups in perioperative and follow-up period (≥ 3 months) were comparatively analyzed, especially on aortic remodeling...
December 18, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Binshan Zha, Geliang Xu, Huagang Zhu, Wentao Xie, Zhigong Zhang, Yongsheng Li, Peng Qiu
Purpose: The aim of this study was to present our experience and assess the morphologic changes of the descending aorta after the restrictive bare stent (RBS) technique in the treatment of type B aortic dissection (TBAD). Patients and methods: A retrospective study was conducted of 22 consecutive patients with TBAD who underwent RBS treatment between February 2012 and June 2016. Indications for the RBS procedure included radiological evidence of true lumen (TL) compression or collapse and/or tortuosity index (TI) of the descending aorta >1...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Rodney Laing, Ivan Timofeev, Roberto Colasanti, Andrew Dean, Alessandro Di Rienzo
OBJECTIVE: Surgical treatment of ventrally located intradural cysts is difficult and controversial. Laminectomy with division of the denticulate ligaments and gentle cord mobilization remains the standard approach but risks further neurologic deterioration secondary to cord manipulation. Our purpose is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a midline cord-splitting approach as an alternative for treating ventral thoracic intradural cysts. METHODS: We describe 2 patients who were treated for ventral intradural cysts causing progressive and severe myelopathy...
October 5, 2018: World Neurosurgery
F Fernández-Méndez, R Barcala-Furelos, M Otero-Agra, M Fernández-Méndez, M Santos-Folgar, A Rodríguez-Núñez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by lay people when guided by a mobile phone application with real-time feedback, with the comparison of three different mobile phone applications (APPs). DESIGN: A cross-sectional quasi-experimental study was carried out. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 113 nursing students participated in the study. INTERVENTIONS: Three hands-only CPR tests with continuous compressions were performed: (i)without external help; (ii)with the mobile phone turned off; and (iii)guided by APP...
September 27, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
A Claire Watkins, Bella Huasen, Andrew Hill, Parma Nand, Andrew Holden
Described by Kato et al1 , the frozen elephant technique (FET) has simplified aortic arch surgery. As with thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), FET reconstructions often require re-intervention. Skilled endovascular management of FET complications is imperative as novel devices emerge. We describe two cases of early intervention for severe foreshortening and incomplete expansion of the Thoraflex TM (Vascutek, Inchinnan, UK) stent-graft.
September 25, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Shun Wu, Ke Guo, Peng Xiao, Jie Yang, Jiaming Sun
BACKGROUND: Conjoined twinning is a rare congenital malformation, and the resultant huge body wall defects after separation of conjoined twins represent a real challenge to surgeons. METHODS: From 2004 to 2009, authors performed body wall reconstruction for 2 pairs of thoraco-omphalopagus twins and 1 pair of ischiopagus tetrapus twins. Before separation, the techniques of tissue expansion and tractive training were adopted to acquire sufficient skin for final coverage...
December 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Vicente Orozco-Sevilla, Richard Whitlock, Ourania Preventza, Kim I de la Cruz, Joseph S Coselli
Aortic root aneurysm is the most common cardiovascular manifestation requiring surgical intervention in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS), a heritable thoracic aortic disease. Elective replacement of the aortic root is the treatment of choice for patients with aneurysmal complications of the aortic root and ascending aorta. There are two basic approaches to aortic root replacement: valve-sparing (VS) and valve-replacing (VR) techniques. After successful aortic root replacement surgery, several patients with MFS may develop a late complication related to their aortic disease process, such as developing a pseudoaneurysm of the coronary artery reattachment buttons, aneurysmal expansion, or aortic dissection in the remaining native aorta...
June 2018: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
Carol C Hasler
Early-onset scoliosis (EOS) describes a wide array of diagnoses and deformities exposed to growth. This potentially life-threatening condition is still 1 of the biggest challenges in pediatric orthopaedics. The enlightenment of Bob Campbell's thoracic insufficiency syndrome concept and the negative impact of the earlier short and straight spine fusion approach on respiratory function and survival have fueled the evolution of EOS care. Despite all the progress made, growth-friendly spine surgery remains to be a burden to patients and caregivers...
July 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Nishant Saran, Chaim Locker, Sameh M Said, Richard C Daly, Simon Maltais, John M Stulak, Kevin L Greason, Alberto Pochettino, Hartzell V Schaff, Joseph A Dearani, Lyle D Joyce, Brian D Lahr, David L Joyce
BACKGROUND: We sought to identify the trends in bilateral internal thoracic artery use and determine the degree to which the survival advantage of bilateral internal thoracic artery revascularization persists among perceived "high-risk" patients, compared with the use of left internal thoracic artery alone. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting for multivessel coronary artery disease at the Mayo Clinic between January 2000 and December 2015...
June 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Tim Berger, Maximilian Kreibich, Julia Morlock, Stoyan Kondov, Johannes Scheumann, Fabian A Kari, Bartosz Rylski, Matthias Siepe, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Martin Czerny
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate early and mid-term clinical outcomes and to assess the potential of the frozen elephant trunk technique to induce remodelling of downstream aortic segments in acute and chronic thoracic aortic dissections. METHODS: Over a 4-year period, 65 patients (48 men, aged 61 ± 12 years) underwent total aortic arch replacement using the frozen elephant trunk technique for acute (n = 31) and chronic (n = 34) thoracic aortic dissections at our institution...
August 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
William J Quinones-Baldrich, Taimur Saleem, Adam Oskowitz
OBJECTIVE: Aortic dissection (AD) often involves the infrarenal aorta. We review our experience with open infrarenal aortic repair with or without false lumen intentional placement (FLIP) of endografts in the proximal dissected aorta as part of a hybrid strategy to treat complex AD. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing intervention for AD was reviewed. Data regarding diagnosis, imaging features, nature of the infrarenal repair (one- vs two-stage procedure), endoleaks, need for additional interventions, morbidity, and mortality were collected...
July 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
A Langenbach, Pascal Oppel, Sina Grupp, Sebastian Krinner, Milena Pachowsky, Thomas Buder, Melanie Schulz-Drost, Friedrich F Hennig, Stefan Schulz-Drost
PURPOSE: Stabilizing techniques for flail chest injuries are described through wide surgical approaches to the chest wall, especially in the most affected posterior and lateral regions. Severe morbidity due to these invasive approaches needs to be considered due to dissection of the scapular guiding muscles and the risk of injuries to neurovascular bundles. This study discusses possibilities for minimized approaches to the posterior and lateral regions. METHOD: Ten fresh-frozen cadavers in lateral decubitus position were observed on both sides...
June 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Pierluigi Vergara, Damiano Giuseppe Barone
OBJECTIVE: Arachnoid webs are rare intradural lesions that can cause direct spinal cord compression or alteration of the cerebrospinal fluid flow with syringomyelia. Surgery has been historically performed through wide-open laminectomies. The aim of this study is to prove the feasibility of minimally invasive techniques for the excision of arachnoid webs. METHODS: A retrospective review of two cases of minimally invasive excision of thoracic arachnoid webs was performed...
January 2018: World Neurosurgery
Yang Zhao, Henghui Yin, Yitian Chen, Mian Wang, Liang Zheng, Zilun Li, Guangqi Chang
OBJECTIVE: Distal stent graft-induced new entry (SINE) can occur after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) of type B aortic dissection. This study investigated the mechanism of distal SINE and its prevention using a restrictive bare stent (RBS) technique. METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2014, 68 consecutive type B aortic dissection patients received endovascular repair at our center. The RBS technique was used with distal oversizing (between the diameter of the thoracic stent graft and the descending aorta true lumen diameter at the level of the intended distal edge of the thoracic stent graft) >20%...
January 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
David J Mener, Fray Dylan Stewart, David E Tunkel
We describe the management of posterior trachea tears after blunt neck trauma in two children. The first, a 5 year-old boy who fell off his scooter, causing a 1.0cm tear in the membranous cervical trachea, was managed conservatively with 5 days of intubation. The second, a 12 year-old girl who fell on her bicycle, causing a 4.0cm tear in the membranous thoracic trachea, was repaired with thoracoscopic techniques. The presumed mechanism may be expansion of the U-shaped cartilage with tear of the membranous trachea...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
C S Wang, J Li, H Lai
The strategy of root reconstruction for Stanford type A aortic dissection (AAD) includes resection of the intimal tear site, correction of concomitant aortic valve dysfunction and amendment of coronary lesion. Supracommissural tube graft replacement is a well-adopted and convenient procedure for most patients, although its application is limited when distinct sinus expansion and severe intimal damage is present. Composite valve conduit replacement (Bentall procedure) is suitable for patients with overt sinus damage...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
H Fujiwara, A Shiozaki, H Konishi, S Komatsu, T Kubota, D Ichikawa, K Okamoto, R Morimura, Y Murayama, Y Kuriu, H Ikoma, M Nakanishi, C Sakakura, E Otsuji
Laparoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy is a minimally invasive approach for esophageal cancer. However, a transhiatal procedure has not yet been established for en bloc mediastinal dissection. The purpose of this study was to present our novel procedure, hand-assisted laparoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy, with a systematic procedure for en bloc mediastinal dissection. The perioperative outcomes of patients who underwent this procedure were retrospectively analyzed. Transhiatal subtotal mobilization of the thoracic esophagus with en bloc lymph node dissection distally from the carina was performed according to a standardized procedure using a hand-assisted laparoscopic technique, in which the operator used a long sealing device under appropriate expansion of the operative field by hand assistance and long retractors...
March 1, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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