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Retrograde scoliosis

Azeem Tariq Malik, Nikhil Jain, Jeffery Kim, Safdar N Khan, Elizabeth Yu
INTRODUCTION: Sexual function is an important determinant of quality of life, and factors such as surgical approach, performance of fusion, neurological function and residual pain can affect it after spine surgery. Our aim was to perform a systematic review to collate evidence regarding the impact of spine surgery on sexual function. METHODS: A systematic review of studies reporting measures of sexual function, and incidence of adverse sexual outcomes (retrograde ejaculation) after major spine surgery was done, regardless of spinal location...
October 2018: European Spine Journal
Fazli Polat, Suleyman Yesil
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for managing renal stones in patients with spinal deformities. DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of seven patients with congenital scoliosis (n = 5), spina bifida (n = 2) who had undergone RIRS for renal stones. Stone-free status was determined by CT 30 days after the procedure and was defined as the absence of stones in the kidney or residual fragments ≤1 mm...
January 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Gisela Murray, Joshua Beckman, Konrad Bach, Donald A Smith, Elias Dakwar, Juan S Uribe
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive techniques have become increasing popular and are expanding into deformity surgery. The lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas anterior column release (ACR) is a newer minimally invasive alternative to posterior osteotomy techniques for correcting and promoting global spinal alignment. This procedure attempts to avoid the potential complications associated with conventional osteotomies, but has its own subset of unique complications to be discussed in depth...
April 2015: European Spine Journal
François M Lambert, David Malinvaud, Maxime Gratacap, Hans Straka, Pierre-Paul Vidal
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in humans is often associated with vestibulomotor deficits. Compatible with a vestibular origin, scoliotic deformations were provoked in adult Xenopus frogs by unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) at larval stages. The aquatic ecophysiology and absence of body-weight-supporting limb proprioceptive signals in amphibian tadpoles as a potential sensory substitute after UL might be the cause for a persistent asymmetric descending vestibulospinal activity. Therefore, peripheral vestibular lesions in larval Xenopus were used to reveal the morphophysiological alterations at the cellular and network levels...
April 17, 2013: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Nasir A Quraishi, M Konig, S J Booker, M Shafafy, B M Boszczyk, M P Grevitt, H Mehdian, J K Webb
PURPOSE: Anterior lumbar surgery is a common procedure for anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) and artificial disc replacement (ADR). Our aim was to study the exposure related complications for anterior lumbar spinal surgery performed by spinal surgeons. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for 304 consecutive patients who underwent anterior lumbar spinal surgery over 10 years (2001-2010) at our institution. Each patient's records were reviewed for patients' demographics, diagnosis, level(s) of surgery, procedure and complications related to access surgery...
March 2013: European Spine Journal
Berkan Resorlu, Ekrem Ozyuvali, Ural Oguz, Omer Faruk Bozkurt, Ali Unsal
PURPOSE: To present our experience with retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for managing renal stones in patients with spinal deformities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of eight patients with congenital scoliosis (n=6), ankylosing spondylitis (n=1), or spina bifida (n=1) who had undergone RIRS for renal stones. Stone-free status was determined by CT 30 days after the procedure and was defined as the absence of stones in the kidney or residual fragments ≤ 1 mm...
September 2012: Journal of Endourology
Cengiz Kara, Berkan Resorlu, Ekrem Ozyuvali, Ali Unsal
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for treating urolithiasis in patients with scoliosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 5 patients with congenital scoliosis who had undergone PCNL. The demographic data, number and location of access sites, hemoglobin values, stone analyses, and complications were studied. Of the 5 patients, 3 had a history of failed shock wave lithotripsy, and 2 had undergone stone intervention in same kidney...
July 2011: Urology
Z R Poleksić, V J Lalosević, Z B Milinković
A retrograde analysis of 64 spinal osteoblastomas treated by surgery during the period 1963 - 2005 has been made. Spinal osteoblastomas were presented in 36% of all skeletal localizations. There were 44 male and 20 female patients. The average age of patients at the time of surgery was 14 years. Localizations of the osteoblastomas were cervical spine in 8 cases, dorsal spine in 16 cases, lumbar spine in 38 cases and sacrum in 2 cases. Osteoblastomas predominantly involved posterolateral vertebral elements, although in two cases a primary localization was in vertebral bodies...
2010: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
Byung-Uk Kang, Won-Chul Choi, Sang-Ho Lee, Sang Hyeop Jeon, Jong Dae Park, Dae Hyeon Maeng, Young-Geun Choi
OBJECT: Anterior lumbar surgery is associated with certain perioperative visceral and vascular complications. The aim of this study was to document all general surgery-related adverse events and complications following minilaparotomic retroperitoneal lumbar procedures and to discuss strategies for their management or prevention. METHODS: The authors analyzed data obtained in 412 patients who underwent anterior lumbosacral surgery between 2003 and 2005. The series comprised 114 men and 298 women whose mean age was 56 years (range 34-79 years)...
January 2009: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
F Zadegan, T Lenoir, O Drain, C Dauzac, R Leroux, E Morel, P Guigui
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome is a rare complication which can develop after surgical correction of a spinal deformity. The syndrome is caused by an extrinsic compression on the third portion of the duodenum by the aorta posteriorly and the mesenteric artery anteriorly. We report here a case of aortomesenteric compression of the duodenum secondary to surgical correction of lower thoracic scoliosis in a 19-year-old female. The patient presented vomiting and intestinal obstruction ten days after spinal surgery...
April 2007: Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Réparatrice de L'appareil Moteur
M Lumbierres, E Prats, E Farrero, C Monasterio, T Gracia, F Manresa, J Escarrabill
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the postoperative pulmonary complications and the long-term impact on pulmonary function of different surgical procedures with general anaesthesia in chronic respiratory failure (CRF) patients who were using noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV). DESIGN: We retrospectively studied 20 stable patients on NPPV for CRF secondary to: kyphoscoliosis (eight), morbid obesity (six), thoracoplasty (four), neuromuscular diseases (two), who underwent surgical procedures with general anaesthesia, between January 1998 and December 2003...
January 2007: Respiratory Medicine
Darren L Bergey, Alan T Villavicencio, Theodore Goldstein, John J Regan
STUDY DESIGN: A description of a novel surgical approach to the lumbar spine and a prospective evaluation of the early surgical outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Describe the early postoperative results and the operative technique of a new, minimally invasive transpsoas approach for anterior fusion of the lumbar spine that minimizes the risk to large vessels and other critical structures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Standard anterior endoscopic approaches to the lumbar spine require mobilization of the great vessels and sympathetic plexus...
August 1, 2004: Spine
D W Cramer, M D Hornstein, W G Ng, R L Barbieri
To explore a possible connection between endometriosis, Müllerian anomalies, and possession of the N314D allele of the gene for galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT), we studied 33 women with endometriosis attending a fertility clinic. Patients completed questionnaires and had DNA tested for the N314D mutation of GALT. A previously completed general population survey of 111 women which obtained the same information was available for comparison. Women with endometriosis were more likely to carry at least one N314D allele (30% compared with 14%) and more likely to report a medical history of scoliosis (21% compared with 2%) compared to general population controls: two features we have described in women with vaginal agenesis...
March 1996: Molecular Human Reproduction
J C Flynn, C T Price
Recently, there is renewed interest in anterior fusion for spondylolisthesis and congenital and paralytic scoliosis with pelvic obliquity. Some of the candidates are prepubertal boys. Sterility after surgery in urogenitally normal prepubertal boys will not be determined until these patients mature. A worldwide survey of 20 surgeons with 15-20 years of experience (4,500 cases) reports the frequency of sterility (retrograde ejaculation) to be 19 cases (0.42%) and impotence 20 cases (0.44%). One-fourth of the retrograde ejaculation cases resolved and became normal...
July 1984: Spine
J Mochida
In order to elucidate the etiology of idiopathic scoliosis, studies were carried out by HRP method on the topographical localization and numerical alteration of spinal motor neurons innervating the spinal muscle of the non-scoliotic Japanese quail and the scoliotic one established by S. Hijikata in 1976. The topographical localization of spinal motor neurons innervating the triceps brachii muscle of the both groups, furthermore, was examined by the same method, and the anatomical fiber connection between the spinal motor neurons and the related spinal muscles was studied by central chromatolysis method...
July 1983: Nihon Seikeigeka Gakkai Zasshi
T Kahn, M Reiser, J Gmeinwieser, A Heuck
A patient having type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is described because of an uncommon combination of malformations. He had multiple aneurysms, a hepatic artery-to-portal vein fistula, and diverticula of the biliary passages, the sigmoid colon, and bladder. He also suffered from scoliosis and dilatation of inner and outer cerebral spinal fluid containing spaces.
October 1988: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
R Bronson, F H Gilles, J Hall, E T Hedley-Whyte
The spinal cord and brain of a man who died 18 years after a crush injury of lumbar segments contained some unusual lesions. There was a reduced number of myelinated axons in the corticospinal tracts as high as the fifth cervical segment. Such retrograde degeneration has been described in human pyramidal tracts only a few times. The results of reported studies of experimental retrograde degeneration have been inconsistent. The course of the fasciculus gracilis, as delineated by gliosis, was atypical, and an unusual glial nodule, possibly neoplastic, was present in the dorsal columns at C8...
September 1978: Human Pathology
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