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Peiman Haddad, Zhaleh Karimi-Moghaddam, Mahbod Esfahani, Mahdieh Afkhami, Farshid Farhan, Farnaz Amouzegar-Hashemi
PURPOSE: Radiation received by the testes in the course of radiotherapy for rectal cancer may cause oligospermia and azospermia. We sought to determine the dose to the scrotum and testes with thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD), and compare it to the dose calculated by 3D planning software. METHODS: The TLDs were fixed to the scrotum in six points anteriorly and posteriorly in two fractions of radiotherapy. All patients received a 50-50.4 Gy total dose in prone position with 3D-planning...
January 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Ademola C Famurewa, Emmanuel I Ugwuja
Objective: To evaluate association of blood and seminal plasma lead and cadmium with sperm quality of non-occupationally exposed male partners of couples with infertility. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 75 men aged 20-45 years (mean = 37.1 ± 7.0 yrs.) with infertility recruited from the Fertility Clinic of a hospital in Abakaliki. Sperm count done in accordance with the WHO guidelines was used to classify the participants as normospamia, oligospermia and azospermia . Atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used to determine lead and cadmium levels in plasma from blood and semen...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Abdulmoein Eid Al-Agha, Ihab Abdulhamed Ahmed, Esther Nuebel, Mika Moriwaki, Barry Moore, Katherine A Peacock, Tim Mosbruger, Deborah W Neklason, Lynn B Jorde, Mark Yandell, Corrine K Welt
Context: The etiology of primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) remains unknown in most cases. Objective: We sought to identify the genes causing POI. Design: The study was a familial genetic study. Setting: The study was performed at two academic institutions. Patients: We identified a consanguineous Yemeni family in which four daughters had POI. A brother had azoospermia. Intervention: DNA was subjected to whole genome sequencing...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
N Navali, A Gassemzadeh, L Farzadi, S Abdollahi, M Nouri, K Hamdi, F Mallah, F Jalilvand
STUDY QUESTION: Does the intrauterine administration of hCG immediately after oocyte retrieval in antagonist cycles with ICSI and fresh embryo transfer (ET) influence the implantation rate or chemical and clinical pregnancy rates? SUMMARY ANSWER: The intrauterine administration of hCG after oocyte retrieval increases the implantation rate and chemical and clinical pregnancy rates. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Over half of IVF/ICSI cycles fail due to implantation failure...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
I Guler, M Erdem, A Erdem, E Demirdağ, L Tunc, N Bozkurt, M F Mutlu, M Oktem
In this study, our objective was to evaluate the impact of testicular histopathology on the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles of patients with nonobstructive azoospermia and correlate with clinical and hormonal parameters. For this purpose, 271 patients with nonobstructive azospermia (NOA) who underwent testicular sperm extraction (TESE) for ICSI cycles were retrospectively evaluated for sperm retrieval, fertilisation, embryo cleavage, clinical pregnancy and live birth rates among different testicular histology groups...
September 2016: Andrologia
Favour Osazuwa, Osamudiamen I Aiguobarueghian, Louis Alekwe, Paul E Imade, Kennedy O Ibadin, Lewis O Aberare
Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common cause of sexually transmitted diseases that is not of viral origin and there is accumulating evidence of a significant role played by this pathogen in causing male factor infertility. This study thus aimed to determine the prevalence of C. trachomatis among infertile males and to evaluate their association with fertility status and abnormal semen characteristics. This study included 215 infertile male subjects who visited a major fertility clinic in Warri, Delta state, Nigeria...
April 2013: Tanzania Journal of Health Research
Elham Siasi, Ahmad Aleyasin, Javad Mowla, Hamid Sahebkashaf
BACKGROUND: Histones are replaced by protamines to condensate and package DNA into the sperm head during mammalian spermatogenesis. Protamine genes defects have been reported to cause sperm DNA damage and male infertility. OBJECTIVE: In this study relationship among some protamines genes family SNPs include PRM1 (C321A), PRM2 (C248T) and TNP2 (T1019C), (G1272C), (G del in 1036 and 1046 bp) were studied in 96 idiopathic infertile men with azoospermia or oligospermia and 100 normal control men...
July 2012: Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Mustafa Kiraç, Nuri Deniz, Hasan Biri
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy on semen parameters in azoospermic men with clinical varicocele and to determine the predictive parameters of postoperative improvement. METHODS: Twenty-three men with non-obstructive complete azoospermia and varicocele underwent subinguinal open microsurgical varicocele repair. The outcome was assessed in terms of improvement in semen parameters after surgical repair for varicocelectomy...
January 2013: Current Urology
L Hadjkacem Loukil, H Hadjkacem, A Bahloul, H Ayadi
Obesity is associated with significant disturbance in the hormonal milieu that can affect the reproductive system. Male infertility affects approximately 6% of reproductive-aged men. It has been suggested that overweight men or men with obese body mass index (BMI) experience prolonged time to pregnancy, although the influence of male BMI on fertility remains understudied. We hypothesised that BMI is inversely correlated with fertility, manifested by reduced sperm concentration and varicocele. Males of mean age 32...
April 2015: Andrologia
Burcuartunc Ulkumen, Dilekbenk Silfeler, Kenan Sofuoglu, Ibrahim Silfeler, Vedat Dayicioglu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the association between infertility etiology in ICSI pregnancies and preeclampsia; besides, we aimed to discuss the effect of the paternal factor in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that preeclampsia is more common in ICSI pregnancies with male factor. It is known that maternal exposure to paternal sperm cells over a time period has a protective effect against preeclampsia. Male partners with azospermia have no sperm cells in their seminal fluid, whose female partners will not be able to develop some protective immunity against preeclampsia...
January 2014: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Ritesh Kumar Agrawala, Arun Kumar Choudhury, Binoy Kumar Mohanty, Anoj Kumar Baliarsinha
The sex of an embryo is determined by genetic sex due to presence or absence of Y chromosome, but it may not be true in all. We hereby report an interesting case of a phenotypic male carrying a female karyotype (46 XX). A 26-year-old male presented with bilateral gynecomastia, poor development of secondary sexual characters and azospermia. On evaluation patient had hypergonadotrophic hypogonadism and chromosomal analysis revealed 46 XX karyotype. The ultrasound revealed no Mullerian structures. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) showed sex determining region of Y chromosome (SRY) gene locus on X chromosome...
October 2013: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
P R Pant, J Sharma, S Subba
Objective: to study the complications of no scalpel vasectomy such as scrotal haematoma, infection, scrotal sinus, and failure, recanalization, and sperm granuloma. Materials and methods: A retrospective, descriptive study carried out in Dept. of Obs/ Gyn, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital Kathmandu Nepal. Result: Among 926 no scalpel vasectomy clients 5(0.53%) had scrotal haematoma, 4(0.43%) with had infection, 3(0.32%) had scrotal sinus; there were 2 cases each vasectomy failure who could not achieve azospermia and 2 with recanalization while there was only one case of sperm granuloma...
April 2007: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Joel D Taurog, Claudia Rival, Leonie M van Duivenvoorde, Nimman Satumtira, Martha L Dorris, Margaret Sun, John M Shelton, James A Richardson, F Kent Hamra, Robert E Hammer, Kenneth S K Tung
OBJECTIVE: Male rats transgenic for HLA-B27 and human β(2) -microglobulin (hβ(2) m) spontaneously develop epididymoorchitis (EO) preceding the development of spondylarthritis (SpA). In the specific B27/hβ(2) m-transgenic rat cross-strain (21-3 × 382-2)F(1) , only the males develop SpA, and neither sex develops gut inflammation. This study was undertaken to determine whether EO and SpA in male (21-3 × 382-2)F(1) rats are causally related. In addition, the primary characteristics of EO in this rat arthritis model were assessed...
August 2012: Arthritis and Rheumatism
R Thara, V Ramachandran, P P Hassan
Forty couples who attended the Infertility clinic of Government Royapettah Hospital, Madras, were included in the study and compared with matched controls who had off springs. All 80 persons were administered the M.H.Q. and the E.P.I. Psychosocial data was recorded and a clinical psychiatric evaluation was done. 51 out of 80 in the study group had psychiatric problems, predominantly depression and anxiety. These problems increased with increasing duration of childless marriage. 40 % of the infertile group had psychosexual dysfunction such as premature ejaculation and erectile disturbances as opposed to 2...
October 1986: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
J O Ugboaja, E N Monago, N J A Obiechina
BACKGROUND: The incidence of male infertility is increasing in our environment. There is a need to evaluate the pattern of abnormality with a view to recommending appropriate interventions. We aimed to to analyze the seminal fluid parameters of the male partners of the infertile couples managed in the hospital over a 12 month period and to identify the pattern of abnormalities. METHODS: A retrospective study of all the semen samples of male partners of infertile couples submitted for analysis to the microbiology laboratory of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi Nigeria between 1st January 2006 and 31st December 2006 The reports of the semen fluid analysis were retrieved from the records department and supplemented with the laboratory register...
July 2010: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
Samir El-Halawaty, Hamdy Azab, Tamer Said, Mohamed Bedaiwy, Medhat Amer, Manal Kamal, Hesham Al-Inany
OBJECTIVE: To assess serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) as a marker of spermatogenesis among fertile and infertile males, as well as its relation to ICSI outcome. METHODS: A total of 77 male partners of infertile couples seeking infertility treatment were recruited for this study. They were classified according to the WHO criteria of semen analysis into three groups; azospermia, oligospermia, and normal. All participating patients had a serum assay of the level of AMH...
June 2011: Gynecological Endocrinology
Yousef Boobes, Bassam Bernieh, Hussein Saadi, M Raafat Al Hakim, Samra Abouchacra
Sirolimus is an immunosupressor of the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTOR-I) group. Recent studies have emphasized a potential impact of sirolimus on male gonadal function. We report our clinical experience with sirolimus-induced gonadal dysfunction and infertility in both male and female kidney transplant patients. Of the 170 kidney transplant patients, nine (5.3%) patients (six males and three females) were receiving sirolimus. Follow-up data for two male patients were not available. The one unmarried female patient developed amenorrhea post-transplantation and had resumption of her menstrual cycles after discontinuation of sirolimus...
June 2010: International Urology and Nephrology
Beth C Marshall, William C Koch
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is very common throughout the world, and has become more of a pediatric clinical concern given the high incidence of congenital CMV infections as well as the increasing numbers of immunocompromised patients. Because of this, the need for antiviral therapies in infants and neonates is growing. Currently, there are four antivirals available that are active against CMV: ganciclovir, valganciclovir, foscarnet, and cidofovir. At this time, none have approved indications for use in children...
2009: Paediatric Drugs
Tina Kold Jensen, Rune Jacobsen, Kaare Christensen, Niels Christian Nielsen, Erik Bostofte
Fertility status may predict later mortality, but no studies have examined the effect of semen quality on subsequent mortality. Men referred to the Copenhagen Sperm Analysis Laboratory by general practitioners and urologists from 1963 to 2001 were, through a unique personal identification number, linked to the Danish central registers that hold information on all cases of cancer, causes of death, and number of children in the Danish population. The men were followed until December 31, 2001, death, or censoring, whichever occurred first, and the total mortality and cause-specific mortality of the cohort were compared with those of all age-standardized Danish men or according to semen characteristics...
September 1, 2009: American Journal of Epidemiology
Anne K Ebert, Günter Schott, Monika Bals-Pratsch, Bernd Seifert, Wolfgang H Rösch
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of knowledge about long-term outcome issues in the bladder-exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC). Adult male BEEC patients were investigated in respect of bladder and renal function, fertility, genital function and psychosocial facts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 17 adult male BEEC patients (mean age 23.4 years) from a single centre were evaluated with a questionnaire, renal and bladder ultrasound, blood tests, hormonal profile and semen analysis...
February 2010: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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