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Dentistry AND Economy

Heli M Parviainen, Heli Halava, Esa V J Leinonen, Elise Kosunen, Pasi-Heikki Rannisto
In Finland, the specialization programs in Medicine and Dentistry can be undertaken at all five university medical faculties in 50 specialization programs and in five programs for Dentistry. The specialist training requires 5 or 6 years (300-360 ECTS credits) of medical practice including 9 months of service in primary health care centers, theoretical substance specific education, management studies, and passing a national written exam. The renovation of the national curriculum for the specialization programs was implemented, first in 2008 and officially in August 2009, when theoretical multi-professional social, health management and leadership studies (10-30 ECTS credits) were added to the curriculum...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Lidia M Wisniewska, David M Dohan Ehrenfest, Pablo Galindo-Moreno, Jesus D Segovia, Francesco Inchingolo, Hom-Lay Wang, Manuel Fernandes-Cruz
In dentistry and oral and maxillofacial surgery, the development of implantable biomaterials and the understanding of their molecular, cellular and pharmaceutical aspects are currently major fields of research and education, with a considerable impact on the daily clinical practice and the evolution of therapeutic strategies. In the era of globalized economy of knowledge and science, this scientific domain needs the development of global cooperation and a paradigm evolution in the organizational culture of the dental sciences and related dental industry...
2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Derek Richards
Scope and purposeThe guidance provides evidence- and clinically-based recommendations for detecting and diagnosing early/non-cavitated caries lesions, risk assessment and disease management.MethodologyThe guidance development is based on three reviews(1,2,3) and an interim seminar and workshop organised by the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry in Brussels in May 2015.Review and updatingNo indication of a review or update schedule is given.RecommendationsSeven recommendations on caries detection and diagnosis, four recommendations on caries risk assessment and 11 on the management of the early carious lesion were made and they are briefly summarised in the table below...
June 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Ioanna Ioannou, Edmund Kazmierczak, Linda Stern
The use of virtual reality (VR) simulation for surgical training has gathered much interest in recent years. Despite increasing popularity and usage, limited work has been carried out in the use of automated objective measures to quantify the extent to which performance in a simulator resembles performance in the operating theatre, and the effects of simulator training on real world performance. To this end, we present a study exploring the effects of VR training on the performance of dentistry students learning a novel oral surgery task...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Kean Birch, Edward S Dove, Margaret Chiappetta, Ulvi K Gürsoy
While biobanks are established explicitly as scientific infrastructures, they are de facto political-economic ones too. Many biobanks, particularly population-based biobanks, are framed under the rubric of the bio-economy as national political-economic assets that benefit domestic business, while national populations are framed as a natural resource whose genomics, proteomics, and related biological material and national health data can be exploited. We outline how many biobanks epitomize this 'neoliberal' form of science and innovation in which research is driven by market priorities (e...
January 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
Jieqi Jin, Hongkun Wu
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are important diseases that affect human health. Obesity is one of the major biological risk factors of NCDs. With the growing national economy and the increasing standard of living, the obesity problem is highlighted and could raise even more attention. Oral health is vital to overall health. To gain more recognition and popularize the monitoring of obesity in dentistry, this paper illustrates the status of present studies between obesity and oral health.
August 2015: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Björn Klinge, Thomas Flemming, Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn, Barbara M Eisner, Margareta Hultin, Flemming Isidor, Niklaus P Lang, Bodil Lund, Jürg Meyle, Andrea Mombelli, Jose Manuel Navarro, Bjarni Pjetursson, Stefan Renvert, Henning Schliephake
INTRODUCTION: The assignment for this working group was to update the existing knowledge regarding factors considered being of special relevance for the patient undergoing implant therapy. This included areas where conflicting opinions exists since long or recently has been expressed, like the role of antibiotic prophylaxis in dental implant surgery and peri-implantitis. Also areas with growing interest and concern such as patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and health-economy was included in this review...
September 2015: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Jennifer E Gallagher, Sivakumar Manickam, Nairn H F Wilson
BACKGROUND: A medium- and long-term perspective is required in human resource development to ensure that future needs and demands for oral healthcare are met by the most appropriate health professionals. This paper presents a case study of the Sultanate of Oman, one of the Gulf States with a current population of 3.8 million, which has initiated dental training through the creation of a dental college. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this paper are first to describe trends in the dental workforce in Oman from 1990 to date and compare the dental workforce with its medical counterparts in Oman and with other countries, and second, to consider future dental workforce in the Sultanate...
2015: Human Resources for Health
Raymond Lam, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
Oral disease continues to be a major problem in Australia impacting quality of life, the economy and broader health system. Although the understanding of caries and periodontal disease has improved along with increased government support, oral diseases continue to be the most prevalent among all health conditions. This is despite unprecedented levels of funding in the Chronic Disease Dental Scheme and the Teen Dental Plan. Access to primary care dentistry in the private sector, where the majority of dental services are provided, remains a critical issue...
April 2015: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Malpezzi Piero, Uliari Simone, Myers Jonathan, Spiridonova Maria, Grossi Giulio, Terranova Francesco, Collini Gabriella, Amabile Laura, Bernardi Eva, Mazzoni Gianni, Conconi Francesco, Grazzi Giovanni
Mouthguards are frequently used for protection purposes, particularly by athletes competing in contact sports. However, there is increasing evidence supporting their use for improving performance. Studies have focused their use in athletes who do not traditionally use mouthguards and who may be looking for a performance edge. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the influence of a custom-made mouthguard (Parabite Malpezzi, PM) on maximal and submaximal physiological parameters related to performance in road cycling...
March 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Johanna Hanefeld, Richard Smith, Daniel Horsfall, Neil Lunt
BACKGROUND: Medical tourism is a growing phenomenon. This review of the literature maps current knowledge and discusses findings with reference to the UK National Health Service (NHS). METHODS: Databases were systematically searched between September 2011 and March 2012 and 100 papers were selected for review. RESULTS: The literature shows specific types of tourism depending on treatment, eg, dentistry, cosmetic, or fertility. Patient motivation is complex and while further research is needed, factors beyond cost, including availability and distance, are clearly important...
November 2014: Journal of Travel Medicine
Lisa Sakzewski, Shazia Naser-ud-Din
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD's) are on the rise worldwide. These disorders have numerous repercussions, from serious ill-health effects at the individual level to decreased workplace efficiency and productivity affecting not only quality of life but the economy. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to provide an overview of WMSD's in the dental profession, more specifically, among general dental practitioners and specialist orthodontists. METHODS: Literature was hand searched from Pubmed with greater emphasis on contemporary literature as the professionals demands have evolved over the years...
2014: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
F J Trevor Burke
UNLABELLED: There is anecdotal evidence that sales of 'own-label' (OL) or 'private label' dental products is increasing, as dentists become more cost conscious in times of economic downturn. However, the purchase of such (less expensive) products could be a false economy if their performance falls below accepted standards. So, while the examination of a resin-based product under research conditions alone may not guarantee success, it could be considered that a material which has been subjected to testing under research conditions will demonstrate its effectiveness under laboratory conditions or reveal its shortcomings; either of these being better than the material not being examined in any way...
January 2013: Dental Update
Al Atta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2012: CDS Review
Marko Vujicic, Vickie Lazar, Thomas P Wall, Bradley Munson
BACKGROUND: The U.S. economy is beginning to recover from the most significant contraction since the Great Depression. Several sectors, including dentistry, have experienced reduced consumer demand and reduced earnings. Focusing on general practitioners, the authors analyzed trends in various factors that drive dentists' income to identify which of these factors are most important in explaining the recent decline. They then offer their views on future trends in dentists' net income levels...
May 2012: Journal of the American Dental Association
Ulf Strömberg, Anders Holmn, Kerstin Magnusson, Svante Twetman
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is unevenly distributed within populations with a higher burden in low socio-economy groups. Several attempts have been made to allocate resources to those that need them the most; there is a need for convenient approaches to population-based monitoring of caries risk over time. The aim of this study was to develop the geo-map concept, addressing time trends in caries risk, and demonstrate the novel approach by analyzing epidemiological data from preschool residents in the region of Halland, Sweden...
June 11, 2012: BMC Oral Health
Keri Discepolo, Andrew S Kaplan
Health care reform has been a subject of debate long before the presidential campaign of 2008, through the presidential signing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) on March 23, 2010, and is likely to continue as a topic of discussion well into the future. The effects of this historic reform on the delivery of healthcare and on the economy are subject to speculation. While most people are at least generally aware that access to medical care will be improved in many ways, few people, including many in the dental profession, are aware that this legislation also addresses oral health disparities and access to dental care...
August 2011: New York State Dental Journal
Barbara A Gushrowski
QUESTION: How can library staff develop and promote a document delivery service and then expand the service to a wide audience? SETTING: The setting is the library at the Indiana University School of Dentistry (IUSD), Indianapolis. METHOD: A faculty survey and a citation analysis were conducted to determine potential use of the service. Volume of interlibrary loan transactions and staff and equipment capacity were also studied. MAIN RESULTS: IUSD Library staff created a desktop delivery service (DDSXpress) for faculty and then expanded the service to practicing dental professionals and graduate students...
July 2011: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
Michele Rivkin-Fish
Leaders of health professional schools often support community-based education as a means of promoting emerging practitioners' awareness of health disparities and commitment to serving the poor. Yet, most programs do not teach about the causes of health disparities, raising questions regarding what social and political lessons students learn from these experiences. This article examines the ways in which community-based clinical education programs help shape the subjectivities of new dentists as ethical clinician-citizens within the US commodified health care system...
June 2011: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Oladimeji Adeniyi Akadiri, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based dentistry (EBD) is becoming popular all over the world with the increasing global involvement of dental practitioners in the debates on the relevance or otherwise of EBD. However, very little has been known on the evolutionary trend of EBD in the developing countries of the world. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This pilot study was designed to assess the state of EBD in the accredited dental schools in Nigeria as an example of a developing economy...
July 16, 2010: Open Dentistry Journal
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