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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30901504/current-weight-of-evidence-of-viruses-associated-with-peri-implantitis-and-peri-implant-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Zohaib Akram, Khulud Abdulrahman Al-Aali, Mohammed Alrabiah, Faisal Abdullah Alonaizan, Tariq Abduljabbar, Fatemah AlAhmari, Fawad Javed, Fahim Vohra
The pathological role of human herpesviruses (HHVs) (Epstein-Barr virus [EBV], Human cytomegalovirus [CMV], and Herpes simplex virus [HSV]) in peri-implant health needs clarification quantitatively. To determine the weight of evidence for HHVs in patients with peri-implantitis (PI) and substantiate the significance of HHVs in peri-implant inflammation, electronic databases including EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from 1964 up to and including November 2018...
March 22, 2019: Reviews in Medical Virology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30901356/effect-of-vacuum-release-teat-versus-standard-teat-use-on-feeding-milestones-and-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-very-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Sharon Lisa Perrella, Kathryn Nancarrow, Michelle Trevenen, Kevin Murray, Donna Tracy Geddes, Karen Norrie Simmer
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is important to infant health, yet shorter breastfeeding duration is reported for preterm infants. Both breast and bottle feeds are given in the neonatal unit, with full oral feeding often the last milestone to be achieved prior to discharge home. Unlike standard bottle teats, a vacuum release teat requires the application of negative intra-oral pressure to release milk, and so may facilitate breastfeeding in preterm infants. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of vacuum release teat use on timing of achievement of the first full oral feed and on first completion of 24 h full oral feeds...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30901282/impact-of-oral-conditions-on-the-quality-of-life-of-incarcerated-women-in-brazil
#3
Gustavo H Soares, Iranilda Mendonça, Edgard Michel-Crosato, Samuel J Moysés, Simone T Moysés, Renata I Werneck
Imprisoned women represent a growing population worldwide with important health needs. In this study, we aimed to analyze the impact of oral health conditions on the quality of life of female inmates in a maximum security correctional facility. Participants were examined and answered the OHIP-14 questionnaire. A total of 305 inmates were included in the study. Prevalence of untreated caries was 84%. Worse quality of life was associated with dental caries, dental pain, deep periodontal pocket, prosthetic use, and age...
March 22, 2019: Health Care for Women International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30901043/hiv-testing-and-sexual-health-among-black-african-men-and-women-in-london-united-kingdom
#4
Ibidun Fakoya, Louise Logan, Winnie Ssanyu-Sseruma, Alison Howarth, Gary Murphy, Anne M Johnson, Anthony Nardone, Alison J Rodger, Fiona Burns
Importance: Black African adults are disproportionately affected by HIV in the United Kingdom. Many within this population acquire HIV after migration or are diagnosed late. Data are needed to inform targeted interventions to increase HIV testing and prevention in this population. Objective: To inform future HIV prevention strategies by estimating diagnosed and undiagnosed HIV infection and measuring changes in HIV testing rates in black African adults in London, United Kingdom...
March 1, 2019: JAMA Network Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900666/immunohistochemical-expression-of-cyclooxygenase-2-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Nirupa Thomas, Rekha Krishnapillai, P Ramakrishnan Bindhu, Priya Thomas
Background and Aim: Oral cancer is a major health problem in South East Asia. The immunohistochemical (IHC) overexpression of COX-2 in squamous cell carcinoma is well documented. This IHC study was undertaken to understand the COX-2 expression in different grades of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to compare the COX-2 expression in OSCC and normal mucosa. Material and Methods: A total of 30 cases of OSCC and 10 cases of normal mucosa and positive control colon cancer were studied for IHC expression of COX-2...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900663/patterns-of-oral-hygiene-behaviors-daily-habits-and-caries-prevalence-in-india-and-dominican-republic-a-comparative-study
#6
Payal Kahar
Background: The purpose of the study was to gain integrative knowledge on oral hygiene behaviors and daily habits affecting caries experience among rural people in India and Dominican Republic (DR). Materials and Methods: Participants were recruited in two countries: La Esquina community, Province Maria Trinidad Sanchez in DR and in Ramgarh, district Chhindwara in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. A total of 104 participants (18-80 years) were in the DR sample while 202 participants (18-85 years) were in the Indian sample...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900662/oral-health-status-and-knowledge-among-10-15years-old-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-children-and-adolescents-in-bengaluru
#7
S Geetha, M Pramila, Kittu Jain, C M Suresh
Context: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic systemic metabolic disease. This disorder affects mainly children and adolescents. The main complications of diabetes mellitus affect the organs and tissues rich in capillary vessels such as kidney, retina, and nerves. These complications are secondary to the development of microangiopathy. Similar changes in small vessels can be found in the oral tissues. There is a significant increase in gingival inflammation and plaque seen in children with T1DM...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900648/reconnoitering-the-association-between-body-mass-index-and-oral-health-among-elementary-school-children-in-hyderabad-telangana-india
#8
Jagadeeswara Rao Sukhabogi, B R Chandra Shekar, I Venkata Ramana, G Satish Kumar, N Harita, G Annapoorna
Objective: To evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and oral health status among elementary school children in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among elementary school children selected from government, private-aided and private-unaided schools in Hyderabad. A stratified cluster random sampling technique was used to select study participants. All parents were requested to be personally present on the day of examination...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900646/revitalizing-alma-ata-strengthening-primary-oral-health-care-for-achieving-universal-health-coverage
#9
EDITORIAL
Manu Raj Mathur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900220/changes-in-oral-anticoagulation-therapy-over-one-year-in-51-000-atrial-fibrillation-patients-at-risk-for-stroke-a-practice-derived-study
#10
Stefan H Hohnloser, Edin Basic, Michael Nabauer
BACKGROUND:  This study assessed changes in anticoagulation therapy over time in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS:  Analyses were performed on a claims-based dataset of 4 million health-insured individuals. The study population consisted of patients newly initiating a non-vitamin-K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) or vitamin K antagonist (VKA) for AF between 2013 and 2016. The study outcomes consisted of the proportion of patients who had (1) discontinued OAC treatment, (2) switched from VKA to NOAC, (3) switched from NOAC to VKA or (4) switched from one NOAC to another...
March 21, 2019: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30899909/coronary-heart-disease-and-dietary-carbohydrate-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-dose-response-meta-analyses-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#11
Geoffrey Livesey, Helen Livesey
Objective: To clarify the role of dietary carbohydrate, glycemic index (GI), and glycemic load (GL) in progression from health to coronary heart disease (CHD) by determining disease-nutrient risk relation (RR) values needed for intake ranges within jurisdictions and across the globe. Methods: We performed a literature search of MEDLINE and EMBASE for prospective cohort studies that used truly valid dietary instruments in heathy adults published from January 1, 2000, to June 5, 2018...
March 2019: Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Innovations, Quality & Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30899063/symptom-dimensions-in-people-affected-by-long-term-neurological-conditions-a-factor-analysis-of-a-patient-centred-palliative-care-outcome-symptom-scale
#12
Rebecca Wilson, Nilay Hepgul, Romi A Saha, Irene J Higginson, Wei Gao
Long-term neurological conditions (LTNCs) often cause debilitating symptoms. Better understanding of symptom dimensions in LTNCs is needed to support health professionals and improve care. This can be achieved by exploring the factor structure of a standardised measure of symptoms in LTNC patients. The symptom subscale of the Integrated Palliative Outcome Scale for LTNCs (IPOS Neuro-S24) comprises 24 items measuring symptom severity. Descriptive statistics and psychometric properties of the scale were assessed, followed by differential item functioning (DIF), exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)...
March 21, 2019: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898821/hydroxychloroquine-for-prevention-of-recurrent-miscarriage-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial-bbq-study
#13
Elisabeth Pasquier, Luc de Saint-Martin, Gisèle Marhic, Celine Chauleur, Caroline Bohec, Florence Bretelle, Véronique Lejeune-Saada, Jacob Hannigsberg, Geneviève Plu-Bureau, Virginie Cogulet, Philippe Merviel, Dominique Mottier
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent miscarriage (RM), defined by three or more consecutive losses during the first trimester of pregnancy, affects 1%-2% of fertile couples. Standard investigations fail to reveal any apparent cause in ~50% of couples. However, on the basis of animal models and clinical studies, several hypotheses have been put forward concerning underlying mechanisms of RM: altered ovarian reserve, progesterone defect, thrombotic and/or endothelial dysfunction and immunological disturbances...
March 20, 2019: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898549/intrauterine-contraception-knowledge-and-prescribing-practices-of-canadian-health-care-providers
#14
Jocelynn Cook, Ashley Waddington, Denise Black, Dustin Costescu, Danica Desjardins, Eve Duchesne, Mathieu LeBoeuf, Unjali Malhotra, William Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Contraception is an important issue in the lives of women, their partners, and society. Canadians and their health care providers play a critical role in contraceptive decision making that influences individuals and Canadian society. The purpose of this study was to gather data on contraception-related knowledge, counselling, and prescribing practices of Canadian health care providers. METHODS: This project reported on the outcomes of an educational initiative, designed as a quality improvement initiative (time series level II-3), focused on Canadian health care providers' contraception-related knowledge, counselling, and prescribing practices...
March 18, 2019: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898347/relationships-of-oral-comfort-perception-and-bolus-properties-in-the-elderly-with-salivary-flow-rate-and-oral-health-status-for-two-soft-cereal-foods
#15
M Assad-Bustillos, C Tournier, C Septier, G Della Valle, G Feron
The aim of this study was to investigate food oral processing and bolus formation in the elderly population, and their relationship with the perception of oral comfort, for two soft cereal products of different composition: sponge-cake and brioche. Twenty subjects aged 65 and over participated in the study. They were classified in two groups according to dental status (poor vs. satisfactory) and presented various stimulated salivary flow rate (SSF) in each group. Food bolus properties (hydration ratio and apparent viscosity) were characterized after three chewing stages for both groups...
April 2019: Food Research International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898327/barriers-and-facilitators-of-hepatitis-c-treatment-uptake-among-people-who-inject-drugs-enrolled-in-opioid-treatment-programs-in-baltimore
#16
Oluwaseun Falade-Nwulia, Risha Irvin, Alana Merkow, Mark Sulkowski, Alexander Niculescu, Yngvild Olsen, Kenneth Stoller, David L Thomas, Carl Latkin, Shruti H Mehta
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health issue among people who inject drugs (PWID) with prevalence of 50-80% in the United States. Effective, simple, oral direct acting agents (DAA) of short duration with minimal side effects have been associated with cure rates > 95%. However, HCV treatment uptake among PWID remains low. We characterized the HCV care continuum, HCV treatment knowledge, as well as barriers and facilitators to HCV treatment uptake among PWID enrolled in two opioid treatment programs (OTPs) in Baltimore, Maryland, USA...
May 2019: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898174/the-association-between-intake-of-dietary-lycopene-and-other-carotenoids-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-risk-during-mid-trimester-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Qin Gao, Chunrong Zhong, Xuezhen Zhou, Renjuan Chen, Ting Xiong, Miao Hong, Qian Li, Man Kong, Weizhen Han, Guoqiang Sun, Xuefeng Yang, Nianhong Yang, Liping Hao
This study aimed to determine whether increased carotenoids intake was associated with reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort study. The dietary carotenoids intake of 1978 pregnant women was assessed using a researcher-administered FFQ before undertaking an oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks. Multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses were used to obtain the effect estimates. Participants in the highest quartile of lycopene intake showed a lower risk of GDM (OR 0...
March 22, 2019: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898105/apparent-overuse-of-antibiotics-in-the-management-of-watery-diarrhoea-in-children-in-abakaliki-nigeria
#18
Akinwale M Efunshile, Obumneme Ezeanosike, Chukwuemeka Chijioke Nwangwu, Brigitte König, Pikka Jokelainen, Lucy J Robertson
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea remains an important cause of childhood mortality in Nigeria, with Rotavirus and Cryptosporidium reported to have the highest contribution. However, high use of antibiotics for treatment of paediatric diarrhoea has been observed, although World Health Organization guidelines discourage the use of antibiotics for treating acute diarrhoea. Here we investigated more closely management and treatment practices for acute paediatric diarrhoea, both in home and healthcare settings...
March 21, 2019: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30896651/effects-of-different-oral-care-scrubs-on-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-prevention-for-machinery-ventilates-patient-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-evidence-mapping-and-network-meta-analysis
#19
Hua-Ping Wei, Kelu Yang
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia develops in intensive care unit (ICU) patients who have been mechanically ventilated for at least 48 hours. Implementing effective oral car could reduce the incidence of VAP. However, previous studies on scrubs in oral care have failed to suggest which the best choice. Therefore, this protocol proposes to perform a network meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of different oral care scrubs in preventing VAP...
March 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30896359/the-effect-of-early-response-to-glp-1-ra-therapy-on-long-term-adherence-and-persistence-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-the-united-states
#20
Emily Durden, Michael Liang, Robert Fowler, Ulrik Haagen Panton, Emina Mocevic
BACKGROUND: Treatment adherence and persistence are crucial to achieve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Early response to a new therapy may lead to improved treatment adherence and associated outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of early response to glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) therapy, as indicated by reduced hemoglobin A1c (A1c) and body weight, on long-term adherence and persistence. METHODS: Adults aged ≥ 18 years with T2D initiated with GLP-1 RA therapy after January 1, 2010, were identified from the IBM Explorys Therapeutic Dataset...
March 21, 2019: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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