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Dentistry AND Prevent*

Vanara F Passos, Mary A S Melo, Jennifer Park, Howard E Strassler
Dental erosion is a multifactorial condition associated with chemical, biological, and behavioral factors whereby a non-bacterial chemical process leads to an irreversible loss of dental structure. Consequences of this erosive process include painful sensitivity, susceptibility to further erosion, mechanical wear, changes in occlusion, exposure of dental pulp, and poor esthetics. Substantial evidence has revealed new insights to diagnosing early stages of dental erosion and enabling novel preventive approaches to control its progression...
February 2019: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Maxime Carpentier, Davy Aubeux, Valérie Armengol, Fabienne Pérez, Tony Prud'homme, Alexis Gaudin
Scientific evidence validating the beneficial effect of loupes in preventing musculoskeletal disorders is very scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of dental loupes on dental students' posture during a preclinical restorative dentistry course. Using a randomized crossover design, this study was conducted at the School of Dentistry, University of Nantes, France, in 2017. Forty students in their second year of dental study were randomly divided into two groups of 20 each: group A used loupes, whereas group B did not...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
A O Vasilyev, A V Govorov, A A Shiryaev, P I Bykov, A Kim Yu, N A Kalinina, M G Schneiderman, D Yu Pushkar
INTRODUCTION: The experience of comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of various types of urethral catheters in prevention of catheter-associated infection is described in this article. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 69 patients treated at the CCH n.a. S.I. Spasokukotsky in the period from December 2017 to March 2018. The average age of patients was 67.5 years. In all patients, the bladder was drained by a two-way Foley catheter No. 16-18 Ch (100% silicone)...
December 2018: Urologii︠a︡
Fabricio Marcelo Cevallos González, Erika Michele Dos Santos Araújo, Maria Regina Lorenzetti Simionato, Luciana Kfouri Siriani, Ana Del Carmen Armas Vega, Igor Studart Medeiros, Adriana Bona Matos
In vitro effect of 1% theobromine addition on the physical and chemical properties of conventional glass ionomer (GIC) cement was investigated. Conventional GIC (GIC-C) and 1% theobromine added to GIC (GIC-THEO) specimens were compared regarding the microhardness (n = 10), sorption (n = 5), solubility (n = 5), color change (n = 10), fluoride release in saliva (n = 10) and the amount of biofilm deposition (n = 20). Compared against conventional GIC, adding 1% theobromine increased microhardness (p < 0...
February 6, 2019: Progress in Biomaterials
Ayşegül Mendi, Hacer Ulutürk, Mustafa Sancar Ataç, Derviş Yılmaz
Oromaxillofacial tissues (OMT) are composed of tooth and bone, together with nerves and blood vessels. Such a composite material is a huge source for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that can be obtained with ease from extracted teeth, teeth structures and socket blood, flapped gingiva tissue, and mandibular/maxillar bone marrow. They offer a biological answer for restoring damaged dental tissues such as the regeneration of alveolar bone, prevention of pulp tissue defects, and dental structures. Dental tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells share properties with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and there is a considerable potential for these cells to be used in different stem cell-based therapies, such as bone and nerve regeneration...
February 7, 2019: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
F Pantanella, S Schippa, A Solimini, L Rosa, A Bettucci, F Berlutti
BACKGROUND: The quality and health safety of water used for refrigeration and flushing of the handpieces, water-syringes and other components of dental units is of considerable importance. Water crosses these devices by a system of intersected small plastic tubes (about 2 mm of diameter), named dental unit water lines (DUWLs). DUWLs may be heavily colonized by many bacterial species in a planktonic phase, adherent or in biofilm lifestyle, resulting in a potential risk of infection, not only for all professionals who routinely use these devices, but also for occasional-patients, especially immunocompromised patients...
March 2019: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Maxime Ducret, Alexandra Montembault, Jérôme Josse, Marielle Pasdeloup, Alexis Celle, Rafiqa Benchrih, Frédéric Mallein-Gerin, Brigitte Alliot-Licht, Laurent David, Jean-Christophe Farges
OBJECTIVE: Regenerating a functional dental pulp in the pulpectomized root canal has been recently proposed as a novel therapeutic strategy in dentistry. To reach this goal, designing an appropriate scaffold able to prevent the growth of residual endodontic bacteria, while supporting dental pulp tissue neoformation, is needed. Our aim was to create an innovative cellularized fibrin hydrogel supplemented with chitosan to confer this hydrogel antibacterial property. METHODS: Several fibrin-chitosan formulations were first screened by rheological analyses, and the most appropriate for clinical use was then studied in terms of microstructure (by scanning electron microscopy), antimicrobial effect (analysis of Enterococcus fæcalis growth), dental pulp-mesenchymal stem/stromal cell (DP-MSC) viability and spreading after 7 days of culture (LiveDead® test), DP-MSC ultrastructure and extracellular matrix deposition (transmission electron microscopy), and DP-MSC proliferation and collagen production (RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry)...
January 31, 2019: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Ellen M Daley, Cheryl A Vamos, Erika Thompson, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Stacey B Griner, Laura Merrell, Nolan Kline, Kimberly Walker, Annelise Driscoll, John Petrila
Successfully educating dental providers and patients about the link between human papillomavirus (HPV) and oropharyngeal cancer requires coordinated efforts to increase HPV-related prevention practices. The aim of this study was to identify, using a systems perspective, the multi-level determinants related to how dental providers can promote HPV prevention in dental practices. Data for this qualitative study were collected in 2015-16 from focus groups with dentists (four focus groups, n=33), focus groups with dental hygienists (four focus groups, n=48), and in-depth interviews with dental opinion leaders (n=13)...
February 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Laith Mizban, Mohamed El Belihy, Mina Vaidyanathan, Jacqueline Brown
OBJECTIVES: CBCT exposes the paediatric patient to a higher x-ray dose and risk than normal dental radiographs. This study has two components: an audit and service evaluation. The audit aims to assess whether the use of CBCT in a Paediatric Dentistry department at a London hospital complies with European guidelines (SEDENTEXCT). The service evaluation aims to explore the influence of CBCT on treatment planning. METHODS: Two 6 month audit cycles were completed, where CBCT requests were audited to check whether image justifications comply with SEDENTEXCT...
February 1, 2019: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
Patrick Finbarr Allen, Cristiane Da Mata, Martina Hayes
BACKGROUND: Chronic dental and oral diseases, such as dental caries and periodontal disease, continue to be a significant health problem among older adults. Given the rapidly changing profile of the ageing population, and their complex health needs, there is a need to develop new evidence-based approaches to oral health care. Recently, care philosophies have been developed that take a minimally invasive, functionally oriented, approach to oral health care with a focus on providing a reduced, but healthy, natural dentition which can be maintained with support of better oral hygiene...
February 1, 2019: Gerodontology
Volkan Ciftci, Sebile Kılavuz, Fatma Derya Bulut, Halise Neslihan Mungan, Atil Bisgin, Muharrem Cem Dogan
BACKGROUND: The causes for intrinsic tooth discoloration can be separated into two categories as systemic and local. Systemic causes are either genetic or drug induced effects. The development of dentition can also be affected by a number of systemic factors and metabolic diseases such as porphyria. Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP), also known as Gunther's disease, is a metabolic disease caused by a transformation in the gene that codifies uroporphyrinogen-3 shynthesis, leading to porphyrin aggregation in urine, skin, bone, and dentin...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
D Brad Rindal, Gregg Gilbert, Claudia Carcelén, Ellen Funkhouser, Emily Durand, David A Uppgaard, Jeff Fellows, Jana Ikeda, Alexander Ross Kerr, Branden Brar, Valeria V Gordan, Sudhir Agarwal, Peter Barnett, Robert K Pickard, Maura Gillison
BACKGROUND: Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the principal underlying cause of a dramatic increase in oropharyngeal cancer. Dentistry can play an important role in developing clinical algorithms for secondary prevention. METHODS: The authors conducted this cross-sectional pilot study with practices of The National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. The authors evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of screening and testing procedures as judged by practitioners and patients...
February 2019: Journal of the American Dental Association
Debra Duquette
National and state public health genomics efforts exist to effectively and responsibly translate genome-based knowledge to improve population health and reduce health disparities. Over the past two decades, public health genomics efforts have utilized the core public health functions of assessment, policy development, and assurance. Current evidence for a small number of genomic applications suggests that many lives could be saved if these were implemented in recommended populations. With the drastic increase in new genetic tests and technologies, multidisciplinary public health genomics efforts that should include public health dentistry are of greater importance...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Bahar Afroozi, Maryam Mardani, Ahmad Motaghi, Arezoo Tahmorespour
Statement of the Problem: Due to the close contact with patients during dental treatments, dentists and those affiliated to the dental profession are at higher risk for various infections. Infection prevention in dentistry is an important topic that has gained more interest in recent years. Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the protective role of front-closed and front-open gowns against staphylococcus aureus contamination of dental students before and after restorative treatments...
December 2018: Journal of Dentistry
C Peng, F B de Sousa, H Y Gan, H J Kwon, S Park, L Kilpatrick-Liverman, W Wang, S Lavender, S Pilch, J Han
As the outermost layer of the tooth crown, dental enamel is the most mineralized tissue in mammals, consisting of hydroxyapatite crystallites separated by long and narrow nanochannels. A major challenge in dentistry is how various molecules can be infiltrated into these nanopores in an efficient and controlled way. Here we show a robust method to transport various ions of interest, such as fluoride (F- ), potassium (K+ ), calcium (Ca++ ), and sodium (Na+ ), into these nanopores by electrokinetic flows. It is verified by fluorescence microscopy, laser-scanning confocal microscopy, mass spectrometry, and ion selective electrode technique...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Dental Research
A C L Holden, B Gibson, H Spallek
BACKGROUND: Dentists are not common subjects within reality TV. When presented in film, the overall impression has been reported to be negative. The British reality TV show 'Embarrassing Bodies' includes within its format, cases where complex and extensive dental treatment is presented. This analysis examines how these cases frame dentistry, as a rare example of the profession and its activities upon the small screen. METHODS: 14 dental cases from the show were located and transcribed...
January 17, 2019: Community Dental Health
Maitreyee P Unde, Raju Umaji Patil, Persis P Dastoor
The discovery of fluoride in dentistry has revolutionized treatment modalities with a new aspect of prevention and conservation of tooth structure coming into foreplay. Since then, there has been a lot of research on both topical and systemic fluoridation in an overzealous attempt to control the most debilitating dental problem of caries. Although topical fluoride is still being widely used as a preventive measure for dental caries, systemic administration of the same has gained major criticism worldwide due to the low margin of safety of fluoride and no control over the amount of individual intake when administered on a community level...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Julia Neily, Christina Soncrant, Peter D Mills, Douglas E Paull, Lisa Mazzia, Yinong Young-Xu, William Nylander, Marilyn M Lynn, William Gunnar
Importance: Reducing wrong-site surgery is fundamental to safe, high-quality care. This is a follow-up study examining 8 years of reported surgical adverse events and root causes in the nation's largest integrated health care system. Objectives: To provide a follow-up description of incorrect surgical procedures reported from 2010 to 2017 from US Veterans Health Administration (VHA) medical centers, compared with the previous studies of 2001 to 2006 and 2006 to 2009, and to recommend actions for future prevention of such events...
November 2, 2018: JAMA network open
Tord Berglundh, Søren Jepsen, Bernd Stadlinger, Hendrik Terheyden
This perspective article on peri-implantitis and its prevention was produced as a supplement to a 3-D, computer-animated film aiming at presenting key characteristics of peri-implant health, the build-up of a biofilm and the ensuing host-response resulting in peri-implant mucositis and, subsequently, peri-implantitis. Treatment concepts for peri-implantitis were briefly reviewed and prevention of the condition was brought to attention as a priority in implant dentistry. The overview also highlighted the 2017 World Workshop on Classification of Periodontal and Peri-implant diseases and Conditions, in which new disease definitions and case definitions were presented for peri-implant health, peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis...
January 12, 2019: Clinical Oral Implants Research
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2019: British Dental Journal
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