Read by QxMD icon Read


Kentaro Otani, Atsunori Kamiya, Takahiro Miyazaki, Ayumi Koga, Ayako Inatomi, Mariko Harada-Shiba
Arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD)-carrying microbubbles (MBs) have been utilized as a specific contrast agent for glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (αIIb β3 integrin)-expressing activated platelets in ultrasound molecular imaging. Recently, we found that surface modification with lactadherin provides the RGD motif on the surface of phosphatidylserine-containing clinically available MBs, Sonazoid. Here, we examined the potential of lactadherin-bearing Sonazoid MBs to be targeted MBs for glycoprotein IIb/IIIa using the custom-designed in vitro settings with recombinant αIIb β3 integrin, activated platelets or erythrocyte-rich human clots...
March 8, 2019: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Karin Bergen, Fariborz Mobarrez, Gun Jörneskog, Håkan Wallén, Sara Tehrani
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes is a prothrombotic state strongly linked to vascular complications. The role of microvesicles (MVs) as mediators and potential biomarkers in microangiopathy in type 1 diabetes remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MV levels in plasma samples from 106 patients with type 1 diabetes with microangiopathy, 130 patients without microangiopathy and 100 healthy controls were analysed using flow cytometry. Phosphatidylserine (PS) expression in MVs was assessed by lactadherin, and the ability of MVs to induce thrombin generation was investigated in vitro...
October 26, 2018: Thrombosis Research
Mathilde Sanden, Jaco Botha, Michael René Skjelbo Nielsen, Morten Hjuler Nielsen, Erik Berg Schmidt, Aase Handberg
Aims: Monocytes/macrophages play a crucial role in the development, progression, and complication of atherosclerosis. In particular, foam cell formation driven by CD36 mediated internalization of oxLDL leads to activation of monocytes and subsequent release of microvesicles (MVs) derived from monocytes (MMVs). Further, pro-inflammatory leukotriene B4 (LTB4) derived from arachidonic acid promotes atherosclerosis through the high-affinity receptor BLTR1. Thus, we aimed to investigate the correlation between different MMV phenotypes (CD14+ MVs) on the one hand, and arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid contents in different compartments including atherosclerotic plaques, plasma, and granulocytes on the other...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Jaco Botha, Morten Hjuler Nielsen, Maja Høegh Christensen, Henrik Vestergaard, Aase Handberg
Background: Bariatric surgery is a widely adopted treatment for obesity and its secondary complications. In the past decade, microvesicles (MVs) and CD36 have increasingly been considered as possible biomarkers for obesity, the metabolic syndrome (MetSy), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate how weight loss resulting from bariatric surgery affects levels of specific MV phenotypes and their expression of CD36 scavenger receptor. Additionally, we hypothesised that subjects with MetSy had higher baseline concentrations of investigated MV phenotypes...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
Lena Heinbockel, Sebastian Marwitz, Andra B Schromm, Henrik Watz, Christian Kugler, Ole Ammerpohl, Karoline Schnepf, Klaus F Rabe, Daniel Droemann, Torsten Goldmann
Introduction: As part of a study aimed at illuminating at least some of the complex molecular events taking place in COPD, we screened tissues by means of transcriptome analyses. Materials and methods: Tissues were subjected to transcriptome analysis. Candidate genes were identified and validated by immunohistochemistry. Primary human lung cells were subjected to stimulation with cigarette smoke extract for further validation by real time PCR. Results: Six candidate genes were selected for further investigations: Aquaporin 3 ( AQP3 ), extracellular matrix protein 1 ( ECM1 ), four and a half LIM domain 1 ( FHL1 ), milk fat globule epidermal growth factor 8 ( MFGE8 , lactadherin), phosphodiesterase 4D-interacting protein ( PDE4DIP ), and creatine transporter SLC6A8 ...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Ying Su, Xueqing Deng, Ruishuang Ma, Zengxiang Dong, Feng Wang, Jialan Shi
The pathogenesis of hypercoagulability in retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is largely unknown. Whether the exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS) and microparticle (MPs) release will affect procoagulant activity (PCA) in RVO needs to be investigated. Objectives . To evaluate PS expression, circulating MPs, and the corresponding PCA in RVO patients. Twenty-five RVO patients were compared with 25 controls. PS-positive cells were detected by flow cytometry. Cell-specific MPs were measured by lactadherin for PS and relevant CD antibody...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Giacomo Casella, Federico Colombo, Annamaria Finardi, Hélène Descamps, Gerard Ill-Raga, Antonello Spinelli, Paola Podini, Mattia Bastoni, Gianvito Martino, Luca Muzio, Roberto Furlan
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play a major role in cell-to-cell communication in physiological and pathological conditions, and their manipulation may represent a promising therapeutic strategy. Microglia, the parenchymal mononuclear phagocytes of the brain, modulate neighboring cells also through the release of EVs. The production of custom EVs filled with desired molecules, possibly targeted to make their uptake cell specific, and their administration in biological fluids may represent a valid approach for drug delivery...
September 5, 2018: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Yingang Wu, Wei Liu, Yuan Zhou, Tristan Hilton, Zilong Zhao, Wei Liu, Min Wang, Jason Yeon, Katie Houck, Perumal Thiagarajan, Fangyi Zhang, Fu-Dong Shi, Xiaoping Wu, Min Li, Jing-Fei Dong, Jianning Zhang
von Willebrand factor (VWF) is an adhesive ligand, and its activity is proteolytically regulated by the metalloprotease ADAMTS-13 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 repeat 13). An elevated level of plasma VWF has been widely considered a marker for endothelial cell activation in trauma and inflammation, but its causal role in these pathological conditions remains poorly defined. Using a fluid percussion injury mouse model, we demonstrated that VWF released during acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) was activated and became microvesicle-bound...
September 6, 2018: Blood
Bassam H Sabha, Fuad Alzahrani, Hussein A Almehdar, Vladimir N Uversky, Elrashdy M Redwan
Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) is one of the milk components that is produced by the lactating mammary glands and released to the milk in the form of vesicles. MFGM surrounds milk fat globule secreted by the milk producing cells and has a complex structure containing various lipids (e.g., triacylglycerides, phospholipids, and cholesterol), proteins and other macromolecules. Among the proteinaceous components of MFGM is lactadherin, also known as milk fat globule-EGF factor 8 protein (MFG-E8). Being one of the main proteins present in MFGM, lactadherin is related to milk secretion, has antimicrobial and antiviral effects, and plays important roles in the immune defense as one of the immune system molecules...
2018: Current Protein & Peptide Science
Yuanjie Yu, Anita N Böing, Chi M Hau, Najat Hajji, Wolfram Ruf, Auguste Sturk, Rienk Nieuwland
BACKGROUND:  Tissue factor (TF) can be present in a non-coagulant and coagulant form. Whether the coagulant activity is affected by the plasma membrane microenvironment is unexplored. OBJECTIVE:  This article studies the presence and coagulant activity of human TF in plasma membrane micro-domains. METHODS:  Plasma membranes were isolated from human MIA PaCa2 cells, MDA-MB-231 cells and human vascular smooth muscle cells by Percoll gradient ultracentrifugation after cell disruption...
June 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Caroline J Reddel, Gabrielle J Pennings, Jennifer L Curnow, Vivien M Chen, Leonard Kritharides
Platelets play an important role in diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, especially through their release of extracellular vesicles (EVs) and role in thrombosis. The effects of the anti-inflammatory drug colchicine on platelets are not well understood. We investigated the effect of colchicine on the release of pro-coagulant EVs from platelets under low-level activation. Citrated platelet-rich plasma (PRP) from healthy donors was incubated with 2 mM colchicine or vehicle at 37°C for 30 minutes with gentle rotation...
April 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Ying Su, Jingli Chen, Zengxiang Dong, Yan Zhang, Ruishuang Ma, Junjie Kou, Feng Wang, Jialan Shi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The mechanisms for thrombosis in diabetic retinopathy (DR) are complex and need to be further elucidated. The purpose of this study was to test phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure on microparticles (MPs) and MP-origin cells from the circulation and to analyze cell-/MP-associated procoagulant activity (PCA) in DR patients. METHODS: PS-positive MPs and cells from healthy controls (n = 20) and diabetic patients (n = 60) were analyzed by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Galia Spectre, Fariborz Mobarrez, Ragnhild Stålesen, Claes-Göran Östenson, David Varon, Håkan Wallen, Paul Hjemdahl
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with prothrombotic alterations, and postprandial hyperglycemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular complications. We therefore investigated whether a standardized mixed meal alters circulating microparticles (MPs) and their procoagulant activity in DM patients. Patients with DM type 1 (T1DM, n = 11) and type 2 (T2DM; n = 9) were studied before and 90 min after a standardized meal (without premeal insulin). MPs in plasma derived from platelets (PMPs), endothelial cells (EMPs), or monocytes (MMPs) were measured by flow cytometry...
March 16, 2018: Platelets
Lixiu Wang, Yayan Bi, Muxin Yu, Tao Li, Dongxia Tong, Xiaoyan Yang, Cong Zhang, Li Guo, Chunxu Wang, Yan Kou, Zengxiang Dong, Valerie A Novakovic, Ye Tian, Junjie Kou, Masood A Shammas, Jialan Shi
BACKGROUND: The definitive role of phosphatidylserine (PS) in the prothrombotic state of non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) remains unclear. Our objectives were to study the PS exposure on blood cells and microparticles (MPs) in NVAF, and evaluate their procoagulant activity (PCA). METHODS: NVAF patients without (n = 60) and with left atrial thrombi (n = 18) and controls (n = 36) were included in our study. Exposed PS was analyzed with flow cytometry and confocal microscopy...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Dionysios C Watson, Bryant C Yung, Cristina Bergamaschi, Bhabadeb Chowdhury, Jenifer Bear, Dimitris Stellas, Aizea Morales-Kastresana, Jennifer C Jones, Barbara K Felber, Xiaoyuan Chen, George N Pavlakis
The development of extracellular vesicles (EV) for therapeutic applications is contingent upon the establishment of reproducible, scalable, and high-throughput methods for the production and purification of clinical grade EV. Methods including ultracentrifugation (U/C), ultrafiltration, immunoprecipitation, and size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) have been employed to isolate EV, each facing limitations such as efficiency, particle purity, lengthy processing time, and/or sample volume. We developed a cGMP-compatible method for the scalable production, concentration, and isolation of EV through a strategy involving bioreactor culture, tangential flow filtration (TFF), and preparative SEC...
2018: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
Muxin Yu, Rujuan Xie, Yan Zhang, Hui Liang, Li Hou, Chengyuan Yu, Jinming Zhang, Zengxiang Dong, Ye Tian, Yayan Bi, Junjie Kou, Valerie A Novakovic, Jialan Shi
Background: Relatively little is known about the role of phosphatidylserine (PS) in procoagulant activity (PCA) in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD). This study was designed to evaluate whether exposed PS on microparticles (MPs) and MP-origin cells were involved in the hypercoagulability in DKD patients. Methods: DKD patients (n = 90) were divided into three groups based on urinary albumin excretion rate, defined as normoalbuminuria (No-A) (<30 mg/24 h), microalbuminuria (Mi-A) (30-299 mg/24 h) or macroalbuminuria (Ma-A) (>300 mg/24 h), and compared with healthy controls (n = 30)...
February 26, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Kentaro Otani, Hirohito Nishimura, Atsunori Kamiya, Mariko Harada-Shiba
The usefulness of ultrasound molecular imaging with αv β3 integrin-targeted microbubbles for detecting tumor angiogenesis has been demonstrated. Recently, we developed αv β3 integrin-targeted microbubbles by modifying clinically available microbubbles (Sonazoid, Daiichi-Sankyo Pharmaceuticals, Tokyo, Japan) with a secreted glycoprotein (lactadherin). The aims of our present study were to simplify the preparation of lactadherin-bearing Sonazoid and to examine the diagnostic utility of lactadherin-bearing Sonazoid for αv β3 integrin-expressing tumor vessels by using SK-OV-3-tumor-bearing mice...
May 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Leonie de Rond, Edwin van der Pol, Chi M Hau, Zoltan Varga, Auguste Sturk, Ton G van Leeuwen, Rienk Nieuwland, Frank A W Coumans
BACKGROUND: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) in biofluids are potential biomarkers of disease. To explore the clinical relevance of EVs, a specific generic EV marker would be useful, one that does not require antibodies and binds to all EVs. Here we evaluated 5 commonly used generic markers for flow cytometry. METHODS: Flow cytometry (A60-Micro, Apogee) was used to evaluate the ability of the generic EV markers calcein acetoxymethyl ester, calcein acetoxymethyl ester violet, carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE), 4-(2-[6-(dioctylamino)-2-naphthalenyl]ethenyl)-1-(3-sulfopropyl)pyridinium (di-8-ANEPPS), and lactadherin to stain EVs from MCF7 human breast adenocarcinoma cell line-conditioned culture medium [epithelial cell adhesion molecule positive (EpCAM+ )] or platelet EVs from human plasma [integrin β3 positive (CD61+ )]...
April 2018: Clinical Chemistry
Sergey E Sedykh, Lada V Purvinish, Artem S Monogarov, Evgeniya E Burkova, Alina E Grigor'eva, Dmitrii V Bulgakov, Pavel S Dmitrenok, Valentin V Vlassov, Elena I Ryabchikova, Georgy A Nevinsky
Exosomes are 40-100 nm nanovesicles containing RNA and different proteins. Exosomes containing proteins, lipids, mRNAs, and microRNAs are important in intracellular communication and immune function. Exosomes from different sources are usually obtained by combination of centrifugation and ultracentrifugation and according to published data can contain from a few dozens to thousands of different proteins. Crude exosome preparations from milk of eighteen horses were obtained for the first time using several standard centrifugations...
June 2017: Biochimie Open
Kathryn Del Vecchio, Robert V Stahelin
Lipid biosensors are robust tools used in both in vitro and in vivo applications of lipid imaging and lipid detection. Lactadherin C2 (LactC2) was described in 2000 as being a potent and specific sensor for phosphatidylserine (PS) (Andersen et al. Biochemistry 39:6200-6206, 2000). PS is an anionic phospholipid enriched in the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane and has paramount roles in apoptosis, cells signaling, and autophagy. The myriad roles PS plays in membrane dynamics make monitoring PS levels and function an important endeavor...
February 2018: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"