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Head and neck cancer children

Patrycja Proc, Joanna Szczepańska, Anna Herud, Małgorzata Zubowska, Wojciech Fendler, Wojciech Młynarski
One of many possible complications of cancer therapy in children is enamel demineralization and such changes in the ion content of dental hard tissues may increase susceptibility to caries. The study aims to assess the prevalence of dental caries among childhood cancer survivors.A cross-sectional study was conducted on 225 children aged between 4 and 18 years, including 75 cancer patients and 150 sex- and age-matched controls. The cancer survivors were recruited from single pediatric oncology center. The control group was formed from students of randomly selected kindergartens and schools...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Edward D McCoul, Heather M Weinreich, Hillary Mulder, Li-Xing Man, Kristine Schulz, Jennifer J Shin
OBJECTIVE: Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) prompts >2 million adult visits in the United States annually. While disease prevalence and health care utilization are established for children, practice patterns for adults remain unknown. Our objective was to determine national resource utilization for adult ETD. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National database sample. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Truven Health MarketScan Databases (2010-2014) analytic cohort included health care encounters of patients ≥18 years of age with a diagnosis of ETD, otitis media with effusion, or tympanic membrane retraction...
February 5, 2019: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Pirabu Sakthivel, Kapil Sikka, Alok Thakar, Chirom A Singh, Suresh C Sharma, Madhu Rajeshwari, Aanchal Kakkar
INTRODUCTION: Narrow band imaging (NBI) is a new imaging technique developed to improve the diagnostic accuracy of head and neck cancers by depiction of tumor-specific neo-angiogenesis. The purpose of this study was to assess the value of NBI in the diagnosis of laryngeal lesions. AIM: To assess the sensitivity and specificity of combined white light endoscopy (WLE) and NBI compared with WLE alone in the diagnosis of laryngeal lesions. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective study...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Cancer
Francis Marchal, Pascal Senn
The articles have been again selected among more than 15 000 abstracts and the review aims to be generalist. Interest of honey in head and neck pathologies, apnea syndrome, tonsillectomy and immunotherapy. In otology, middle ear infections and mastoiditis, cochlear implant in the elderly, deafness in children, auto-evaluation of audition and new perspectives regarding ciliar cell cultures. In rhinology the interest of different treatments including Xylitol, new technologies and nasal bleeding. In laryngology and thyroid surgery, guidelines for dysphonia, the interest of ultrasound in vocal cord evaluation and relation between thyroid surgery outcomes and training...
January 9, 2019: Revue Médicale Suisse
Francesca Portelli, Giulia Pieretti, Nicola Santoro, Greta Gorelli, Vincenzo De Giorgi, Daniela Massi, Angelo Paolo Dei Tos, Cinzia Mazzini
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a high-grade soft-tissue sarcoma occurring predominantly in older children and young adults. Only approximately 7% occur in the head and neck region, with SS representing less than 0.1% of all head and neck cancers. Orbital location is exceedingly rare with only 8 cases reported so far in the literature. It is noted for its propensity for late local recurrences and metastases. Histologically, SS is monophasic, biphasic, or poorly differentiated and harbors a specific chromosomal translocation t(X;18)(p11...
January 3, 2019: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Theresa Tharakan, John Bent, Raluca Tavaluc
OBJECTIVES: To provide an up-to-date review of honey's effectiveness and potential applications in otorhinolaryngology. METHODS: A literature search of the online databases PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted. RESULTS: Sixty-three studies were identified within head and neck surgery (n = 23, 36%); pediatric otolaryngology (n = 18, 29%); rhinology, sinus, and skull base surgery (n = 11, 17%); otology (n = 6, 10%), facial plastic and reconstructive surgery (n = 3, 5%); and laryngology (n = 2, 3%)...
December 2, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Hadeel Halalsheh, Sue C Kaste, Fariba Navid, Armita Bahrami, Barry L Shulkin, Bhaskar Rao, Michelle Kunkel, Nathan Artz, Alberto Pappo
BACKGROUND: Optimal imaging for children with pediatric malignant melanoma (MM) is unknown. METHODS: We reviewed clinical and imaging findings of patients with American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC) stage IIC-IV MM treated on our institutional MEL06 trial. All patients had baseline brain magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography (MRI/CT), positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), CT chest, abdomen, and pelvis (CTCAP). Patients on stratum A (PEG-interferon, where PEG is pegylated; AJCC IIC, IIIA, IIIB; n = 16) had imaging every 6 months; stratum B1 (PEG-interferon and temozolomide; unresectable measurable disease, metastatic, or recurrent; n = 2) had PET/CT scans every 2 months and brain imaging studies every 4 months; stratum B2 patients (PEG-interferon and temozolomide; unresectable nonmeasurable, metastatic, or recurrent, n = 3) had imaging every 4 months...
December 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Magda Bosch de Basea, David Moriña, Jordi Figuerola, Ignasi Barber, Jordi Muchart, Choonsik Lee, Elisabeth Cardis
BACKGROUND: CT scan is a life-saving medical diagnostic tool, entailing higher levels of ionising radiation exposure than conventional radiography, which may result in an increase in cancer risk, particularly in children. Information about the use and potential health effects of CT scan imaging among young people in Spain is scarce. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to estimate the number of radiation-related cancer cases which can be expected due to the use of CT scanning in Spanish children and young adults in a single year (2013)...
November 2018: Environment International
Jakob Schmidt Jensen, Christian Grønhøj, Christian Mirian, David Hebbelstrup Jensen, Jeppe Friborg, Christoffer Holst Hahn, Tina Klitmøller Agander, Thomas Hjuler
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer constitutes a major and increasing proportion of head and neck cancers in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and survival of thyroid cancer in Danish patients aged 0-24 years from 1980 to 2014. METHODS: Patients aged 0-24 years registered with primary thyroid cancer in the Danish Cancer Registry or the Danish Pathology Data Bank during 1980-2014 were included. Crude incidence rates and age-adjusted incidence rates (AAIR) per 100,000, average annual percent change (AAPC), and overall survival (OS) were evaluated in relation to sex, histopathological tumor type, age at diagnosis, and year of diagnosis...
September 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Christian Grønhøj, Lisa Hjalgrim, Kathrine K Jakobsen, Birgitte Charabi, Christian Mirian, Gunnar H Laier, Katalin Kiss, Catherine Rechnitzer, Jeppe Friborg, Christian von Buchwald, Thomas Hjuler
BACKGROUND: Pediatric head and neck malignancies are rare and only a few descriptive epidemiological studies have been published. Using unique nationwide registries, we report age-specific incidence rates of head and neck cancer (HNC) among children during four decades. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Danish Cancer Registry. We included children aged 0-14 years diagnosed between January 1, 1978 and December 31, 2014 with extra-orbital, nonskin and nonbone HNC...
July 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Sayaka Suzuki, Hideo Yasunaga, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Tatsuya Yamasoba
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the age distribution and capture the longitudinal trend in otolaryngological surgeries performed in Japan, where society is rapidly aging. METHODS: Using the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, we extracted data on patients who were hospitalized and underwent any type of otolaryngological surgery in departments of otolaryngology or head and neck surgery from fiscal year 2007 to fiscal year 2013. Type of surgery, patient's age, and fiscal year were compared...
December 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Paul J Choi, Joe Iwanaga, R Shane Tubbs, Emre Yilmaz
Owing to its rarity, rhabdomyosarcoma of the head and neck (HNRMS) has seldom been discussed in the literature. As most of the data is based only on the retrospective experiences of tertiary healthcare centers, there are difficulties in formulating a standard treatment protocol. Moreover, the disease is poorly understood at its pathological, genetic, and molecular levels. For instance, 20% of all histological assessment is inaccurate; even an experienced pathologist can confuse rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) with neuroblastoma, Ewing's sarcoma, and lymphoma...
January 9, 2018: Curēus
Kaliani Lima Coça, Anke Bergmann, Sima Ferman, Elisabete Carrara de Angelis, Márcia Gonçalves Ribeiro
PURPOSE: Describe the prevalence of communication, swallowing and orofacial myofunctional disorders in a group of children and adolescents at the time of registration at a cancer hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted with children aged ≥2 and adolescents, of both genders, admitted to the Pediatric Oncology Section of the Instituto Nacional de Câncer José de Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCA) from March 2014 to April 2015 for investigation and/or treatment of solid tumors...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
Minggui Pan, Maqdooda Merchant
Synovial sarcoma is a high-grade soft tissue sarcoma that inflicts mostly children and young adults with high mortality rate; however, the risk factors that impact the outcomes remain incompletely understood. We have identified the synovial sarcoma cases from the Kaiser Permanente Northern California cancer registry between 1981 and 2014. Kaplan-Meier plots were used to display disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS); log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazard models were used to determine the impact of clinical factors on DFS, OS, and disease-specific survival...
March 6, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
Lisa A Teot, Michaela Schneider, Aaron R Thorner, Jing Tian, Yueh-Yun Chi, Matthew Ducar, Ling Lin, Marcin Wlodarski, Holcombe E Grier, Christopher D M Fletcher, Paul van Hummelen, Stephen X Skapek, Douglas S Hawkins, Amy J Wagers, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Simone Hettmer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric paired box 3:forkhead box protein O1 fusion-negative (PF-) rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) represents a diverse spectrum of tumors with marked differences in histology, myogenic differentiation, and clinical behavior. METHODS: This study sought to evaluate the clinical and mutational spectrum of 24 pediatric PF- human RMS tumors with high levels of myogenic differentiation. Tumors were sequenced with OncoPanel v.2, a panel consisting of the coding regions of 504 genes previously linked to human cancer...
May 1, 2018: Cancer
Reza Vali, Alaa Bakkari, Eman Marie, Mahnaz Kousha, Martin Charron, Amer Shammas
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Author name Alaa Bakkari was incorrect. The correct spelling is given above.
March 2018: Pediatric Radiology
Ryan Gage, William Leung, James Stanley, Anthony Reeder, Christina Mackay, Moira Smith, Michelle Barr, Tim Chambers, Louise Signal
Schools are an important setting for raising skin cancer prevention awareness and encouraging sun protection. We assessed the clothes worn and shade used by 1,278 children in eight schools in the Wellington region of New Zealand. These children were photographed for the Kids'Cam project between September 2014 and March 2015 during school lunch breaks. Children's mean clothing coverage (expressed as a percentage of body area covered) was calculated. Data on school sun-safety policies were obtained via telephone...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Philip Riley, Anne-Marie Glenny, Helen V Worthington, Anne Littlewood, Luisa M Fernandez Mauleffinch, Jan E Clarkson, Martin G McCabe
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is a side effect of chemotherapy, head and neck radiotherapy, and targeted therapy, affecting over 75% of high-risk patients. Ulceration can lead to severe pain and difficulty with eating and drinking, which may necessitate opioid analgesics, hospitalisation and supplemental nutrition. These complications may disrupt cancer therapy, which may reduce survival. There is also a risk of death from sepsis if pathogens enter the ulcers of immunocompromised patients...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective Neck masses are common in adults, but often the underlying etiology is not easily identifiable. While infections cause most of the neck masses in children, most persistent neck masses in adults are neoplasms. Malignant neoplasms far exceed any other etiology of adult neck mass. Importantly, an asymptomatic neck mass may be the initial or only clinically apparent manifestation of head and neck cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), lymphoma, thyroid, or salivary gland cancer. Evidence suggests that a neck mass in the adult patient should be considered malignant until proven otherwise...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Saygo Tomo, Ingrid da Silva Santos, Aline Reis Stefanini, Guilherme de Oliveira Cucolicchio, Glauco Issamu Miyahara, Luciana Estevam Simonato
Although head and neck squamous cell carcinoma represents one of the most common cancers among adults, it is rare in pediatric patients. The purpose of this report is to discuss the case of a 15-year-old male patient referred by his dentist due to a three-month old ulcer in his lower lip. The patient denied tobacco smoking and drinking alcohol, and confirmed that he performed manual labor in a brick yard, being exposed daily to the sun without protection. Clinical examination revealed an exophytic rounded ulcer in the right lower lip, measuring 1...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
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