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Abdominal infections guidelines

Da Wei Thong, Jason Kim, Benjamin Dobson, Henry Cheung, Thomas Arthur
BACKGROUND: This study aims to establish compliance levels to prescription guidelines among Australian surgeons in the use of antibiotics in the surgical management of appendicitis. The secondary outcomes are predictors of post-operative infective complications; surgical site infection (SSI) and intra-abdominal abscess (IAA) at 30 days. METHODS: A multi-centre, prospective, observational study was conducted over a period of 2 months with a 30-day follow-up. Patients were eligible for recruitment if they underwent appendicectomy for suspected appendicitis...
February 18, 2019: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Adel Elkbuli, John D Ehrhardt, Shaikh Hai, Mark McKenney, Dessy Boneva
INTRODUCTION: Urinary bladder ruptures are an uncommon injury, occurring in less than 1% of all blunt abdominal trauma. Extraperitoneal bladder ruptures are generally associated with pelvic fractures and usually managed nonoperatively. Conversely, intraperitoneal injuries are often caused by large compressive and shear forces produced during seatbelt injuries and almost invariably require surgical intervention. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 29-year-old woman presented as a trauma alert after a motor vehicle collision with abdominal/flank pain and gross hematuria...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
T Seyfried, E Hansen
Cell salvage is an efficient method to reduce the transfusion of homologous banked blood, as documented by several meta-analyses detected in a systematic literature search. Cell salvage is widely used in orthopedics, trauma surgery, cardiovascular and abdominal transplantation surgery. The retransfusion of unwashed shed blood from wounds or drainage is not permitted according to German regulations. Following irradiation of wound blood, salvaged blood can also be used in tumor surgery. Cell salvage makes a valuable contribution to providing sufficient compatible blood for transfusions in cases of massive blood loss...
January 29, 2019: Der Anaesthesist
Mohammad Javad Tarrahi, Sina Kianersi, Maryam Nasirian
A preliminary symptom-based screening test would lower the financial burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) caused by clinical testing. To develop such a screening method, we should first identify the most specific STI symptoms. We aim to distinguish the specific STI symptom(s) that are most likely to be found in the truly infected individuals. We used data from a population-based survey that was conducted in Iran, in 2014. Using Latent Class Analysis (LCA) in R software, we classified 3049 Iranian women, 18-60 years old, with reference to seven self-reported STI-associated symptoms...
January 28, 2019: Health Care for Women International
A Hecker, M Reichert, C J Reuß, T Schmoch, J G Riedel, E Schneck, W Padberg, M A Weigand, M Hecker
PURPOSE: The abdomen is the second most common source of sepsis and is associated with unacceptably high morbidity and mortality. Recently, the essential definitions of sepsis and septic shock were updated (Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock, Sepsis-3) and modified. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the changes introduced by Sepsis-3 and the current state of the art regarding the treatment of abdominal sepsis. RESULTS: While Sepsis-1/2 focused on detecting systemic inflammation as a response to infection, Sepsis-3 defines sepsis as a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection...
January 26, 2019: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Angela M Kao, Michael R Arnold, Javier Otero, Li-Ching Huang, Tanushree Prasad, Amy E Lincourt, Vedra A Augenstein
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate outcomes of patients undergoing mesh explantation following partial mesh excision (PME) and complete mesh excision (CME). BACKGROUND: Ventral hernia repair (VHR) with mesh remains one of the most commonly performed procedures worldwide. Management of previously placed mesh during reexploration remains unclear. Studies describing PME as a feasible alternative have been limited. METHODS: The AHSQC registry was queried for VHR patients who underwent mesh excision...
January 17, 2019: Annals of Surgery
Deepak Sharma, Naveen Krishan Goel, Meenal Madhukar Thakare
Introduction: Reproductive tract infection (RTI) is a public health problem affecting women's health, especially in developing country like India. The associated stigma with this reproductive morbidity is often a deterrent in seeking health care. Aims and Objectives: The aim was to study the prevalence of RTI symptoms and treatment-seeking behavior among married women of reproductive age group. Methodology: It was a community-based cross-sectional study...
July 2018: Indian journal of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS
Xin-Yue Zhang, Yi-Zhong Wang, Xiao-Lu Li, Hui Hu, Hai-Feng Liu, Dan Li, Yong-Mei Xiao, Ting Zhang
BACKGROUND: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is the administration of fecal bacterial liquid from healthy donors to a recipient's digestive tract, which is recommended as a therapeutic method for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Many clinical trials focusing on different diseases are in progress. To date, scarce research and long-term follow-up have been conducted on FMT in children or on the proper guidelines. Our center first performed FMT to treat a 13-month-old boy with severe CDI in 2013...
December 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Robert T Kavitt, Anna M Lipowska, Adjoa Anyane-Yeboa, Ian M Gralnek
Peptic ulcer disease continues to be a source of significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Approximately two-thirds of patients found to have peptic ulcer disease are asymptomatic. In symptomatic patients, the most common presenting symptom of peptic ulcer disease is epigastric pain, which may be associated with dyspepsia, bloating, abdominal fullness, nausea, and/or early satiety. Most cases of peptic ulcer disease are associated with H. pylori infection and/or the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)...
January 3, 2019: American Journal of Medicine
Song Liu, Meng Wang, Wenxian Guan
The management of intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) primarily includes adequate antimicrobial therapy and appropriate source control. Vancomycin is a fundamental and most effective antimicrobial agent. The aim of this study is to search and evaluate the quality of clinical evidences regarding the exclusive use of vancomycin for the management of adult IAIs. For this purpose, we first summarized the recommendations on exclusive use of vancomycin in adult IAIs from six leading guidelines and excavated the relevant supporting references...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Mircea Gabriel Mureșan, Ioan Alexandru Balmoș, Iudita Badea, Ario Santini
Despite the significant development and advancement in antibiotic therapy, life-threatening complication of infective diseases cause hundreds of thousands of deaths world. This paper updates some of the issues regarding the etiology and treatment of abdominal sepsis and summaries the latest guidelines as recommended by the Intra-abdominal Infection (IAI) Consensus (2017). Prognostic scores are currently used to assess the course of peritonitis. Irrespective of the initial cause, there are several measures universally accepted as contributing to an improved survival rate, with the early recognition of IAI being the critical matter in this respect...
October 2018: The journal of critical care medicine
M Sluszniak, I H Tarner, A Thiele, T Schmeiser
Whipple's disease (WD) is a rare, chronic multiorgan disease which can caused by Tropheryma whipplei, a ubiquitous gram positive bacterium. Detection of T. whipplei is mostly performed histologically using periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining in affected tissues to visualize characteristic PAS-positive macrophages and by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Clinically, WD is often characterized by gastrointestinal symptoms (diarrhea, colic-like abdominal pain and weight loss). Arthritis is a common presentation of WS, often leading to a misdiagnosis of seronegative rheumatoid arthritis and as a consequence to immunosuppressive therapy...
December 14, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Joel J Heidelbaugh
The adult well-male examination should provide evidence-based guidance toward the promotion of optimal health and well-being. The medical history should focus on tobacco and alcohol use, risk of human immunodeficiency virus and other sexually transmitted infections, and diet and exercise habits. The physical examination should include blood pressure screening, and height and weight measurements to calculate body mass index. Lipid screening is performed in men 40 to 75 years of age; there is insufficient evidence for screening younger men...
December 15, 2018: American Family Physician
David A Talan, Darin J Saltzman, Daniel A DeUgarte, Gregory J Moran
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses and a recent guideline acknowledge that conservative management of uncomplicated appendicitis with antibiotics can be successful for patients who wish to avoid surgery. However, guidance as to specific management does not exist. METHODS: PUBMED and EMBASE search of trials describing methods of conservative treatment was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies involving 2944 antibiotic-treated participants were identified...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Liliana Clara, Viviana M Rodríguez, Pablo Saúl, Cecilia Domínguez, Mercedes Esteban
Intra-abdominal infections represent a group of intra and retroperitoneal processes, ranging from localized infections to complicated ones, sepsis and septic shock, associated with a significant mortality rate. They are the third most commonly identified cause of sepsis and the second cause of death in the intensive care unit. Although antimicrobial therapy must be started as soon as possible, especially in critically ill patients, the source control procedure is highly relevant. On account of the importance of this subject, members of the Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases (SADI) and intensive care specialists joined to develop recommendations on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of intra-abdominal infections...
2018: Medicina
Elodie Bonin, Valérie Bridoux, Rachid Chati, Sabrina Kermiche, Julien Coget, Jean Jacques Tuech, Horace Roman
OBJECTIVE: Deep endometriosis may simultaneously infiltrate the vagina and the rectosigmoid, which associated resection may increase the risk of postoperative complications. Among these complications, rectovaginal fistula is one of the worst. To reduce the risk of rectovaginal fistula and related complications, surgeons may employ diverting stoma. The literature is rich in data concerning the usefulness of stoma in patients managed for low rectal cancer. However, extrapolation of these data to patients managed for rectal endometriosis is disputable...
January 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Gaik S Quah, Guy D Eslick, Michael R Cox
PURPOSE: Over the last 3 decades, laparoscopic procedures have emerged as the standard treatment for many elective and emergency surgical conditions. Despite the increased use of laparoscopic surgery, the role of laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcer remains controversial among general surgeons. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic versus open repair for perforated peptic ulcer. METHODS: A systemic literature review was conducted using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Li-Na Zhang, Wei Guo, Ji-Hong Zhu, Yang Guo
Herein we report a case of acute liver failure (ALF) and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) induced by varicella infection, successfully rescued by a combination therapy of acyclovir, supportive care, and immunosuppression with dexamethasone and etoposide. A previously healthy 16-year-old boy presented with generalized rash, fever, severe abdominal pain, and abnormal liver function within 4 d. Chickenpox was suspected, and acyclovir and intravenous immunoglobulin were started on admission. However, the patient's condition deteriorated overnight with soaring transaminases, severe coagulopathy and encephalopathy...
November 6, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Caitlin R Finley, Derek S Chan, Scott Garrison, Christina Korownyk, Michael R Kolber, Sandra Campbell, Dean T Eurich, Adrienne J Lindblad, Ben Vandermeer, G Michael Allan
OBJECTIVE: To identify the most commonly presenting conditions in primary care globally, and to compare common reasons for visits (RFVs) as reported by clinicians and patients, as well as among countries of different economic classifications. DATA SOURCES: Twelve scientific databases were searched up to January 2016, and a dual independent review was performed to select primary care studies. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if they contained 20 000 visits or more (or equivalent volume by patient-clinician interactions) and listed 10 or more RFVs...
November 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
F Vidal, L Paret, T Linet, Y Tanguy le Gac, P Guerby
OBJECTIVE: To provide national clinical guidelines focusing on intrauterine contraception. METHODS: A systematic review of available literature was performed using Pubmed and Cochrane libraries. American, British and Canadian guidelines were considered as well. RESULTS: Intrauterine contraception (IUC) displays a wide panel of indications, including adolescents, nulliparous, patients living with HIV before AIDS (Grade B) and women with history of ectopic pregnancy (Grade C)...
November 11, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
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