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"Clinical Severity Score" AND infection

Catherine Muendo, Ahmed Laving, Rashmi Kumar, Boniface Osano, Thaddaeus Egondi, Pamela Njuguna
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus infection is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis globally in children under 5 years of age and is responsible for approximately 5% of all child deaths yearly. Rotavirus vaccination is considered an effective public health strategy to prevent infection and reduce the severity of disease. Multi-centre country trials on rotavirus vaccines demonstrated efficacy rates of more than 85% in developed countries but only about 65% in developing nations. Rotavirus vaccination was introduced into the Kenya Expanded Programme on Immunization (KEPI) in 2014...
October 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Clemens Maedel, Katharina Kainz, Thomas Frischer, Matthias Reinweber, Angela Zacharasiewicz
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to analyze whether children with objectively measured second-hand cigarette smoke (SHS) exposure suffer from a more severe course of disease when hospitalized with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at the Department of Pediatrics, Wilhelminen-Hospital, Vienna, Austria in children aged below 1 year without a history of preceding lung disease and with acute symptoms of LRTI and a positive nasopharyngeal swab for RSV...
September 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
David Polak, Aviv Shmueli, Talma Brenner, Lior Shapira
BACKGROUND: Oral infection of mice with P. gingivalis induces periodontal inflammation and attachment loss. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether infection of mice with P. gingivalis, exacerbates the clinical course of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE)-a mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Induction of EAE was carried out by immunization of C57BL/6 mice with myelin oligodentrocyte glycoprotein (MOG35-55 ). P. gingivalis infection was induced via subcutaneous chambers model and the oral gavage...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Ying Luo, Wen Zhang, Jing-Wei Cheng, Meng Xiao, Gui-Rong Sun, Cheng-Jie Guo, Ming-Jun Liu, Pei-Shan Cong, Timothy Kudinha
Purpose: The incidence and severity of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) have markedly increased over the past decade. However, there is very limited epidemiological data on CDI in China so far, specifically no data in Shandong Province. The aim of this study was to evaluate diagnostic algorithm for CDI and to gain data on molecular epidemiology of CDI in the Shandong Province of China. Materials and methods: Nonrepetitive unformed fecal specimens (n=504) were investigated by the glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), C...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
A M Canonne, I Peters, E Roels, L Desquilbet, C Clercx
In humans, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Bordetella pertussis infections are suggested to trigger or exacerbate asthma. Whether Mycoplasma or Bordetella are associated with chronic inflammatory bronchial diseases in dogs has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess detection rates of Mycoplasma canis (M. canis), M. cynos and Bordetella bronchiseptica (Bb), in dogs with eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy (EBP) and chronic bronchitis (CB), compared with healthy dogs. Specific quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis for M...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
Flore Amat, Chloé Plantard, Aurélien Mulliez, Isabelle Petit, Emmanuelle Rochette, Matthieu Verdan, Cécile Henquell, Guillaume Labbé, Marie Christine Heraud, Bertrand Evrard, André Labbé
To assess risk factors of recurrent bronchial obstruction and allergic sensitization 3 years after an episode of acute bronchiolitis, whether after ambulatory care treatment or hospitalization. A monocentric prospective longitudinal study including infants aged under 1 year with acute bronchiolitis was performed, with clinical (severity score), biological (serum Krebs von den Lungen 6 antigen), and viral (14 virus by naso-pharyngeal suction detection) assessments. Follow-up included a quaterly telephone interview, and a final clinical examination at 3 years...
May 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Laura Petrarca, Raffaella Nenna, Antonella Frassanito, Alessandra Pierangeli, Salvatore Leonardi, Carolina Scagnolari, Guido Antonelli, Paola Papoff, Corrado Moretti, Fabio Midulla
Bronchiolitis is the first lower respiratory tract viral infection manifesting in infants younger than 12 months of age. Our aim was to evaluate clinical and serological differences in infants with bronchiolitis from a single or from multiple viruses. Our secondary aim was to investigate differences in recurrent wheezing episodes after 12-24-36 months of follow-up. We reviewed the clinical records for 486 full-term infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis with at least one virus detected in the nasopharyngeal aspirate...
April 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Şule Gökçe, Zafer Kurugöl, S Şöhret Aydemir, Candan Çiçek, Aslı Aslan, Güldane Koturoğlu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of B. pertussis infection among young infants hospitalized with acute bronchiolitis and to determine whether B. pertussis infection affects the clinical course of acute bronchiolitis. METHODS: A total of 172 infants <6 months of age hospitalized with acute bronchiolitis were tested for B. pertussis and respiratory viruses with real-time PCR. Cases were divided into 2 groups according to B. pertussis positive or negative. Clinical parameters, clinical severity scores and laboratory characteristics of the pertussis-positive and pertussis-negative cases were compared...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Matthias Augustin, Lisa Goepel, Arnd Jacobi, Bjoern Bosse, Stefan Mueller, Michael Hopp
Infection is common in many chronic, inflammatory skin conditions but is often difficult to treat, in part due to growing bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Liposomal polyvinyl-pyrrolidone (PVP)-iodine hydrogel has a unique mode of action, combining the antiseptic and anti-inflammatory actions of PVP-iodine with the drug delivery and moisturizing properties of liposomes. We investigated the utility of liposomal PVP-iodine to treat infective dermatoses. In this prospective, single-arm (uncontrolled), open-label Phase II pilot study, patients with acne vulgaris (n=30), atopic dermatitis (n=20), impetigo contagiosa (n=10), and rosacea (n=10) received PVP-iodine (3%) hydrogel for ≤4 weeks...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
Fatima El-Assaad, Miao Qi, Alice Kizny Gordon, Jian Qi, Shangwen Dong, Freda Passam, James Crofton Weaver, Bill Giannakopoulos, Steven Anthony Krilis
The immune responses of males and females to bacterial infections display differences. The mechanisms that underlie this sexual dimorphism are multifactorial. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) contributes to the pathogenesis of endotoxaemia. We have previously demonstrated that the plasma protein beta-2 glycoprotein-1 (β2GPI) reduces LPS-induced inflammation in male mice. In the present study using a more robust infection model of septicaemia the role of β2GPI is examined in both male and female wild type (WT) and β2GPI deficient (β2GPI(-/-)) mice challenged with Escherichia coli (E...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Faheem Khan, Mark B Owens, Marcos Restrepo, Pedro Povoa, Ignacio Martin-Loeches
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most common causes of mortality world-wide. The mortality rate of patients with CAP is influenced by the severity of the disease, treatment failure and the requirement for hospitalization and/or intensive care unit (ICU) management, all of which may be predicted by biomarkers and clinical scoring systems. Areas covered: We review the recent literature examining the efficacy of established and newly-developed clinical scores, biological and inflammatory markers such as C-Reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6), whether used alone or in conjunction with clinical severity scores to assess the severity of CAP, predict treatment failure, guide acute in-hospital or ICU admission and predict mortality...
February 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
L Carlos-Valdez, B K Wilson, L O Burciaga-Robles, D L Step, B P Holland, C J Richards, M A Montelongo, A W Confer, R W Fulton, C R Krehbiel
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the most common and economically detrimental disease of beef cattle during the postweaning period, causing the majority of morbidity and mortality in feedlots. The pathogenesis of this disease often includes an initial viral infection, which can predispose cattle to a secondary bacterial infection. The objective of this experiment was to determine the effects of timing of an intratracheal (MH) challenge relative to 72 h of natural exposure to bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) type 1b persistently infected (PI) calves on performance, serum antibody production, total and differential white blood cell (WBC) count, rectal temperature, clinical severity score (CS), and haptoglobin (Hp)...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
M S Joshi, V M Jare, V Gopalkrishna
Faecal specimens collected from outbreak (n = 253) and sporadic (n = 147) cases of acute gastroenteritis that occurred in western India between 2006 and 2014 were tested for group C rotavirus (GCR) using partial VP6 gene-based RT-PCR. All specimens were tested previously for the presence of other viral and bacterial aetiological agents by conventional methods. The rate of GCR detection was 8·6% and 0·7% in outbreak and sporadic cases, respectively. GCR infections prevailed in outbreaks reported from rural areas (10·9%) compared to urban areas (1·6%)...
January 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
Lien Anh Ha Do, Juliet E Bryant, Anh Tuan Tran, Bach Hue Nguyen, Thi Thu Loan Tran, Quynh Huong Tran, Quoc Bao Vo, Nguyen Anh Tran Dac, Hong Nhien Trinh, Thi Thanh Hai Nguyen, Bao Tinh Le Binh, Khanh Le, Minh Tien Nguyen, Quang Tung Thai, Thanh Vu Vo, Ngoc Quang Minh Ngo, Thi Kim Huyen Dang, Ngoc Huong Cao, Thu Van Tran, Lu Viet Ho, Jeremy Farrar, Menno de Jong, H Rogier van Doorn
BACKGROUND: Despite a high burden of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections among children, data on demographic and clinical characteristics of RSV are scarce in low and middle income countries. This study aims to describe the viral etiologies, the demographic, epidemiological, and clinical characteristics of children under two years of age who were hospitalized with a lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI), focusing on RSV (prevalence, seasonality, subgroups, viral load) and its association with disease severity...
2016: PloS One
Giulia Cangiano, Raffaella Nenna, Antonella Frassanito, Melania Evangelisti, Ambra Nicolai, Carolina Scagnolari, Alessandra Pierangeli, Guido Antonelli, Paola Papoff, Laura Petrarca, Paolo Capocaccia, Corrado Moretti, Fabio Midulla
Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalization in infants under 12 months. Our aims were to analyze epidemiological characteristics of infants with bronchiolitis over 10 consecutive seasons and to evaluate whether there are any clinical differences between infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis during epidemic peak months and infants in non-peak months. We enrolled consecutive enrolled 723 previously healthy term infants hospitalized at the Paediatric Emergency Department, "Sapienza" University of Rome over the period 2004-2014...
December 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
B K Wilson, M Vazquez-Anon, D L Step, K D Moyer, C L Haviland, C L Maxwell, C F O'Neill, C A Gifford, C R Krehbiel, C J Richards
Research has indicated that trace mineral (TM) supplementation may alter immune function and reduce morbidity associated with bovine respiratory disease. The objective of this experiment was to determine the influence of dietary Cu, Mn, and Zn supplementation on the performance, clinical signs, and TM balance of calves following a bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and (MH) combination respiratory pathogen challenge. Steers ( = 16; 225 ± 20 kg BW) from a single ranch were processed, weaned, and randomly pairwise assigned to either the TM-supplemented (MIN) or the control (CON) experimental treatments...
March 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Hrishikesh Samant, Devendra Desai, Philip Abraham, Anand Joshi, Tarun Gupta, Alpa Dherai, Tester Ashavaid
INTRODUCTION: In clinical practice, endoscopic findings are often used for assessing disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In recent years, blood and stool markers are being increasingly used for this purpose. Among them, the fecal calprotectin (FC) level is probably the most favored. Data on the reliability of FC are lacking from countries like India, where gut infections are common. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to compare the FC level with the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and the C-reactive protein (CRP) as non-invasive markers of IBD and, in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), and to study its correlation with disease extent, clinical activity, and endoscopic severity...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
B K Wilson, D L Step, C L Maxwell, J J Wagner, C J Richards, C R Krehbiel
Ancillary therapy (ANC) is commonly provided in conjunction with an antimicrobial when treating calves for suspected bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in an attempt to improve the response to a suspected BRD challenge. The first experiment evaluated the effects of 3 ANC in combination with an antimicrobial in high-risk calves treated for BRD during a 56-d receiving period. Newly received crossbred steers (n = 516; initial BW = 217 ± 20 kg) were monitored by trained personnel for clinical signs of BRD. Calves that met antimicrobial treatment criteria (n = 320) were then randomly assigned to experimental ANC treatment (80 steers/experimental ANC treatment): intravenous flunixin meglumine injection (NSAID), intranasal viral vaccination (VACC), intramuscular vitamin C injection (VITC), or no ANC (NOAC)...
July 2015: Journal of Animal Science
Jean-Michel Liet, Thierry Ducruet, Vineet Gupta, Gilles Cambonie
BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalisation among infants in high-income countries. Acute viral bronchiolitis is associated with airway obstruction and turbulent gas flow. Heliox, a mixture of oxygen and the inert gas helium, may improve gas flow through high-resistance airways and decrease the work of breathing. In this review, we selected trials that objectively assessed the effect of the addition of heliox to standard medical care for acute bronchiolitis. OBJECTIVES: To assess heliox inhalation therapy in addition to standard medical care for acute bronchiolitis in infants with respiratory distress, as measured by clinical endpoints (in particular the rate of endotracheal intubation, the rate of emergency department discharge, the length of treatment for respiratory distress) and pulmonary function testing (mainly clinical respiratory scores)...
September 18, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Andrea T Obi, Bradley N Reames, Trent J Rook, Sandford O Mouch, Arya Zarinsefat, Cathy Stabler, John E Rectenwald, Dawn M Coleman, Thomas W Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Patients with painful varicose veins and venous insufficiency can be treated by eliminating axial reflux only or by eliminating axial reflux plus phlebectomy with transilluminated powered phlebectomy. This study was undertaken with the aim of determining and improving signs and symptoms of venous disease (measured by venous clinical severity score) and complications (by routine surveillance ultrasound and long-term post-operative follow up) for each treatment strategy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective evaluation of prospectively collected data from 979 limbs undergoing procedures for significant varicose veins and venous insufficiency from March 2008 until June 2014 performed at a single tertiary referral hospital...
October 2016: Phlebology
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