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Sarthak Sinha, Cinthia M Nuñez Martinez, Rebecca L Hartley, Renata J Quintana Alvarez, Grace Yoon, Jeff A Biernaskie, Duncan Nickerson, Vincent A Gabriel
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric burns are preventable with legislative and infrastructural changes. Although retrospective audits of many low- and middle-income countries have aided preventative efforts, the epidemiological status of burns in the Caribbean is not known. This study characterizes pediatric burns in the Dominican Republic (DR) and compares these to age-matched North American records captured by the National Burn Repository. METHODS: A retrospective audit of 1600 patients admitted to the Unidad de Niños Quemados Dra...
December 17, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Florencia Spesso, Susana Aiassa, Alicia Garutti, Graciela Mariel Carballo, Gladys Dotto
Introduction: Infections are the most frequent complications in burn patients. Filamentous fungi have an uncertain place within the statistics, since in our media data regarding their prevalence, causal agents and outcome of those who suffer them remain scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of fungal infection by filamentous fungi (IHF) in patients hospitalized in burn intensive care unit (BICU), and to review clinical, epidemiological, microbiological and evolutionary characteristics of these patients and to know the frequency and distribution of the isolated fungi...
June 22, 2018: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Alexander J M Dingemans, Wilfried Krois, Juan Craniotis Rios, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt, Carlos A Reck-Burneo
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We conduct an annual medical mission to Hospital Ruth Paz para Niños Quemados y Cirugía Pediátrica in Honduras to operate on cases of anorectal malformations (ARM). To improve our knowledge of these patients, we compared their health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and the health literacy of their caregivers from this hospital and ours in the United States. METHODS: The BRIEF Health Literacy Screen (BHLS) and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4...
October 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Evelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
M Portas, E Mansilla, H Drago, D Dubner, A Radl, A Coppola, M Di Giorgio
Acute and late radiation-induced injury on skin and subcutaneous tissues are associated with substantial morbidity in radiation therapy, interventional procedures and also are of concern in the context of nuclear or radiological accidents. Pathogenesis is initiated by depletion of acutely responding epithelial tissues and damage to vascular endothelial microvessels. Efforts for medical management of severe radiation-induced lesions have been made. Nevertheless, the development of strategies to promote wound healing, including stem cell therapy, is required...
September 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Maykel Pérez Machín, Mario L Sueiro, Ania de la Cruz, María A Boffill, Francisco Morón, Orestes R Méndez, Jaqueline Cárdenas
Medicinal plants are highly rich in Cuba and an amount of 179 species have been reported to be used by the population for diuretic purposes, nevertheless, no experimental validation has supported this effect. This study presents the relative importance of the medicinal plant species most widely used for diuretic purposes in two communities of Quemado de Guines Municipality, Villa Clara province. The information was obtained through the application of an interview to 85 inhabitants, from which 80 were random surveys to people with a great knowledge of plants, and five to herbalists and doctors practicing natural medicine...
December 2011: Revista de Biología Tropical
Susana Alicia Bartolotta, Matias Gabriel Pacskowski, Adriana Hick, Marta Ana Carballo
Drinking arsenic (As)-laden water for a long time affects a population's health and leads to chronic hydroarsenicism, which is associated with an increased incidence of different types of cancer. To determine the potential genotoxic risk associated with different degrees of environmental exposure to inorganic As by way of drinking water, micronuclei (MN) frequency in exfoliated buccal cells was evaluated in Argentina among rural populations of Santiago del Estero and urban populations of Buenos Aires. The exposed group in Santiago del Estero (La Firmeza and Santos Lugares localities) showed a significant increase in MN frequency in epithelial cells compared with controls (Monte Quemado and Urutau localities) (p = 0...
August 2011: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Raydel Martínez, Alberto Pérez, María del C Quiñones, Raúl Cruz, Angel Alvarez, Marlén Armesto, Carmen Fernández, Jorge Menéndez, Islay Rodríguez, Morelia Baró, Manuel Díaz, José Rodríguez, Gustavo Sierra, Ana Margarita Obregón, María Eugenia Toledo, Norma Fernández
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of vax-SPIRAL, a Cuban vaccine against leptospirosis, and to provide additional information concerning the safety of this vaccine (which was developed by Cuba's Finlay Institute). METHODS: This phase III efficacy trial of vax-SPIRAL was controlled, randomized, and double blind. The control vaccine used for the trial was Heberbiovac-HB (Heber Biotec, Cuba), a recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. The randomization unit for allocating persons to the study group or the control group were 523 family physician offices in the selected municipalities...
April 2004: Pan American Journal of Public Health
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