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Abdomen Fat Loss

Johanna Nattenmüller, Christopher L Schlett, Nanae Tsuchiya, Scott B Reeder, Perry J Pickhardt, Harald Kramer, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Mark O Wielpütz, Joon B Seo, Hiroto Hatabu, Edwin J R van Beek, Mark L Schiebler
The purpose of this review article is to acquaint the reader with the current state of the art for the noncardiovascular imaging biomarkers of metabolic syndrome found on noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) of the chest and their prognostic significance. Routine chest NCCT includes quantitative information with regard to tissue density and organ volumes in the neck, chest, and upper abdomen. The specific imaging biomarkers that may be seen in association with metabolic syndrome include low thyroid iodine organification, hepatic steatosis, sarcopenia (muscle volume and density), demineralization of the thoracic and upper lumbar vertebral bodies, loss of axial skeletal muscle mass, premature lung inflammation, and an increased deposition of subcutaneous and visceral fat...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Gavin Alistair Stead, Ben Warner, Jennifer Clough, Effie Lanaspre, John O'Donohue
A 62-year-old man presented to the emergency department with 5 weeks of worsening lower abdominal pain associated with watery diarrhoea, vomiting and 10% loss of body weight. He had recently experienced night blindness. There was no history of foreign travel. His past medical history included hypertension, sickle cell trait and type 2 diabetes well controlled on metformin. He had not been prescribed any recent steroids and denied significant alcohol intake. On examination, he had a tachycardia at 110 bpm and was afebrile and normotensive...
January 2019: Frontline Gastroenterology
Anup S Shetty, Adam L Sipe, Maria Zulfiqar, Richard Tsai, Demetrios A Raptis, Constantine A Raptis, Sanjeev Bhalla
An earlier incorrect version appeared online. This article was corrected on December 17, 2018.
January 2019: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
C Velter, N Messaddeq, E Levy, C Morruzzi, B Cribier, N Dali-Youcef, D Lipsker
BACKGROUND: Acquired partial lipodystrophy (APL) is characterized by the gradual symmetrical loss of subcutaneous fat starting from the face, spreading towards the upper part of the body and sparing the lower extremities. OBJECTIVE: We report a 33- year-old woman with facial lipodystrophy, loss of buccal fat pads, and breast fat tissue. The subcutaneous fat was preserved in other anatomic regions, and we noted some excess of fat accumulation in the lower abdomen and thighs...
November 25, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Alistair Young, Ned Kinnear, Derek Hennessey, Harsh Kanhere, Markus Trochsler
A 42-year-old man with multiple sclerosis presented with recurrent vomiting, in the context of recent weight loss. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed duodenal compression by the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), consistent with intermittent SMA syndrome. Subsequent gastroscopy and barium meal follow-through showed resolution of the obstruction. SMA syndrome is rare and has not previously been reported in a patient with multiple sclerosis. We hypothesize that loss of the aortomesenteric fat pad on the background of contorted body habitus from multiple sclerosis placed the patient at risk for intermittent positional compression of his duodenum...
December 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Renan Magalhães Montenegro, Aline Dantas Costa-Riquetto, Virgínia Oliveira Fernandes, Ana Paula Dias Rangel Montenegro, Lucas Santos de Santana, Alexander Augusto de Lima Jorge, Lia Beatriz de Azevedo Souza Karbage, Lindenberg Barbosa Aguiar, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho, Milena Gurgel Teles, Catarina Brasil d'Alva
Background: Dunnigan-type familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD2) is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by heterozygous mutations in the LMNA gene that results in regional loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue with onset in puberty. However, a generalized lipodystrophy phenotype has also been associated with heterozygous mutations in this gene, demonstrating the noticeable phenotypic heterogeneity of this disease. Methods: We report and describe clinical and metabolic features of four patients from the same family with the p...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Shi-Huo Liu, Hong-Fei Li, Yang Yang, Dong Wei, Hong-Bo Jiang, Wei Dou, Guo-Rui Yuan, Jin-Jun Wang
Phormicins belong to defensin family, which are important antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in insects. These AMPs are inducible upon challenging by immune triggers. In the present study, we identified the cDNA of a phormicin gene (BdPho) in the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), a ruinous agricultural pest causing great economic losses to fruits and vegetables. The cDNA of BdPho contains a 282 bp open reading frame encoding 93 amino acid residues, and the predicted molecular weight and isoelectric point of BdPho peptide were 9...
January 11, 2018: AMB Express
Shuchi Bhatt, Biswajit Mishra, Anupama Tandon, Smita Manchanda, G Parthsarathy
Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome (SMAS) is a rare clinical entity presenting as acute or chronic upper gastrointestinal obstruction. It occurs due to compression of third part of duodenum between abdominal aorta and overlying superior mesenteric artery caused by a decrease in angle between the two vessels. Rapid loss of retroperitoneal fat, in conditions leading to severe weight loss is the main factor responsible for this disorder. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome in association with abdominal tuberculosis has not been reported earlier to the best of our knowledge...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Yehya Khodear, Wisam Al-Ramli, Zsolt Bodnar
INTRODUCTION: Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome also known as Wilkie's syndrome is a rare condition caused by the entrapment of the third part of the duodenum between the aorta and the SMA. The incidence of Wilkie's syndrome range between 0.013% and 0.3%. The normal angle between the aorta and SMA has been described to range between 38° and 65°, whereas in Wilkie's syndrome this angle is reduced to less than 20° causing gastric outlet obstruction. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a previously diagnosed 43 year-old male with SMA syndrome, whom had been conservatively managed for 5-years for recurrent admissions with symptoms of gastric outlet obstruction...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Shi-Huo Liu, Dong Wei, Guo-Rui Yuan, Hong-Bo Jiang, Wei Dou, Jin-Jun Wang
Cecropins and defensins are important antimicrobial peptides in insects and are inducible after injection of immune triggers. In this study, we cloned the cDNAs of two antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), cecropin-2 (BdCec-2) and defensin (BdDef) from Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), a serious pest causing great economic losses to fruits and vegetables. The BdCec-2 sequence of 192bp encodes a protein of 63 amino acids residues with a predicted molecular weight of 6.78kD. The 282bp cDNA of BdDef encodes a protein of 93 residues with a predicted molecular weight of 9...
April 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Nidhi Gupta, Noor Asi, Wigdan Farah, Jehad Almasri, Patricia Barrionuevo, Mouaz Alsawas, Zhen Wang, Morey W Haymond, Rebecca J Brown, M Hassan Murad
Context: Lipodystrophy syndromes are characterized by generalized or partial absence of adipose tissue. Objective: We conducted a systematic review to synthesize data on clinical and metabolic features of lipodystrophy (age at onset, < 18 years). Data Source: Sources included Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus and Non-Indexed Citations from inception through January 2016. Study Selection: Search terms included lipodystrophy, and age 0 to 18 years...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Himanshu Rana, Suraj Singh Yadav, Himanshu D Reddy, Shubham Singhal, Dinesh Kumar Singh, Kauser Usman
INTRODUCTION: Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is a metabolic disorder involving fat accumulation in the liver. The initial management for patients with NAFLD includes lifestyle modification and weight loss in overweight or obese patients. AIM: The present study was conducted to compare the efficacy of insulin sensitizers and statin in the patients of NAFLD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 98 patients diagnosed with NAFLD on USG (Ultrasonography) abdomen, divided into three Groups randomly and administered Metformin (Group I), Rosuvastatin (Group II) or Pioglitazone (Group III) along with dietary intervention and lifestyle modification...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Arvind Kumar Pandey, Pramod Kumar, Srinivas Aithal Kodavoor, Sushma Rama Kotian, Sudhakar Narahari Yathdaka, Dayanand Nayak, Anne D Souza, Antony Sylvan D Souza
INTRODUCTION: The lower abdominal obesity is more resistant to absorption as compared to that of upper abdomen. Differences in the physicochemical properties of the subcutaneous fat of the upper and lower abdomen may be responsible for this variation. There is paucity of the scientific literature on the physicochemical properties of the subcutaneous fat of abdomen. AIM: The present study was undertaken to create a database of physicochemical properties of abdominal subcutaneous fat...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Flávia Fonseca Fernandes, Victor Oliveira Alves, Tarquino Erastides Gavilanes Sánchez, Wagner Diniz de Paula, Alfredo Nicodemos Cruz Santana
A previously healthy, 52-year-old woman presented with a nine months history of low fever and weight loss (> 30 kg). Physical examination disclosed generalized lymphadenopathy, skin lesions, abdominal distension, mild tachypnea and a left breast mass. Laboratory tests showed anemia; (prerenal) kidney injury, low serum albumin level; and negative serology for HIV and viral hepatitis. Computed tomography (neck/chest/abdomen) showed generalized lymph node enlargement, splenomegaly, pleural effusion and ascites...
July 11, 2016: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Marzieh Nojomi, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ashraf Velayati, Ahmad Naghibzadeh-Tahami, Haleh Dadgostar, Gholamhossein Ghorabi, Mohammad Moradi-Joo, Mohsen Yaghoubi
BACKGROUND: The burden of obesity and diet-related chronic diseases is increasing in Iran, and prevention and treatment strategies are needed to address this problem. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome, cost, safety and cost-consequence of non-invasive weight loss interventions in Iran. METHODS: We performed a systematic review to compare non-invasive interventions (cryolipolysis and radiofrequency/ ultrasonic cavitation) with semi-invasive (lipolysis) and invasive (liposuction)...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Marek Jankowski, Mariusz Gawrych, Urszula Adamska, Jakub Ciescinski, Zbigniew Serafin, Rafal Czajkowski
Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) has been applied recently to body contouring. However the mechanism of LLLT-induced reduction of subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness has not been elucidated and proposed hypotheses are highly controversial. Non-obese volunteers were subject to 650nm LLLT therapy. Each patient received 6 treatments 2-3 days apart to one side of the abdomen. The contralateral side was left untreated and served as control. Subjects' abdominal adipose tissue thickness was measured by ultrasound imaging at baseline and 2 weeks post-treatment...
February 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
Damodara Kumaran, Manikandan Anamalai, Umesh Velu, Aruna Nambirajan, Pramod Kumar Julka
BACKGROUND: Gall bladder carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in India. Gall bladder cancer with metastasis to the breast is very rare. Herein we intend to report a case of carcinoma gall bladder with breast metastasis and a short review of the literature. METHODS: This report describes an interesting and unusual case of gall bladder carcinoma presenting with breast metastasis. CASE REPORT: A 38-year lady presented with complaints of right abdominal pain...
December 2016: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
Eric F Bernstein
Cryolipolysis is a noninvasive esthetic procedure that utilizes controlled cooling to reduce subcutaneous fat. Clinical studies have established its safety, efficacy, and tolerability for fat reduction in a variety of areas including the abdomen, flanks, thighs, submental area, arms, back, and chest. Because of obvious esthetic concerns, long-term unilateral studies leaving an untreated flank, thigh, or arm are not performed, but serve as ideal controls for weight gain or loss or re-distribution of fat for other reasons...
December 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Nam Wook Kim, Yul-Mai Song, Eosu Kim, Hyun-Sang Cho, Keun-Ah Cheon, Su Jin Kim, Jin Young Park
α-Lipoic acid (ALA) has been reported to be effective in reducing body weight in rodents and obese patients. Our previous open trial showed that ALA may play a role in reducing weight gain in patients with schizophrenia on atypical antipsychotics. The present study evaluated the efficacy of ALA in reducing weight and BMI in patients with schizophrenia who had experienced significant weight gain since taking atypical antipsychotics. In a 12-week, double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study, 22 overweight and clinically stable patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to receive ALA or placebo...
September 2016: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
Antonella LoMauro, Ambra Cesareo, Fiorenza Agosti, Gabriella Tringali, Desy Salvadego, Bruno Grassi, Alessandro Sartorio, Andrea Aliverti
The objective of this study was to characterize static and dynamic thoraco-abdominal volumes in obese adolescents and to test the effects of a 3-week multidisciplinary body weight reduction program (MBWRP), entailing an energy-restricted diet, psychological and nutritional counseling, aerobic physical activity, and respiratory muscle endurance training (RMET), on these parameters. Total chest wall (VCW), pulmonary rib cage (VRC,p), abdominal rib cage (VRC,a), and abdominal (VAB) volumes were measured on 11 male adolescents (Tanner stage: 3-5; BMI standard deviation score: >2; age: 15...
June 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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