Read by QxMD icon Read

Suicide in 15-24-years old

Jennifer A Hoffmann, Anne M Stack, Michael C Monuteaux, Romy Levin, Lois K Lee
OBJECTIVE: To determine demographic and clinical risk factors associated with boarding (length of stay ≥24 h) for pediatric mental health emergency department (ED) visits. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of mental health visits identified by diagnosis codes for children 5-18 years old presenting to a tertiary pediatric ED in 2016. We performed multivariate logistic regression to identify demographic and clinical factors associated with boarding...
December 23, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Valentina Bugelli, Mirella Gherardi, Martina Focardi, Vilma Pinchi, Stefano Vanin, Carlo Pietro Campobasso
Hanging is one of the most common methods of suicide worldwide. Despite the high incidence, only a little knowledge about the pattern of cadaver colonization by insects on hanging corpse is available. Different types of hanging can alter the body decomposition process as well as the pattern and rate of insect colonization. Two case studies where the hanging occurred with a similar postmortem interval of 34 days are described. The two bodies showed different patterns of insect colonization and decomposition scored using the Total Body Score (TBS) and the TBS for hanging (TBShang )...
2018: Forensic sciences research
Evangelos Kontopantelis, Iain Buchan, Roger T Webb, Darren M Ashcroft, Mamas A Mamas, Tim Doran
BACKGROUND: Since the mid-1990s, excess mortality has increased markedly for adults aged 25-44 years in the north compared with the south of England. We examined the underlying causes of this excess mortality and the contribution of socioeconomic deprivation. METHODS: Mortality data from the Office of National Statistics for adults aged 25-44 years were aggregated and compared between England's five most northern versus five most southern government office regions between Jan 1, 1981, and Dec 31, 2016...
October 31, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Ana L Romero-Pimentel, Roberto C Mendoza-Morales, Ana Fresan, Fernando Garcia-Dolores, Eli E Gonzalez-Saenz, Mirna E Morales-Marin, Humberto Nicolini, Guilherme Borges
Objective: To analyze sex differences in demographic and clinical characteristics of individuals who died by suicide in Mexico City. Method: Statistical analysis of residents of Mexico City whose cause of death was suicide, during two years period from January 2014 to December 2015, with a coroner's report. Suicide mortality rates were calculated by age, sex, and location within the city. The Chi-squared test was used to assess statistical differences. Results: From January 2014 to December 2015, 990 residents of Mexico City died by suicide (men: 78...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Irina Kinchin, Christopher M Doran
Suicide is the leading cause of death among Australians between 15 and 24 years of age. This study seeks to estimate the economic cost of youth suicide (15–24 years old) for Australia using 2014 as a reference year. The main outcome measure is monetized burden of youth suicide. Costs, in 2014 AU$, are measured and valued as direct costs, such as coronial inquiry, police, ambulance, and funeral expenses; indirect costs, such as lost economic productivity; and intangible costs, such as bereavement. In 2014, 307 young Australians lost their lives to suicide (82 females and 225 males)...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Susan L Glodstein, Marguerite DiMarco, Susan Painter, Fatima Ramos-Marcuse
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) attitudes toward suicide in the 15- to 24-year-old population. DESIGN AND METHODS: A convenience sample of national psychiatric and pediatric APRNs was obtained from postings on professional websites and sending invitations to members utilizing anonymous Qualtricsⓒ survey that included demographic questions and the Suicide Opinion Questionnaire (SOQ). FINDINGS: The pediatric APRNs demonstrated more positive attitudes toward suicide as measured by the SOQ when individual items were analyzed...
October 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Selen Ozakar Akca, Ozgur Yuncu, Zehra Aydin
OBJECTIVE: The most important determinant of suicide ideation, tendency and initiative is the presence of mental disorders. Since the number of those who lost their lives due to suicide in the world rose rapidly among the young population, the World Health Organization emphasizes the importance of assessing young people in the high-risk age group to prevent suicidal behavior. This study aimed to determine psychological symptom levels and suicide probability in young people. METHOD: The cross-sectional research consisted of 15-24 year-old individuals (N=348), who have sought a psychiatric clinic between February and June, 2015...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Jin-Jia Lin, Fu-Weng Liang, Chung-Yi Li, Tsung-Hsueh Lu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the changes in the ranking of leading cause of death (COD) among people died with schizophrenia across years in the United States (U.S.). This study aims to determine the ranking of leading COD among U.S. decedents with mention of schizophrenia by age from 2000 to 2015. METHODS: The mortality multiple COD files maintained by the National Center for Health Statistics were used to identify decedents aged 15 years old and above with mention of schizophrenia anywhere on the death certificates to determine the number and proportion of deaths attributed to various underlying CODs...
January 30, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Maximiliano Loiola Ponte de Souza, Ricardo Tadeu da Silva Onety
OBJECTIVE: to describe suicide characteristics and mortality rates among indigenous and non-indigenous people in Roraima, Brazil. METHODS: descriptive study using data from the Mortality Information System (SIM) about the suicides in individuals over 10 years old, recorded in the period from 2009 to 2013; suicide mortality rates were adjusted by sex and age. RESULTS: 170 suicide cases were reported, being 17.1% among indigenous people; median ages were 24 years among indigenous and 29 among non-indigenous people; four municipalities concentrated 25/29 of the suicides among indigenous people; the 141 suicides among non-indigenous people were distributed in 13/15 municipalities in the state; suicide mortality rates were 15...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
Carol C Choo, Keith M Harris, Peter K H Chew, Roger C Ho
This study explores youth suicide attempts in Singapore using multiple databases of comprehensive archival records. Three years of medical records related to suicide attempters (N=666) who were admitted to the emergency department of a large teaching hospital in Singapore were subjected to retrospective analysis. Compared to other age groups, a peak in suicide attempts (n=207) was observed in youths aged between 15 and 24 years old (76.3% females; 23.7% males, mean age=19.30, SD=2.89). The model using recognized risk and protective factors was significant in predicting medical lethality, and correctly classified 62...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Shumona Sharmin Salam, Olakunle Alonge, Md Irteja Islam, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Md Kamran Ul Baset, Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Shams El Arifeen
The aim of the paper is to quantify the burden and risk factors of fatal and non-fatal suicidal behaviors in rural Bangladesh. A census was carried out in seven sub-districts encompassing 1.16 million people. Face-to-face interviews were conducted at the household level. Descriptive analyses were done to quantify the burden and Poisson regression was run to determine on risk factors. The estimated rates of fatal and non-fatal suicide were 3.29 and 9.86 per 100,000 person years (PY) observed, respectively. The risk of suicide was significantly higher by 6...
September 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jan Larsson
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether the young women (15-24 year old) who committed suicide in Sweden (1999-2013) received antidepressant treatment or not, and to what extent, prior to and/or at the time of suicide. To investigate the belief that increased prescription of antidepressants would drastically reduce the number of suicides. METHODS: An analysis of data from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, the Causes of Death Register, with registers cross checked, and from the National Board of Forensic Medicine...
2017: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Mehmet Emre Arı, Filiz Ekici
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome is an inherited arrhythmogenic disease that may cause sudden cardiac death due to ventricular fibrillation in young adults. Brugada syndrome caused by propafenone intoxication has been noted rarely in the literature. We report a rare case, Brugada phenocopy due to propafenone intoxication and its treatment. CASE REPORT: A 15-year-old girl having a seizure was brought to the emergency room. She took 1.5 g propafenone (Rythmol, Abbott, Chicago, IL, USA) for suicidal intention...
September 29, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
Ella Arensman, Marco Bennardi, Celine Larkin, Amanda Wall, Carmel McAuliffe, Jacklyn McCarthy, Eileen Williamson, Ivan J Perry
OBJECTIVE: Information on factors associated with suicide among young individuals in Ireland is limited. The aim of this study was to identify socio-demographic characteristics and circumstances of death associated with age among individuals who died by suicide. METHODS: The study examined 121 consecutive suicides (2007-2012) occurring in the southern eastern part of Ireland (Cork city and county). Data were obtained from coroners, family informants, and health care professionals...
2016: PloS One
Josephine Herman, Roshini Peiris-John, Iris Wainiqolo, Berlin Kafoa, Paul Laginikoro, Eddie McCaig, Shanthi Ameratunga
AIM: To determine the burden and characteristics of fatal and hospitalised injuries among youth in Fiji. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Fiji Injury Surveillance in Hospitals database - a prospective population-based trauma registry - to examine the incidence and epidemiological characteristics associated with injury-related deaths and hospital admissions among youth aged 15-24 years. The study base was Viti Levu, Fiji, during the 12-month period concluding on 30 September 2006...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Zhenkun Wang, Jinyao Wang, Junzhe Bao, Xudong Gao, Chuanhua Yu, Huiyun Xiang
The aim of this study is to explore the long-term trends of suicide mortality in China. We implemented the age-period-cohort (APC) framework, using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Our results showed that the net drift of suicide mortality was -4.727% (95% CI: -4.821% to -4.634%) per year for men and -6.633% (95% CI: -6.751% to -6.515%) per year for women, and the local drift values were below 0 in all age groups (p < 0.01 for all) for both sexes during the period of 1994-2013. Longitudinal age curves indicated that, in the same birth cohort, suicide death risk increased rapidly to peak at the life stage of 20-24 years old and 15-24 years old for men and women, respectively, and then showed a decelerated decline, followed by a rise thereafter after 54 years old for men and a slight one after 69 years old for women...
August 3, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Suzanne G McLone, Antigone Kouvelis, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the third-leading cause of death among Illinois residents aged 15 to 24 years. The Illinois Violent Death Reporting System (IVDRS) was developed to help prevent these deaths by providing timely, complete data. Understanding the circumstances surrounding suicide for those aged 15 to 24 years who are not receiving mental health treatment can help others: (1) recognize signs of potential crisis and (2) connect them to mental health treatment. METHODS: The IVDRS data were collected from five Illinois counties-Cook, DuPage, Kane, McHenry, and Peoria-from 2005 to 2010...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Hoi Yan Tong, Nicolás Medrano, Alberto Manuel Borobia, José Antonio Ruiz, Ana María Martínez, Julia Martín, Manuel Quintana, Santos García, Antonio José Carcas, Elena Ramírez
BACKGROUND: There are few data on hepatotoxicity induced by acute or chronic paracetamol poisoning in the pediatric population. Paracetamol poisoning data can reveal the weaknesses of paracetamol poisoning management guidelines. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the patients of less than 18 years old with measurable paracetamol levels, who were brought to the emergency department (ED) of La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, for suspected paracetamol overdoses between 2005 and 2010...
February 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
A Brunstein Klomek, O Nakash, N Goldberger, Z Haklai, N Geraisy, U Yatzkar, A Birnai, I Levav
Completed suicide and suicide attempts among four Arab groups defined by religious affiliation in Israel: Bedouins, Muslims (other than Bedouin), Christians and Druze were investigated using national databases of suicide (1999-2011), and suicide attempts (2004-2012). Age specific and age-adjusted rates and ratio of suicides to suicidal behavior were calculated, and compared with the total Israeli population rates. Age-adjusted suicide rates were lowest among the non-Bedouin Muslims, 2.5, followed in ascending order by Bedouins, 3...
June 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Inga Markiewicz, Janusz Heitzman, Ewa Gardyńska-Ziemba
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyse the structure of involuntary psychiatric holds in Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw, throughout the year. Our research interests included socio-demographic profiles of the patients, time of admissions (time of a day/night/ season), type of diagnoses at admission and suicide attempts preceding the admission. We also analysed the normative aspect of involuntary admissions, i.e. which Articles of the Polish Mental Health Act constituted the basis for these patients admission, and if the choice of articles was justifiable by a diagnosis of the mental disorder...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"