Read by QxMD icon Read

Ventriculoperitoneal shunt in congenital hydrocephalus

Gabriele Gradner, Rose Kaefinger, Gilles Dupré
BACKGROUND: Several case series and case reports have been published about idiopathic hydrocephalus treatment in dogs and cats using ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPS). OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk and type of complications in dogs and cats after VPS placement. ANIMALS: Sixteen papers were included. Sixty dogs and 13 cats with idiopathic hydrocephalus treated by VPS placement were identified. METHODS: The databases CAB, Scopus, and Medline were used...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Haider Ali Khattak, Nasim Gul, Shahbaz Ali Khan, Gul Muhammad, Ahsan Aurangzeb, Ibrahim Khan
BACKGROUND: Myelomeningocele is a congenital anomaly of Central Nervous System (CNS) leading to serious sequels related to various systems and organs of the affected patient. Hydrocephalus is a common condition associated with myelomeningocele. Hydrocephalus is seen in 11.8% of children with Myelomeningocele (MMC). This study was conducted to compare the simultaneous vs delayed ventriculoperitoneal shunting in children undergoing myelomeningocele in terms of infection. METHODS: This Randomized Control Trial was conducted at department of Neurosurgery, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad from 7th March to 7th June 2016...
October 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Won Kyoung Cho, Moon-Bae Ahn, Woori Jang, Hyojin Chae, Myungshin Kim, Byung-Kyu Suh
Most cases of congenital hyperthyroidism are autoimmune forms caused by maternal thyroid stimulating antibodies. Nonautoimmune forms of congenital hyperthyroidism caused by activating mutations of the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) gene are rare. A woman gave birth to a boy during an emergency cesarean section at 33 weeks of gestation due to fetal tachycardia. On the 24th day of life, thyroid function tests were performed due to persistent tachycardia, and hyperthyroidism was confirmed. Auto-antibodies to TSHR, thyroid peroxidase, and thyroglobulin were not found...
December 2018: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
Jena L Miller, Mari L Groves, Ahmet A Baschat
INTRODUCTION: Spina bifida is the most common non-lethal congenital birth defect of the central nervous system that causes chronic disability due to the combined effects of local nerve damage and the sequelae of non-communicating hydrocephalus. This abnormality can be identified early in gestation and the damage can be progressive over the course of pregnancy. Advances in fetal treatment have made minimally invasive prenatal surgery a realistic consideration for spina bifida in order to improve the outcome for children affected this condition...
November 27, 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
Rahul Gupta, Dinesh Kumar Barolia, Manisha Goyal
A 3-month-old-male infant presented with enlargement of head since birth. Clinical and radiological evaluation revealed congenital hydrocephalus, corpus callosum agenesis, prosencephalic cyst, and cranial vault deficiency with supernumerary nostril on the left side. Right ventriculoperitoneal shunt (Chhabra shunt) surgery was performed. The patient did well postoperatively. Parents of the patient have been counseled for repair of supernumerary nostril. Congenital hydrocephalus with corpus callosum agenesis is rare...
October 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Vanessa van der Linden, Natacha Calheiros de Lima Petribu, Andre Pessoa, Igor Faquini, Alex R Paciorkowski, Hélio van der Linden, Laura Silveira-Moriyama, Marli Tenório Cordeiro, Adriano Nassri Hazin, A James Barkovich, Charles Raybaud, Marilia de Brito Abath, Erlane Ribeiro, Carlos Eduardo Barros Jucá, Maria de Fátima Viana Vasco Aragão, Patrícia Teresa Coelho Travassos, Patrícia Jungmann
Importance: Hydrocephalus is a treatable but potentially fatal complication that has not been previously described in congenial Zika syndrome (CZS). Objective: To describe the clinical features and imaging findings in 24 patients with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) who developed hydrocephalus. Design, Setting, and Participants: This case series included patients with hydrocephalus who were born in October and November 2015 and followed up until mid-2017 in the 2 largest national referral centers for CZS in Brazil...
November 19, 2018: JAMA Neurology
Brian Fiani, Syed A Quadri, Mudassir Farooqui, Massimo D'Apuzzo, Robert J Rosser, Blake W Berman, Jerry Noel, Xin S Xin, Behnam Badie, Anirudh Ramachandran, Javed Siddiqi
Brainstem tumors are rare, even rarer is a brainstem tumor containing tissues of an embryologic gynecologic origin. We report a very rare case of presence of a calcified heterogeneously contrast enhancing brainstem mass of Müllerian origin in a patient in a 38 year old female with no female genital tract cancer and past surgical history of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement for congenital hydrocephalus. To our knowledge this is the very first and unusual case of a mass of gynecologic origin in the brainstem region especially in the setting of no history of gynecological tumor...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Ragai S Hanna, Abdelhakeem A Essa, Gamal A Makhlouf, Ashraf A Helmy
INTRODUCTION: Different methods and devices have been developed to regulate cerebrospinal fluid flow for the treatment of congenital hydrocephalus (HC). In addition, progress in shape and materials of catheters and also valves has been achieved. Although many studies in literature have evaluated the benefits of a laparoscopic approach, few researches have compared the two techniques used for the insertion of the ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS). AIM: The aim of this study was to compare laparoscopically assisted VPS (LVPS) with open VPS and to evaluate the benefits of LVPS...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Muhammad Junaid, Mamoon Ahmed, Mamoon Ur Rashid
Objective: This study was conducted to assess outcomes in patients with hydrocephalus who underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunting at Keen's point. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Peshawar. Time frame was four years from January 2011 to January 2015. The presenting complaints, clinical findings, investigations, treatment plans and surgical outcomes were noted. Ventriculo-Peritoneal (VP) shunting was done at Keen's point...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Bartosz Polis, Lech Polis, Krzysztof Zeman, Jarosław Paśnik, Emilia Nowosławska
PURPOSE: The aim of the article is to describe an immunological reaction to shunt infection in children with hydrocephalus. The main cause of shunt infection involves methicillin resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (Bhatia et al. Indian J Med Microbiol 35:120-123, 2017; Hayhurst et al. Childs Nerv Syst 24:557-562, 2008; Martínez-Lage et al. Childs Nerv Syst 26: 1795-1798, 2010; Simon et al. PLoS One, 2014; Snowden et al. PLoS One 8:e84089, 2013; Turgut et al. Pediatr Neurosurg 41:131-136, 2005), a bacterial strain which is responsible for the formation of biofilm on contaminated catheters (Snowden et al...
December 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Daniel Levy-Bercowski, Amara Abreu, Jimmy Londono, C Brent Haeberle
Stable occlusion and a pleasing esthetic appearance are often difficult to achieve in patients with congenital defects and severe midfacial deficiencies. Conventional therapy, such as orthodontic treatment followed by orthognathic surgery, is often not sufficient to fully correct the dental and esthetic problems. An interdisciplinary approach for these patients should include prosthodontic treatment that will assist in establishing a harmonious occlusion and improve facial appearance. This clinical report describes the interdisciplinary approach for a young patient with a history of bilateral cleft lip and palate, spina bifida, hydrocephalus, and ventriculoperitoneal shunt...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
F Sharouf, M Zaben, A Lammie, P Leach, M I Bhatti
INTRODUCTION: Neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM) is a sporadic condition characterised by congenital melanocytic nevi and melanocytic thickening of the leptomeninges. It is believed to result from congenital dysplasia of melanin-producing cells within the skin and leptomeninges. The management of cutaneous manifestations remains controversial; for neurological manifestations, outcome remains poor even with the use of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We describe the case of a 5-month-old boy who presented with giant congenital melanocytic nevus and hydrocephalus...
August 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Andreas Leidinger, Jose Piquer, Eliana E Kim, Hadia Nahonda, Mahmood M Qureshi, Paul H Young
BACKGROUND: Pediatric hydrocephalus is a health burden for East African countries, with an estimated incidence of 6000 new cases per year. The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology and surgical outcomes of patients treated for pediatric hydrocephalus in the single neurosurgical center of Zanzibar. METHODS: From December 2016 to December 2017, we prospectively collected data on all patients admitted with the diagnosis of hydrocephalus. Information was gathered regarding demographics, maternal health, preoperative imaging, surgical procedures, and postsurgical complications...
September 2018: World Neurosurgery
Ibrahim Alatas, Gokhan Canaz, Gulseren Arslan, Serdar Cevik, Belgu Kacmaz, Nursu Kara, Huseyin Canaz
Context: Spina bifida, hydrocephalus, and similar congenital central nervous system (CNS) anomalies take origin from embryologic stages weeks before birth, but assessment and follow-up of these patients are important to figure and predict the effects of these anomalies on child's neurodevelopment. Aims: To evaluate of multiple groups of congenital CNS anomalies in the neurodevelopment level. Settings and Design: The study was conducted at a research and treatment center for spina bifida patients...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Zachary B Jenner, Nuruddin Husein, Roy Riascos, Yoshua Esquenazi
Introduction Orbital meningoencephalocele formation is primarily a result of congenital defects in the pediatric population and trauma of the anterior cranial fossa in adults. We present a unique case of nontraumatic nasal and orbital meningoencephaloceles presenting as bilateral proptosis with exotropia secondary to chronic hydrocephalus. Clinical presentation A 20-year-old male with a history of tuberous sclerosis, X-linked intellectual disability, and epilepsy presented to the emergency department with two days of nausea, emesis, seizures, and two months of progressive proptosis...
August 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
Alexander Verhaeghe, Stijn De Muynck, Jan W Casselman, Nikolaas Vantomme
BACKGROUND: Pneumocephalus is usually seen in trauma or cranial surgery. It is rarely reported as a delayed complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for hydrocephalus secondary to trauma, tumor, or aqueduct stenosis. We describe a case of intraventricular pneumocephalus manifesting 10 months after placement of a shunt for normal-pressure hydrocephalus. CASE DESCRIPTION: A pressure-regulated ventriculoperitoneal shunt was implanted in an 81-year-old patient after diagnosis of normal-pressure hydrocephalus...
August 2018: World Neurosurgery
Nurhayat Yakut, Ahmet Soysal, Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Nazan Dalgic, Dilek Yılmaz Ciftdogan, Ayse Karaaslan, Gulsen Akkoc, Sevliya Ocal Demir, Eren Cagan, Ezgi Celikboya, Ali Kanik, Adnan Dagcinar, Adem Yilmaz, Fusun Ozer, Mahmut Camlar, Ozden Turel, Mustafa Bakir
PURPOSE: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) is the most common treatment modality for hydrocephalus. However, VPS infection is a common and serious complication with high rates of mortality and morbidity. The objective of this study was to investigate causative agents and the management of VPS infections and to identify risk factors for re-infection in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, multicentre study on patients with VPS infection at paediatric and neurosurgery departments in four tertiary medical centres in Turkey between January 2011 and September 2014...
April 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Shraddha Siwakoti, Rinku Sah, Rupa Singh Rajbhandari, Basudha Khanal
Introduction: Pantoea agglomerans, primarily an environmental and agricultural organism has been reported as both commensal and pathogen of humans. We present two case reports of P. agglomerans infections in children that involved the meninges and bloodstream. Case Presentations: A 6-month-old female baby, diagnosed as congenital hydrocephalus secondary to aqueduct stenosis with ventriculoperitoneal shunt in situ, operated 14 days back was brought to the pediatric emergency with a two-day history of high fever associated with vomiting, irritability, excessive crying, and decreased feeding...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Sarah B Cairo, Justice Agyei, Kavira Nyavandu, David H Rothstein, Luc Malemo Kalisya
PURPOSE: Evaluate the management of hydrocephalus in pediatric patients in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo by a general surgeon. METHODS: Retrospective review of a single institution in the province of North Kivu. Patient charts and surgical notes were reviewed from 2003 to 2016. RESULTS: 116 procedures were performed for an average of 8.9 per year. 51.7% of surgeries were on female patients with an average age of 13.6 ± 22.7...
April 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Michael C Dewan, Jaims Lim, Stephen R Gannon, David Heaner, Matthew C Davis, Brandy Vaughn, Joshua J Chern, Brandon G Rocque, Paul Klimo, John C Wellons, Robert P Naftel
OBJECTIVE It has been suggested that the treatment of infant hydrocephalus results in different craniometric changes depending upon whether ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) placement or endoscopic third ventriculostomy with choroid plexus cauterization (ETV/CPC) is performed. Without an objective and quantitative description of expected changes to the infant cranium and ventricles following ETV/CPC, asserting successful treatment of hydrocephalus is difficult. By comparing infants successfully treated via ETV/CPC or VPS surgery, the authors of this study aimed to define the expected postoperative cranial and ventricular alterations at the time of clinical follow-up...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"