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Chinese health and nutritional survey

Huihui Ren, Lu Zhang, Zhelong Liu, Xinrong Zhou, Gang Yuan
OBJECTIVES: Short sleep duration is independently associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease; however, the association has not yet been examined in obese populations. We assessed the associations between sleep duration, metabolic phenotype and apolipoprotein variables in a nationally representative Chinese population with overweight/obesity. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: The study conducted in nine provinces of China that vary substantially in geography and economic development...
February 11, 2019: BMJ Open
M Li, Z Shi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association of nut intake with cognitive function in Chinese adults aged 55 and over. DESIGN: This was a prospective open cohort study with repeated measurements of diet and cognition scores. Participants/settings: 4822 adults aged 55 and over participating in the China Health Nutrition Survey during 1991-2006. MEASUREMENTS: Global cognitive function measured repeatedly in 1997, 2001, 2004, and 2006 using a subset of modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status; poor cognitive function was defined as cognition score<7...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Zumin Shi, Ming Li, Youfa Wang, Jianghong Liu, Tahra El-Obeid
Background: High body iron status has been shown to be associated with adverse health outcomes. However, the relation between high body iron status, body mass index (BMI), and cognition is still understudied. Objective: This study aimed to examine the association between iron intake and cognitive function in Chinese adults and tested the interaction effect of iron intake and BMI on cognition. Design: Longitudinal study data from a nationwide sample (n = 4852; age ≥55 y) from the China Health and Nutrition Survey during 1991-2006 were used...
January 11, 2019: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ping Xu, Jeffrey A Burr, Kyungmin Kim, Zhen Cong
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between intergenerational financial exchange patterns and cognitive impairment among older Chinese adults. The study also explored potential pathways linking financial exchanges to cognitive health. METHOD: Data were taken from the 2005 and 2008 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Three patterns of financial exchange (i.e., low receiving, high receiving, and reciprocity) based on a latent profile analysis were examined as predictors...
January 11, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
Mary Y Jung, Sunmin Lee, Stephen B Thomas, Hee-Soon Juon
BACKGROUND: Data on hypertension among Asian Americans is lacking and often aggregated, which can mask important ethnic differences. This study aims to provide a comprehensive view of hypertension and hypertension-related behaviors, including hypertension treatment, management, and information seeking, among Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese Americans. METHODS: Data were collected from 600 foreign-born Asian Americans (201 Chinese, 198 Korean, and 201 Vietnamese participants) in the Washington-Baltimore metropolitan area, aged 18 years and over, from 2013 to 2014...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Pan Zhuang, Longfei Cheng, Jun Wang, Yu Zhang, Jingjing Jiao
Background: Dietary intakes of total and specific types of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) in relation to total mortality remain largely unknown in China. Objective: We assessed the associations of total and individual SFA intakes with total mortality in a Chinese nationwide population. Methods: This prospective analysis included 7888 women and 6495 men, aged >20 y, from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1989-2011). Cumulative mean of SFA intake was calculated based on 3 d of 24-h records in each round of the survey...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Nutrition
Xiaoting Pei, Panpan Sun, Yaning Cai, Yaxin Guo, Yiping Xu, Li Liu, Zhiguang Ping
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between concentration of serum magnesium with overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity in Chinese adults. METHODS: Data from China Health and Nutrition Survey investigated in 2009 was analyzed. Rank correlation analysis, univariate analysis and binary Logistic regression analysis were performed to analyze influence of serum magnesium concentrations, regions and gender on the prevalence of overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity...
November 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Dan Liu, Li He, Xin Zhang, Yi Zhai, Jian Zhang, Xiaoguang Yang, Junshi Chen, Wenhua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To establish, validate and promote the method of food frequency questionnaire( FFQ) in Chinese population. METHODS: From 1996 to 1999, " Prospective study on diet, lifestyle and chronic diseases" was conducted, and 12 000 Chinese residents were investigated. A simplified FFQ including 17 types of foods was first established. In 1998, " Study on the characteristics of diet, nutrition and health of residents in different cuisines in China" was conducted, which surveyed 540 middle-aged and senior people in four cuisine region and a more comprehensive FFQ including 84 types of food in 16 categories was established...
September 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Xuepeng Chi, Dongmei Yu, Lahong Ju, Jian Zhang, Liyun Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of diabetes from 7 to 17 years old children and adolescents in China, and analyze the change during 2002-2012. METHODS: Data was from China Nutrition and Health Survey( 2002) and China Nutrition and Health Surveillance( 2012). In 2002, 243 479 subjects were selected from 132 countries of mainland China by the multilevel stratified equal volume cluster random sampling method. In 2012, 183 137 subjects were selected from 205 countries of mainland China by the multilevel stratified equal proportional cluster random sampling...
September 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Min Li, Rui Wang, Xinqi Cheng, Deqian Mao, Lichen Yang, Jianhua Piao, Shuangyu Lu, Ling Qiu, Xiaoguang Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate thyroid function and iodine nutritional status for pregnant women from various regions of China by determining plasma levels of thyrotrophin( TSH), free triiodothyronine( FT3), and free thyroxine( FT4). METHODS: Plasma samples were obtained from pregnant women that participated in the 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey. Plasma levels of TSH, FT3, and FT4 were determined by using an automated chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer...
September 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Ying Xiong, Shuquan Luo, Huadong Zhang, Jingrong Chen, Ailin Wu, Cheng Long
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the status of consumption of cereal and tuber and its impact on macronutrients in among Chongqing City adults. METHODS: Data were collected from 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey Surveillance. Multi-stage cluster random sampling was used to collect data among 1435 adults residents in 4 surveillance sites of China National Nutrition and Health Survey in Chongqing City. The number of male was 639, female was 796. The dietary investigation survey method of24-hour recall for three consecutive days were used to collect information on cereal and tuber intakes...
September 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Maowei Cheng, Jingjing Li, Shiyu Dai, Chenrui Gong
OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation between dietary protein intake and metabolic syndrome( MS) among the men and women of Hubei Province. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2010-2012 Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey in Hubei Province. Cross-sectional data on 1827 men and women aged l8 years and above was gathered from 6 monitoring sites by multi-stage stratified and Probability Proportionate to Size( PPS) cluster random sampling method. All subjects took the dietary survey with the 24-hour recall method for 3 consecutive days, medical examination and blood assay...
September 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Lahong Ju, Dongmei Yu, Hongyun Fang, Qiya Guo, Xiaoli Xu, Shujuan Li, Liyun Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trends and food sources composition of energy, protein and fat in Chinese residents from 1992 to 2012. METHODS: Based on the dietary data of the China Nutrition and Health Surveys in 1992, 2002 and 2010-2012, to compare the food sources composition of energy, protein and fat in Chinese residents. A stratified multistage cluster random sampling was used in 1992, and the sample size was100 201. A multistage stratified cluster random sampling survey was conducted in 2002, and the sample size was 68 962...
September 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Ruiyi Liu, Li Chen, Huan Zeng, Cesar Reis, Haley Reis, Xianjie Yang, Xinjie Lin, Huabing Li, Xuchen Meng, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
Background : Smoking and alcohol consumption have become major public health problems among Chinese women. In this study we explore the behavioral trends in smoking and alcohol consumption of Chinese women. We also explored the changes in the sociodemographic factors that affect the smoking and alcohol consumption behaviors of Chinese women at different reproductive stages. Methods : We used the Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey data for 2004 to 2011 to investigate the trends and influential factors of tobacco and alcohol consumption among Chinese women...
December 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Dan Liu, Li-Yun Zhao, Dong-Mei Yu, La-Hong Ju, Jian Zhang, Jing-Zhong Wang, Wen-Hua Zhao
Childhood obesity is associated with both near- and longer-term health implications. Few studies have been conducted to explore the associations between dietary patterns and obesity among Chinese children and adolescents. The present study was designed to identify dietary patterns and their relationships with childhood obesity in medium and small cities. This is a cross-sectional study of children participants aged 6⁻17 years old in the 2010⁻2012 China Nutrition and Health Survey (CNHS). Socio-demographics, life-style, physical activity, anthropometric variables, and hundred-item food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) were collected...
December 20, 2018: Nutrients
C Guo, H Wang, G Feng, J Li, C Su, J Zhang, Z Wang, W Du, B Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To find variations in Chinese obesogenic environmental priorities from 2000 to 2011, predict spatiotemporal distribution of obesity prevalence aged 7-17 years in 31 provinces, and provide foundations for policy-makers to reduce obesity in children and adolescents. METHODS: Based on data examination of provincial obesity prevalence aged 7-17 years from three rounds of China Health and Nutrition Surveys (in 9 [2000], 9 [2006], and 12 [2011] provinces) and corresponding years' environments in 31 provinces from China Statistical Yearbooks and other sources, 12 predictors were selected...
December 19, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Yaping Hou, Mingming Wang, Liu Yang, Min Zhao, Yinkun Yan, Bo Xi
OBJECTIVE: Overweight/obesity in childhood is suggested to increase risk of hypertension later in life. However, few studies have assessed the effect of trajectories of weight status from childhood to adulthood on adult hypertension. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between weight status change from childhood to early adulthood and adult hypertension in the Chinese population. METHODS: Data were from the China Health and Nutrition Survey cohort study including 2095 participants who had at least one measurement of BMI and blood pressure (BP) in childhood (6-17 years) and in early adulthood (aged 18-37 years) between 1991 and 2011...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
Chen Zou, Xuan Zhou, Shuhan Zhuang, Guowei Huang, Hongwu Wang
Objective. This study aimed to compare the physical and mental states and the clinical effects of parenteral nutrition combined with enteral nutrition (PN+EN), total enteral nutrition (TEN), and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) after surgery in patients with maxillofacial malignant tumors. Methods. A total of 112 patients were divided into three groups, with 58, 33, and 21 patients in the PN+EN, TPN, and TEN groups, respectively. The psychological survey contained the Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FRS-R), visual analog scale (VAS), numerical rating scale (NRS), Hamilton anxiety rating scale (HAMA), and short-form 36 health survey questionnaire (SF-36)...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Feifei Huang, Minqiang Zhang, Yan Li, Zhe Li, Junyan Fang, Kaiyin Guo
AIMS: The objective of this study was to investigate the longitudinal trajectory of BMI in the Chinese population, and to assess whether the gender or other personal characteristics were related to BMI, and whether there was a change in trajectory over time. METHODS: Data were obtained from 3,574 Chinese (5 to 89 years of age) who participated in the 2000-2011 of the China Health and Nutrition Survey. Latent growth curve models were used to investigate the longitudinal trajectory of BMI, and to examine the effect of some personal characteristics on BMI trajectory...
2018: PloS One
Y H Fang, Y N He, G Y Bai, W H Zhao
Objective: To understand the prevalence of alcohol drinking and influencing factors in female adults in China. Methods: At the 150 survey sites where 2010-2012 Chinese nutrition and health surveillance was conducted, a face to face questionnaire survey was conducted in female adults selected through multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling. Sample weights was assigned to each participant based on the study design by using national population census data in 2009. The complex sampling and unconditional multivariate logistics regression analysis was conducted to identify the influencing factors for the prevalence of alcohol drinking in the female adults...
November 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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