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School interventions

Elham Pooresmaeil, Reyhane Mohamadi, Ali Ghorbani, Mohammad Kamali
OBJECTIVES: There is a large variation in the function of cochlear implanted children in language assessments. However, they usually have poorer performance in language abilities compared with their normal hearing peers. The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between syntax comprehension and reading comprehension in cochlear implanted and hearing children in the third to fifth grades of the elementary school and to identify the relationship between their reading comprehension and the age of receiving a cochlear implant as well as the duration of receiving speech therapy in cochlear implanted children...
March 11, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James Mugisha, Joseph Firth, Tine Van Damme, Lee Smith, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Adolescent suicide is a major global mental health problem. Exploring variables associated with suicide attempts is important for the development of targeted interventions. The aim of the current study was to explore associations between leisure-time sedentary behavior and suicide attempts. METHODS: Data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey were analyzed. Data on past 12-month suicide attempts and self-reported leisure-time sedentary time were collected...
March 9, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Caitlin N Pope, Jessica H Mirman, Despina Stavrinos
PURPOSE: Distracted driving is a growing global epidemic, with adolescent drivers reporting frequent engagement in distracted driving behaviors. Public health initiatives and legislative efforts designed to decrease the prevalence of these unwanted driving behaviors have demonstrated small, but significant reductions in crash risk. Non-compliance is a known problem among drivers of all ages, but may be especially problematic for novice, adolescent drivers. Using a construct from the Health Belief Model, the relations between demographic factors, perceived threat to safety, and peer influences were investigated with adolescents' support for three types of distracted driving legislation regarding: (a) reading or sending text messages/emails while driving; (b) hand-held cell phone use while driving; and (c) using non-driving-related-in-vehicle (NDIV) technology while driving...
February 2019: Journal of Safety Research
Tsedeke Wolde, Tefera Belachew
OBJECTIVE: Despite several decades of work in improving childhood nutrition in Ethiopia, stunting remains a major public health concern with lack of evidence on its effect on school performance. Therefore, this study aimed at determining prevalence of stunting and the impact on academic performance among schoolchildren attending primary schools in Meskan District of Southern Ethiopia. RESULTS: During October 2016, we interviewed primary school children and their parents, collected anthropometric measurements of children, and conducted school record reviews among 408 randomly selected children attending ten primary schools...
March 15, 2019: BMC Research Notes
Michael Brannan, Matteo Bernardotto, Nick Clarke, Justin Varney
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals are key informants to support individual behaviour change, and although there has been some progress in empowering clinicians to promote physical activity and health at work, an effective strategy overarching the whole medical educational journey is still lacking. This report provides an overview from the Moving Healthcare Professionals programme (MHPP), a whole-system educational approach to embed prevention and physical activity promotion into clinical practice...
March 15, 2019: BMC Medical Education
Ann M Swartz, Nathan R Tokarek, Krista Lisdahl, Hotaka Maeda, Scott J Strath, Chi C Cho
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of stand-biased desks on the physical activity and sedentary behavior of third, fourth and sixth grade students across the school year. Methods : This within classroom crossover design study used teacher-determined allocation for seating within each classroom. Half of the students used a stand-biased desk and half used a sitting desk. Five-day hip-worn accelerometer assessments were completed at baseline and at the end of each nine-week intervention period...
March 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Seung-Ha Lee, Hyun-Jung Ju
This study investigated the difficulties of mothers in coping with the bullying of their children and their expectations concerning bullying intervention for young children in South Korea. Twenty mothers with young children were interviewed. Interviews were transcribed in Korean. Nvivo 12 software was used to analyze the data. Four themes emerged: "mothers' coping strategies", "problems of interventions", "expectations of interventions", and "developmentally appropriate interventions for young children"...
March 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Dorota Kleszczewska, Agnieszka Małkowska Szkutnik, Jadwiga Siedlecka, Joanna Mazur
Mental health problems during adolescence are becoming increasingly frequent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the total impact of selected behavioural and environmental factors on the variability of mental well-being indexes of young people aged 15 to 17 years. The survey, conducted as part of the last round of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) 2017/18 study, covered 3693 secondary school students in Poland at the average age of 16.53 years (SD = 1.09). Dependent variables: depression (CES-DC), stress (Cohen scale), satisfaction with life (Cantril's Ladder), and self-efficacy in social relations (Smith and Betz scale)...
March 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Cindy Hui-Ping Sit, Jane Jie Yu, Stephen Heung-Sang Wong, Catherine M Capio, Richard Masters
BACKGROUND: Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have lower physical activity (PA) than children with typical development (TD). PA and fundamental movement skills (FMS) are positively associated so interventions that promote FMS of children with DCD are recommended. AIM: To examine the effects of a school-based FMS training program on motor functions, PA and other psychological outcomes. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A total of 131 primary children were allocated to FMS training groups (DCD-FMS n = 35, TD-FMS n = 29), which received FMS training (eight weekly 40-min sessions), or to control groups (DCD-C n = 34, TD-C n = 33), which received conventional physical education lessons...
March 12, 2019: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Sedigheh Movlavi, Shayesteh Salehi
Introduction The nursing process is a method for solving the problems used to meet the health and care needs of individuals. Using the nursing process enables nurses to use critical thinking for clinical judgment and their care activities. Thus, the present study was conducted to specify the effect of the implementation of the nursing process on students' health behaviors. Materials and methods The population was first-year high school girl students in Kurdistan in 2016-2017 that comprised 90 students. The questionnaire used was one for the health needs of adolescent girls and was a standard questionnaire with 65 questions...
March 15, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Michael J Peluso, Neo Tapela, John Langeveldt, Margaret E Williams, Kagiso Mochankana, Kebonye Motseosi, Brian Ricci, Adam Rodman, Cecil Haverkamp, Miriam Haverkamp, Rosa Maoto, Rebecca Luckett, Detlef Prozesky, Oathokwa Nkomazana, Tomer Barak
BACKGROUND: Medical internship is the final year of training before independent practice for most doctors in Botswana. Internship training in Botswana faces challenges including variability in participants' level of knowledge and skill related to their completion of medical school in a variety of settings (both foreign and domestic), lack of planned curricular content, and limited time for structured educational activities. Data on trainees' opinions regarding the content and delivery of graduate medical education in settings like Botswana are limited, which makes it difficult to revise programs in a learner-centered way...
April 30, 2018: Annals of Global Health
Shahd Osman, Christy Costanian, Nur Beyhan Annan, Fouad M Fouad, Miran Jaffa, Abla M Sibai
BACKGROUND: Evidence from the developed world associates higher prevalence of hypertension with lower socioeconomic status (SES). However, patterns of association are not as clear in Africa and other developing countries, with varying levels of socioeconomic development and epidemiological transition. Using wealth and education as indicators, we investigated association between SES and hypertension among older adult women in Sudan and examined whether urbanicity mediates the relationship...
March 5, 2019: Annals of Global Health
Ayebo Evawere Sadoh, Chukwunwendu Okonkwobo, Damian Uchechukwu Nwaneri, Bamidele Charity Ogboghodo, Charles Eregiea, Osawaru Oviawe, Omolara Famuyiwa
INTRODUCTION: It is well documented that Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the cause of cervical cancer which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality especially in low- and middle-income countries. Vaccines against HPV are available. In developed countries where the vaccines have been deployed, lack of information among the target population (adolescents) is a major contributor to suboptimal uptake. In Nigeria, the vaccine is yet to be provided in the national programme on immunization, which is free, but it is available for a fee...
April 30, 2018: Annals of Global Health
Chrispina N Tarimo, Gibson E Kapanda, Charles Muiruri, Ahaz T Kulanga, Esther Lisasi, Kien A Mteta, Egbert Kessi, Deodatus Mogella, Maro Venance, Temu Rogers, Lucy Mimano, John Bartlett
BACKGROUND: The shortage of medical doctors in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has resulted in increased enrolment in medical schools, which has not been matched with increased faculty size or physical infrastructure. This process has led to overcrowding and possibly reduced quality of training. To reduce overcrowding at its teaching hospital, the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College introduced eight-week peripheral clerkship rotations in 2012. We explore students' perceptions and attitudes towards peripheral hospital placements...
April 30, 2018: Annals of Global Health
Marcela Tamayo-Ortiz, Jaime Navia-Antezana
BACKGROUND: Traditional ceramics are a cultural heritage in Mexico, used by the general population in everyday life. These ceramics are glazed with lead oxide and are usually produced in households that share living and working spaces. Glazing is usually performed by women, and children are not restrained from the work space and frequently help, resulting in high levels of lead exposure for all. Interventions that promote a change in technology (such as lead-free glazes or efficient kilns) are often unrealistic for potters with fewer economic resources who depend on their production as their main income...
July 27, 2018: Annals of Global Health
Christoph Becker, Sebastian Schmidt, Elmo W I Neuberger, Peter Kirsch, Perikles Simon, Ulrich Dettweiler
The worldwide prevalence of mental disorders in children and adolescents increased constantly. Additionally, the recommended amount of physical activity (PA) is not achieved by this age group. These circumstances are associated with negative impacts on their health status in later life and can lead to public health issues. The exposure to natural green environments (NGE) seems to be beneficial for human health. The compulsory school system offers great opportunities to reach every child with suitable health-related contents and interventions at an early stage...
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
Michael Matergia, Peter Ferrarone, Yasin Khan, Denna Weiss Matergia, Priscilla Giri, Sanjeeta Thapa, Eric A F Simões
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: School health programs are frequently attempted in low- and/or middle-income countries; however, programmatic scope and reach is limited by human resource constraints. We sought to determine if trained community members could implement a school health program that improved outcomes in rural primary schools in India. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods, stepped-wedge, cluster-controlled study of schools pragmatically assigned to receive a multicomponent, comprehensive school health program delivered by lay field-workers...
March 14, 2019: Pediatrics
Alexandra V Kulinkina, Karen C Kosinski, Michael N Adjei, Dickson Osabutey, Bernard O Gyamfi, Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, Kwabena M Bosompem, Elena N Naumova
OBJECTIVES: The study assessed associations between Schistosoma haematobium infection (presence of parasite eggs in urine or hematuria) and self-reported metrics (macrohematuria, fetching surface water, or swimming) to evaluate their performance as proxies of infection in presence of regular preventive chemotherapy. It also examined community water characteristics (safe water access, surface water access, and groundwater quality) to provide context for schistosomiasis transmission in different types of communities and propose interventions...
March 11, 2019: Acta Tropica
Roxanne D Hawkins, Gilly A R Mendes Ferreira, Joanne M Williams
Many children growing up in urban areas of Western countries have limited contact with and knowledge of farm animals and food production systems. Education can play an important role in children's understanding of farm animal welfare issues, however, most education provided focuses on pets. There is a need to develop new farm animal welfare interventions for young children. This study examines the process of designing, developing, and evaluating the effectiveness of a new theoretically-driven digital game to teach children, aged 6⁻13 years, about farm animal welfare...
March 13, 2019: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Leyla Karimli, Fred M Ssewamala, Torsten B Neilands, Christine R Wells, Laura Gauer Bermudez
Some evidence points to the positive effects of asset accumulation programs on mental health of children living in low-resource contexts. However, no evidence exists as to why and how such impact occurs. Our study aims to understand whether child poverty, child work, and household wealth serve as pathways through which the economic strengthening intervention affects the mental health of AIDS-orphaned children. The study employed a cluster-randomized experimental design with a family-based economic strengthening intervention conducted among 1410 school-going AIDS-orphaned children ages 10 and 16 years old in 48 primary schools in South Western Uganda...
March 7, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
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