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CCN autophagy

Kenneth Maiese
The release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the generation of oxidative stress are considered critical factors for the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus (DM), a disorder that is growing in prevalence and results in significant economic loss. New therapeutic directions that address the detrimental effects of oxidative stress may be especially warranted to develop effective care for the millions of individuals that currently suffer from DM. The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (S...
2015: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Kenneth Maiese
As a proliferative and restorative entity, Wnt1 inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP1) is emerging as a novel target for a number of therapeutic strategies that are relevant for disorders such as traumatic injury, neurodegeneration, musculoskeletal disorders, cardiovascular disease, pulmonary compromise, and control of tumor growth as well as distant metastases. WISP1, a target of the wingless pathway Wnt1, oversees cellular mechanisms that include apoptosis, autophagy, cellular migration, stem cell proliferation, angiogenesis, immune cell modulation, and tumorigenesis...
2014: Current Neurovascular Research
Kenneth Maiese, Zhao Zhong Chong, Yan Chen Shang, Shaohui Wang
INTRODUCTION: Apoptosis and autophagy impact cell death in multiple systems of the body. Development of new therapeutic strategies that target these processes must address their complex role during developmental cell growth as well as during the modulation of toxic cellular environments. AREAS COVERED: Novel signaling pathways involving Wnt1-inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP1), phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), β-catenin and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) govern apoptotic and autophagic pathways during oxidant stress that affect the course of a broad spectrum of disease entities including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, myocardial injury, skeletal system trauma, immune system dysfunction and cancer progression...
December 2012: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
Shaohui Wang, Zhao Zhong Chong, Yan Chen Shang, Kenneth Maiese
Wnt1 inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP1/CCN4) is a CCN family member more broadly identified with development and tumorigenesis. However, recent studies have shed new light and enthusiasm on WISP1 as a novel target directed against toxic cell degeneration. Here we show WISP1 prevents apoptotic degeneration in primary neurons during oxidant stress through the activation of protein kinase B (Akt1), the post-translational maintenance of β-catenin integrity that is consistent with inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), and the subcellular trafficking of β- catenin to foster its translocation to the nucleus...
May 2012: Current Neurovascular Research
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