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C Bellard, G Englund, B Hugueny
1.Today, anthropogenic impacts are causing a serious crisis for global biodiversity, with rates of extinction increasing at an unprecedented rate. Extinctions typically occur after a certain delay and understanding the mechanisms causing delays is a key challenge for both fundamental and applied perspectives. 2.Here, we make use of natural experiments, the isolation of lakes by land up-lift in Northern Scandinavia, to examine how yearly extinction rates are affected by time since isolation and a range of abiotic and biotic factors...
March 21, 2019: Journal of Animal Ecology
Jukka Törrönen
The article analyzes retrospective childhood stories related to others' drinking (N = 336). The stories have been told in a focus group context in Finland and Sweden. Hence, they are stories about the past that have been constructed in the present. The retrospective childhood stories are analyzed from the perspective of emotions, seen as relational and situational sociocultural constructions, by paying attention to what kind of contact and emotional responses children develop to others' drinking in specific situations...
March 13, 2019: International Journal on Drug Policy
Tomas Formanek, Anna Kagstrom, Petr Winkler, Pavla Cermakova
BACKGROUND: A large variation in cognitive performance exists between European regions. However, it is unclear how older Europeans differ in the rate of cognitive decline. METHODS: We analysed data from 22 181 individuals (54% women; median age 71) who participated in the Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. Cognition was measured using tests on verbal fluency, immediate and delayed recall. We used linear regression and linear mixed effects regression to examine regional differences in the level of cognitive performance and the rate of cognitive decline...
March 12, 2019: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Kristina Sundberg, Scott Reeves, Anna Josephson, Jonas Nordquist
This paper reports a qualitative study that explored the meanings of interprofessional education (IPE) by comparing and contrasting educational leaders' perceptions with educational policy documents at an academic health professions education institution in Scandinavia. The study used Goffman's frame analysis to identify two frames of IPE by illuminating issues related to the definition, rationale, and presentation of IPE. A directed content analysis to identify these three aspects of IPE was conducted on semi-structured interviews with nine educational leaders who were overseeing the development of IPE, as well as on the institution's regulatory IPE documentation...
March 15, 2019: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Lene Jung Kjær, Arnulf Soleng, Kristin Skarsfjord Edgar, Heidi Elisabeth H Lindstedt, Katrine Mørk Paulsen, Åshild Kristine Andreassen, Lars Korslund, Vivian Kjelland, Audun Slettan, Snorre Stuen, Petter Kjellander, Madeleine Christensson, Malin Teräväinen, Andreas Baum, Kirstine Klitgaard, René Bødker
BackgroundTick-borne diseases have become increasingly common in recent decades and present a health problem in many parts of Europe. Control and prevention of these diseases require a better understanding of vector distribution.AimOur aim was to create a model able to predict the distribution of Ixodes ricinus nymphs in southern Scandinavia and to assess how this relates to risk of human exposure.MethodsWe measured the presence of I. ricinus tick nymphs at 159 stratified random lowland forest and meadow sites in Denmark, Norway and Sweden by dragging 400 m transects from August to September 2016, representing a total distance of 63...
February 2019: Euro Surveillance: European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Karl Erik Lund, Tord Finne Vedoy
Background: Most studies on perceived risks of smokeless tobacco products (SLT) have been conducted in the U.S., and the vast majority conclude that perceptions of the relative harmfulness of SLT versus cigarettes in the population are inconsistent with epidemiologically-based risk estimates, and typically conflated to that of cigarettes. We tested whether such inaccuracies also existed in Norway, where SLT-products are less toxic (Swedish snus) and SLT use is more prevalent than in the U.S. Methods: Over a 16 years period (2003⁻2018), 13,381 respondents (aged 16⁻79 years) answered questions about risk perceptions in Statistics Norway's nationally representative survey of tobacco behavior...
March 11, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Bo Yuan, Katrin Vorkamp, Anna Maria Roos, Suzanne Faxneld, Christian Sonne, Svend Erik Garbus, Ylva Lind, Igor Eulaers, Peter Hellström, Rune Dietz, Sara Persson, Rossana Bossi, Cynthia A de Wit
Short-, medium-, and long-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs, MCCPs, and LCCPs) have a wide range of physical-chemical properties, indicating their varying bioaccumulation tendencies in marine and terrestrial ecosystems. However, there are few empirical data to reveal such bioaccumulation tendencies. In this study, we analysed SCCPs, MCCPs, and LCCPs in samples from 18 species at both low and high trophic levels of marine and terrestrial ecosystems from the Scandinavian region collected during the past decade...
March 8, 2019: Environmental Science & Technology
Sergio Buccheri, Giovanna Sarno, Ole Fröbert, Thorarinn Gudnason, Bo Lagerqvist, Daniel Lindholm, Michael Maeng, Göran Olivecrona, Stefan James
BACKGROUND: Registry-based randomized clinical trials have emerged as useful tools to provide evidence on the comparative efficacy and safety of different therapeutic strategies. However, it remains unknown whether the results of registry-based randomized clinical trials have a sizable impact on daily clinical practice. We sought, therefore, to describe the temporal trends in thrombus aspiration (TA) use in Sweden before, during, and after dissemination of the TASTE trial (Thrombus Aspiration in ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction in Scandinavia) results...
March 2019: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Lennart Olsson, Uwe Hossfeld
The Haeckel reception in different European countries has received some attention from historians of biology, but the reception in Scandinavia remains relatively unknown. We have found letters to and from Haeckel to Swedish scientists and students in the Ernst Haeckel House in Jena and in the archives of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (RSAS) in Stockholm. Here we present correspondence with Wilhelm Leche, Sven Lovén, and M. G. Retzius, all prominent scientists in Stockholm at the time and members of the RSAS...
February 24, 2019: Theory in Biosciences
Andrzej Mazur, Wei Yan, Andrzej GÓrz
Philonthus nitidus (Fabr., 1787) inhabits mainly northern and central Europe. In Scandinavia, it reaches far outside the Arctic Circle, in the west it is found in France, in the South in the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula, Italy and Serbia, and in Transylvania; it was also recorded in Siberia, Kazakhstan and Mongolia (Burakowski et al. 1980, Schillhammer 2000, Herman 2001, Löbl Smetana 2004, Fernández 2010, Viñolas et al. 2014).
February 20, 2019: Zootaxa
GaËl Aleix-Mata, Francisco J Ruiz-Ruano, JesÚs M PÉrez, Mathieu Sarasa, Antonio SÁnchez
The Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) is a galliform bird of boreal climax forests from Scandinavia to eastern Siberia, with a fragmented population in southwestern Europe. We extracted the DNA of T. urogallus aquitanicus and obtained the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequence by combining Illumina and Sanger sequencing sequence data. The mitochondrial genome of T. urogallus is 16,683 bp long and is very similar to that of Lyrurus tetrix (16,677 bp). The T. urogallus mitogenome contains the normal 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNAs, 2 ribosomal RNAs, and the control region...
January 29, 2019: Zootaxa
Kari Nytrøen, Katrine Rolid, Arne Kristian Andreassen, Marianne Yardley, Einar Gude, Dag Olav Dahle, Elisabeth Bjørkelund, Anne Relbo Authen, Ingelin Grov, Julia Philip Wigh, Christian Have Dall, Finn Gustafsson, Kristjan Karason, Lars Gullestad
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on how, when, or at what intensity exercise should be performed after heart transplantation (HTx). We have recently shown that high-intensity interval training (HIT) is safe, well tolerated, and efficacious in the maintenance state after HTx, but studies have not investigated HIT effects in the de novo HTx state. We hypothesized that HIT could be introduced early after a HTx, and that it could lead to clinically meaningful increases in exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL)...
February 18, 2019: Circulation
Torkel Steen, Elena Sciaraffia, Camilla Normand, Nigussie Bogale, Kenneth Dickstein, Cecilia Linde, Berit T Philbert
OBJECTIVES: To compare the contemporary practice of CRT implantation in Scandinavia and Europe. DESIGN: We used data from The European CRT Survey II to highlight similarities and differences in the practice of CRT implantation between Europe (EUR) and Scandinavia (SCAND) and between the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Implant data from the national pacemaker registries were used to calculate coverage. RESULTS: The coverage was 24% in SCAND and 11% in EUR...
February 14, 2019: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
Patrick L Brezonik, Jacques C Finlay, Claire G Griffin, William A Arnold, Evelyn H Boardman, Noah Germolus, Raymond M Hozalski, Leif G Olmanson
Colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM), a major component of the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) pool in many lakes, is an important controlling factor in lake ecosystem functioning. Absorption coefficients at 440 nm (a440, m-1), a common measure of CDOM, exhibited strong associations with dissolved iron (Fediss) and DOC in 280 lakes of the Upper Great Lakes States (UGLS: Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan), as has been found in Scandinavia and elsewhere. Linear regressions between the three variables on UGLS lake data typically yielded R2 values of 0...
2019: PloS One
Gitte Vrelits Sørensen, Jeanette Falck Winther, Sofie de Fine Licht, Klaus Kaa Andersen, Anna Sällfors Holmqvist, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Andrea Bautz, Timothy L Lash, Henrik Hasle
Background: Adverse effects from childhood leukemia treatment may persist or present years after cure from cancer. We provide a comprehensive evaluation of subsequent hospitalization in five-year survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Methods: In the Adult Life after Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS) study we identified 4,003 five-year survivors diagnosed with childhood leukemia 1970-2008 in Denmark, Sweden, Iceland, and Finland...
February 11, 2019: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Emilien Luquet, Patrik Rödin Mörch, Maria Cortazar-Chinarro, Yvonne Meyer-Lucht, Jacob Höglund, Anssi Laurila
While adaptive divergence along environmental gradients has repeatedly been demonstrated, the role of postglacial colonization routes in determining phenotypic variation along gradients has received little attention. Here we used a hierarchical QST -FST approach to separate the roles of adaptive and neutral processes in shaping phenotypic variation in moor frog (Rana arvalis) larval life-histories along a 1700 km latitudinal gradient across northern Europe. This species has colonized Scandinavia via two routes with a contact zone in northern Sweden...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Anders Norman, Dorte Bek Folkvardsen, Søren Overballe-Petersen, Troels Lillebaek
The largest clonal outbreak of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in Scandinavia has been monitored by the International Reference Laboratory of Mycobacteriology (IRLM) since 1992. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of M. tuberculosis strain DKC2 substrain PP1, a representative isolate collected in 1993 from a Danish patient with pulmonary tuberculosis.
January 2019: Microbiology Resource Announcements
Suzanne Tanya Nethan, Dhirendra Narain Sinha, Kumar Chandan, Ravi Mehrotra
Background & objectives: Smokeless tobacco (SLT) consumption is a global health issue with about 350 million users and numerous adverse health consequences like oral cancer and myocardial disorders. Hence, cessation of SLT use is as essential as smoking cessation. An update on the available literature on SLT cessation intervention studies is provided here. Methods: Through an extensive literature search on SLT cessation intervention studies, using keywords such as smokeless tobacco, cessation, interventions, quitlines, brief advice, nicotine replacement therapy, nicotine gum, nicotine lozenge, nicotine patch, bupropion, varenicline, mHealth, etc...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Petra Wagman, Ann Johansson, Sofi Fristedt
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of begging by poor people from other countries in the European Union (EU) is now common in Scandinavia. They have a challenging life, but there is little knowledge about their own perceptions of their stay abroad. AIM: To explore the experiences of EU citizens begging in Sweden. MATERIAL: A descriptive design was used. Data were gathered through individual interviews conducted in Romanian and translated into Swedish...
January 19, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Katerina Horackova, Miloslav Kopecek, Vendula Machů, Anna Kagstrom, Dag Aarsland, Lucie Bankovska Motlova, Pavla Cermakova
Background We aimed to determine the prevalence and gap in use of mental health services for late-life depression in four European regions (Western Europe, Scandinavia, Southern Europe and Central and Eastern Europe) and explore socio-demographic, social and health-related factors associated with it. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study based on data from the Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. Participants were a population-based sample of 28 796 persons (53% women, mean age 74 years old) residing in Europe...
January 15, 2019: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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