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Disturb coagulopathy bleeding thrombosis

Katherine T Forkin, Douglas A Colquhoun, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
The coagulopathy of end-stage liver disease results from a complex derangement in both anticoagulant and procoagulant processes. With even minor insults, cirrhotic patients experience either inappropriate bleeding or clotting, or even both simultaneously. The various phases of liver transplantation along with fluid and blood product administration may contribute to additional disturbances in coagulation. Thus, anesthetic management of patients undergoing liver transplantation to improve hemostasis and avoid inappropriate thrombosis in the perioperative environment can be challenging...
January 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Marco Ranucci
Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass determines a serious imbalance of the hemostatic system. The clinical pattern is multifactorial, involving patient-related, drug-related, and surgery-related factors. As a result, the patient is prone to both hemorrhagic and thrombotic complications. To address the clinical management of a bleeding patient after cardiac surgery, avoiding empirical administration of drugs and blood derivates, it is mandatory to correctly identify the factor(s) responsible for bleeding...
February 2015: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Mei-Chi Chang, Hsiao-Hua Chang, Chiu-Po Chan, Sin-Yuet Yeung, Hsiang-Chi Hsien, Bor-Ru Lin, Chien-Yang Yeh, Wan-Yu Tseng, Shui-Kuan Tseng, Jiiang-Huei Jeng
AIMS: Cresols are present in antiseptics, coal tar, some resins, pesticides, and industrial solvents. Cresol intoxication leads to hepatic injury due to coagulopathy as well as disturbance of hepatic circulation in fatal cases. Patients with uremia suffer from cardiovascular complications, such as atherosclerosis, thrombosis, hemolysis, and bleeding, which may be partly due to p-cresol toxicity and its effects on vascular endothelial and mononuclear cells. Given the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammation in vascular thrombosis, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of p-cresol on endothelial and mononuclear cells...
2014: PloS One
Elko Randrianarisoa, Hans-Georg Kopp, Bernd M Balletshofer, Karl Jaschonek, Lothar Kanz, Hans-Ulrich Haering, Kilian Rittig
Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by malformation of lymph and blood vessels as well as growth disturbance of soft tissue and bone. The clinical picture is variable and associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic events mediated by intravascular coagulopathy in venous malformations. Here, we report on a male patient with KTS suffering from recurrent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and life-threatening bleeding due to consumptive coagulopathy. Furthermore, we describe the successful long-term anticoagulant management with rivaroxaban...
October 2013: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
Dabor Resiere, Bruno Mégarbane, Ruddy Valentino, Hossein Mehdaoui, Laurent Thomas
Approximately 20-30 declared snakebite cases occurin Martinique each year. Bothrops lanceolatus, a member of the Crotalidae family, is considered to be the only involved snake. B. lanceolatus, commonly named "Fer-de-Lance", is endemic and only found on this Caribbean island. Envenomation local features include the presence of fang marks, swelling, pain, bleeding from punctures, and ecchymosis. Severe envenomation is associated with multiple systemic thromboses appearing within 48 h of the bite and resulting in cerebral, myocardial or pulmonary infarctions...
January 2010: Toxins
C Hermans, B Dessomme, C Lambert, V Deneys
Activation of the coagulation process is frequently encountered in patients with venous vascular malformations and results in the local formation of clots and the consumption of components of the coagulation process (platelets, clotting factors). This activation accounts for multiple biological abnormalities such as the elevation of the D-dimers, reduction of fibrinogen and platelets count and less frequently a local intravascular coagulation (LIC). This process seems to be responsible for the local painful symptoms...
August 2006: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
S Hofmann, G Huemer, C Kratochwill, J Koller-Strametz, R Hopf, G Schlag, M Salzer
It is well known that fat embolisms can occur after long bone fractures, and this has been feared for more than 100 years. Since 1970 fat embolisms have also been recognized in endoprosthetic surgery. The clinical manifestation was described as the fat embolism syndrome (FES) by Gurd in 1974. Based on reports in the literature and our own data, a concise pathophysiological model of the FES is presented in this paper. The increase in intramedullary pressure (IMP) in the long bones is the most decisive pathogenic factor for the development of an FES...
April 1995: Der Orthopäde
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