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anabolic-androgen steroids

Tânia Martins Vieira, Wagner Costa Rossi Junior, Flávia Da Ré Guerra, Bruno Damião, Petrus Pires Marques, Alessandra Esteves
Testosterone cypionate and Stanozolol are Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS) which are synthetic substances that possess functions similar to testosterone. The use of these substances has increased considerably among youngsters and sports practitioners aiming better performance of with aesthetic purposes. The major concern is the effects caused by the inappropriate use of the substances, such as hypertension, myocardial ischemia, and left ventricle hypertrophy. The objective of the present research was to measure the diameter of the left ventricle lumen and the thickness of the left ventricle myocardium in mice submitted to supraphysiological doses of AAS...
February 14, 2019: Steroids
Fares F Alharbi, Islam Gamaleddin, Samar F Alharbi, Omar Almodayfer, Fahad Allohidan, Mohammed Alghobain, Asaad Arafah, Khaled Al-Surimi
Recreational use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) is a growing worldwide public health concern. However, studies assessing the level of awareness and knowledge of its effects on health are fairly limited, especially in developing countries, including Saudi Arabia. This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices among male gym members toward AAS in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) from March to October 2016. Twenty gyms were randomly selected from four different geographical regions (clusters) within Riyadh...
February 2019: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Bharathi Avula, Amar G Chittiboyina, Ji-Yeong Bae, Saqlain Haider, Yan-Hong Wang, Mei Wang, Jianping Zhao, Patricia A Deuster, Ikhlas A Khan
A previously unidentified purported botanical ingredient was found in dietary supplements marketed for anabolic benefits. In an attempt to assess the 'naturalness' of a group of steroid-like compounds called laxogenins, a UHPLC-QToF method was developed. Several dietary supplements claim to contain 5α-hydroxy laxogenin, which is a derivative of a naturally occurring spirostane-type steroid, laxogenin. Although laxogenin has been isolated from the rhizomes of Smilax sieboldii, 5α-hydroxy laxogenin has not been isolated or reported from any natural source...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Bradley D Anawalt
Context: The lifetime prevalence of anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use is estimated at 1-5% worldwide. AAS use occurs primarily male elite athletes and men who want a muscular appearance. The evidence for effective, safe management of AAS cessation and withdrawal is weak. Evidence Acquisition: Key studies were extracted from Pubmed (1990-2018) and Google Scholar with reference searches from relevant retrieved articles. Evidence synthesis: The proven adverse effects of AAS include suppression of the gonadal axis and infertility, hirsutism and defeminization in women, and erythrocytosis...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Eric J Ip, Shadi Doroudgar, Bijal Shah-Manek, Mitchell J Barnett, Michael J Tenerowicz, Marvin Ortanez, Harrison G Pope
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The majority of anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) studies have focused on the general male population. Approximately 15% of gay or bisexual men are seropositive for HIV and many AASs are administered via injection. Thus, AAS use among gay and bisexual men likely poses a greater risk of spreading infectious disease. Gay and bisexual men who use AAS were compared with non-users regarding self-reported seropositivity for HIV and hepatitis B and C, sexual behaviors and injection practices, illicit drug and alcohol use, and psychiatric disorders...
February 6, 2019: American Journal on Addictions
Jason M Scovell, David Bruce, Ranjith Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2019: European Urology
Murielle Bochud, Belen Ponte, Menno Pruijm, Daniel Ackermann, Idris Guessous, Georg Ehret, Geneviève Escher, Michael Groessl, Sandrine Estoppey Younes, Claudia H d'Uscio, Michel Burnier, Pierre-Yves Martin, Antoinette Pechère-Bertschi, Bruno Vogt, Nasser A Dhayat
Context: Sex steroid hormones exhibit anabolic effects whereas a deficiency engenders sarcopenia. Moreover, supra-physiological levels of glucocorticoids promote skeletal muscle atrophy, while physiologic levels of glucocorticoids may improve muscle performance. Objective: To study the relationship between both groups of steroid hormones at a physiological range with skeletal muscle mass and function in the general population. Design: Cross-sectional analysis of the associations between urinary excreted androgens, estrogens, glucocorticoids and steroid hormone metabolite ratios with lean mass and handgrip strength in a population-based cohort...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Lucas Moraes Berneira, Samantha Coelho de Freitas, Caroline Carapina da Silva, Alexandre de Mattos Machado, Claudio Martin Pereira de Pereira, Marco Aurélio Ziemann Dos Santos
Over the past ten years, there has been a significant increase in the amount of formulations containing anabolic androgenic steroids apprehended worldwide. A considerable amount of these illicit preparations is falsified imposing a series of challenges for the analytical identification of alleged active ingredients due to the presence of interferers. In this sense, the aim of this work was to identify and quantify the active ingredient using cholesterol as internal standard in eight apprehended formulations of anabolic androgenic steroids in either tablet, capsule or injectable forms employing visual inspection and instrumental analysis of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry and Differential Scanning Calorimetry...
January 10, 2019: Forensic Science International
Luca De Toni, Alexander I Agoulnik, Marco Sandri, Carlo Foresta, Alberto Ferlin
Bone and skeletal muscle are currently considered a unified functional unit, showing complementary regulation at mechanical, biochemical, paracrine and metabolic levels. This functional unit undergoes a central hormonal regulation which is mainly ascribed to sex steroids and, in particular, androgens. However, recent evidence suggest that another testicular hormone lines the classical anabolic effect of testosterone on bone and muscle, the insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) acting on its specific receptor RXFP2...
January 6, 2019: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Robert Alexandru Vlad, Gabriel Hancu, Gabriel Cosmin Popescu, Ioana Andreea Lungu
Through doping, we understand the use by athletes of substances prohibited by the antidoping agencies in order to gain a competitive advantage. Since sport plays an important role in physical and mental education and in promoting international understanding and cooperation, the widespread use of doping products and methods has consequences not only on health of the athletes, but also upon the image of sport. Thus, doping in sports is forbidden for both ethical and medical reasons. Narcotics and analgesics, anabolic steroids, hormones, selective androgen receptor modulators are among the most frequently utilized substances...
November 2018: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Kyle T Ganson, Tamara J Cadet
BACKGROUND: Reports indicate that 4% of the adolescent males in 2015 had taken steroids without a doctor's prescription. Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are illicit drugs that have commonly been used to help build muscle mass. AAS use is associated with negative biological, psychological, and social side effects including substance use, suicidal behavior, and violent behavior. OBJECTIVES: This exploratory study, guided by an integrated theoretical framework that included the General Aggression Model and the Biopsychosocial Model, examined the relationship between adolescent male AAS use and teen dating violence...
December 21, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Marta Flachi, Viola Menghi, Maria Rita Moschella, Paola De Giovanni, Marcello Montevecchi, Davide Cerretani, Daniela Grimaldi, Olga Baraldi, Benedetta Fabbrizio, Gaetano La Manna, Angelo Rigotti
Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS) is an hormone family whose use has considerably increased among body-builders during the last decades. The AAS abuse, especially associated with other drugs or nutritional supplements and protein loads, may cause a variety of pathologies to several organs with a mechanism related to dosage, timing and substance. The kidney is the main metabolizer of these drugs and it can be acutely or chronically damaged with ESKD. The literature reports some cases of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in body-builders who abused of AAS...
December 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Vinicius Guzzoni, Heloisa Sobreiro Selistre-de-Araújo, Rita de Cássia Marqueti
Exercise training (ET), anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), and aging are potential factors that affect tendon homeostasis, particularly extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. The goal of this review is to aggregate findings regarding the effects of resistance training (RT), AAS, and aging on tendon homeostasis. Data were gathered from our studies regarding the impact of RT, AAS, and aging on the calcaneal tendon (CT) of rats. We demonstrated a series of detrimental effects of AAS and aging on functional and biomechanical parameters, including the volume density of blood vessel cells, adipose tissue cells, tendon calcification, collagen content, the regulation of the major proteins related to the metabolic/development processes of tendons, and ECM remodeling...
December 7, 2018: Cells
Francesco Sessa, Monica Salerno, Giulio Di Mizio, Giuseppe Bertozzi, Giovanni Messina, Benedetta Tomaiuolo, Daniela Pisanelli, Francesca Maglietta, Pietrantonio Ricci, Cristoforo Pomara
Even if anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) abuse is clearly associated with a wide spectrum of collateral effects, adolescents and athletes frequently use a large group of synthetic derivatives of testosterone, both for aesthetic uses and for improving performance. Over the last few years, the development of MicroRNA (miRNA) technologies has become an essential part of research projects and their role as potential molecular biomarkers is being investigated by the scientific community. The circulating miRNAs detection as a diagnostic or prognostic tool for the diagnosis and treatment of several diseases is very useful, because with a minimal quantity of sample (peripheral blood), miRNAs are very sensitive...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Donata Favretto, Rossella Snenghi, Roberto Pertile, Rafi El Mazloum, Marianna Tucci, Sindi Visentin, Susanna Vogliardi
Letrozole is an aromatase inhibitor, used to treat post-menopausal women with hormone receptor-positive or unknown advanced breast cancer. It is prohibited in sport because it is used together with androgen anabolizing steroids to avoid their adverse effects. In case of adverse analytical finding, it may be important to distinguish between repetitive use due to voluntary administration and occasional use, possibly due to involuntary intake. With the objective to identify the dose capable of producing a positive hair testing, and to apply these results to the scenarios of letrozole inadvertent ingestion by an athlete, this study aims at investigating the urinary excretion and incorporation into hair of single doses of letrozole...
December 2, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Zachary J Solomon, Jorge Rivera Mirabal, Daniel J Mazur, Taylor P Kohn, Larry I Lipshultz, Alexander W Pastuszak
INTRODUCTION: Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) differentially bind to androgen receptors depending on each SARM's chemical structure. As a result, SARMs result in anabolic cellular activity while avoiding many of the side effects of currently available anabolic steroids. SARMs have been studied in the treatment of breast cancer and cachexia and have also been used as performance-enhancing agents. Here, we evaluate and summarize the current literature on SARMs. AIM: To present the background, mechanisms, current and potential clinical applications, as well as risks and benefits of SARMs...
January 2019: Sexual Medicine Reviews
Sofia Zelleroth, Erik Nylander, Fred Nyberg, Alfhild Grönbladh, Mathias Hallberg
The use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) among non-athletes is a public health-problem, as abusers underestimate the negative effects associated with these drugs. The present study investigated the toxic effects of testosterone, nandrolone, stanozolol, and trenbolone, and aimed to understand how AAS abuse affects the brain. Mixed cortical cultures from embryonic rats were grown in vitro for 7 days and thereafter treated with increasing concentrations of AASs for 24 h (single-dose) or 3 days (repeated exposure)...
November 28, 2018: Neuroscience
Edward T Ha, Michael L Weinrauch, Jeffrey Brensilver
Currently, the cardiovascular risk associated with the use of anabolic steroids is not well documented. Recent studies have shown that its use may potentiate the development of cardiac dysfunction in the short term. This case report describes an encounter that supports a causal link between anabolic-androgenic steroid use (AAS) and cardiomyopathy later in life. We herein present a case study of a 73-year-old prior Olympic athlete who had misused AAS for 20 years and subsequently was found to have developed a systolic and diastolic cardiomyopathy, presumably due to long-standing left ventricular hypertrophy...
September 17, 2018: Curēus
Consuelo Guerri, María Pascual
Evidence obtained in recent decades has demonstrated that the brain still matures in adolescence. Changes in neural connectivity occur in different regions, including cortical and subcortical structures, which undergo modifications in white and gray matter densities. These alterations concomitantly occur in some neurotransmitter systems and hormone secretion, which markedly influence the refinement of certain brain areas and neural circuits. The immaturity of the adolescent brain makes it more vulnerable to the effects of alcohol and drug abuse, whose use can trigger long-term behavioral dysfunction...
November 20, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
H Horwitz, J T Andersen, K P Dalhoff
BACKGROUND: The lifetime prevalence of androgenic anabolic steroid abuse is estimated to be around 6% for men, but there is limited knowledge about the side effects of these drugs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate mortality and morbidity amongst users of androgenic anabolic steroids (AAS). METHODS: In this retrospective matched cohort study, 545 male subjects tested positive for AAS in Danish fitness centres during the period 3 January 2006 to 1 March 2018...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
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