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Ceramide CXCL1

Sophia Karandashova, Apparao B Kummarapurugu, Shuo Zheng, Charles E Chalfant, Judith A Voynow
Altered sphingolipid metabolism is associated with increased inflammation; however, the impact of inflammatory mediators, including neutrophil elastase (NE), on airway sphingolipid homeostasis remains unknown. Using a well-characterized mouse model of NE oropharyngeal aspiration, we investigated a potential link between NE-induced airway inflammation and increased synthesis of various classes of sphingolipids, including ceramide species. Sphingolipids in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BAL) were identified and quantified using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry analysis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
José M Rojas, Tomás Arán-Sekul, Emmanuel Cortés, Romina Jaldín, Kely Ordenes, Patricio R Orrego, Jorge González, Jorge E Araya, Alejandro Catalán
Cutaneous loxoscelism envenomation by Loxosceles spiders is characterized by the development of a dermonecrotic lesion, strong inflammatory response, the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, and leukocyte migration to the bite site. The role of phospholipase D (PLD) from Loxosceles in the recruitment and migration of monocytes to the envenomation site has not yet been described. This study reports on the expression and production profiles of cytokines and chemokines in human skin fibroblasts treated with catalytically active and inactive recombinant PLDs from Loxosceles laeta (rLlPLD) and lipid inflammatory mediators ceramide 1-phosphate (C1P) and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), and the evaluation of their roles in monocyte migration...
April 5, 2017: Toxins
Ramakrishna Edukulla, Kira Lee Rehn, Bo Liu, Jaclyn W McAlees, Gurjit K Hershey, Yui Hsi Wang, Ian Lewkowich, Andrew W Lindsley
INTRODUCTION: Ceramide is the central substrate of sphingolipid metabolism and plays a key role in cellular signal transduction pathways, regulating apoptosis, differentiation, and chemotaxis. Alterations in airway ceramide levels are observed in multiple pulmonary diseases and recent human genetic association studies have linked dysregulation of sphingolipid regulatory genes with asthma pathogenesis. METHODS: Utilizing myriocin, a potent inhibitor of sphingolipid synthesis, we evaluated the immune regulatory role of de novo ceramide generation in vitro and in vivo...
September 2016: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
Yan Sun, Todd Fox, Gautam Adhikary, Mark Kester, Eric Pearlman
Ceramide is recognized as an antiproliferative and proapoptotic sphingolipid metabolite; however, the role of ceramide in inflammation is not well understood. To determine the role of C6-ceramide in regulating inflammatory responses, human corneal epithelial cells were treated with C6-ceramide in 80 nm diameter nanoliposome bilayer formulation (Lip-C6) prior to stimulation with UV-killed Staphylococcus aureus. Lip-C6 (5 muM) inhibited the phosphorylation of proinflammatory and proapoptotic MAP kinases JNK and p38 and production of neutrophil chemotactic cytokines CXCL1, CXCL5, and CXCL8...
June 2008: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Yingfei Wang, Weibo Luo, Georg Reiser
Activation of both PAR-1 (proteinase-activated receptor-1) and PAR-2 resulted in release of the chemokine GRO (growth-regulated oncogene)/CINC-1 (cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1), a functional counterpart of human interleukin-8, from rat astrocytes. Here, we investigate whether the two PAR receptor subtypes can signal separately. PAR-2-induced GRO/CINC-1 release was independent of protein kinase C, phosphoinositide 3-kinase and MEK (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase)-1/2 activation, whereas these three kinases were involved in PAR-1-induced GRO/CINC-1 release...
January 1, 2007: Biochemical Journal
Fahumiya Samad, Kelly D Hester, Guang Yang, Yusuf A Hannun, Jacek Bielawski
The adipose tissue has become a central focus in the pathogenesis of obesity-mediated cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Here we demonstrate that adipose sphingolipid metabolism is altered in genetically obese (ob/ob) mice. Expression of enzymes involved in ceramide generation (neutral sphingomyelinase [NSMase], acid sphingomyelinase [ASMase], and serine-palmitoyl-transferase [SPT]) and ceramide hydrolysis (ceramidase) are elevated in obese adipose tissues. Our data also suggest that hyperinsulinemia and elevated tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha associated with obesity may contribute to the observed increase in adipose NSMase, ASMase, and SPT mRNA in this murine model of obesity...
September 2006: Diabetes
Yingfei Wang, Weibo Luo, Rolf Stricker, Georg Reiser
Thrombin at low doses is an endogenous mediator of protection in ischaemic and haemorrhagic models of stroke. However, the mechanism of thrombin-induced protection remains unclear. Recently accumulating evidence has shown that astrocytes play an important role in the brain after injury. We report that thrombin and thrombin receptor agonist peptide (TRag) up-regulated secretion of the chemokine growth-regulated oncogene/cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 (GRO/CINC-1) in primary rat astrocytes in a concentration-dependent manner...
August 2006: Journal of Neurochemistry
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