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"Resistance training " and "aerobic training" and "stroke"

Yumi Kim, Byron Lai, Tapan Mehta, Mohanraj Thirumalai, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, James H Rimmer, Robert W Motl
The translation of knowledge from exercise training research into the clinical management of multiple sclerosis (MS), stroke, and Parkinson's disease (PD) requires evidence-based guidelines that are uniformly recognizable by healthcare practitioners and patients/clients with these diseases. This paper synthesized resources that reported aerobic and resistance training guidelines for people with MS, stroke, and PD. Systematic searches yielded 25 eligible resources from electronic databases and websites or textbooks of major organizations...
March 6, 2019: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Sylvie Nadeau, Júlia Caetano Martins, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Raquel Rodrigues Britto, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria
PURPOSE: To identify interventions employed to increase post-stroke physical activity, evaluate their efficacy, and identify the gaps in literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials published until March 2018 were searched in MEDLINE, PEDro, EMBASE, LILACS, and SCIELO databases. The quality of each study and overall quality of evidence were assessed using the PEDro and the GRADE scales. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included (good PEDro and very low GRADE-scores)...
November 19, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Susan Marzolini, Dina Brooks, Paul Oh, David Jagroop, Bradley J MacIntosh, Nicole D Anderson, David Alter, Dale Corbett
BACKGROUND: Stroke is associated with muscle atrophy and weakness, mobility deficits, and cardiorespiratory deconditioning. Aerobic and resistance training (AT and RT) each have the potential to improve deficits, yet there is limited evidence on the utility of combined training. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of AT+RT versus AT on physiological outcomes in chronic stroke with motor impairments. METHODS: Participants (n = 73) were randomized to 6 months of AT (5 d/wk) or AT+RT (3 and 2 d/wk, respectively)...
March 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Caroline Lund, Ulrik Dalgas, Therese Koops Grønborg, Henning Andersen, Kåre Severinsen, Morten Riemenschneider, Kristian Overgaard
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of different types of physical training on balance performance and whether improved balance correlates with improved walking performance. METHODS: Forty eight participants with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to aerobic training on cycle ergometer (AT-group), resistance training of the lower extremities (RT-group), or sham training of upper extremities (ST-group). Participants exercised 3 d/week for 12 weeks. Balance (Berg Balance Scale), peak oxygen uptake rate, isometric knee extensor strength, maximal gait speed, and 6 minute walk test were measured at baseline and after 12 weeks...
October 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Flavia R Caruso, Jose C Bonjorno, Ross Arena, Shane A Phillips, Ramona Cabiddu, Renata G Mendes, Vivian M Arakelian, Daniela Bassi, Audrey Borghi-Silva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to evaluate the hemodynamic, autonomic, and metabolic responses during resistance and dynamic exercise before and after an 8-week resistance training program using a low-intensity (30% of 1 repetitium maximum), high-repetition (3 sets of 20 repetitions) model, added to an aerobic training program, in a coronary artery disease cohort. DESIGN: Twenty male subjects with coronary artery disease (61.1 ± 4.7 years) were randomly assigned to a combined training group (resistance + aerobic) or aerobic training group (AG)...
April 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Kaare Severinsen, Johannes K Jakobsen, Asger R Pedersen, Kristian Overgaard, Henning Andersen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to directly compare the effects of aerobic training (AT) with progressive resistance training (RT) after stroke to determine whether AT-induced fitness gains or RT-induced strength gains translate into improved ambulation across a 12-wk intervention and whether gains are retained 1 yr after cessation of formal training. DESIGN: This study is a randomized controlled 12-wk intervention trial with a 1-yr follow-up. Forty-three community-dwelling independent walkers with a chronic ischemic hemiparetic stroke were allocated to AT using a cycle ergometer (n = 13), RT using training machines (n = 14), or low-intensity sham training of the arms (n = 16)...
January 2014: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Chun-Jung Huang, Heather E Webb, Michael C Zourdos, Edmund O Acevedo
Psychological stress has been proposed as a major contributor to the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Acute mental stress can activate the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) axis, eliciting the release of catecholamines (NE and EPI) resulting in the elevation of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP). Combined stress (psychological and physical) can exacerbate these cardiovascular responses, which may partially contribute to the elevated risk of CVD and increased proportionate mortality risks experienced by some occupations (e...
2013: Frontiers in Physiology
Denise Maria Servantes, Amália Pelcerman, Xiomara Miranda Salvetti, Ana Fátima Salles, Pedro Ferreira de Albuquerque, Fernando Cezar Alves de Salles, Cleide Lopes, Marco Túlio de Mello, Dirceu Rodrigues Almeida, Japy Angelini Oliveira Filho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of home-based exercise for patients with chronic heart failure and sleep apnoea and to compare two different training programmes. DESIGN: A randomized, prospective controlled trial. SETTING: Department of Cardiology, University Hospital, Brazil. SUBJECTS: Fifty chronic heart failure patients with sleep apnoea were randomized in three groups: Group 1 (aerobic training, n = 18), Group 2 (aerobic with strength training, n = 18), and Group 3 (untrained, n = 14)...
January 2012: Clinical Rehabilitation
Michael T Jurkiewicz, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
BACKGROUND: Although aerobic training (AT) and resistance training (RT) have been shown to improve functional abilities in patients post stroke, few patients participate, with many doing so for only a short duration. PURPOSE: To retrospectively identify factors that affect adherence to a home-based exercise program adapted for stroke patients in a cardiac rehabilitation program during and after program completion. METHODS: Fourteen participants (age 63 ± 3 years, 37 ± 34 months post stroke) attended the rehabilitation center on a weekly (24 weeks) and then monthly (2 months) basis...
May 2011: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Sandra Mandic, Wayne Tymchak, Daniel Kim, Bill Daub, H Arthur Quinney, Dylan Taylor, Suhaib Al-Kurtass, Mark J Haykowsky
OBJECTIVE: To examined the effects of different training modalities on exercise capacity (Vo( 2peak)), systolic function, muscular strength and endurance and quality of life in heart failure patients. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Cardiac rehabilitation centre in Canada. SUBJECTS: Forty-two individuals with heart failure (62 +/- 12 years; New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes I-III). INTERVENTIONS: Aerobic training (n = 14), combined aerobic and resistance training (n = 15) or usual care (n = 13) three times per week for 12 weeks...
March 2009: Clinical Rehabilitation
L Mífková, J Siegelová, L Vymazalová, H Svacinová, P Vank, R Panovský, J Meluzín, J Vítovec
The objective of the study was to evaluate the physiological effectiveness and the influence of two modifications of aerobic training (interval and continuous) on the physical performance in the patients with coronary heart disease. 38 males with coronary heart disease (age 60 +/- 10.2 years) passed three months training programme of 60 min 3 times a week (10 min of warm up phase, 25 min of aerobic phase, 15 min of resistance training, 10 min of relaxing phase). Patients with coronarographically verified stenosis > 50% luminal diameter and/or left ventricular ejection fraction lower than 40 % (n = 22) had in terms of aerobic phase interval training prescribed (30 second work phases with work load intensity on the level of anaerobic threshold alternating with 60 second recovery phases with intensity of 5 W); other patients (n = 16) passed aerobic phase of the programme with continual work load of intensity on the level of ventilatory anaerobic threshold...
January 2006: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
A K Ferketich, T E Kirby, S E Alway
Twenty-one women aged 60-75 years were examined to determine whether combined endurance and strength training resulted in greater increase in peak oxygen consumption, sub-maximal time to fatigue, cardiac output, stroke volume, and leg extension load when compared to endurance training alone. Subjects in both the endurance training (E) and endurance and strength (E & S) groups trained 3 days a week, for 12 weeks, at an intensity of 70-80% Vo2 peak for 30 min on a cycle ergometer. Subjects in the E & S groups also used resistance equipment to train the knee extensors...
November 1998: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
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