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"isokinetic" and "stroke" and "muscle strength"

Sarah Souza Pontes, Ana Louise Reis de Carvalho, Katna de Oliveira Almeida, Murilo Pires Neves, Ingara Fernanda Silva Ribeiro Schindler, Iura Gonzalez Nogueira Alves, Fabio Luciano Arcanjo, Mansueto Gomes-Neto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether isokinetic muscle strengthening improves muscle strength, mobility, and gait in post-stroke patients. METHODS: We searched for randomized controlled trials at PubMed/Medline, SciELO, PEDro, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, from the earliest date available to June 2018. Randomized controlled trials that examined the effects of isokinetic muscle strengthening versus other rehabilitation interventions or control in post-stroke patients were included...
March 2019: Clinical Rehabilitation
So Young Lee, Sang Hee Im, Bo Ryun Kim, Eun Young Han
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether the effects of a motorized aquatic treadmill exercise program improve the isometric strength of the knee muscles, cardiorespiratory fitness, arterial stiffness, motor function, balance, functional outcomes, and quality of life in subacute stroke patients. DESIGN: Thirty-two patients were randomly assigned to 4-wk training sessions of either aquatic therapy (n = 19) or land-based aerobic exercise (n = 18). Isometric strength was measured using an isokinetic dynamometer...
August 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Joshua W Cohen, Tanya D Ivanova, Brenda Brouwer, Kimberly J Miller, Dianne Bryant, S Jayne Garland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which physical performance measures of strength, balance, and mobility taken at discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation can predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and community reintegration after 6 months. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (N=75) recruited within 1 month of discharge home from inpatient stroke rehabilitation...
April 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Ludmylla Ferreira Quintino, Juliane Franco, Amanda Ferreira Machado Gusmão, Paula Fernanda De Sousa Silva, Christina Danielli Coelho De Morais Faria
BACKGROUND: Although chronic stroke patients commonly show impairment of trunk muscle performance, this disability has only been analyzed in terms of peak torque. Therefore, other measures are needed for a more adequate description. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare concentric muscle performance of trunk flexor/extensor muscles between chronic stroke patients and matched-healthy subjects. METHODS: 18 chronic stroke patients and 18 healthy subjects were matched according to their age, sex, body mass index and level of physical activity...
May 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
P W H Kwong, S S M Ng, R C K Chung, G Y F Ng
PURPOSE: To use structural equation modelling (SEM) to determine (1) the direct and indirect associations of strength of paretic lower limb muscles with the level of community integration, and (2) the direct association of walking endurance and balance performance with the level of community integration in community-dwelling stroke survivors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of 105 stroke survivors, the Subjective Index of Physical and Social Outcome (SIPSO) was used to measure the level of community integration...
2017: PloS One
Flavia Coroian, Claire Jourdan, Karima Bakhti, Claire Palayer, Audrey Jaussent, Marie-Christine Picot, Denis Mottet, Marc Julia, Huey-Yune Bonnin, Isabelle Laffont
OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefit of isokinetic strengthening of the upper limb (UL) in patients with chronic stroke as compared to passive mobilization. DESIGN: Randomized blinded assessor controlled trial. SETTING: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation departments of 2 university hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=20) with incomplete hemiplegia (16 men; mean age, 64y; median time since stroke, 32mo). INTERVENTIONS: A 6-week comprehensive rehabilitation program, 3d/wk, 3 sessions/d...
February 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Sung-Jin Kim, Hwi-Young Cho, Kyung-Hoon Kim, Suk-Min Lee
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the effects of ankle biofeedback training on muscle strength of the ankle joint, balance, and gait in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-seven subjects who had had a stroke were randomly allocated to either the ankle biofeedback training group (n=14) or control group (n=13). Conventional therapy, which adhered to the neurodevelopmental treatment approach, was administered to both groups for 30 minutes. Furthermore, ankle strengthening exercises were performed by the control group and ankle biofeedback training by the experimental group, each for 30 minutes, 5 days a week for 8 weeks...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Flavia Coroian, Jérôme Froger, H-Y Bonnin Koang, Claire Jourdan, Karima Bakhti, Marc Julia, Audrey Jaussent, Christian Hérisson, Isabelle Laffont
OBJECTIVE: The sensori-motor impairment of upper limb (UL) affects more than 50% of patients after stroke. The objective of this work was to study the efficiency of isokinetic muscle strengthening (IMS) in the chronic phase of stroke in this population. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients underwent 6 weeks of outpatient rehabilitation, 3 days per week, combining physiotherapy (twice/day) and occupational therapy every day. The program was completed by 30 minutes elbow and wrist concentric slow speed IMS of flexor and extensor muscles, in the study group versus 30 minutes passive mobilisation of the joints carried out by the same isokinetic dynamometer in the control group...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Laila Mahir, Karima Belhaj, Siham Zahi, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif El Fatimi
OBJECTIVE: The isokinetic is a means of objective and reproducible assessment of muscle strength, it is widely used in rehabilitation especially joint and muscle pathology. There is little applied to the neurological disease. To report the experience of our rehabilitation field service isokinetic knee of hemiplegic through three observations. OBSERVATIONS: Observation 1: 65 years old patient, who suffered an ischemic stroke right for 2 years, who presented a quadriceps spasticity 2, walking with a cane, he received isokinetic knee rehabilitation for a year, with exercises concentric, eccentric and proprioceptive...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Otto H Kristensen, Egon Stenager, Ulrik Dalgas
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review (1) psychometric properties of criterion isokinetic dynamometry testing of muscle strength in persons with poststroke hemiplegia (PPSH); and (2) literature that compares muscle strength in patients poststroke with that in healthy controls assessed by criterion isokinetic dynamometry. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search of 7 databases was performed. STUDY SELECTION: Included studies (1) enrolled participants with definite poststroke hemiplegia according to defined criteria; (2) assessed muscle strength or power by criterion isokinetic dynamometry; (3) had undergone peer review; and (4) were available in English or Danish...
February 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Elisabeth Ekstrand, Jan Lexell, Christina Brogårdh
BACKGROUND: Muscle weakness is the most common impairment in the upper extremity after stroke, leading to a reduced ability to use the arm and the hand in daily activities. Grip strength is easier to measure than precise, but more time-consuming, isokinetic and isometric arm muscle strength measurements. It would therefore be advantageous in a clinical setting if grip strength could be used as a proxy for muscle strength in the entire upper extremity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between grip strength and isometric and isokinetic arm muscle strength in persons with chronic stroke...
December 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Ji Won Yoon, Yong Chan Ha, Kyoung Min Kim, Jae Hoon Moon, Sung Hee Choi, Soo Lim, Young Joo Park, Jae Young Lim, Ki Woong Kim, Kyong Soo Park, Hak Chul Jang
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to investigate the influence of hyperglycemia on muscle quality in older men with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This was a subsidiary study of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Health and Aging. Among 326 older men consenting to tests of body composition and muscle strength, 269 men were ultimately analyzed after the exclusion because of stroke (n=30) and uncertainty about the diagnosis of diabetes (n=27). Body composition was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and computed tomography...
April 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
Lin-Rong Liao, Gabriel Y F Ng, Alice Y M Jones, Mei-Zhen Huang, Marco Y C Pang
PURPOSE: A single-blinded randomized controlled study was conducted to investigate the effects of different whole-body vibration (WBV) intensities on body functions/structures, activity, and participation in individuals with stroke. METHODS: Eighty-four individuals with chronic stroke (mean age = 61.2 yr, SD = 9.2) with mild to moderate motor impairment (Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment lower limb motor score: median = 9 out of 14, interquartile range = 7-11.8) were randomly assigned to a low-intensity WBV, high-intensity WBV, or control group...
July 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Jeanne Dekerle, James Paterson
PURPOSE: To examine muscle fatigue of the shoulder internal rotators alongside swimming biomechanics during long-duration submaximal swimming sets performed in 2 different speed domains. METHODS: Eight trained swimmers (mean ± SD 20.5 ± 0.9 y, 173 ± 10 cm, 71.3 ± 10.0 kg) raced over 3 distances (200-, 400-, 800-m races) for determination of critical speed (CS; slope of the distance-time relationship). After a familiarization with muscle isokinetic testing, they subsequently randomly performed 2 constant-speed efforts (6 × 5-min blocks, 2...
July 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Nuno Batalha, Armando Raimundo, Pablo Tomas-Carus, João Paulo, Roberto Simão, António J Silva
During the repeated execution of the swimming strokes, the shoulder adductor and internal rotator muscles have a tendency to become proportionally stronger when compared to their antagonist group. This can lead to muscle imbalances. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a compensatory training programme on the strength and balance of shoulder rotator muscles in young swimmers. A randomized controlled trial design was used. Forty male swimmers took part in the study and were randomly divided into two groups: an experimental group (n = 20) and a training group (n = 20)...
2015: European Journal of Sport Science
Michelle Rabelo, Guilherme S Nunes, Natália Menezes da Costa Amante, Marcos de Noronha, Emerson Fachin-Martins
BACKGROUND: Muscle weakness is the main cause of motor impairment among stroke survivors and is associated with reduced peak muscle torque. OBJECTIVE: To systematically investigate and organize the evidence of the reliability of muscle strength evaluation measures in post-stroke survivors with chronic hemiparesis. DATA SOURCES: Two assessors independently searched four electronic databases in January 2014 (Medline, Scielo, CINAHL, Embase)...
February 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Timur Ekiz, Meryem Doğan Aslan, Neşe Özgirgin
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Kinesio Tape (KT) application to quadriceps muscles on isokinetic muscle strength, gait, and functional parameters in patients with stroke. Twenty-four patients were allocated into KT and control groups. All patients participated in the same conventional rehabilitation program 5 times/wk for 4 wk. In addition, KT was applied to quadriceps muscles bilaterally to the patients in the KT group. Compared with baseline, peak torque levels increased significantly in both groups (all p < 0...
2015: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Elisabeth Ekstrand, Jan Lexell, Christina Brogårdh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the test-retest reliability of isometric and isokinetic muscle strength measurements in the upper extremity after stroke. DESIGN: A test-retest design. SUBJECTS: Forty-five persons with mild to moderate paresis in the upper extremity > 6 months post-stroke. METHODS: Isometric arm strength (shoulder abduction, elbow flexion), isokinetic arm strength (elbow extension/flexion) and isometric grip strength were measured with electronic dynamometers...
September 2015: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
I Abdollahi, A Taghizadeh, H Shakeri, M Eivazi, S Jaberzadeh
OBJECTIVE: In this study the relationship between degree of spasticity and strength of knee extensor and ankle plantar flexor muscles of post stroke hemiparetic patients has been investigated. MATERIALS & METHODS: The participants of this study were 40 stroke patients whose elapsed time of stroke onset was at least 3 months. Their age averaged 59 years. Spasticity was measured with the Modified Ashworth Scale. Isokinetic muscle strength was measured with an isokinetic dynamometer...
April 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Chen-Ling Chen, Ken-Jie Chang, Pei-Ying Wu, Chun-Han Chi, Shin-Tsu Chang, Yuan-Yang Cheng
BACKGROUND: The goal of the study was to compare the effects of isokinetic and isotonic strengthening program on the changes of muscle strength, functional capacity, life quality, and inflammatory cytokines in hemiparetic patients within 6 months of stroke attack. METHODS: Thirty-one participants were randomly assigned into either isotonic training group or isokinetic training group. Both training programs were carried out 5 days a week for a total of 4 weeks. Outcome measures included the peak isometric torque of knees at 90° flexion, the peak torque of knees extension and flexion at angular velocities 60°/s and 120°/s, Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey Questionnaire, Timed Up and Go test, and inflammatory cytokines including high sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α...
June 2015: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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