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"muscle strength" and "pulmonary rehabilitation"

Esra Pehlivan, Elif Yelda Niksarlıoğlu, Arif Balcı, Lütfiye Kılıç
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) on the level of physical activity (PA) and the general clinical status in adult patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients were included prospectively in the study and followed a home-based PR program for 2 months comprising breathing exercises, training in chest hygiene techniques, peripheral muscle strengthening training, and self-walking...
January 1, 2019: Turkish thoracic journal
Hironobu Hamada, Kiyokazu Sekikawa, Isao Murakami, Kouichi Aimoto, Kazuyoshi Kagawa, Tatsuya Sumigawa, Ken Okusaki, Takefumi Dodo, Yoshikazu Awaya, Masatoshi Watanabe, Keiichi Kondo, Takashi Ogawa, Hikaru Yamamoto, Noboru Hattori
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has significant systemic effects, such as weight loss, which affects exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and survival. The traditional herbal medicine, Hochuekkito (TJ-41), improves the nutritional status and decreases systemic inflammation in patients with COPD. However, to date, the additive effect of TJ-41 on pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with COPD has not been researched comprehensively. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of adding TJ-41 to PR for patients with COPD...
December 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Anouk W Vaes, Jeannet M L Delbressine, Rafael Mesquita, Yvonne M J Goertz, Daisy J A Janssen, Nienke Nakken, Frits M E Franssen, Lowie E G W Vanfleteren, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
Introduction A high proportion of patients with COPD experience problems during the performance of activities of daily living (ADLs). We aimed to determine the effects of a comprehensive eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation program on the physiologic response to and performance of ADLs in patients with COPD. Methods Before and after pulmonary rehabilitation, 31 patients with COPD (71% men; mean age: 64.2±8.4 years; mean FEV1 : 54.6±19.9% predicted) performed physical function tests, the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and an ADL-test consisting of putting on socks, shoes and vest; stair climbing; washing up four dishes, cups and saucers; doing groceries and putting away groceries in a cupboard; folding eight towels; and vacuum cleaning for four minutes...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Eun Nam Lee, Moon Ja Kim
PURPOSE: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs are important in the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but vary widely in type, duration, and efficacy. This meta-analysis investigated the effect of PR programs on respiratory muscle strength in patients with COPD. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL were searched. The primary outcome variables were maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) and maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP). The secondary outcome variables were the modified Borg score after the 6-min walking test, percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 %pred), and percent FEV1 /forced volume capacity (FVC)...
November 24, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: In the subjects with high cervical spinal cord injury (SCI), The difference of respiratory muscle strength and pulmonary function according to supine and sitting position were investigated whether there are changes in the tendency. METHODS: Twenty-three subjects with high cervical SCI and 23 subjects with low cervical and thoracic SCI were evaluated. The reference neurological level of injury for dividing the groups was fifth cervical vertebrae (C5)...
September 15, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Claudia Crimi, Enrico Heffler, Teresa Augelletti, Raffaele Campisi, Alberto Noto, Carlo Vancheri, Nunzio Crimi
Background: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) may improve respiratory symptoms and skeletal muscle strength in patients with COPD. We aimed to evaluate changes in ultrasound (US) measurements of diaphragmatic mobility and thickness after PR in COPD patients and to test its correlation with PR outcomes. Methods: Twenty-five COPD patients were enrolled and underwent a diaphragm US assessment before and after a 12-week PR program. Results: We found a correlation between the intraindividual percentage of change in the diaphragmatic length of zone of apposition at functional residual capacity (ΔLzapp%) and the change in 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) after PR (rho=0...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Dorthe Sørensen, Helle Svenningsen
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an incurable progressive illness characterized by airflow limitation and respiratory failure. Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) combined with pulmonary rehabilitation increases inspiratory muscle strength and endurance, and it decreases dyspnoea. Little is known about IMT adherence, and in the present study, we aimed to evaluate adherence to home-based IMT used with automatic internet-based feedback, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
October 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Noppawan Charususin, Rik Gosselink, Marc Decramer, Heleen Demeyer, Alison McConnell, Didier Saey, François Maltais, Eric Derom, Stefanie Vermeersch, Yvonne F Heijdra, Hanneke van Helvoort, Linda Garms, Tessa Schneeberger, Klaus Kenn, Rainer Gloeckl, Daniel Langer
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate whether adjunctive inspiratory muscle training (IMT) can enhance the well-established benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with COPD. METHODS: 219 patients with COPD (FEV1 : 42%±16% predicted) with inspiratory muscle weakness (PImax: 51±15 cm H2 O) were randomised into an intervention group (IMT+PR; n=110) or a control group (Sham-IMT+PR; n=109) in this double-blind, multicentre randomised controlled trial between February 2012 and October 2016 (ClinicalTrials...
October 2018: Thorax
Jui-O Chen, Jui-Fang Liu, Yu-Qi Liu, Yu-Mu Chen, Mei-Lien Tu, Hong-Ren Yu, Meng-Chih Lin, Chiu-Chu Lin, Shih-Feng Liu
Purpose: It is unclear whether the effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP) after cardiac surgery differs between patients with and without COPD. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of PRP between patients with and without COPD undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Patients and methods: We retrospectively included patients who underwent CABG surgery and received 3-week PRP from January 2009 to December 2013. We excluded patients who underwent emergency surgery, had an unstable hemodynamic status, were ventilator dependent or did not complete the PRP...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Marc Beaumont, Patrice Forget, Francis Couturaud, Gregory Reychler
OBJECTIVES: In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), quality of life and exercise capacity are altered in relationship to dyspnea. Benefits of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on quality of life, dyspnea, and exercise capacity were demonstrated, but when it is associated to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), its efficacy on dyspnea is not demonstrated. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to verify the effect of IMT using threshold devices in COPD patients on dyspnea, quality of life, exercise capacity, and inspiratory muscles strength, and the added effect on dyspnea of IMT associated with PR (vs...
July 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Ilknur Naz, Sevgi Ozalevli, Serir Ozkan, Hulya Sahin
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of an exercise program on functional capacity and quality of life in patients with stage 3 and stage 4 sarcoidosis. METHODS: Eighteen patients with stage 3 and 4 sarcoidosis were recruited; 9 received 12 wk of supervised exercise training and 9 received usual care. Patients underwent the following evaluations at baseline and follow-up: 6-min walk test, maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure tests, back and leg dynamometer test, modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, St George Respiratory Questionnaire, Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire, body plethysmography, carbon monoxide diffusing capacity test, and blood gas analysis...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Konrad Schultz, Danijel Jelusic, Michael Wittmann, Benjamin Krämer, Veronika Huber, Sebastian Fuchs, Nicola Lehbert, Silke Wingart, Dragan Stojanovic, Oliver Göhl, Harma J Alma, Corina de Jong, Thys van der Molen, Hermann Faller, Michael Schuler
The value of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unclear. The RIMTCORE (Routine Inspiratory Muscle Training within COPD Rehabilitation) randomised controlled trial examined the effectiveness of IMT added to pulmonary rehabilitation.In total, 611 COPD patients (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stage II-IV) received a 3-week inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation, of which 602 patients were included in the intention-to-treat analyses...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Fabrício Zambom-Ferraresi, Pilar Cebollero, Javier Hueto, María Hernández, José Cascante, María Milagros Antón
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a 24-month supervised, community-based maintenance exercise program after 3 months of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in comparison with a 27-month physical activity counseling program, in terms of the effects on maximal muscle strength, muscle power output, and exercise capacity, in individuals with COPD. METHODS: Sixty-three men with moderate-to-severe COPD were recruited from two previous studies. Of those 63 participants, 31 were offered 3 months of PR followed by a 24-month supervised maintenance exercise program (24MME group) and 32 were offered a 27-month physical activity counseling program (27MPAC group)...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Lissa Spencer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This manuscript aims to review the most recent evidence about the benefits of early pulmonary rehabilitation commenced during an acute exacerbation in people with COPD (AECOPD). RECENT FINDINGS: A number of RCTs and an observational study, published between 2015 and 2017, have used different exercise interventions compared with usual medical care in people with moderate-to-severe COPD during an AECOPD. The results show short-term improvement in walking distance, muscle strength, quality of life and anxiety and depression...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Samantha L Harrison, Annemarie L Lee, Helene L Elliott-Button, Rebecca Shea, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks, Cormac G Ryan, Denis J Martin
Introduction: One third of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) report pain. To help inform a COPD-specific pain intervention, we explored the views of health care providers (HCPs) and individuals with COPD on pain during pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Methods: This is a qualitative study using inductive thematic analysis. Eighteen HCPs familiar with PR and 19 patients enrolled in PR participated in semi-structured interviews. Demographic data were recorded, and the patients completed the Brief Pain Inventory (Short Form)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Yi Chen, Mei'e Niu, Xiuqin Zhang, Hongying Qian, Anwei Xie, Xiya Wang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effect of home-based lower limb resistance training (LLRT) in patients with stable COPD. BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in COPD patients has been substantially investigated, but the rehabilitation components differ among studies. Few works have focused on home-based LLRT. Furthermore, few studies have assessed muscle strength and functional status by isokinetic/isometric extensor muscle peak torque (PT) and five-repetition sit-to-stand test (FTSST), respectively...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Guillaume Prieur, Clement Medrinal, Yann Combret, Aurora Robledo Quesada, Fabrice Prieur, Jean Quieffin, Jean Christian Borel, Gregory Reychler
INTRODUCTION: Early pulmonary rehabilitation is recommended after a severe exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, this is difficult to implement, particularly for exercise training. High-flow nasal therapy (HFNT) may reduce the work of breathing and dyspnoea and may improve exercise tolerance. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a single-centre, prospective, controlled, randomised, cross-over study. Eligible patients will have a diagnosis of COPD (postbronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity ratio of <0...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
Kai Wang, Guang-Qiao Zeng, Rui Li, Yu-Wen Luo, Mei Wang, Yu-He Hu, Wen-Hui Xu, Lu-Qian Zhou, Rong-Chang Chen, Xin Chen
BACKGROUND: Cycle ergometer training (CET) has been shown to improve exercise performance of the quadriceps muscles in patients with COPD, and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) may improve the pressure-generating capacity of the inspiratory muscles. However, the effects of combined CET and IMT remain unclear and there is a lack of comprehensive assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients with COPD were randomly allocated to three groups: 28 received 8 weeks of CET + IMT (combined training group), 27 received 8 weeks of CET alone (CET group), and 26 only received 8 weeks of free walking (control group)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Anderson José, Anne E Holland, Cristiane S de Oliveira, Jessyca P R Selman, Rejane A S de Castro, Rodrigo A Athanazio, Samia Z Rached, Alberto Cukier, Rafael Stelmach, Simone Dal Corso
BACKGROUND: Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation is a promising intervention that may help patients to overcome the barriers to undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation. However, home-based pulmonary rehabilitation has not yet been investigated in patients with bronchiectasis. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of home-based pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with bronchiectasis. METHODS: An open-label, randomized controlled trial with 48 adult patients with bronchiectasis will be conducted...
November 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Raquel Sebio García, Maria Isabel Yáñez-Brage, Esther Giménez Moolhuyzen, Marta Salorio Riobo, Ana Lista Paz, Jose María Borro Mate
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation programme in patients with lung cancer undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blind controlled trial. SETTING: Teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Patients with suspected or confirmed lung cancer undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to either a prehabilitation group or a control group...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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