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"isokinetic" and "muscle strength" and "rehabilitation"

Halil Öğüt, Hayal Güler, Mustafa Turgut Yildizgören, Onur Velioğlu, Ayşe Dicle Turhanoğlu
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of kinesiology taping (KT) on pain, movement restriction, walking speed, daily living activities, and isokinetic muscle performance in female patients with knee osteoarthritis. Patients and methods: The study included 61 female patients (mean age 53.5±3.5 years; range 50 to 60 years) who were admitted to Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Outpatient Clinic with complaints of mechanical knee pain. Knee osteoarthritis was diagnosed according to the clinical/ radiological criteria of the American College of Rheumatology and patients with Kellgren-Lawrence grade 2 and 3 were included...
September 2018: Archives of rheumatology
Walter Bily, Nejc Sarabon, Stefan Löfler, Carlo Franz, Robert Wakolbinger, Helmut Kern
BACKGROUND: Decreased leg muscle strength is a major determinant of reduced function of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The identification of a strength parameter that is best correlated with functional performance is important for monitoring rehabilitation results. OBJECTIVE: To determine which muscle strength measurements show the highest correlation with functional capacity in patients with severe knee osteoarthritis shortly before total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
January 4, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Sarah Souza Pontes, Ana Louise Reis de Carvalho, Katna de Oliveira Almeida, Murilo Pires Neves, Ingara Fernanda Silva Ribeiro Schindler, Iura Gonzalez Nogueira Alves, Fabio Luciano Arcanjo, Mansueto Gomes-Neto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether isokinetic muscle strengthening improves muscle strength, mobility, and gait in post-stroke patients. METHODS: We searched for randomized controlled trials at PubMed/Medline, SciELO, PEDro, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, from the earliest date available to June 2018. Randomized controlled trials that examined the effects of isokinetic muscle strengthening versus other rehabilitation interventions or control in post-stroke patients were included...
November 28, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Guri Ranum Ekås, Håvard Moksnes, Hege Grindem, May Arna Risberg, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus regarding the best treatment approach for skeletally immature children with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. High-quality studies with long-term follow-up are lacking, and evidence to support decision making is limited. PURPOSE: To evaluate functional and patient-reported outcome, surgical history, and complications among young adults who sustained an ACL injury before the age of 13 years and were treated with active rehabilitation and the option of delayed ACL reconstruction if needed...
November 26, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jin Goo Kim, Yong Seuk Lee, Sang Jin Yang, Hyun Woo Lim, Kwan Jae Cho
The purposes of this study was to 1) compare the functional result and muscle strength between patients who underwent reconstruction by isolated posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and combined PCLposeterolateral corner sling (PLCS) reconstruction. Nineteen (Group I: isolated PCL reconstruction) and 30 (Group II: combined PCL-PLCS reconstruction) were compared. The clinical results and isokinetic muscle strength were compared between groups. The clinical results were comparable between groups and posterior stability was not different between the two groups, either...
December 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Mojtaba Babaei-Mobarakeh, Amir Letafatkar, Amir Hosein Barati, Zohre Khosrokiani
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation of injuries in the upper extremity and reestablishment of muscle strength throughout the range of motion in overhead movements, are the major concerns of athletes and coaches in the sports field. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of eight-week "gyroscopic device" mediated resistance training exercise on grip strength, wrist and shoulder strength and proprioception, and upper extremity performance, in participants with impingement syndrome or tennis elbow...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Christian Tapking, Andrew M Armenta, Daniel Popp, David N Herndon, Ludwik K Branski, Jong O Lee, Oscar E Suman
OBJECTIVE: Severe burns cause hypermetabolic responses and prolonged hospitalization, resulting in loss of body mass and muscle strength. This study aimed to determine whether long-term gains in lean body mass (LBM) after structured exercise programs are functionally meaningful and related to greater muscle strength in severely burned children. STUDY DESIGN: LBM and muscle strength were measured at discharge and at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after burn in 349 children...
September 29, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Raphael Huber, Claudio Viecelli, Mario Bizzini, Bernd Friesenbichler, Markus Dohm-Acker, Thomas Rosenheck, Laurent Harder, Nicola A Maffiuletti
OBJECTIVE: Hamstring and patellar tendon autografts are the most frequently-used graft types for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, with no consensus on their respective effects on thigh muscle strength. The objective of this study was to re-examine isokinetic knee extensor and flexor strength before and after ACL reconstruction with patellar and hamstring tendon grafts using a single-center and a relatively large database, where surgical, rehabilitation and testing procedures were strictly standardized for all patients...
September 25, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Jessica F Baird, Elizabeth A Hubbard, Bradley P Sutton, Robert W Motl
Muscle weakness, particularly in the lower-extremities, is common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and seemingly results from damage along white matter pathways in the central nervous system including the corticospinal tract (CST). This study examined CST structural integrity indicated by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) related metrics (fractional anisotropy [FA], mean diffusivity [MD], radial diffusivity [RD], and axial diffusivity [AD]) as correlates of knee flexor (KF) and knee extensor (KE) muscle strength in MS...
September 10, 2018: Brain Research
Walter Ansanello Netto, Gisele Garcia Zanca, Michele Forgiarini Saccol, Salomão Chade Assan Zatiti, Stela Márcia Mattiello
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible alterations on scapular muscle strength in subjects with traumatic anterior glenohumeral instability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two subjects of both sexes: 26 healthy and 26 with traumatic anterior glenohumeral instability. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects performed maximal isometric and concentric isokinetic contractions of shoulder protraction and retraction in scapular and sagittal planes, at slow (12...
September 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Murad Pepe, Emre Calisal, Onur Kocadal, Eren Bicer, Suhan Taskin, Cem Nuri Aktekin
We aimed to investigate the effect of the knee position during the surgical closure on isokinetic muscle strength, clinical score, and range of motion in total knee arthroplasty. Seventy-five eligible patients were enrolled in the study and randomly divided into two groups; wound closure was performed with the knee flexed at 90° in group 1 and knee extended in group 2. All the surgeries were performed by the same surgeon and by the same prosthesis type. All the patients received the same rehabilitation program postoperatively...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Naasson Trindade Cavanellas, Victor Rodrigues Amaral Cossich, Eduardo Becker Nicoliche, Marilena Bezerra Martins, Eduardo Branco de Sousa, José Inácio Salles
Objective: Compare the maximal isokinetic muscle strength of knee extensor and flexor muscles between patients with knee osteoarthritis and patients submitted to total knee arthroplasty. Methods: Volunteers were divided into five groups ( n  = 20): Control; Ahlbäck I and II; Ahlbäck IV; six months after total knee arthroplasty; 12 months after total knee arthroplasty. An isokinetic knee strength evaluation was conducted for the quadriceps and hamstrings at 60°/s...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Do Kyung Kim, Geon Park, Kamarulzaman Bin Haji M S Kadir, Liang-Tseng Kuo, Won Hah Park
Comparing to primary surgery, revision ACL reconstruction is more technically demanding and has a higher failure rate. Theoretically, rehabilitation can improve knee function after ACL reconstruction surgery. This study aimed to compare knee stability, strength, and function between primary and revision ACL reconstructed knees. 40 primary and 40 revision ACL reconstruction surgeries were included between April 2013 and May 2016. Patients with revision surgery had a higher anteroposterior translation comparing those with primary reconstruction (median laxity, 2...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Wagner Rodrigues Martins, Juscelino Castro Blasczyk, Saulo Soares, Wagner Diniz de Paula, Martim Bottaro, Paulo Gentil
OBJECTIVE: Generate hypotheses and add new perspectives to the literature in the nonsurgical management of large ruptures in the distal part of the triceps tendon. METHODS: The patient was physically active, right handed, with a history of 20 years of resistance training practice and involvement in many activities, mostly combat sports (boxing, karate and mixed martial arts). The exercise program was designed with high repetitions and low rest intervals between sets in order to increase the metabolic stress...
July 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
May A Risberg, Kathrin Steffen, Agnethe Nilstad, Grethe Myklebust, Eirik Kristianslund, Marie M Moltubakk, Tron Krosshaug
Risberg, MA, Steffen, K, Nilstad, A, Myklebust, G, Kristianslund, E, Moltubakk, MM, and Krosshaug, T. Normative quadriceps and hamstring muscle strength values for female, healthy, elite handball and football players. J Strength Cond Res 32(8): 2314-2323, 2018-This study presents normative values for isokinetic knee extension and flexion muscle strength tests in 350 elite, female, handball (n = 150) and football (n = 200) players. Isokinetic concentric muscle strength tests at 60°·sec were recorded bilaterally using a dynamometer...
August 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Juscelia Cristina Pereira, Silvia Gonçalves Ricci Neri, Baruch Vainshelboim, André Bonadias Gadelha, Martim Bottaro, Ricardo Jacó de Oliveira, Ricardo M Lima
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lower-limb strength is required for everyday activities and thus its evaluation has been especially emphasized in older adults. Isokinetic testing is a criterion standard method to assess muscle strength; however, lack of reference values limits its usefulness in geriatric evaluation and rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to develop reference values of knee extensor isokinetic strength for older women. As a secondary aim, functional tests were performed for clinical significance validation...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Jin Hyuck Lee, Ji Soon Park, Hyun Jung Hwang, Woong Kyo Jeong
BACKGROUND: Numerous authors have evaluated the strength of the rotator cuff muscles in patients with shoulder instability. However, only limited data are available with regard to neuromuscular control in patients with traumatic anterior shoulder instability, in particular at 90° of abduction. This study was designed to assess muscle strength and neuromuscular control ability using time to peak torque and acceleration time in nonathletic patients with traumatic anterior shoulder instability...
August 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Viveca Björnhagen, Kristina Schüldt Ekholm, Flemming Larsen, Jan Ekholm
OBJECTIVE: To follow up the long-term outcome in return-to-work (RTW) rate in burn-injury patients, and to determine the degree of impairment in pulmonary and muscular function and exercise tolerance. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study without a control group. PATIENTS: Twenty-five burn-injury patients referred for medical-vocational rehabilitation. METHODS: Return-to-work rate was followed after completed medical-vocational rehabilitation...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Walaa Elsayed, Ahmed Farrag, Qassim Muaidi, Nora Almulhim
PURPOSE: Sagittal spinal deviation has been reported to be a significant musculoskeletal problem affecting both genders and could develop at any age. Factors triggering this issue are still not well defined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sagittal spine angles and isokinetic peak, average torque, and power of trunk muscles in asymptomatic adults. METHODS: A convenient sample of 79 subjects with asymptomatic spine participated in this study...
August 2018: European Spine Journal
Joshua W Cohen, Tanya D Ivanova, Brenda Brouwer, Kimberly J Miller, Dianne Bryant, S Jayne Garland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which physical performance measures of strength, balance, and mobility taken at discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation can predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and community reintegration after 6 months. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (N=75) recruited within 1 month of discharge home from inpatient stroke rehabilitation...
April 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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