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trigeminal trophic

Luisa Groba Bandeira, Maria Cláudia Alves Luce, Bruno De Castro E Souza, Priscila Kakizaki, Neusa Yuriko Sakai Valente
We report a case of trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) on the scalp of a 69-year-old woman. Initially, the diagnosis of pityriasis amiantacea was considered. The review of pathological antecedents and knowledge of TTS were fundamental for the diagnosis of this illness. We performed a brief review on TTS and differential diagnoses.
January 2019: International Journal of Trichology
S Mertsch, J Alder, H S Dua, G Geerling
Neurotrophic keratopathy (NK) is a degenerative corneal disease that is based on an impairment of the corneal innervation. The damage to the sensory innervation, which is delivered through the 1st branch of the trigeminal nerve (ophthalmic nerve), can occur throughout the entire length of the nerve from the nucleus in the brainstem, e.g. caused by brain tumors, to the terminal nerve fibers in the cornea, caused for example by refractive corneal surgery (e. g. LASIK). Due to the loss of the sensory innervation, a reduced lacrimation and a reduction in the secretion of trophic factors occur...
November 26, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Razieh Kooshki, Mehdi Abbasnejad, Saeed Esmaeili Mahani, Maryam Raoof, Mohammad Mehdi Moeini Aghtaei, Shahriar Dabiri
Background: The trigeminal nucleus caudalis (Vc) is a primary central site for trigeminal transmitting. Noxious stimulation of the trigeminal nociceptors alters the central synaptic releases and neural expression of some inflammatory and trophic agents. Orexin-A and the orexin 1 receptor (OX1R) are expressed in pain pathways including trigeminal pain transmission. However, the the mechanism(s) underling orexin-A effects on trigeminal pain modulation have not been fully clarified. Methods: Trigeminal pain was induced by subcutaneous injection of capsaicin in the upper lip in rats...
July 2018: Korean Journal of Pain
Piera Versura, Giuseppe Giannaccare, Marco Pellegrini, Stefano Sebastiani, Emilio C Campos
Neurotrophic keratitis (NK) is a degenerative corneal disease caused by damage of trigeminal corneal innervation, which leads to spontaneous epithelial breakdown and corneal ulceration. The impairment of corneal sensory innervation causes the reduction of both protective reflexes and trophic neuromodulators that are essential for the vitality, metabolism, and wound healing of ocular surface tissues. A wide range of ocular and systemic conditions, including herpetic keratitis, ocular chemical burns, corneal surgery, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and neurosurgical procedures, can cause NK by damaging trigeminal innervation...
2018: Eye and Brain
M-A Gkini, A Ahmed, S Aguilar-Duran, I Assalman, J Kentley, R Shah, R Taylor, A P Bewley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
C Moss, S M Srinivas, N Sarveswaran, M Nahorski, V K Gowda, F M Browne, G Woods
BACKGROUND: Midface toddler excoriation syndrome (MiTES) is a condition recently reported in three unrelated children. Habitual scratching from the first year of life inflicted deep, chronic, scarring wounds around the nose and eyes. One child had a mild neurological deficit but there was no other evidence of insensitivity to pain. Bilateral distribution and localization to the midface distinguish MiTES from other causes of self-inflicted skin damage such as trigeminal trophic syndrome...
November 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Ayesha U Khan, Amor Khachemoune
Trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) is a rare disease process that is thought to occur after insult to the trigeminal nerve. The earliest descriptions of this condition were provided in the early 20th century, yet it remains relatively unknown, with approximately 200 cases since described. Most commonly seen in older women, TTS characteristically involves persistent facial ulceration with loss of sensation and paresthesia along the distribution of the trigeminal dermatome. Ulceration often occurs in the alar region, following self-manipulation in response to paresthesias...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Linda B Thompson, Stephen L Powell
Trigeminal trophic syndrome is a rare condition that develops from trigeminal nerve damage causing dysesthesias that result in self-mutilation. Facial and nasal destruction develops from self-destructive behavior (repetitive picking or scratching) secondary to the altered skin sensation created by the damaged trigeminal nerve. Early recognition of this condition is crucial to the prevention of the detrimental complications of facial ulceration and nasal tissue necrosis that can lead to corneal ulcerations, full-thickness eyelid defect, and canthal lesions...
May 2018: Clinical Practice and Cases in Emergency Medicine
Ummer Karadan, Robin George Manappallil, Anisha Janardhanan, Ramesh Naga Supreeth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
M Sacchetti, A Bruscolini, A Lambiase
The trigeminal nerve provides corneal sensitivity and trophic supply to corneal tissues. The impairment of corneal innervation leads to development of neurotrophic keratitis (NK). NK is a rare, degenerative corneal disease characterized by corneal hypo/anesthesia and development of nonhealing corneal epithelial defects and ulcers. NK is a challenging condition with high medical need due to the lack of approved treatments that can restore corneal integrity. Current treatment of NK aims at stimulating corneal healing and preventing disease progression...
November 2017: Drugs of Today
Fawad A Khan, Rinu Manacheril, Robin Ulep, Julie E Martin, Anil Chimakurthy
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) is an uncommon disorder of the trigeminal nerve tract and trigeminal brainstem nucleus. The syndrome is characterized by a triad of unilateral crescentic ulcers with anesthesia and paresthesias of the involved trigeminal dermatomes. CASE REPORT: A 24-year-old right-handed black female presented to our emergency department with a 4-week history of rapidly progressive painless desquamation/denudation of skin over her right face and scalp...
2017: Ochsner Journal
Marta Sacchetti, Alessandro Lambiase
The cornea has unique features that make it a useful model for regenerative medicine studies. It is an avascular, transparent, densely innervated tissue and any pathological changes can be easily detected by slit lamp examination. Corneal sensitivity is provided by the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve that elicits protective reflexes such as blinking and tearing and exerts trophic support by releasing neuromediators and growth factors. Corneal nerves are easily evaluated for both function and morphology using standard instruments such as corneal esthesiometer and in vivo confocal microscope...
August 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
Alessandro di Luca, Massimo Ralli, Sara Hemied, Marco de Vincentiis, Natale Mario di Luca
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal trophic syndrome is a rare complication of peripheral or central damage to the trigeminal nerve characterized by anesthesia, paresthesia and a secondary persistent facial ulceration. METHODS: We describe the case of a 40-year-old woman with previous history of Le Fort I osteotomy for a class III malocclusion who developed trigeminal trophic syndrome. Atypically, the cutaneous symptoms appeared bilaterally and 8 years after surgery. RESULTS: Differential diagnosis was based on clinical history, tissue biopsy and serologic evaluation...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Katherine A McVeigh, Morag Adams, Richard Harrad, Rebecca Ford
Trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) is a condition whereby persistent facial ulceration presents consequent to central or peripheral insult to the trigeminal nerve. Lesions are created by repetitive self-inflicted manipulation and trauma of dysaesthetic skin within the trigeminal dermatome. We discuss four cases with aetiologies varied from presumed microvascular compromise to resection of cerebral meningioma, cerebrovascular accident, and herpes zoster ophthalmicus. We discuss the management of the under-recognised associated periocular skin ulcerations that result from physical manipulation of dysesthic skin and prove to be persistent and challenging to treat...
February 2018: Orbit
Yeon-Hee Lee, Kyung Mi Lee, Hyug-Gi Kim, Soo-Kyung Kang, Q-Schick Auh, Jyung-Pyo Hong, Yang-Hyun Chun
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is one of the most challenging chronic pain conditions and is characterized by burning pain, allodynia, hyperalgesia, autonomic changes, trophic changes, edema, and functional loss involving mainly the extremities. Until recently, very few reports have been published concerning CRPS involving the orofacial area. We report on a 50-year-old female patient who presented with unbearable pain in all of her teeth and hypersensitivity of the facial skin. She also reported intractable pain in both extremities accompanied by temperature changes and orofacial pain that increased when the other pains were aggravated...
August 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Jonathan Kentley, Claire Marshall, Maria-Angeliki Gkini, Ruth Taylor, Anthony Bewley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
K M Acharya, B H Shah
A rare case of trigeminal trophic syndrome in an adult male is reported and the literature on the same is reviewed.
July 1979: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Bhushan Kumar, K Radhakrishnan, J S Chopra, Surrinder Kaur
A case of trigeminal trophic syndrome presenting with painless ulceration of the scalp following herpes zoster ophthalmicus is presented. The pathogenesis of neurotrophic changes in the trigeminal territory is reviewed.
November 1980: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Guohu Di, Xiaowen Zhao, Xia Qi, Songmei Zhang, Lu Feng, Weiyun Shi, Qingjun Zhou
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-B possesses the capacity of promoting injured peripheral nerve regeneration and restore their sensory and trophic functions. However, the contribution and mechanism of VEGF-B in diabetic peripheral neuropathy remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the expression and role of VEGF-B in diabetic corneal neuropathy by using type 1 diabetic mice and cultured trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons. Hyperglycemia attenuated the endogenous expression of VEGF-B in regenerated diabetic corneal epithelium, but not that of VEGF receptors in diabetic TG neurons and axons...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
K Rammohan, Shyma M Mundayadan, Robert Mathew
CONTEXT: Nummular headache (NH) is a primary disorder characterized by head pain exclusively felt in a small-rounded area typically 2-6 cm in diameter. AIMS: The aim of this review is to study the clinical and epidemiological features of NH in a patient population of South India and to compare this with that of described in the international literature. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A prospective, observational study conducted in a tertiary care center...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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