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Mental health in women

Barbara Nacke, Ina Beintner, Dennis Görlich, Bianka Vollert, Juliane Schmidt-Hantke, Kristian Hütter, C Barr Taylor, Corinna Jacobi
Background: Although there is extensive evidence for the efficacy of online eating disorder (ED) prevention programs in clinical trials, these programs have rarely been adopted beyond the trial phase and offered to a wider audience. As risk factors for eating disorders are partly associated with overweight and overweight in turn is correlated to disordered eating, this study will offer a combined eating disorder prevention program which also promotes a balanced lifestyle to normal weight and overweight individuals alike...
April 2019: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
Meghan E Morean, Izzy R Lederman
BACKGROUND: Rates of legal medical cannabis (MC) use are increasing, but little is known about the prevalence and correlates of recreational cannabis (RC) use among medical users (MC/R). METHODS: 348 MC users who resided in a state in which MC is legal and had medical authorization to use MC legally completed an anonymous survey in Spring 2017 (64.1% female, 82.8% White, mean age 33.03[±10.37] years). Rates of endorsing MC/R and the following potential correlates of MC/R were examined: the legal status of RC in participants' states of residence, sex, age, race, primary medical condition, MC product(s) used, MC expectancies, features of MC sought out (e...
February 7, 2019: Addictive Behaviors
Esther García-Esquinas, Rosario Ortolá, Matthew Prina, Denes Stefler, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso
OBJECTIVES: To analyze sex- and education-specific trajectories of health deficits accumulation (DA) throughout old age and to examine whether these trajectories differ according to health domains. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: and participants: In Spain, 3228 community-dwelling individuals aged 60 years or older were followed up for 10 years. MEASURES: At baseline and 3 follow-up visits, a DA index (0 to 100% deficit) was calculated based on the number and severity of 52 health deficits across the domains of physical and cognitive function, self-rated health and vitality, mental health, and morbidity...
February 13, 2019: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
J Maron, E Gomes de Matos, D Piontek, L Kraus, O Pogarell
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated mediating effects of the health status on the association between socio-economic status (SES) and medicine use. It was hypothesized that more privileged people show a reduced use of medicines, as compared with the underprivileged, because of their superior health status. It was further hypothesized that people may apply medication based on their type of health complaint (ill physical versus mental status). STUDY DESIGN: Data were taken from the 2012 German Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse, a nationally representative cross-sectional study of n = 9084 individuals of the German general population aged 18-64 years...
February 13, 2019: Public Health
Douglas Krakower, Kevin M Maloney, Victoria E Powell, Ken Levine, Chris Grasso, Kathy Melbourne, Julia L Marcus, Kenneth H Mayer
INTRODUCTION: Discontinuations of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by at-risk individuals could decrease the effectiveness of PrEP. Our objective was to characterize patterns of, reasons for, and clinical outcomes associated with PrEP discontinuations in primary care. METHODS: We conducted medical chart reviews for patients prescribed PrEP during 2011 to 2014 at a Boston community health centre specializing in healthcare for sexual and gender minorities. Patients were followed through 2015...
February 2019: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Oye Gureje, Bibilola D Oladeji, Alan A Montgomery, Ricardo Araya, Toyin Bello, Dan Chisholm, Danielle Groleau, Laurence J Kirmayer, Lola Kola, Lydia B Olley, Wei Tan, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Contextually appropriate interventions delivered by primary maternal care providers (PMCPs) might be effective in reducing the treatment gap for perinatal depression.AimTo compare high-intensity treatment (HIT) with low-intensity treatment (LIT) for perinatal depression. METHOD: Cluster randomised clinical trial, conducted in Ibadan, Nigeria between 18 June 2013 and 11 December 2015 in 29 maternal care clinics allocated by computed-generated random sequence (15 HIT; 14 LIT)...
February 15, 2019: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
E M Friedman, C Ruini, C R Foy, L Jaros, G Love, C D Ryff
OBJECTIVES: Eudaimonic well-being (EWB), increasingly recognized as a critical component of health, typically declines in later life, and there are no existing programs to sustain or increase EWB in older adults. Lighten UP! is an 8-week program to promote EWB through facilitated group sessions in community settings and at-home practice. Building on earlier pilot research, the current study assessed the effect of the Lighten UP! Program using a longitudinal, multi-site design. METHODS: Men and women (N = 169) aged 60 and over were recruited from three Wisconsin communities...
February 15, 2019: Clinical Gerontologist
Nihaya Daoud, Kristen O'Brien, Patricia O'Campo, Sarah Harney, Evelyn Harney, Kerry Bebee, Cheryllee Bourgeois, Janet Smylie
OBJECTIVES: The social position of different minority groups in contemporary societies suggests different risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD). In this study, we used two cut-offs of the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) to examine prevalence and risk factors for PPD among mothers participating in the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), and to compare Indigenous, Canadian-born non-Indigenous and immigrant mothers. METHODS: We used cross-sectional nationwide data from the 2006 MES (unweighted N = 6237, weighted N = 74,231) and conducted multivariate logistic regression models for EPDS ≥ 10 and EPDS ≥ 13 to explore risk factors for the total sample of mothers and in each study group...
February 14, 2019: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Tanya Andersson Nystedt, Maria Rosvall, Martin Lindström
Discrimination has is an important social determinant of health and though some research has been carried out on this it is mostly from the United States, which may not be generalisable to Europe and Sweden. This study investigated the association between self-reported experiences of repeated discrimination and all-cause mortality in Scania, Sweden. The Scania Public Health survey was sent out in 2008 with a follow-up in 2013 through the Swedish national cause of death register (N=28,062). The exposure variable under investigation was self-reported discrimination and the outcome variable was all-cause mortality...
April 2019: SSM—Population Health
W A Tol, S M Murray, C Lund, P Bolton, L K Murray, T Davies, J Haushofer, K Orkin, M Witte, L Salama, V Patel, G Thornicroft, J K Bass
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological research suggests an interrelationship between mental health problems and the (re)occurrence of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, little is known about the impact of mental health treatments on IPV victimization or perpetration, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review to identify prospective, controlled studies of mental health treatments in LMIC. We defined 'mental health treatment' as an intervention for individuals experiencing mental ill health (including substance misuse) including a substantial psychosocial or pharmacological component...
February 14, 2019: BMC Women's Health
Judith van der Waerden, Aurelie Nakamura, Laura Pryor, Marie-Aline Charles, Fabienne El-Khoury, Patricia Dargent-Molina
The potential beneficial effects of physical activity during pregnancy on postpartum depressive symptoms (PPD) remain inconclusive. Using data from two prospective French birth cohorts, we aimed to examine the relationship between domain-specific physical activity (including leisure-time sedentary behavior) in pregnancy and the occurrence of PPD. Participants of the ELFE cohort (n = 15,538) completed the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ), which assesses the following physical activity/sedentary behavior domains: household/caregiving, occupational, sports/exercise, transportation and leisure-time sedentary behavior during the third pregnancy trimester...
February 11, 2019: Preventive Medicine
Aaron Stares, Mona Bains
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of creatine supplementation in young athletes and bodybuilders is well established including ergogenic properties of muscular hypertrophy, strength, power, and endurance. Whether the benefits of creatine supplementation translate to an aging population with moderate training stimulus remains unclear especially in regard to gender, creatine dose, and duration. This systematic review assessed whether creatine supplementation combined with exercise results in additive improvements in indices of skeletal muscle, bone, and mental health over exercise alone in healthy older adults...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Siri Thoresen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Filip K Arnberg, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Ines Blix
BACKGROUND: Trauma and traumatic bereavement have well-known consequences for mental health, but little is known about long-term adjustment, particularly with respect to health-protective factors.AimsTo assess the levels of anxiety/depression and perceived social support among the survivors and the bereaved 26 years after the Scandinavian Star ferry disaster compared with expected levels from the general population. METHOD: Anxiety/depression and social support were assessed in face-to-face interviews with the survivors and the bereaved (N = 165, response rate 58%)...
January 2019: BJPsych Open
Angela C Incollingo Rodriguez, A Janet Tomiyama, Christine M Guardino, Christine Dunkel Schetter
OBJECTIVE: Weight stigma adversely affects the health of the general population, but almost no studies have examined possible negative consequences of weight stigma in the context of pregnancy. The present study tested whether experiencing weight stigma in pregnancy is inversely related to mental and physical health in mothers during the first postpartum year. METHOD: This study examined associations between weight-related experiences of discrimination in everyday life, measured at 1 month after the birth of a child, and physical and mental health outcomes measured concurrently and at 6 months and 1 year postpartum in a sample of 214 women in the Community Child Health Network study...
March 2019: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
A Stahl-Pehe, L Glaubitz, C Bächle, K Lange, K Castillo, T Tönnies, R Yossa, R W Holl, J Rosenbauer
AIM: This study aimed to determine cross-sectional relationships between diabetes distress and health-related variables, and prospective associations between diabetes distress and future glycaemic control (HbA1c ) and health status among young adults with early-onset Type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Data were collected from a nationwide cohort study of adults whose Type 1 diabetes onset occurred from 0 to 4 years of age during 1993-2002. Questionnaire surveys were conducted in 2012-2013 and 2015-2016 (N = 584)...
February 14, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Lia Gentil, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita, Henri Dorvil, Marie-Josée Fleury
Quality of life (QOL) is a key indicator in mental health planning, program evaluation, and evaluation of patient outcomes. Yet few studies have focused on QOL in homeless populations. More specifically, research has yet to identify profiles of homeless individuals based on their QOL using cluster analysis. This study developed a typology of QOL for a sample of 455 homeless individuals recruited from 27 community and public organizations in Quebec (Canada). The typology was developed based on QOL scores, as well as sociodemographic, clinical, and service use variables...
2019: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Sarah B Windle, Kristina Wade, Kristian B Filion, Jonathan Kimmelman, Brett D Thombs, Mark J Eisenberg
With the recent legalization of recreational cannabis use in Canada, questions remain concerning optimal regulation to minimize harms and ensure public health and safety. Patterns of use are subject to change following legalization, and it is important to consider the potential adverse effects that this may have on public health. Important areas of consideration are methods of consumption (e.g., vaping, edibles) and product proliferation; acute and long-term health and behavioural effects (including impaired driving); and use in vulnerable groups, such as children and youth, pregnant women, individuals with mental illness, individuals with low socio-economic status, and Indigenous populations...
February 13, 2019: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Samantha B Meyer, Kristen Foley, Ian Olver, Paul R Ward, Darlene McNaughton, Lillian Mwanri, Emma R Miller
BACKGROUND: We aimed to understand the factors shaping alcohol consumption patterns in middle-aged women (45-64), and to identify participant-driven population- and policy-level strategies that may be used to addresses alcohol consumption and reduce breast cancer risk. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews (n = 35) were conducted with 'middle-aged' women conversant in English and living in South Australia with no history of breast cancer diagnosis. Data were deductively coded using a co-developed framework including variables relevant to our study objectives...
2019: PloS One
Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres, Francisco Carlos Groppo, Rafaela Carolina Soares Bonato, Matheus de Carvalho Sales-Peres, Francisco Haiter-Neto, Elinton Adami Chaim
BACKGROUND: Systemic bone loss may lead to more severe periodontal destruction, decreasing local bone mineral density. AIM: A cross-sectional designed was performed to study associations among alveolar bone pattern, salivary leptin concentrations, and clinical periodontal status in premenopausal obese and eutrophic women. METHODS: Thirty morbid obese (G1) and 30 normal-weight (G2) women were included. Anthropometric and periodontal measurements (probing depth - PD, clinical attachment levels - CAL, presence of calculus, bleeding on probing -BOP, and plaque accumulation) were assessed...
February 7, 2019: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Marina X Carpena, Samuel C Dumith, Christian Loret de Mola, Lucas Neiva-Silva
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of depression and sociodemographic, behavioral, and health-related risk factors therefor in a southern Brazilian city. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional study of adults from Rio Grande, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Individuals (n=1,295) were selected using a multistage sampling procedure. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used to screen for major depressive episodes (MDEs). We used a conceptual causal framework to organize and assess risk factors for MDE and calculated prevalence ratios (PR) using regression models...
February 7, 2019: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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