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(Exercise)And (Diabetic Foot)

Victor Mogre, Zakaria Osman Abanga, Flora Tzelepis, Natalie A Johnson, Christine Paul
AIMS: We evaluated the content validity, factorial structure, internal consistency, construct validity, and floor and ceiling effects of the SDSCA among Ghanaian persons with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The summary of diabetes self-care activities measure (SDSCA) was administered to 187 adults living with type 2 diabetes from three diabetes clinics. RESULTS: A confirmatory factor analysis maintained the four factor structure of the SDSCA. However, two items, 3 (fruit and vegetable servings) and 4 (red meat or full-fat dairy products) had factor loadings of 0...
February 8, 2019: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Laura Bolton
The calf muscles have been called the body's "second heart," improving blood circulation when exercised, usually by walking. Structured exercise training (SET) increases calf muscle pump function, lower limb circulation, and walking capacity for those with limited ambulation due to peripheral arterial disease (PAD)1 or venous insufficiency.2 This resulted in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) decision to reimburse up to thirty-six 30- to 60-minute, properly supervised hospital outpatient or office-based SET sessions over 12 weeks to treat intermittent claudication for patients with PAD...
February 2019: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Kristin L Schneider, Ryan T Crews, Vasanth Subramanian, Elizabeth Moxley, Sungsoon Hwang, Frank E DiLiberto, Laura Aylward, Jermaine Bean, Sai Yalla
BACKGROUND: Among adults with diabetes, 19-34% will develop a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), which increases amputation risk and health care costs, and worsens quality of life. Regular physical activity, when increased gradually, may help prevent DFUs. In this mixed-methods study, we examined the feasibility of a low-intensity, technology-based behavioral intervention to increase activity in adults at risk for DFUs. METHOD: Participants at risk for a DFU (n = 12; 66% female; mean age = 59...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Sari Alhaik, Huda A Anshasi, Ja'far Alkhawaldeh, Kim Lam Soh, Aseel Mazen Naji
PURPOSES: This study aimed to (1) assess the level of diabetes self-care knowledge among patients with diabetes mellitus and (2) examine the relationship between patients' diabetes self-care knowledge and their demographic and medical characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to implement the study. A convenience sample of 273 diabetic patients were recruited from five primary health-care centers in Amman- Jordan. RESULTS: The overall level of knowledge of diabetes self-care in the total sample was moderate (58...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Carley E Johnson, Jody K Takemoto
The American Diabetic Association standards of medical care for diabetic patients recommends moderate intensity exercise to help manage diabetes; however, this recommendation may be unmanageable for patients who have become inactive or unable to reach this intensity. The purpose of this review is to determine if low-intensity exercises demonstrate improvement in diabetic peripheral neuropathy symptoms in order to utilize these exercises as a starting point for inactive patients. Studies in low-intensity exercises from 2013 to May 2018 were systematically searched in PubMed, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library databases...
2019: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ehab Mudher Mikhael, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain, Nizar Shawky
Background and aim: Diabetes self-management behaviors are necessary to ensure optimum glycemic control. However, limited data were available regarding the practice of self-management by the Iraqi diabetic patients. This study aims to understand the knowledge, behaviors, and barriers of diabetes self-management among Iraqi type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in addition to their opinions and views toward the diabetes self-management educational program. Methods: A qualitative method approach was used to obtain the data from T2DM patients recruited from the National Diabetes Center, Baghdad, Iraq...
2019: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
Nathan A Johnson, Alex L Barwick, Angela Searle, Martin J Spink, Stephen M Twigg, Vivienne H Chuter
AIMS: To describe the physical activity levels of an Australian community-based adult population with diabetes, and investigate the interaction between diabetes complications and physical activity. METHODS: Anthropometric, demographic, biochemical and self-reported physical activity measures (IPAQ) were performed. Associations and multiple regression analyses were undertaken between physical activity, known risk factors for diabetes complications, and history of cardiovascular disease (CVD), neuropathy and foot ulceration obtained from medical records...
November 4, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Masoud Edalati, Mary K Hastings, David Muccigrosso, Christopher J Sorensen, Charles Hildebolt, Mohamed A Zayed, Michael J Mueller, Jie Zheng
BACKGROUND: Impaired foot perfusion is a primary contributor to foot ulcer formation. There is no existing device nor method that can be used to measure local foot perfusion during standardized foot muscle exercise in an MRI environment. PURPOSE: To develop a new MRI-compatible foot dynamometer and MRI methods to characterize local perfusion in diabetic feet with ulcers. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION/SUBJECTS: Seven participants without diabetes and 10 participants with diabetic foot ulcers...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
L Cutajar, O Falzon, A Mizzi, I Swaine, K Springett, S Mizzi
Body temperature is one of the fundamental measures considered in the assessment of health and well-being, with various medical conditions known to give rise to abnormal changes in temperature. In particular, abnormal variations in dynamic temperature patterns during walking or exercise may be linked to a range of foot problems, which are of particular concern in diabetic patients.A number of studies have investigated normative temperature patterns of a population by considering data from multiple participants and averaging results after an acclimatisation interval...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Renan L Monteiro, Cristina D Sartor, Jane S S P Ferreira, Milla G B Dantas, Sicco A Bus, Isabel C N Sacco
BACKGROUND: Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) negatively affects foot and ankle function (strength and flexibility), which itself affects the daily physical activity and quality of life of patients. A physical therapy protocol aiming to strengthen the intrinsic and extrinsic foot muscles and increase flexibility may be a promising approach to improve lower-extremity function, prevent further complications, and improve autonomy for daily living activities in these patients. Thus, the inclusion of a specific foot-related exercises focused on the main musculoskeletal impairments may have additional effects to the conventional interventions in the diabetic foot...
November 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Mohamad S AlSalhi, Sandhanasamy Devanesan, Khalid E AlZahrani, Mashael AlShebly, Fatima Al-Qahtani, Karim Farhat, Vadivel Masilamani
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common metabolic disease indicated by high sugar levels in the blood over a prolonged period. When left untreated, it can lead to long-term complications, such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, and diabetic retinopathy or foot ulcers. Approximately 415 million people (about 8.3% of the world's population) had diabetes worldwide in 2015, with 90% of the cases classified as Type 2 DM, which is caused by insulin resistance that arises mostly from being overweight and from a lack of exercise...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Kajsa Lindberg, Britt Sundekilde Møller, Klaus Kirketerp-Møller, Morten Tange Kristensen
PURPOSE: To examine a non-weightbearing exercise program for persons with severe peripheral neuropathy (PN) and a diabetic foot ulcer in terms of feasibility and safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five men (mean (SD) age of 68.2 (7.1) years) with diabetes, severe peripheral neuropathy and an active foot ulcer, participated in a 10-week exercise program. Program adherence, patient satisfaction, healing of foot ulcers, adverse advents, ability to perform activities of daily life, and changes in muscle strength were assessed...
October 7, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Émilie Dufour, Arnaud Duhoux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Hsiao-Yun Chang, Huai-Lu Chang, An-Chi Chen, Chiao-Hsuan Yen
Apart from drug control, diabetes management should pay more attention to how lifestyle and daily routine affect blood sugar. This study aimed to explore the impact of m-health programme using a minimal psychological intervention on diabetes patients' knowledge, behavioural, and psychological health. A pretest-posttest single-group pre-experimental study was undertaken with 30 individuals to recruit patients with diabetes. A total of 22 participants completed the 10-week online programme. The pretest-posttest results demonstrated the differences in health behaviour, including foot care, diet control, and exercise...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Malihe Imeni, Fakhri Sabouhi, Parvaneh Abazari, Bijan Iraj
Background: Body image, as an important factor in quality of life (QOL) satisfaction, in amputee patients is strongly affected by amputation, which can put the patient at risk of psychological disorders such as depression. Hence, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of spiritual care on body image in patients with type 2 diabetes-related amputation. Materials and Methods: In this study, an experimental pretest-posttest design with two groups was used...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Fuyuan Liao, Ruopeng An, Fang Pu, Stephanie Burns, Sa Shen, Yih-Kuen Jan
The objectives of this study were to examine the effectiveness of different types of exercise on risk factors of diabetic foot ulcers, including glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and diabetic peripheral neuropathy, in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and CINAHL were searched from inception to January 2018 for relevant articles. Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that examined effects of exercise on the selected risk factors...
July 16, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Nayana Cristina Reis Vilas Bôas, Geraldo Magela Salomé, Lydia Masako Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To assess frailty and disability among older adults with and without diabetes or foot ulcers. METHOD: A descriptive, comparative, controlled, multicentre study. Equal numbers of participants were allocated to three groups: (I) no diabetes/no foot ulcers (control), (II) diabetes but no foot ulcers or (III) diabetes and foot ulcers. Individuals with arterial, venous, pressure or mixed ulcers were not included. We collected data using three methods: a sociodemographic questionnaire and the validated Brazilian versions of the Edmonton Frail Scale and Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire 20-item Disability Scale (HAQ-20)...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
Şahizer Eraydın
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Abolfazl Zahedi, Milad Ebrahimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Lisa Farndon, John Stephenson, Oliver Binns-Hall, Kayleigh Knight, Sally Fowler-Davis
Background: Peripheral arterial disease affects the lower limb and is associated with diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking and obesity. It increases the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It can be symptomatic causing intermittent claudication, but often there are few clinical signs. Podiatrists are able to detect the presence of peripheral arterial disease as part of their lower limb assessment and are well placed to give advice on lifestyle changes to help reduce disease progression...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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