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ischaemic intestinal emergency

Atsushi Kohga, Akihiro Kawabe, Yuchen Cao, Kiyoshige Yajima, Takuya Okumura, Kimihiro Yamashita, Jun Isogaki, Kenji Suzuki
Obturator hernia is a rare clinical condition that causes intestinal obstruction. Recent reports have suggested that laparoscopic repair may be useful for incarcerated obturator hernia in select patients. The patient was a 64-year-old female who presented to our emergency department with a chief complaint of abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed an incarcerated obturator hernia on her right side, without apparent findings of irreversible ischaemic change or perforation. She had a previous history of cardiovascular surgery and was taking an anticoagulant medication...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Atsushi Kohga, Akihiro Kawabe, Kiyoshige Yajima, Takuya Okumura, Kimihiro Yamashita, Jun Isogaki, Kenji Suzuki, Katsuaki Muramatsu
PURPOSE: To determine the differential points of strangulated ileus with and without irreversible ischaemic changes, especially on preoperative computed tomography (CT) images. METHODS: Seventy patients with strangulated ileus underwent emergency operations between January 2009 and July 2016 in our department. Of these patients, 57 met the study requirements, including 30 patients who had irreversible ischaemic changes (ischaemic group; n = 30) and 27 patients who had reversible ischaemic changes during laparotomy (non-ischaemic group; n = 27)...
December 2017: Abdominal Radiology
E B Deerenberg, H El Addouli, J J B van Lanschot
A 62-years-old female presented to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain and absence of defaecation for two days. CT revealed an ileus with a change in the diameter of the small intestine and a segment without contrast in the intestinal wall. Laparotomy confirmed that a segment of the ileum was ischaemic.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
M Davies, M Nanda Kumar, V Shetty, P Mitchell
A 52-year-old man presented with a purpuric rash affecting his legs and hypertension. He was diagnosed with Henoch-Schönlein purpura and discharged with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Three weeks later, he presented again with loss of appetite and vomiting before developing abdominal pain with pyrexia of 38.5°C and rigors. On examination, he was hypotensive with a distended abdomen and a national early warning score of 6. Computed tomography revealed enteropathy of Henoch-Schönlein purpura. The patient deteriorated and went for an emergency laparotomy, where 30cm of ischaemic small bowel was resected...
February 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
E J Nevins, P Moori, C S J Ward, K Murphy, C E Elmes, J V Taylor
INTRODUCTION: Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) and hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) are typically associated and are likely to represent a spectrum of the same disease. The causes of both entities range from benign to life-threatening conditions. Ischaemic causes are known to be fatal without emergency surgical intervention. PRESENTATION OF CASE: In this case a 93year old male experienced acute abdominal pain radiating to his back, with nausea and vomiting and a 2-week history of altered bowel habit...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
S Abdalla, A Brouquet, T Lazure, B Costaglioli, C Penna, S Benoist
AIM: The study evaluated the outcome of severe acute antipsychotic (neuroleptic) drug related colitis requiring emergency surgery. METHOD: From 2009 to 2014, 20 patients underwent emergency surgery for acute and severe neuroleptic-related ischaemic colitis. Neuroleptic-induced colitis was defined as another cause besides inflammatory, infectious or ischaemic colitis with a relationship to treatment by antipsychotic drugs. RESULTS: The main drugs involved were cyamemazine (n = 9, 45%), loxapine (n = 5, 25%), haloperidol (n = 4, 20%) and alimemazine (n = 4, 20%)...
December 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Daniela Berritto, Francesca Iacobellis, Maria Antonietta Mazzei, Luca Volterrani, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Luca Brunese, Roberto Grassi
Ischemic colitis (IC) is the most common vascular disorder of the gastrointestinal tract with a reported incidence of 6.1-44 cases/100,000 person years with confirmatory histopathology. However, the true incidence of IC poses some difficulty, and even vigilant clinicians with patients at high risk often miss the diagnosis, since clinical presentation is non-specific or could have a mild transient nature. Detection of IC results is crucial to plan the correct therapeutic approach and reduce the reported mortality rate (4-12%)...
2016: British Journal of Radiology
R Martinez, A Rogers, A Numanoglu, H Rode
Abdominal complications without abdominal injury are infrequently seen in children with major burns. They are divided into those that occur early during the emergency phase of treatment and those that occur late in the course of treatment. One of the most serious late onset complications is non-occlusive mesenteric ischaemia associated with the use of vasoactive drugs. We report on 2 children who late in the course of their burn injury developed ischaemic necrosis of their entire intestine. Both were on propranolol, the administration of which was continued with even during the periods of septic shock which preceded their demise...
June 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Y F Shea, Felix C L Chow, F Chan, Janice J K Ip, Patrick K C Chiu, Fion S Y Chan, L W Chu
An 81-year-old man was admitted with an infective exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. He also had clinical and radiological features suggestive of ileus. On day 6 after admission, he developed generalised abdominal pain. Urgent computed tomography of the abdomen showed presence of portovenous gas and dilated small bowel with pneumatosis intestinalis and whirl sign. Emergency laparotomy was performed, which showed a 7-mm perforated ulcer over the first part of the duodenum and small bowel volvulus...
October 2015: Hong Kong Medical Journal
Stephen McCain, Scott McCain, Andrew Harris, Kevin McCallion
A 41-year-old woman developed severe abdominal pain, distension and faeculent vomiting. CT of abdomen and pelvis revealed small bowel malrotation with a right paraduodenal hernia. At emergency laparotomy, a right paraduodenal hernia containing jejunum and ileum was identified. She had a viable duodenum with 50 cm of ischaemic proximal jejunum which was exteriorised as an end jejunostomy; 180 cm of infarcted jejunum and ileum was resected. The proximal end of 150 cm of healthy ileum was exteriorised as a closed mucous fistula and 50 cm distally a feeding ileostomy was constructed...
May 28, 2014: BMJ Case Reports
James Ngu, Bettina Lieske, Kok Hong Dedrick Chan, Tian Zhi Lim, Wai-Kit Cheong, Ker-Kan Tan
BACKGROUND: The computed tomographic (CT) finding of caecal pneumatosis in patients with malignant large bowel obstruction has been associated with ischaemia and impending perforation. Emergency surgery is then usually performed without consideration of endoluminal stenting. The aim of our study was to correlate caecal viability to the CT finding of caecal pneumatosis in patients with acute malignant large bowel obstruction. METHODS: A retrospective review of the CT scans of all patients presenting with acute malignant large bowel obstruction was performed...
October 2014: ANZ Journal of Surgery
S P Chauhan, H Beydoun, I A Hammad, S Babbar, J B Hill, M Mlynarczyk, M E D'Alton, A Z Abuhamad, A M Vintzileos, C V Ananth
OBJECTIVE: To compare composite maternal and neonatal morbidities (CMM, CNM) among nulliparous women with primary indications for caesarean section (CS) as acute clinical emergency (group I; ACE), non-reassuring fetal heart rate (group II) and arrest disorder (group III). DESIGN: A multicentre prospective study. SETTING: Nineteen academic centres in the USA, with deliveries in 1999-2002. POPULATION: Nulliparous women (n = 9829) that had CS...
October 2014: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ann Cecile Muls
BACKGROUND: The percentage of people living with a diagnosis of cancer is rising globally. Between 20% and 25% of people treated for cancer experience a consequence of cancer which has an adverse impact on the quality of their life. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are the most common of all consequences of cancer treatment and have the greatest impact on daily activity. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF LONG-TERM BOWEL DAMAGE AFTER PELVIC RADIOTHERAPY: Long-term damage to the bowel after radiotherapy is mediated by ischaemic changes and fibrosis...
March 2014: Acta Oncologica
Olivier Corcos, Alexandre Nuzzo
Gastro-Intestinal Vascular Emergencies include all digestive ischaemic injuries related to acute or chronic vascular and/or haemodynamic diseases. Gastro-intestinal ischaemic injuries can be occlusive or non-occlusive, arterial or venous, localized or generalized, superficial or transmural and share the risks of infarction, organ failure and death. The diagnosis must be suspected, at the initial presentation of any sudden, continuous and unusual abdominal pain, contrasting with normal physical examination. Risk factors are often unknown at presentation and no biomarker is currently available...
October 2013: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
J Domínguez-Carral, V Puertas-Martín, I Carreras-Sáez, A I Maraña-Pérez, T Escobar-Delgado, J J García-Peñas
INTRODUCTION: Intussusception is a potentially severe obstructive disease that occurs when a more proximal portion of bowel invaginates into a more distal part of the bowel. Patients with intussusception often present with a wide range of non-specific systemic symptoms, with less than one quarter presenting with the classic triad of vomiting, abdominal pain, and bloody stools. An acute change in level of consciousness could be the only clinical symptom of this disorder. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the frequency and nature of the neurological symptoms in children with intussusception, and to describe the characteristics of the patients presenting in this atypical way...
May 2014: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
K Levins, O Kelly, A Beausang, C Gulmann, G Harewood, R Cahill
Although rare in young patients, acute ischaemic colitis can have devastating consequences. We detail the presentation and clinical course of a severe, progressive case of this disease related temporally to the recent ingestion of a sibutramine-containing herbal slimming agent procured on-line without prescription or medical indication in a young female that ultimately required emergency laparoscopic total colectomy with end ileostomy to prevent end organ failure.
October 2012: Irish Medical Journal
I Millet, C Alili, E Pages, F Curros Doyon, S Merigeaud, P Taourel
Febrile pain in the right iliac fossa is one of the most common reasons for consulting at an emergency service. Within this framework, the main diagnosis that is considered is appendicitis, the main complication of which is perforation. However, a certain number of other conditions can be responsible for this clinical picture, primarily including digestive tract and mesentery disorders including mesenteric lymphadenitis, Crohn's disease, infectious enterocolitis, small intestine or colonic diverticulitis, ischaemic colitis or cancer of the caecum...
June 2012: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
J Jasper Deuring, Colin de Haar, Chantal L Koelewijn, Ernst J Kuipers, Maikel P Peppelenbosch, C Janneke van der Woude
Xenotoxic damage in inflammatory diseases, including IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), is compounded by reduced activity of the xenobiotic transporter ABCG2 (ATP-binding-cassette G2) during the inflammatory state. An association between the activation of the unfolded protein response pathway and inflammation prompted us to investigate the possibility that reduced ABCG2 activity is causally linked to this response. To this end, we correlated expression of ABCG2 and the unfolded protein response marker GRP78 (glucose-regulated protein of 78 kDa) in colon biopsies from healthy individuals (n=9) and patients with inactive (n=67) or active (n=55) IBD, ischaemic colitis (n=10) or infectious colitis (n=14)...
January 1, 2012: Biochemical Journal
Gijsbert J de Bruin, Dirk J Bac, Eugène P van Puijenbroek, Johan M van der Klooster
Clozapine is an antipsychotic drug which is used in the treatment of therapy-resistant schizophrenia. The most frequently reported side effects (occurring in more than 10% of patients) are gastro-intestinal complaints, including constipation. Here we describe the case of a 28-year-old man with schizophrenia who developed constipation and abdominal distension for several weeks while taking clozapine. He was admitted as an emergency suffering from clozapine-induced Ogilvie syndrome (acute pseudo-obstruction caused by a disturbed balance in the autonomic regulation of intestinal motility)...
2009: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Michael Haap, Ferruh Artunc, Christian S Haas, Marius Horger, Reinhard Teichmann, Reimer Riessen
HISTORY AND FINDINGS: A 44-year-old woman was referred to the emergency department for acute paraumbilical abdominal pain with colics. 5 days previously, a tooth extraction had been performed and postoperatively ibuprofen had been prescribed for pain relief. The medical history was empty besides a penicillin allergy and two caesarean sections 20 and 21 years ago. INVESTIGATIONS: The physical examination revealed paraumbilical pain on palpation. Abdominal ultrasound could identify some free fluid and an aperistaltic intestinal loop as well as an echo-rich structure in the hypogastric region...
July 2009: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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