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Fast-track AND Arthroplasty

U Nöth, T Geiser, T Kranich, E von Rottkay, J C Reichert, M Reyle-Hahn, L Rackwitz
BACKGROUND: Fast track arthroplasty is becoming increasingly accepted in German-speaking countries. By optimizing treatment processes fast track programs promise faster recovery, increased patient satisfaction, quality improvement and reduction in the length of hospital stay. OBJECTIVES: The philosophy and treatment principles of fast track hip arthroplasty during the pre, intra and postoperative phase are described in the light of the current body of evidence. The challenges concerning fast track arthroplasty within the German health system are discussed...
February 13, 2019: Der Orthopäde
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2019: Acta Orthopaedica
Chiara Concina, Marina Crucil, Stefano Fabbro, Franco Gherlinzoni
BACKGROUND: Fast track in total knee replacement (TKR) is a widely used protocol. Tranexamic acid proved to be effective in reducing perioperative bleeding without increasing thromboembolic risk. The aim of this study was to assess if tourniquet and suction drainage might affect perioperative blood loss and postoperative functional recovery after TKR. METHODS: 151 patients, who underwent to TKR, were assessed and divided into three homogeneous groups: group A (51 patients) in which both tourniquet and suction drainage have been applied (tourniquet has been release before wound closure); group B (50 patients) in which neither tourniquet nor suction drainage have been used; group C (50 patients) in which only tourniquet has been used...
January 10, 2019: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Keetie Kremers, Borg Leijtens, Simone Camps, Alma Tostmann, Sander Koëter, Andreas Voss
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication resulting from total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). In this study, patients with a PJI are compared with patients with an uncomplicated postoperative course to identify relevant risk factors for PJI. METHODS: A matched case-control study was performed with patients undergoing fast-track, elective unilateral TKA or THA. The following data were collected: demographics, surgery-related characteristics (perioperative blood loss, use of cement, body temperature), and postoperative characteristics (hematoma formation, wound leakage, blood transfusion, length of stay [LOS])...
January 11, 2019: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Pelle B Petersen, Henrik Kehlet, Christoffer C Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Postoperative stroke is a severe complication with a reported 30-day incidence of 0.4%-0.6% after total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, most data are based on diagnostic codes and with limited details on perioperative care, including the use of fast-track protocols. We investigated the incidence of and preoperative and postoperative factors for stroke after fast-track THA/TKA. METHODS: We used an observational study design of elective fast-track THA/TKA patients with prospective collection of comorbidity and complete 90-day follow-up...
December 25, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Mikko Tuomas Rantasalo, Riku Palanne, Katarina Juutilainen, Pekka Kairaluoma, Rita Linko, Elina Reponen, Teemu Helkamaa, Anne Vakkuri, Klaus T Olkkola, Rami Madanat, Noora Kati Annukka Skants
INTRODUCTION: Total knee arthroplasty is a highly effective treatment for end-stage knee osteoarthritis, and it is usually performed under spinal or general anaesthesia with or without a surgical tourniquet. Some debate about the preferred mode of anaesthesia regarding patient outcomes remains. The aim of this study, which compares general and spinal anaesthesia with and without a tourniquet on the outcomes of total knee arthroplasty, is to determine the optimal type of anaesthesia regimen and assess the effect of a tourniquet on the patient's recovery following total knee arthroplasty...
December 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Stefano Pasqualotto, Guillaume Demey, Aude Michelet, Luca Nover, Mo Saffarini, David Dejour
Several methods were introduced to limit perioperative blood loss in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). By transcollation of soft tissues below 100°C, bipolar sealers intend to reduce bleeding and tissue damage, compared with conventional electrocautery. Existing studies report contradictory findings about the performance of bipolar sealers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a bipolar sealer on blood loss, transfusions, hospital length of stay (LOS), and functional scores in primary TKA. In this single-center prospective study, 101 patients, undergoing primary TKA in a fast-track setting without tourniquet use, were randomly assigned to either (1) the study group which was operated with a bipolar sealer or (2) the control group operated with conventional electrocautery...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Joanna Kastelik, Michael Fuchs, Michael Krämer, Ralf F Trauzeddel, Martin Ertmer, Philipp von Roth, Carsten Perka, Stephanie M Kirschbaum, Sascha Tafelski, Sascha Treskatsch
BACKGROUND: Local infiltration anaesthesia (LIA) was introduced as an innovative analgesic procedure for enhanced recovery after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, LIA has never been compared with analgesia based on an adductor canal catheter and a single-shot sciatic nerve block. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate two analgesic regimens for TKA comparing mobility, postoperative pain and patient satisfaction. DESIGN: Two-group randomised, controlled clinical trial...
December 17, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Thomas W Wainwright, Henrik Kehlet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
Pelle Baggesgaard Petersen, Henrik Kehlet, Christoffer Calov Jørgensen
Most international guidelines recommend pharmacological thromboprophylaxis after total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) for 10 to 35 days. However, a recent cohort study on fast-track THA and TKA questioned the need for prolonged thromboprophylaxis when length of stay (LOS) is ≤ 5 days. We aimed at re-investigating the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in fast-track THA and TKA with in-hospital only thromboprophylaxis when LOS was ≤ 5 days. Prospective cohort study from 1 December 2011 to 30 October 2015 on elective unilateral THA/TKA with in-hospital only thromboprophylaxis if LOS was ≤ 5 days...
December 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Jarry T Porsius, Nina M C Mathijssen, Lisette C M Klapwijk-Van Heijningen, Jeroen C Van Egmond, Marijke Melles, Stephan B W Vehmeijer
Background and purpose - Little is known about heterogeneity in early recovery after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Therefore, we characterized subgroups of patients according to their hip function trajectory during the first 6 weeks after THA in a fast-track setting. Patients and methods - 94 patients (median age 65 years [41-82], 56 women) from a single hospital participated in a diary study. Patients recorded their severity of hip problems (Oxford Hip Score, OHS) weekly for 6 weeks after THA. Latent class growth modelling (LCGM) was used to identify patients with the same hip function trajectory and to compare these subgroups on patient characteristics...
October 23, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
Pelle B Petersen, Henrik Kehlet, Christoffer C Jørgensen
Background and purpose - Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is a leading cause of mortality following total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA). The reported 30-day incidence of MI varies from 0.3% to 0.9%. However, most data derive from administration and insurance databases or large RCTs with potential confounding factors. We studied the incidence of and potential modifiable risk factors for postoperative MI in a large, multicenter optimized "fast-track" THA/TKA setting. Patients and methods - A prospective cohort study was conducted on consecutive unselected elective primary unilateral THA and TKA, using prospective information on comorbidities and complete 90-day follow-up from the Danish National Patient Registry...
December 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
Kirsten Specht, Hanne Agerskov, Per Kjaersgaard-Andersen, Rebecca Jester, Birthe D Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Due to the shortened length of stay in fast-track total hip and knee arthroplasty, patients must at a very early stage following surgery take responsibility for their postoperative care and treatment. It is important to establish if this treatment modality of fast-track is not only cost-effective, but meets patients' expectations and needs. AIM: To explore the lived experience of patients in fast-track total hip and knee arthroplasty during the first 12 weeks after discharge...
November 2018: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
Mohamad J Halawi, Nicholas Caminiti, Mark P Cote, Adam D Lindsay, Vincent J Williams
BACKGROUND: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) remains a common complication after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for POUR in fast-track TJA emphasizing rapid mobilization, multimodal analgesia, and shorter hospital stay. METHODS: Our institutional joint registry was queried for patients who underwent primary TJA between January 2016 and November 2017. The primary outcome was the development of POUR...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
M G E Fenten, S M K Bakker, G J Scheffer, A B Wymenga, R Stienstra, P J C Heesterbeek
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare the effects on short-term and long-term pain and functional outcome of periarticular local anaesthetic infiltration (LIA) with LIA of the posterior knee capsule in combination with a femoral nerve block (FNB) catheter in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Eighty patients were randomised to one of two groups: Subjects in group LIA received periarticular LIA with ropivacaine 0.2% for postoperative analgesia; subjects in group FNB received LIA of the posterior capsule and a FNB catheter...
October 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Henrik Husted, Billy B Kristensen, Signe E Andreasen, Christian Skovgaard Nielsen, Anders Troelsen, Kirill Gromov
Background and purpose - Length of stay (LOS) following total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) has been reduced over the years due to fast-track. Short stays of 2 days in fast-track departments in Denmark have resulted in low total costs of around US$2,550. Outpatient THA and TKA is gaining popularity, albeit in a limited and selected group of patients; however, the financial benefit of outpatient arthroplasty remains unknown. We present baseline detailed economic calculations of outpatient THA and TKA in 2 different settings: one from the hospital and another from the ambulatory surgery department...
October 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
Bas L Fransen, Marco J M Hoozemans, Kirsten D S Argelo, Lucien C M Keijser, Bart J Burger
INTRODUCTION: Fast-track protocols (FP) are used more and more to optimize results after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Many studies evaluating FP in TKA concentrate on clinical outcome and medium to long-term results. Since discharge from hospital after TKA is achieved increasingly quicker worldwide using FP in an increasingly younger and active patient population, the effects of FP on functional outcome in the first days after TKA become more important. The purpose of the current study was to compare FP with a regular joint care protocol (RP), with an emphasis on the first 7 days after surgery...
September 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Urban Berg, Erik BüLow, Martin Sundberg, Ola Rolfson
Background and purpose - Fast-track care programs in elective total hip and knee replacement (THR/TKR) have been introduced in several countries during the last decade resulting in a significant reduction of hospital stay without any rise in readmissions or early adverse events (AE). We evaluated the risk of readmissions and AE within 30 and 90 days after surgery when a fast-track program was introduced in routine care of joint replacement at 8 Swedish hospitals. Patients and methods - Fast-track care programs were introduced at 8 public hospitals in Västra Götaland region from 2012 to 2014...
October 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
Viktoria Lindberg-Larsen, Henrik Kehlet, Jens Bagger, Sten Madsbad
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of a single preoperative dose of 125 mg methylprednisolone (MP) on glycemic homeostasis early after fast-track total hip and knee arthroplasty. METHODS: One-hundred thirty-four patients undergoing elective unilateral total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty were randomized (1:1) to preoperative intravenous MP 125 mg (group MP) or isotonic saline intravenous (group C). All procedures were performed under spinal anesthesia, using a standardized multimodal analgesic regime...
October 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jeroen C van Egmond, Hennie Verburg, Eveline A Derks, Pim N J Langendijk, Caner Içli, Nick T van Dasselaar, Nina M C Mathijssen
PURPOSE: Early mobilization is an important aspect of fast-track protocols and intrathecal bupivacaine is often used in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Although the optimal dose is not known, conventional doses leave patients unable to mobilize for two to four hours. The dose of an intrathecally administered local anesthetic should therefore be optimized to achieve immediate postoperative mobilization. This study determined the median effective dose (ED) of intrathecal bupivacaine for primary unilateral TKA...
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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