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Chiara Taffon, Isabella Giovannoni, Pamela Mozetic, Gabriella Teresa Capolupo, Vincenzo La Vaccara, Cristina Cinque, Chiara Caricato, Alberto Rainer, Giovanni Zelano, Anna Crescenzi
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal malignant cells detection in patients with gastric cancer is associated with a significant decrease in overall survival. The overall accuracy of cytological examination of peritoneal lavages, however, is quite low, and intraperitoneal recurrence has been observed even in patients with negative cytology. Immunocytochemistry and molecular techniques have been investigated to improve high-risk patients' identification with variable results. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of different laboratory methods applied to peritoneal washing, to improve the cytological identification of malignant cells...
March 1, 2019: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Li-Han Hsu, Jen-Sheng Ko, Chia-Chuan Liu, An-Chen Feng, Nei-Min Chu
BACKGROUND: Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is advantageous for the one-step diagnosis and staging of lung adenocarcinoma under topical anesthesia and conscious sedation. We examined its efficacy for identifying EGFR mutations. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with proven or suspected lung adenocarcinoma indicated for hilar-mediastinal lymph node (LN) staging between June 2011 and December 2017 were enrolled. The cellblock was prepared using the plasma-thrombin method...
February 27, 2019: Thoracic Cancer
V S Veena, Preethi Sara George, K Rajan, K Chandramohan, K Jayasree, K Sujathan
Context: Despite sputum cytology being accepted as a simple and noninvasive diagnostic method for lung cancer, the clinical usefulness of sputum for evaluation of prognosis is yet to be explored. Validation of some of the markers in sputum for prognosis prediction will be highly useful for selective therapy. Aims: This study was aimed to evaluate a reliable panel of immunocytochemical markers for their significance to predict survival. Materials and Methods: We have analyzed the expression of p53, p16, galectin-3, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) proteins in sputum samples processed in a mucolytic agent/cellblock and compared the same with that of the corresponding tissue samples...
January 2019: Journal of Cytology
Jun Hyuk Son, Hye Kyeong Park, Han-Seong Kim, Nam-Hoon Kim, Jung Wook Kim, Won Ki Bae, Kyung-Ah Kim, June Sung Lee, Yoon Suk Lee
Pancreatic metastasis is extremely rare, particularly from small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Studies on the role of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) with liquid-based cytology (LBC) in the diagnosis of metastatic small-cell carcinoma in the pancreas have been rarely conducted. We report herein a case of pancreatic metastasis from SCLC diagnosed using EUS-FNA with LBC (ThinPrep). A 71-year-old man presented with chief complaints of hemoptysis and jaundice over the past 1 month. Lung & pancreas tumors with multiple liver nodules were detected on computed tomography...
October 24, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Ami Patel, Simon Sung, Syed A Hoda, Lars F Westblade, Timothy D'Alfonso, Rema Rao
Granulomatous mastitis (GM) is an uncommon entity and challenging to distinguish from breast carcinoma, both clinically and upon imaging. Cystic neutrophilic granulomatous mastitis (CNGM) is a histologically distinct GM with clear "cystic" spaces (CS) surrounded by neutrophils and may contain Gram-positive bacilli (such as Corynebacterium species). Cytologic features of GM, in particular CNGM, on ThinPrep (TP), are limited. We reviewed the cytological features of GM with a special focus on CNGM on TP...
October 24, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Claudia Grosse, Petar Noack, Rene Silye
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the preoperative tumour grade of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (panNENs) by determining the Ki-67 index in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) material and to correlate the preoperative tumour grade with the postoperative tumour grade in surgical specimens. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the institutional pathology database over a 10-year period (2007-2017) to identify all cases of panNENs with corresponding preoperative EUS-FNA cytological material and surgical specimens...
October 10, 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
Joydeb Singha, Kalyan Khan, Souvik Chatterjee
Background: Differentiation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from metastatic malignancy in liver may be difficult at times on fine-needle aspiration cytology, especially in case of moderate-to-poorly differentiated tumors. The benefit of cell-block technique is the recognition of histologic pattern of diseases along with application of a wide variety of immunohistochemical (IHC) stains to differentiate hepatic malignancies. In this study, CD10 IHC staining was done on cellblocks prepared from aspirates of clinicoradiologically/cytologically suspected malignant liver neoplasms to differentiate HCC from malignancies metastasizing to liver...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Kota Ishioka, Shinji Sasada, Keiko Ohgino, Tetsuya Sakai, Saeko Takahashi, Chieko Xu, Kai Sugihara, Morio Nakamura
Osimertinib is a highly active agent for patients with progression of lung cancer despite epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment. This resistance is usually due to EGFR exon 20 T790M mutation, which can be detected by repeat biopsy. We report a case in which EGFR exon 20 T790M mutation was detected by repeat ascitic fluid examination. A 71-year-old woman with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EGFR exon 19 deletion was started on erlotinib(25 mg/day)as second-line therapy. Two years later, there was increase in pleural effusion, with concomitant malignant ascites; however, pathologic examination of the pleural and ascitic fluids did not detect EGFR T790Mmutation...
August 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Jong-Chan Lee, Haeryoung Kim, Hyoung Woo Kim, Jongchan Lee, Kyu-Hyun Paik, Jingu Kang, Jin-Hyeok Hwang, Jaihwan Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite many reports on the diagnostic yield of cytology from endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), inter-slide differences are unknown. This prospective study aimed to compare diagnostic yield and cellular characteristics of bottom slides (BS) and top slides (TS) from EUS-FNA cytology performed without an on-site cytopathologist. METHODS: In patients with suspected pancreatic cancer on previous imaging explorations, a single endoscopist performed EUS-FNA and obtained 2 sets of cytology slide (8 BS and 8 TS), 1 cellblock slide, and 1 biopsy slide...
August 7, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Nicolas Guibert, Hisashi Tsukada, David H Hwang, Emily Chambers, Edmund S Cibas, Tejus Bale, Julianna Supplee, Bryan Ulrich, Lynette M Sholl, Cloud P Paweletz, Geoffrey R Oxnard
BACKGROUND: Tumor genotyping is transforming lung cancer care but requires adequate tumor tissue. Advances in minimally invasive biopsy techniques have increased access to difficult-to-access lesions, but often result in smaller samples. With the advent of highly sensitive DNA genotyping methods used for plasma analysis, we hypothesized that these same methods might allow genotyping of free DNA derived from fine needle aspiration supernatant (FNA-S). METHODS: We studied patients with known or suspected lung cancer undergoing fine needle aspirate (FNA)...
August 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Saniya Sharma, Nalini Gupta, Navneet Singh, Rini Chaturvedi, Digambar Behera, Arvind Rajwanshi
Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive ( EGFR-p ) lung adenocarcinomas are sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Although histopathological subtype is an independent predictor of mutation status, there is a paucity of data on the cytomorphological features correlating with the EGFR mutation status. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether certain cytomorphological features correlate with EGFR mutation in lung adenocarcinoma. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 48 lung adenocarcinoma cases diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology with known EGFR mutation status was conducted...
2018: CytoJournal
David L Diehl, Shaffer R S Mok, Harshit S Khara, Amitpal S Johal, H Lester Kirchner, Fan Lin
Background and study aims:  Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) or biopsy (FNB) is an indispensable diagnostic tool. Improvements in needling technique have led to increasing tissue yields. Blood clogging of the needle can cause difficulties with specimen handling and stylet passage, which improves when the needle is primed with heparin before use. However, the effect of heparin on cytology, histology or immunochemistry (IHC) of FNA and FNB specimens is unknown...
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
You-Cai Zhu, Yue-Fen Zhou, Wen-Xian Wang, Chun-Wei Xu, Wu Zhuang, Kai-Qi Du, Gang Chen
ROS1 rearrangement is a validated therapeutic driver gene in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and represents a small subset (1-2%) of NSCLC. A total of 17 different fusion partner genes of ROS1 in NSCLC have been reported. The multi-targeted MET/ALK/ROS1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) crizotinib has demonstrated remarkable efficacy in ROS1-rearranged NSCLC. Consequently, ROS1 detection assays include fluorescence in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry, and real-time PCR. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) assay covers a range of fusion genes and approaches to discover novel receptor-kinase rearrangements in lung cancer...
May 2018: Thoracic Cancer
Christopher LePhong, Elizabeth W Hubbard, Stuart Van Meter, Laurentia Nodit
BACKGROUND: With advent of personalized medicine, precise classification of malignant tumors becomes essential. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is rarely found in serous effusions and has morphologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) overlap with other neoplasms. METHODS: 17-year review identified 49 fluids from 26 patients where SCC was recognized. RESULTS: SCC was more frequent in pleural fluid (84%) and rare in other effusions. Lung SCC was common (65%), followed by head and neck (16%), with other origins less represented...
December 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Paweł Krawczyk, Bożena Jarosz, Tomasz Kucharczyk, Anna Grenda, Katarzyna Reszka, Juliusz Pankowski, Kamila Wojas-Krawczyk, Marcin Nicoś, Justyna Szumiło, Tomasz Trojanowski, Janusz Milanowski
Different immunohistochemical (IHC) assays were approved for PD-L1 expression examination on tumor cells in qualification to immune-checkpoint inhibitors therapy in NSCLC patients. These assays have some similarities, but also very serious differences. We assessed 2 IHC tests for PD-L1 expression evaluation in NSCLC tumors with different pathological diagnoses and genetic abnormalities. We enrolled 48 NSCLC patients (median age: 65 years) with known status of EGFR and ALK genes. We compared the effectiveness of PD-L1 expression examination of two IHC assays with 22C3 (Dako) and SP142 antibodies (Ventana)...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
Ankur Singh Kshatriya, Pravina M Santwani
INTRODUCTION: Transthoracic guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of clinically suspected lung tumors is an increasingly common procedure in diagnosis. Cytospin Smear and Cellblock preparations of available material are helpful in subtyping and confirming the diagnosis, and they can also be used for further studies, i.e., special stain and immunohistochemistry, etc. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research was undertaken to study the technique of guided transthoracic lung FNAC of clinically suspected lung tumors and the establish role of FNAC smears, cytospin smears, and cellblocks in the detection and typing of neoplastic lung lesions and correlation...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
Masayuki Oki, Tomihisa Nanao, Takuma Shinoda, Ayumi Tsuda, Atsushi Yasuda, Toshiro Seki, Hideki Ozawa, Naoya Nakamura, Atsushi Takagi
To date, there are only 15 case reports of lymphoma in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a common autosomal dominant tumor predisposition syndrome. Here, we present the first report of a primary effusion lymphoma (PEL)-like lymphoma (PEL-L), which is a human herpes virus 8/Kaposi sarcoma herpes virus-unrelated PEL, in a 73-year-old woman with NF1. The woman presented with pleural effusion following surgery for a small intestinal gastrointestinal stromal tumor and a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor...
September 20, 2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Emad M Raddaoui, Majid A Almadi, Abdulrahman M Aljebreen, Faisal A Alsaif, Ahlam A AlShedoukhy, Abed H Al-Lehibi, Khalid A Almohameed, Apostolos V Tsolakis, Mousa A AlAbbadi, Amna R Almutrafi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of applying a limited panel of immunohistochemical stains on the cellblock preparation from samples obtained by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in the aim of differentiating solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) from neuroendocrine tumors (NETs).  METHODS: We retrospectively retrieved all the EUS-FNAs of the pancreas that have a diagnosis of NET or SPN that were performed at 2 tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from May 2004 to December 2014...
July 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Takahiro Ebata, Yusuke Okuma, Yoshiro Nakahara, Makiko Yomota, Yusuke Takagi, Yukio Hosomi, Eichi Asami, Yasushi Omuro, Tsunekazu Hishima, Tatsuru Okamura, Yuichi Takiguchi
BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) can occur during the progression of various cancers. However, factors, such as the incidence of MPE associated with different types of cancers and its potential for diagnosing previously undetected cancers, are unknown. Moreover, MPE may accompany potentially curable cancers or those with a favorable survival prognosis with adequate treatment. The present study determined the types of cancers accompanied by MPE at initial diagnosis and investigated appropriate related methods for diagnosing previously unknown cancers...
January 2016: Thoracic Cancer
Yasuhiro Toyoda, Fumiyoshi Kojima, Shigeyuki Hojo, Setsuko Yoshioka, Yoshiichi Maeura
A 32-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for a right breast mass. Ultrasonography showed an 8 cm cystic mass with irregular solid components in the C area. CT showed the 8 cm cystic mass in the right breast, and that the chest wall was compressed by the mass. We performed fine needle aspiration(FNA)of this cyst and prepared a cellblock from the intracystic fluid. These cytological findings were malignant. We diagnosed cancer of the right breast and performed mastectomy and axillary node resection. Histologically, this lesion was diagnosed as a mixed metaplastic carcinoma, composed of squamous cell carcinoma, invasive carcinoma of no special type, and spindle cell carcinoma...
November 2015: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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