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Sedentary Lifestyle AND Elderly

Yong Fan, Sufang Wang, Jie Sheng, Jun Wang, Shaoyu Xie, Kaichun Li, Ying Ma, Guimei Chen, Linsheng Yang, Fangbiao Tao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between waist circumference( WC), waist hip ratio( WHR), waist-to-height( WHtR) and hypertriglyceridemia( HTG) in older adults in Lu'an City. METHODS: In total, 1029 participants aged ≥ 60 years using cluster sampling method from two communities in Jin' an District and Yu' anDistrict of Lu'an City were invited to participate in this community-based study from June to September 2016. A questionnaire was used to collect the information of demographic characteristics, disease history, lifestyles, etc...
September 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Nana Brochmann, Esben Meulengracht Flachs, Anne Illemann Christensen, Marie Bak, Christen Lykkegaard Andersen, Knud Juel, Hans Carl Hasselbalch, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Nina Rottmann
Objective: We sought to determine the prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression among patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and respective associations of anxiety and depression with demographic and lifestyle factors, comorbidity burden, duration of MPN disease, financial difficulties, and health-related quality of life (QoL). Methods: This study used data from a nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional survey of health-related QoL in MPN patients in Denmark called the MPNhealthSurvey...
2019: Clinical Epidemiology
Mariá Gonçalves Pereira da Silva, Rosimary Terezinha de Almeida
BACKGROUND: The Brazilian population is aging rapidly and it is necessary to establish tools to map the elderly population regarding its frailty, which is a common adverse condition during the aging process. The National Health Survey (PNS in Portuguese) data makes it possible. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to construct a frailty index (FI) of the elderly Brazilian population using the PNS data, in order to compare it with the index of other population and to measure its association with social factors...
October 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Erik J Groessl, Robert M Kaplan, W Jack Rejeski, Jeffrey A Katula, Nancy W Glynn, Abby C King, Stephen D Anton, Michael Walkup, Ching-Ju Lu, Kieran Reid, Bonnie Spring, Marco Pahor
INTRODUCTION: Older adults are a rapidly growing segment of the U.S. POPULATION: Mobility problems that lead to further disability can be addressed through physical activity interventions. Quality of life outcome results are reported from a large trial of physical activity for sedentary older adults at risk for mobility disability. METHODS: Data were from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders study. This multisite RCT compared physical activity to health education among 1,635 randomly assigned sedentary older adults at risk for mobility disability in 2010-2011...
January 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Maria Angélica Binotto, Maria Helena Lenardt, María Del Carmen Rodríguez-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To identify the outcomes of studies on gait speed and its use as a marker of physical frailty in community elderly. METHOD: Systematic review of the literature performed in the following databases: LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE/PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus and ProQuest. The studies were evaluated by STROBE statement, and the PRISMA recommendations were adopted. RESULTS: There were 6,303 studies, and 49 of them met the inclusion criteria...
December 13, 2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Nobuaki Moriyama, Hajime Iwasa, Masatsugu Orui, Yujiro Kuroda, Michiko Ono, Kanako Okazaki, Motoaki Takamura, Noriko Sato, Seiji Yasumura
AIM: In general, physically activity contributes to better subjective well-being (SWB) in the elderly. However, the physical activity level of older people who experienced relocation after the Great East Japan Earthquake has been reported to be low, possibly leading to low SWB. This study aimed to examine the efficacy of group intervention involving physical activity on SWB among older returnees after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: The participants were randomly allocated to an intervention group (4 men, 10 women) or a control group (7 women)...
December 16, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
José Rodolfo Torres-de Araújo, Rafael Rodolfo Tomaz-de Lima, Ila Maria Ferreira-Bendassolli, Kenio Costa-de Lima
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the prevalence and incidence of mobility limitations in the elderly people and their associated factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Articles in the electronic literature were searched via PubMed, Scopus,,Lilacs, SciELO, PAHO, MedCarib, Repidisca, Wholis, IBCES, PEDro, Medline and Bireme (2012-2016). The instrument STROBE was used to analyze the quality of the work and the PRISMA recommendation was used to structure the review. RESULTS: Nine studies were included...
September 2018: Salud Pública de México
Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa, Mezna A AlMarzooqi
Background: Although the benefits of physical activity are well acknowledged, a high percentage of Saudi population, especially females, remain essentially physically inactive. Getting inactive people to start participating in physical activity and to keep exercising remains a great challenge. Physical activity initiatives in the country have not been previously documented. Therefore, the aim of this article was to provide a narrative review of the physical activity initiatives and discusses influencing factors...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Isabella Berardelli, Valentina Corigliano, Michael Hawkins, Anna Comparelli, Denise Erbuto, Maurizio Pompili
Over the past years, there has been a growing interest in the association between lifestyle psychosocial interventions, severe mental illness, and suicide risk. Patients with severe mental disorders have higher mortality rates, poor health states, and higher suicide risk compared to the general population. Lifestyle behaviors are amenable to change through the adoption of specific psychosocial interventions, and several approaches have been promoted. The current article provides a comprehensive review of the literature on lifestyle interventions, mental health, and suicide risk in the general population and in patients with psychiatric disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Amal A Wanigatunga, Thomas M Gill, Anthony P Marsh, Fang-Chi Hsu, Lusine Yaghjyan, Adam J Woods, Nancy W Glynn, Abby C King, Robert L Newton, Roger A Fielding, Marco Pahor, Todd M Manini
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of hospitalizations on patterns of sedentary and physical activity time in mobility-limited older adults randomized to structured physical activity or health education. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of investigator-blinded, parallel-group, randomized trial conducted at 8 U.S. centers between February 2010 and December 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Sedentary men and women aged 70 to 89 at baseline who wore a hip-fitted accelerometer 7 consecutive days at baseline and 6, 12, and 24 months after randomization (N=1,341)...
November 19, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Kazuki Ohashi, Toru Ishikawa, Asami Hoshi, Mitsuyuki Suzuki, Yuta Mitobe, Etsuko Yamada, Hansani Madushika Abeywickrama, Nao Seki, Chikayo Koyama, Hagiko Aoki, Yu Koyama
Background: Sarcopenia can affect the prognosis of patients with cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. Exercise therapy and nutritional therapy are carried out to prevent processing sarcopenia. In addition, changing lifestyle is also important. However, there are only few reports on the physical activities (PAs) and lifestyle of chronic liver disease patients and their association with sarcopenia. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between sarcopenia in patients with chronic liver disease and both PA and lifestyle...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Zuyun Liu, Fang-Chi Hsu, Andrea Trombetti, Abby C King, Christine K Liu, Todd M Manini, Roger A Fielding, Marco Pahor, Anne B Newman, Stephen Kritchevsky, Thomas M Gill
BACKGROUND: Whether physical activity can reduce cognitive frailty-a relatively new "compound" phenotype proposed in 2013-and whether the effect of physical activity differs based on levels of inflammation are unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of physical activity on cognitive frailty and whether baseline interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels modified this effect. METHODS: We used data from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study, a multicenter, single-blinded randomized trial conducted at eight US field centers between February 2010 and December 2013...
October 24, 2018: BMC Medicine
Carla Busquets-Cortés, Xavier Capó, Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Miquel Martorell, Miguel D Ferrer, Emma Argelich, Cristina Bouzas, Sandra Carreres, Josep A Tur, Antoni Pons, Antoni Sureda
Regular physical activity prescription is a key point for healthy aging and chronic disease management and prevention. Our aim was to evaluate the antioxidant defense system and the mitochondrial status in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and the level of oxidative damage in plasma in active, intermediate and inactive elderly. In total, 127 healthy men and women >55 years old participated in the study and were classified according on their level of declared physical activity. A more active lifestyle was accompanied by lower weight, fat mass and body mass index when compared to a more sedentary life-style...
October 20, 2018: Nutrients
A Martinez-Nicolas, J A Madrid, F J García, M Campos, M T Moreno-Casbas, P F Almaida-Pagán, A Lucas-Sánchez, M A Rol
The ageing process is associated with sleep and circadian rhythm (SCR) frailty, as well as greater sensitivity to chronodisruption. This is essentially due to reduced day/night contrast, decreased sensitivity to light, napping and a more sedentary lifestyle. Thus, the aim of this study is to develop an algorithm to identify a SCR phenotype as belonging to young or aged subjects. To do this, 44 young and 44 aged subjects were recruited, and their distal skin temperature (DST), activity, body position, light, environmental temperature and the integrated variable TAP rhythms were recorded under free-living conditions for five consecutive workdays...
October 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kathryn E Callahan, Laura Lovato, Michael E Miller, Anthony P Marsh, Roger A Fielding, Thomas M Gill, Erik J Groessl, Jack Guralnik, Abby C King, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Mary M McDermott, Todd Manini, Anne B Newman, W Jack Rejeski
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether baseline scores on the Mobility Assessment Tool-short form (MAT-sf), a brief, animated, computer-based means of assessing mobility that predicts mobility disability, are associated with number of hospitalizations and time to first hospitalization over a median follow-up of 2.7 years. DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of prospectively gathered data from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study, a randomized clinical trial of lifestyle interventions to preserve mobility in older adults...
October 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Thunyanoot Prasertsakul, Panya Kaimuk, Wipawee Chinjenpradit, Weerawat Limroongreungrat, Warakorn Charoensuk
BACKGROUND: Adults with sedentary lifestyles seem to face a higher risk of falling in their later years. Several causes, such as impairment of strength, coordination, and cognitive function, influence worsening health conditions, including balancing ability. Many modalities can be applied to improve the balance function and prevent falling. Several studies have also recorded the effects of balance training in elderly adults for fall prevention. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to define the effect of virtual reality-based balance training on motor learning and postural control abilities in healthy adults...
September 18, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
Allison A M Bielak, Christopher R Brydges
Objectives: Findings are mixed regarding the potential to improve older adults' cognitive ability via training and activity interventions. One novel sensitive outcome may be intraindividual variability (IIV) in cognitive speed, or moment-to-moment changes in a person's performance. The present paper evaluated if participants who participated in a moderate physical activity intervention showed a reduction in IIV, compared to a successful aging education control group. Method: For approximately 2...
August 30, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
M Tsubota-Utsugi, Y Yonekura, K Tanno, M Nozue, H Shimoda, N Nishi, K Sakata, S Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Many survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred in 2011 were at risk of deteriorating health, especially elderly people living in disaster-stricken areas. The objectives of this prospective study were: a) to clarify the different lifestyle and psychosocial factors associated with frailty by sex among the non-disabled elderly survivors, and b) to describe the differences in characteristics stratified by the degree of disaster-related housing damage. METHODS: We followed 2261 Japanese survivors aged ≥65 years (45...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Harm L Ormel, Gabriela G F van der Schoot, Nico-Derk L Westerink, Wim J Sluiter, Jourik A Gietema, Annemiek M E Walenkamp
PURPOSE: Evidence accumulates that an active lifestyle positively influences cancer treatment outcome. A "smartphone application" (app) such as "RunKeeper," to self-monitor physical activity (PA) might be helpful. This study aimed to examine whether using RunKeeper to increase self-reported PA is feasible in cancer patients and to evaluate patients' opinion about using RunKeeper in a 12-week program. METHODS: Adult patients (n = 32), diagnosed with cancer, were randomized between usual care (n = 16) or a 12-week intervention with instructions to self-monitor PA with RunKeeper (n = 16)...
November 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Rupak Datta, Mark Trentalange, Peter H Van Ness, Joanne M McGloin, Jack M Guralnik, Michael E Miller, Michael P Walkup, Neelesh Nadkarni, Marco Pahor, Thomas M Gill, Vincent Quagliarello, Manisha Juthani-Mehta
Background/Aims: Clinical trials of older adults are increasingly common, but risks of serious adverse events (SAE) may vary. We describe the incidence of SAE in two randomized trials, one community-based and one nursing home-based. Methods: We performed a secondary data analysis from two randomized clinical trials at one academic health center and 21 nursing homes involving 200 sedentary community dwellers aged 70-89 years and 185 female nursing home residents aged 65 years or older...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
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