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Sporting psychology

Nora Wiium, Reidar Säfvenbom
Engagement in organized sports is associated with developmental factors, such as, healthy growth, cognitive abilities, psychological well-being and lower substance use. Research also suggest that the spontaneous free play that characterises self-organized physical activity (PA) provides young people with opportunities to learn social skills, such as self-regulation and conflict-resolution skills. We assessed associations between participation in the two activity types and several demographics along with developmental factors (e...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ts P Korolenko, A A Ovchinnikov, A N Sultanova, A Yu Neustroeva
AIM: To study social-psychological predictors of different types of addictive behavior. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients, aged 22-50 years, with different addictions (nicotine dependence, alcohol dependence, drug dependence, Internet addiction, extreme sports addiction) were studied. A questionnaire for assessment of personality accentuation, the Life Style Index, The world assumptions scale and the Rokeach Value Survey were administered. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Social-psychological predictors of the types of addictive behavior were identified...
2019: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Marc A Blaser, Roland Seiler
One of the psychological mechanisms that contribute to effective and efficient team actions is team cognition, defined either as shared knowledge states about game situations, teammates' skills, and action probabilities or direct communication processes in the team action itself. Particularly in interactive team sports (e.g., football), characterized by highly complex, dynamic, and uncertain situations, sharing a common understanding concerning potential future actions and how to coordinate these actions may be an advantage...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Judy L Van Raalte, Britton W Brewer
The special issue of the American Psychologist (May-June 2018) is devoted to the science of teamwork, with 20 articles addressing the history and foundation of teamwork research and highlighting the importance of teamwork in aviation, military, business, space exploration, academic, and health care settings. Articles that address factors influencing team performance and evaluation of interventions with teams are also included. The editors of the special issue direct attention to key areas in teamwork research that would benefit from further inquiry...
February 2019: American Psychologist
Paul W Hodges
Various approaches are used to guide treatment selection in low back pain. These have been considered in isolation and often tested against each other. An alternative view is that benefit may be gained from a model of care that involves a hybrid of approaches. This commentary considers potential benefits of a sequentially applied hybrid approach for treatment tailoring to optimise resource allocation to those most likely to require comprehensive care and then decision-making towards treatment paths with greatest potential for success...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
April L McPherson, Julian A Feller, Timothy E Hewett, Kate E Webster
BACKGROUND: Psychological responses after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and ACL reconstruction (ACLR) have been identified as predictors of return to sport but have not been investigated in relation to further injury. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: To determine whether psychological readiness to return to sport is associated with second ACL injury. It was hypothesized a priori that at both preoperative and 12-month postoperative time points, patients who sustained a second ACL injury would have lower psychological readiness than patients who did not have a second injury...
February 12, 2019: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Olivier C Dams, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Ron L Diercks, Klaus W Wendt, Eelke Bosma, Tom M van Raaij, Arvid V Munzebrock, Wierd P Zijlstra, Johannes Zwerver, Inge H F Reininga
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) is a common sports injury, with a rising incidence and significant impairments. Due to the lack of treatment guidelines, there is no consensus about diagnostic methods, primary treatment (non-surgical or surgical) and rehabilitation. It is hypothesized that this lack of consensus and guidelines leads to sub-optimal recovery and higher societal costs. The primary aim of this study is to give a broad insight into the recovery after ATR. Secondarily this study aims to explore factors contributing to recovery and gain insight into the cost-effectiveness of ATR management...
February 11, 2019: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Phillip R Worts, Scott O Burkhart, Jeong-Su Kim
Clinical management of concussion has evolved over the last 20 years, and complete cognitive and physical rest remains a common clinical recommendation. The duration of rest may vary widely, from 24-48 h to several weeks or until the patient's symptoms have resolved or returned to near baseline levels. Following a period of rest, a stepwise progression of exercise is used for gradual return to play or to work. Previous research in healthy people suggested that prolonged periods of physical inactivity consistently induced deleterious physiological and psychological effects...
February 11, 2019: Sports Medicine
Sule Temizkan, Fahrettin Kelestimur
PURPOSE: This review aimed to evaluate the data underlying the pathophysiology of TBI-induced hypothalamo-pituitary dysfunction. METHODS: Recent literature about the pathophysiology of TBI-induced hypothalamo-pituitary dysfunction reviewed. RESULTS: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a worldwide epidemic that frequently leads to death; TBI survivors tend to sustain cognitive, behavioral, psychological, social, and physical disabilities in the long term...
February 7, 2019: Pituitary
N A Fudin, A A Khadartsev, S V Moskvin
RATIONALE: At sports submaximal loads accompanied by muscle fatigue due to metabolic transformations, the conditions are created for the development of combined endogenous and exogenous emotional stresses. An important role in the development of stress is played by the state of adaptation mechanisms, in which sintoxic and catatoxic programs are involved, as well as the GABA-dopaminergic system. There is insufficient information on the possibilities for reducing the manifestations of stress...
2019: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Michel Nicolas, Philippe Vacher, Guillaume Martinent, Laurent Mourot
Background: Psychological stress and recovery monitoring is a key issue for increasing athletes' health, well-being, and performance. This multi-study report examined changes and the dose-response relationships between recovery-stress psychological states, training load (TL), heart rate (HR), heart rate recovery (HRR), and heart rate variability (HRV) while providing evidence for the factorial validity of a short French version of the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-36-R-Sport)...
January 2019: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Martin I Jones, John K Parker
Background: Athletes, coaches, sport psychology practitioners, and researchers suggest that mental toughness represents an important construct that is associated with athletic performance. Unfortunately, the absence of real-world performance as a dependent variable has limited our ability to substantiate this claim. The concern of a lack of ecologically valid measures of sports performance might be addressed by examining the relationship between mental toughness and sports performance using a standardized measure of personal best (PB) triathlon time and a validated unidimensional measure of mental toughness...
January 2019: Journal of Sport and Health Science
María Mesa-Fernández, Javier Pérez-Padilla, Cristina Nunes, Susana Menéndez
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between psychological well-being, self-efficacy and self-esteem in non-dependent individuals over the age of 60. The participants included 148 seniors between 60 and 96 years of age. Data were collected through the following questionnaires: autonomy and physical and social activity scale, self-efficacy for aging scale, self-esteem scale, and the Spanish version of the wellness psychology scale. The results suggest that psychological well-being was not associated with age, but with a set of psychological factors...
January 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
C Thornton, D Sheffield, A Baird
BACKGROUND: Athletes who play contact sports are regularly exposed to pain, yet manage to perform complex tasks without significant decrement. Limited research has suggested that superior pain tolerance in contact athletes may be important in this context and this may be altered via experience of pain. Other psychological variables such as challenge states, pain bothersomeness and coping style may also influence skill execution during pain. METHODS: Forty experienced contact athletes (>3years experience), 40 novice contact athletes (<6months experience) and 40 non-contact athletes performed a motor task both in pain and without pain...
January 30, 2019: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller
Most athletes who undergo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery plan to return to some level of sporting activity. However, rates of return to pre-injury sport are often less than might be expected and many factors influence whether individuals return to sport after this surgery. They include surgical and rehabilitation factors as well as social, psychological and demographic characteristics. The fate of the younger athlete who sustains an ACL injury is a topic that has received recent attention due to accumulating evidence that younger athletes are at considerable risk for not only one, but multiple ACL injuries...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Alexandre Moreira, Marcelo Saldanha Aoki, Ademir Felipe Schultz de Arruda, Daniel Gomes da Silva Machado, Hassan Mohamed Elsangedy, Alexandre Hideki Okano
Salivary cortisol increases in response to stressors, including physical exertion and psychological stress associated with sports competition. In addition, stress may induce change in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). However, there are still no data available to compare the salivary BDNF level in sedentary male individuals and elite team-sport male athletes, regularly involved in activities that require elevated attention and concentration. This information could contribute to the advance of understanding of the effect of regular exercise on the salivary level of BDNF, the pre-to-post change in salivary BDNF during exercise, and the association between salivary cortisol and salivary BDNF responses to physical exercise...
December 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Nathan Maresh, Jennifer Earl-Boehm
CONTEXT: The use of active video games (AVG) as a treatment modality in the rehabilitation context is increasing. Little is known about the functional outcomes and psychological benefits of such rehabilitation in collegiate athletes with lateral ankle sprains. OBJECTIVE: To examine functional outcomes and psychological benefits of AVG aided rehabilitation program for lateral ankle sprains. DESIGN: A mixed-methods single-subject case series design...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Diogo Monteiro, Diogo S Teixeira, Anabela Vitorino, João Moutão, Filipe Rodrigues, Sérgio Machado, Luís Cid
This study aimed to analyze measurement invariance of the Behavioral Regulation Sports Questionnaire (BRSQ) across gender and four different sports. In addition, we examined nomological validity via basic psychological needs satisfaction. Participants totaled 1,812 Portuguese athletes (1,220 males and 592 females; aged 15-59 years, Mage = 17.72, SD = 5.51) from football ( n = 596), basketball ( n = 273), swimming ( n = 800), and parasport ( n = 143). The BRSQ measurement model was invariant across gender and these four sports...
January 23, 2019: Perceptual and Motor Skills
David O Kennedy
Subjective alertness and optimal cognitive function, including in terms of attention, spatial/working memory and executive function, are intrinsic to peak performance in many sports. Consumption of a number of plant-derived 'secondary metabolite' phytochemicals can modulate these psychological parameters, although there is a paucity of evidence collected in a sporting context. The structural groups into which these phytochemicals fall-phenolics, terpenes and alkaloids-vary in terms of the ecological roles they play for the plant, their toxicity and the extent to which they exert direct effects on brain function...
January 22, 2019: Sports Medicine
Emily Chepngetich Sitienei, Jace Pillay
This qualitative study explored the psycho-educational and social interventions provided for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in a community-based organisation (CBO) in Soweto, South Africa. The study involved 12 OVC (males = 40%, and females = 60%; aged 10 to 18 years). Data was collected using individual interviews, focus group discussions, and autobiographies. The thematically analysed data revealed that the OVC received psychological interventions through mentorship and peer-group support in the CBO...
January 22, 2019: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
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