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Do not resuscitate

Sarah Cahill
Do not attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation decisions (DNACPR) are considered good medical practice for those dying at the end of natural life. They avoid intrusive and inappropriate intervention. Historically, informing patients of these decisions was discretionary to avoid undue distress. Recent legal rulings have altered clinical guidance: disclosure is now all but obligatory. The basis for these legal judgments was respect for the patient's autonomy as an expression of their human rights. Through critical analysis, this paper explores other bioethical considerations and the potential harms if they are ignored...
March 2019: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
Sarah M Perman, Shelby K Shelton, Christopher Knoepke, Kathryn Rappaport, Daniel D Matlock, Kathleen Adelgais, Edward P Havranek, Stacie L Daugherty
BACKGROUND: Women who suffer an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest receive bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) less often than men. Understanding public perceptions of why this occurs is a necessary first step toward equitable application of this potentially life-saving intervention. METHODS: We conducted a national survey of members of the public using Mechanical Turk, Amazon's crowdsourcing platform, to determine reasons why women might receive bystander CPR less often than men...
February 19, 2019: Circulation
Elias Wagner, Georg Marckmann, Ralf J Jox
AIMS: In the case of acute brain injury, decision-making uncertainties can arise when both an advance decision to refuse treatment and a prior consent to post-mortem organ donation are present. It is yet unknown how the persons concerned view this potential conflict. The present study aims to investigate how frequent this situation is, whether the persons concerned are aware of the potential conflict and what they would prioritize. METHODS: Semi-quantitative cross-sectional survey of senior citizens of a metropolitan region in Germany using a literature-based questionnaire...
February 18, 2019: Das Gesundheitswesen
Christine A Haynes, Cody N Dashiell-Earp, Neil S Wenger, Wendy M Simon, Samuel A Skootsky, Robin Clarke, Frances A Watts, Anne M Walling
BACKGROUND: Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) can help ensure continuity of do-not-resuscitate (DNR) decisions and other care preferences after discharge from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to improve POLST completion rates for patients with DNR orders who were being discharged to a nursing home (NH) after an acute hospitalization at our institution. DESIGN: We implemented an interprofessional quality improvement intervention involving education, communication skills, and nursing and case manager cues regarding POLST use...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Lobsang Marcia, Zane W Ashman, Eric B Pillado, Dennis Y Kim, David S Plurad
Formal communication of end-of-life preferences is crucial among patients with metastatic cancer. Our objective is to describe the prevalence of advance directives (AD) and do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders among stage IV cancer patients with acute care surgery consultations, and the associated outcomes. This is a single institution retrospective review over an eight-year period. Two hundred and three patients were identified; mean age was 55.3 ± 11.4 years and 48.8 per cent were male. Fifty (24.6%) patients underwent exploratory surgery...
October 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Hon-Wai Benjamin Cheng, Pui-Shan Karen Shek, Ching-Wah Man, Oi-Man Chan, Chun-Hung Chan, Kit-Man Lai, Suk-Ching Cheng, Koon-Sim Fung, W K Lui, Carman Lam, Yuen-Kwan Ng, Wan-To Wong, Cherry Wong
BACKGROUND: Noncancer patients with life-limiting diseases often receive more intensive level of care in their final days of life, with more cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed and less do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders in place. Nevertheless, death is still often a taboo across Chinese culture, and ethnic disparities could negatively affect DNR directives completion rates. OBJECTIVES: We aim to explore whether Chinese noncancer patients are willing to sign their own DNR directives in a palliative specialist clinic, under a multidisciplinary team approach...
February 11, 2019: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Frank J Lodeserto, Thomas M Lettich, Salim R Rezaie
The use of the heated and humidified high-flow nasal cannula has become increasingly popular in the treatment of patients with respiratory failure through all age groups. This article will examine the main mechanisms of actions attributed to the use of the high-flow nasal cannula and review the indications in adult and pediatric populations (outside of the neonatal period). It is unclear which of the mechanisms of action is the most important, but it may depend on the cause of the patient's respiratory failure...
November 26, 2018: Curēus
Priyal P Fadadu, Joy C Liu, Brenda M Schiltz, Tran Dang Xoay, Phan Huu Phuc, Ashok Kumbamu, Yves Ouellette
BACKGROUND: Although the need for palliative care is gaining recognition in Southeast Asia, knowledge about how decisions are made for children near the end of life remains sparse. OBJECTIVE: To explore pediatric intensivists' attitudes and practices surrounding end-of-life care in Vietnam. METHODS: This is a mixed-methods study conducted at a tertiary pediatric and neonatal intensive care unit in Hanoi. Physicians and nurses completed a quantitative survey about their views on end-of-life care...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Michiel L Bots, Arend Mosterd
One out of 14 players who were screened needed extensive further cardiac evaluation, which is associated with morbidity and loss of quality of life, while no sudden cardiac death was prevented. Therefore, cardiac screening of 15-17-year-old potentially professional soccer players in order to prevent sudden cardiac death is not recommended. Instead, it is advisable to put effort in enhancement of possibilities for quickly starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation in case of cardiac arrest in athletes.
January 24, 2019: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Lise Witten, Ryan Gardner, Mathias J Holmberg, Sebastian Wiberg, Ari Moskowitz, Shivani Mehta, Anne V Grossestreuer, Tuyen Yankama, Michael W Donnino, Katherine M Berg
INTRODUCTION: There is no standard for categorizing reasons for death in those who achieve return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest but die before hospital discharge. Categorization is important for comparing outcomes across studies, assessing benefits of interventions, and developing quality-improvement initiatives. We developed and tested a method for categorizing reasons for death after cardiac arrest in both in-hospital (IHCA) and out-of-hospital (OHCA) arrests...
January 30, 2019: Resuscitation
Paul R Atkinson, Andrew W Keyes, Kathleen O'Donnell, Nicole Beckett, Ankona Banerjee, Jacqueline Fraser, David Lewis
Introduction Electrocardiographic (ECG) rhythms are used during advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) to guide resuscitation management. Survival to hospital discharge has been reported to be better for patients with pulseless electrical activity (PEA) than asystole in out-of-hospital arrests. Despite this, treatment for these two (non-shockable) rhythms is combined in ACLS guidelines. This study examines if the recorded cardiac rhythm of asystole or PEA during ACLS accurately predicts mechanical cardiac activity as determined by point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS)...
November 23, 2018: Curēus
Ivo P Torres Filho, David Barraza, Charnae Williams, Kim Hildreth, Michael A Dubick
BACKGROUND: Many studies evaluating blood flow and oxygen partial pressure (PO2) do not directly measure both parameters, are confined to few locations/microvessels, and depend on investigator's selection of measuring sites. Moreover, clinically/physiologically-relevant systemic parameters are not simultaneously recorded. We implemented an automated system for prolonged blood flow/PO2 acquisition in large areas while collecting relevant systemic information. METHODS: In anesthetized animals, cardio-respiratory parameters were continuously recorded...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Hazel Anita Jackson, JoAnn S Oliver, Kim House
In 2011, the Veterans Health Administration mandated that Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Centers develop and implement a policy that allowed registered nurses (RNs) and advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) to pronounce the death of residents who die in Veterans Affairs community living centers, previously known as nursing homes, provided that there is a written do-not-resuscitate order in their medical record. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to determine the extent to which the implementation of the RN/APRN death pronouncement policy affected death pronouncement time for residents who die after 5 PM and before 7:30 AM, on weekends and holidays...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing: JHPN
Lee A Jennings, Maurice Turner, Chandra Keebler, Carl H Burton, Tahmineh Romero, Neil S Wenger, David B Reuben
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although Alzheimer disease and other dementias are life limiting, only a minority of these patients or their proxy decision makers participate in advance care planning. We describe end-of-life care preferences and acute care and hospice use in the last 6 months of life for persons enrolled in a comprehensive dementia care management program. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective cohort. SETTING: Urban, academic medical center...
January 24, 2019: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Jeanne A Krick, Dalia M Feltman
OBJECTIVE: To examine neonatology providers' preferences regarding periviability guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: An online cross-sectional survey of American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine members. RESULTS: Most of the 480 respondents desired standardized guidelines for upper (85%) and lower (87%) gestational age limits for offering resuscitation and comfort care. Standardization was most to least frequently desired at the national, institutional, and regional levels...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Chen Hsiu Chen, Jen-Shi Chen, Fur-Hsing Wen, Wen-Cheng Chang, Wen-Chi Chou, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Ming-Mo Hou, Siew Tzuh Tang
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Half of advanced cancer patients do not have accurate prognostic awareness (PA). However, few randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have focused on facilitating patients' PA to reduce their life-sustaining treatments (LSTs) at end of life (EOL). To address these issues, we conducted a double-blinded RCT on terminally ill cancer patients. METHODS: Experimental-arm participants received an individualized, interactive intervention tailored to their readiness for advanced care-planning and prognostic information...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Aaron Goldish, Drew A Rosielle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Oliver Grottke, Joanne van Ryn, Christian Zentai, Guanfa Gan, Markus Honickel, Rolf Rossaint, Hugo Ten Cate, Henri M H Spronk
BACKGROUND: Idarucizumab is a humanized Fab fragment that specifically reverses dabigatran anticoagulation. In trauma, volume expanders are used for resuscitation to compensate for blood loss and hemorrhagic shock, but it is unknown whether volume expanders influence the binding of dabigatran to its antidote. Using a porcine dilutional coagulopathy model, this study investigated whether volume replacement strategies affect binding of dabigatran to idarucizumab. METHODS: Twenty-five male pigs were treated orally with dabigatran etexilate (30 mg/kg bid) for 3 days...
2019: PloS One
Aaron M Williams, Isabel S Dennahy, Umar F Bhatti, Ben E Biesterveld, Nathan Graham, Yongqing Li, Hasan B Alam
Trauma remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among all age groups in the United States. Hemorrhagic shock and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are major causes of preventable death in trauma. Initial treatment involves fluid resuscitation to improve the intravascular volume. Although crystalloids may provide volume expansion, they do not have any pro-survival properties. Furthermore, aggressive fluid resuscitation can provoke a severe inflammatory response and worsen clinical outcomes. Due to logistical constraints, however, definitive resuscitation with blood products is often not feasible in the pre-hospital setting - highlighting the importance of adjunctive therapies...
December 21, 2018: Shock
Mozhdeh Tajari, Rostam Jalali, Kamran Vafaee
Introduction and Objective: The do not resuscitate (DNR) order is a decision taken by the patient or other people about medical care in the end stages of life to prevent resuscitation from causing cardiac or respiratory arrest. This study was conducted to evaluate the attitudes of patients' relatives in the end stages about DNR order. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 150 relatives of patients who had been prescribed DNR orders were included in the educational hospitals affiliated to the Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences...
September 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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