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physical activity and depression

Irene Gómez-Gómez, Emma Motrico, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Alina Rigabert, Sonia Conejo-Cerón, Manuel Ortega-Calvo, José-Ignacio Recio, Juan A Bellón
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have explored the impact of lifestyle interventions on depression. However, little is known about the effectiveness of complex multiple-risk lifestyle interventions in reducing symptoms of depression. Our objective is to assess the effectiveness of complex multiple-risk lifestyle interventions in reducing depressive symptoms in the adult population by the acquisition of at least two healthy habits-healthy diet, physical activity and/or smoking cessation. For such purpose, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials will be conducted...
March 15, 2019: BMJ Open
Anne-Laure Védie, Cindy Neuzillet
Palliative and supportive care holds a major place in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) management. It aims to prevent and reduce symptoms and hospital admissions, while ensuring optimal health-related quality of life (HRQoL), which has been reported to be correlated with overall survival in PDAC. Best supportive care includes non-specific treatment of pain, anxiety and depression, chemotherapy-related toxicities, as well as thromboembolic disease treatment and prevention in high-risk patients. Moreover, nutrition and physical activity interventions are receiving increasing attention as they are crucial to optimize treatment tolerance and efficacy...
March 13, 2019: La Presse Médicale
Samantha Stephens, Shahriar Shams, Joshua Lee, Stephanie A Grover, Giulia Longoni, Tara Berenbaum, Marcia Finlayson, Robert W Motl, E Ann Yeh
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal relationship between physical activity and fatigue and depression among youth with demyelinating conditions. STUDY DESIGN: From September 2013 to March 2017, we performed a longitudinal study of consecutive youth diagnosed at their first visit with pediatric onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) or monophasic acquired demyelinating syndromes (mono-ADS) at a neuroinflammatory disorders clinic in a tertiary children's hospital. Fatigue was determined at each visit by the Pediatric Quality of Life Multidimensional Fatigue Scale, depressive symptoms by the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Children Rating Scale, and physical activity level by the Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Pediatrics
Pavinee Harutaichun, Praneet Pensri, Sujitra Boonyong
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis is commonly found among the physically active population, including conscripts. Some studies have reported that being overweight and having psychological symptoms contribute to pain from plantar fasciitis. However, there is a lack of information regarding the physical predictors, and more research is needed to determine the relationship between such predictors and pain intensity from plantar fasciitis in conscripts. OBJECTIVE: To determine which physical and psychological variables act as predictors of pain intensity among Thai novice conscripts with plantar fasciitis...
March 11, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Gregory M Gressel, Shayan M Dioun, Michael Richley, David W Lounsbury, Bruce D Rapkin, Sara Isani, Nicole S Nevadunsky, D Y S Kuo, Akiva P Novetsky
OBJECTIVE: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) Network has developed a comprehensive repository of electronic patient reported outcomes measures (ePROs) of major symptom domains that have been validated in cancer patients. Their use for patients with gynecologic cancer has been understudied. Our objective was to establish feasibility and acceptability of PROMIS ePRO integration in a gynecologic oncology outpatient clinic and assess if it can help identify severely symptomatic patients and increase referral to supportive services...
March 2019: Gynecologic Oncology
Dorota Kleszczewska, Agnieszka Małkowska Szkutnik, Jadwiga Siedlecka, Joanna Mazur
Mental health problems during adolescence are becoming increasingly frequent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the total impact of selected behavioural and environmental factors on the variability of mental well-being indexes of young people aged 15 to 17 years. The survey, conducted as part of the last round of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) 2017/18 study, covered 3693 secondary school students in Poland at the average age of 16.53 years (SD = 1.09). Dependent variables: depression (CES-DC), stress (Cohen scale), satisfaction with life (Cantril's Ladder), and self-efficacy in social relations (Smith and Betz scale)...
March 14, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ka Chun Lee, Wai Kit Tang, Daniel Bressington
INTRODUCTION: Mindful yoga combines yoga techniques with the mindfulness-based stress reduction approach. Previous studies on mindful yoga have reported improvements in depression for working-age adults, but no studies have been conducted with older people. AIMS: To explore the experiences of older adults with depression participating in a mindful yoga group to establish if the approach has potential as a future intervention for this client group. METHOD: This study adopted a qualitative descriptive method and used inductive content analysis...
March 15, 2019: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Thomas W Scheewe, Frederike Jörg, Tim Takken, Jeroen Deenik, Davy Vancampfort, Frank J G Backx, Wiepke Cahn
Introduction: The aim of this study was to objectively assess time spent in physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in patients with schizophrenia compared to healthy controls matched for age, gender and socioeconomic status. Associations between both PA and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and mental and physical health parameters in patients with schizophrenia were examined. Materials and Methods: Moderate and vigorous PA (MVPA), moderate PA, vigorous PA, total and active energy expenditure (TEE and AEE), number of steps, lying down and sleeping time was assessed with SenseWear Pro-2 body monitoring system for three 24-h bouts in patients with schizophrenia ( n = 63) and matched healthy controls ( n = 55)...
2019: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Philip S Hall, Gregory Nah, Eric Vittinghoff, Donna R Parker, JoAnn E Manson, Barbara V Howard, Gloria E Sarto, Margery L Gass, Shawnita M Sealy-Jefferson, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Marcia L Stefanick, Aladdin H Shadyab, Linda V Van Horn, Ki Park, Nisha I Parikh
Women with history of pregnancy loss (PL) have higher burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) later in life, yet it is unclear whether this is attributable to an association with established CVD risk factors (RFs). We examined whether PL is associated with CVD RFs and biomarkers in parous postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative, and whether the association between PL and CVD RFs accounted for the association between PL and incident CVD. Linear and logistic regressions were used to estimate associations between baseline history of PL and CVD RFs...
February 22, 2019: American Journal of Cardiology
Michael Annear, Peter Lucas, Tim Wilkinson, Yasuo Shimizu
Dementia is increasing in Australia in line with population ageing and is expected to peak by mid-century. The development of common forms of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, is associated with lifestyle-related risk factors that are prevalent among middle-aged Australians, including obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes and depression. These risk factors can be significantly ameliorated through regular participation in moderate aerobic physical activity (PA). Current national and international guidelines recommend at least 150 min of aerobic PA per week for achieving health protective effects...
March 15, 2019: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Kazys Vadopalas, Aivaras Ratkevičius, Albertas Skurvydas, Saulė Sipavičienė, Marius Brazaitis
Background and objectives: Hyperthermia with dehydration alters several brain structure volumes, mainly by changing plasma osmolality, thus strongly affecting neural functions (cognitive and motor). Here, we aimed to examine whether the prevention of significant dehydration caused by passively induced whole-body hyperthermia attenuates peripheral and/or central fatigability during a sustained 2-min isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). Materials and Methods: Ten healthy and physically active adult men (21 ± 1 years of age) performed an isometric MVC of the knee extensors for 2 min (2-min MVC) under control (CON) conditions, after passive lower-body heating that induced severe whole-body hyperthermia (HT, Tre > 39 °C) with dehydration (HT-D) and after HT with rehydration (HT-RH)...
March 12, 2019: Medicina
Alexandra C Battersby, Helen Braggins, Mark S Pearce, Fiona McKendrick, Mari Campbell, Siobhan Burns, Catherine M Cale, David Goldblatt, Andrew R Gennery
X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (XL-CGD), a rare primary immunodeficiency due to a defect in the gp91phox NADPH oxidase subunit, results in recurrent, severe infection, inflammation, and autoimmunity. Patients have an absent, or significantly reduced, neutrophil oxidative burst. Due to lyonization, XL-CGD carriers have a dual population of functional and non-functional phagocytes and experience a range of symptoms including increased risk of autoimmunity, fatigue, and infection. Patients with CGD have poorer quality of life (QoL) than normal controls...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Gilly Rosic, Anne M Milston, Jim Richards, Paola Dey
Background: An understanding of capacity for physical activity in obese populations should help guide interventions to promote physical activity. Fear of falling is a phenomenon reported in the elderly, which is associated with reduced mobility and lower physical activity levels. However, although falls are reportedly common in obese adults, fear of falling and its relationship with activity has not been investigated in younger obese populations. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, fear of falling was measured in 63 women aged 18 to 49 years, with mean BMI 42...
2019: BMC Obesity
Halima Umer, Alemayehu Negash, Mengesha Birkie, Asmare Belete
Background: Depression and heart disease are an important public-health problem. Depression is one of the most prevalent and disabling psychiatric disorders with more than three times increased risk among patients with cardiovascular disorders. Objective: To identify the prevalence and associated factors of depressive disorder among adult patients with cardiovascular disease. Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study design was used to conduct this study on 293 study participants attending an outpatient cardiac clinic at Jimma University Teaching Hospital...
2019: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Bill McCarberg, John Peppin
OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the structural and functional changes in pain chronification and explores the association between memory and the development of chronic pain. METHODS: PubMed was searched using the terms "chronic pain," "central sensitization," "learning," "memory," "long-term potentiation," "long-term depression," and "pain memory." Relevant findings were synthesized into a narrative of the processes affecting pain chronification...
March 13, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Seo Young Kang, Jung Ah Lee, Young Sik Kim
INTRODUCTION: Self-rated health (SRH) is a subjective health measurement that predicts mortality and morbidity and reflects mental health and socioeconomic status. Since a couple's relationship can influence the health status of the individuals involved, poor family communication can negatively influence the health status of its members. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting SRH among married couples in primary care and evaluated the effect of family communication on SRH...
2019: PloS One
Angel M Dzhambov
Previous research has suggested that natural urban environment (green space and blue space) benefit mental health, but only a few longitudinal studies have explored the underlying mechanisms. In this pilot study we aimed to examine mechanisms/variables mediating associations between residential green/blue space and symptoms of anxiety/depression in 109 Bulgarian students from Plovdiv university. The students were followed from the beginning to the end of the school year (October 2017 to May 2018). Residential green space was defined as the mean of the normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) in circular buffers of 100, 300, and 500 m around their residences...
December 1, 2018: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
Corlia Brandt, Elizabeth C Janse van Vuuren
Background: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a multifactorial, poorly understood condition impacting quality of life (QOL). The pathology and aetiology might imply population-specific differences in domains of the International Classification of Function, Disability and Health (ICF). There is, however, a lack of research in this regard in South Africa. Objectives: To describe the dysfunction, activity limitations, participation restrictions and contextual factors in South African women with POP...
2019: South African Journal of Physiotherapy
Corlia Brandt, Elizabeth C Janse van Vuuren
Background: There is little evidence on movement impairment of the abdominal and pelvic floor muscles (PFM) in women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the movement impairments and interactions between the PFM and abdominal muscles in POP. Method: The PFM and abdominal muscles of 100 conveniently sampled South African women with POP were assessed by ultrasonography, electromyography (EMG), the PERFECT scale, Sahrmann scale and a Pressure Biofeedback Unit (PBU)...
2019: South African Journal of Physiotherapy
Elizabeth C Prom-Wormley, James S Clifford, Jessica L Bourdon, Peter Barr, Courtney Blondino, Kevin M Ball, Joshua Montgomery, Jonathan K Davis, Joseph E Real, Alexis C Edwards, Dawn L Thiselton, Gwen Corley Creighton, De'Nisha Wilson, Cynthia Newbille
BACKGROUND: Family history (FH) is an underutilized genetically informative tool that can influence disease prevention and treatment. It is unclear how FH fits into the development of community-based health education. This study examines the role that FH plays in perceived threat and health education related to mental and chronic physical conditions in the context of the health belief model. METHODS: Data were collected from 1,048 adult participants aged 18-90 years...
February 19, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
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