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sedentary behavior and depression

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763624/domain-specific-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-depression-risk-in-the-french-eden-and-elfe-cohorts
#1
Judith van der Waerden, Aurelie Nakamura, Laura Pryor, Marie-Aline Charles, Fabienne El-Khoury, Patricia Dargent-Molina
The potential beneficial effects of physical activity during pregnancy on postpartum depressive symptoms (PPD) remain inconclusive. Using data from two prospective French birth cohorts, we aimed to examine the relationship between domain-specific physical activity (including leisure-time sedentary behavior) in pregnancy and the occurrence of PPD. Participants of the ELFE cohort (n = 15,538) completed the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ), which assesses the following physical activity/sedentary behavior domains: household/caregiving, occupational, sports/exercise, transportation and leisure-time sedentary behavior during the third pregnancy trimester...
February 11, 2019: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744487/longitudinal-associations-between-sedentary-behavior-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescent-girls-followed-6-years
#2
Lennart Raudsepp, Kristi Vink
BACKGROUND: To examine longitudinal associations between sedentary behavior and depressive symptoms among adolescent girls. METHODS: A 6-year longitudinal study was conducted consisting of 3 waves, each separated by 3 years. Participants' (n = 249, mean age 12.1 y at baseline) sedentary behaviors were registered using ecological momentary assessment and girls completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Structural equation modeling of cross-lagged panel models was used to test longitudinal and bidirectional associations...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733913/reciprocal-associations-between-screen-time-and-emotional-disorder-symptoms-during-adolescence
#3
Jennifer Zink, Britni R Belcher, Afton Kechter, Matthew D Stone, Adam M Leventhal
Screen-based sedentary behaviors and emotional disorders are associated with one another in youth. Yet, the direction of the association is unclear, as is whether specific types of screen-based sedentary behaviors and emotional disorder symptoms are more closely linked. This study estimated the bi-directional associations between two types of screen-based sedentary behaviors and four types of self-reported emotional disorder symptoms, and tested whether physical activity buffered these associations in a Los Angeles high school student cohort ( N  = 2525, baseline M age = 14...
March 2019: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30700261/positive-and-negative-well-being-and-objectively-measured-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-evidence-from-three-cohorts
#4
Judith A Okely, Iva Čukić, Richard J Shaw, Sebastien F Chastin, Philippa M Dall, Ian J Deary, Geoff Der, Manon L Dontje, Dawn A Skelton, Catharine R Gale
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is related to poorer health independently of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether wellbeing or symptoms of anxiety or depression predict sedentary behaviour in older adults. METHOD: Participants were drawn from the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (LBC1936) (n = 271), and the West of Scotland Twenty-07 1950s (n = 309) and 1930s (n = 118) cohorts. Sedentary outcomes, sedentary time, and number of sit-to-stand transitions, were measured with a three-dimensional accelerometer (activPAL activity monitor) worn for 7 days...
January 30, 2019: BMC Geriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663898/sedentary-lifestyle-associated-with-mortality-in-rural-patients-with-heart-failure
#5
Linda G Park, Kathleen Dracup, Mary A Whooley, Charles McCulloch, Sonia Lai, Jill Howie-Esquivel
BACKGROUND: The incidence of mortality five years after the onset of symptomatic heart failure is about 50%. Lifestyle behaviors differ substantially and likely lead to prognostic differences. AIMS: We sought to determine the factors associated with all-cause mortality in patients with heart failure, particularly the impact of a sedentary lifestyle on mortality. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (REMOTE-HF) to improve self-care through education and counseling ( N=602)...
January 21, 2019: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30651092/associations-between-social-isolation-loneliness-and-objective-physical-activity-in-older-men-and-women
#6
Stephanie Schrempft, Marta Jackowska, Mark Hamer, Andrew Steptoe
BACKGROUND: The impact of social isolation and loneliness on health risk may be mediated by a combination of direct biological processes and lifestyle factors. This study tested the hypothesis that social isolation and loneliness are associated with less objective physical activity and more sedentary behavior in older adults. METHODS: Wrist-mounted accelerometers were worn over 7 days by 267 community-based men (n = 136) and women (n = 131) aged 50-81 years (mean 66...
January 16, 2019: BMC Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30594139/prevalence-trend-and-contributing-factors-of-geriatric-syndromes-among-older-swedes-results-from-the-stockholm-county-council-public-health-surveys
#7
Yajun Liang, Christian Rausch, Lucie Laflamme, Jette Möller
BACKGROUND: Evidence is scarce on the trend in prevalence of geriatric syndromes (GS). This study assesses how GS prevalence changes over time in Swedish older community-dwellers by socio-demography, and attempts to highlight factors that may contribute to explain the trend. METHODS: Data from Stockholm County Council Public Health Surveys in 2006, 2010 and 2014 were used. Old adults, aged 65-84 years, with measurements on GS items were identified. Thus, a total of 17,560 participants were selected in 2006 (n = 6295), 2010 (n = 6733) and 2014 (n = 4532)...
December 29, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30500428/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-on-bdnf-probdnf-expression-in-the-ischemic-hippocampus-and-depression-recovery-of-rats-after-stroke
#8
Lu Luo, Congqin Li, Xinxin Du, Qilin Shi, Qiao Huang, Xiangyu Xu, Qiang Wang
BDNF and proBDNF play an opposite role in hippocampal neurogenesis. What remains to be known is the effect of balance between BDNF and proBDNF in the ischemic hippocampus on pathogenesis of post-stroke depression (PSD) and the potential mechanisms of aerobic exercise (AE) on PSD. Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, Sham, Sedentary and AE groups. After PSD model was successful made, the blood lactate threshold corresponding speed (SLT ) were measured. The behavioral tests (open field, forced swimming and sucrose preference tests) were performed before and after 4 weeks of aerobic treadmill training...
November 27, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30474002/effects-of-school-based-health-promotion-intervention-on-health-behaviors-among-school-adolescents-in-north-lima-and-callao-peru
#9
Bimala Sharma, Ha Yun Kim, Eun Woo Nam
Background: Multicomponent interventions that include both school and family or community involvements have the potential to cause significant changes in the levels of health in adolescents. To this end, KOICA and Yonsei Global Health Center implemented a school-based health promotion program from 2015 to 2016 in Northern Lima and Callao, Peru. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of a school-based health promotion intervention on the health behaviors of school adolescents in Peru...
July 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30450259/sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-predicting-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-beyond-attributes-of-health-related-physical-fitness
#10
Gene L Farren, Tao Zhang, Xiangli Gu, Katherine T Thomas
Background: Sedentary behavior (SB), physical activity (PA), and attributes of physical fitness have been shown to be related to depressive symptoms in adolescents. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether SB and fitness-producing activity predicted depression in active adolescents over and above gender and fitness attributes. Methods: Participants were 249 adolescents (age: 12.85 ± 0.89 years, mean ± SD) from 3 public middle schools who wore Actical accelerometers to assess their SB and PA...
October 2018: Journal of Sport and Health Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30415644/sport-doping-and-male-fertility
#11
REVIEW
Andrea Sansone, Massimiliano Sansone, Diana Vaamonde, Paolo Sgrò, Ciro Salzano, Francesco Romanelli, Andrea Lenzi, Luigi Di Luigi
It is universally accepted that lifestyle interventions are the first step towards a good overall, reproductive and sexual health. Cessation of unhealthy habits, such as tobacco, alcohol and drug use, poor nutrition and sedentary behavior, is suggested in order to preserve/improve fertility in humans. However, the possible risks of physical exercise per se or sports on male fertility are less known. Being "fit" does not only improve the sense of well-being, but also has beneficial effects on general health: in fact physical exercise is by all means a low-cost, high-efficacy method for preventing or treating several conditions, ranging from purely physical (diabetes and obesity) to psychological (depression and anxiety), highly influencing male reproduction...
November 12, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30353799/reducing-risk-factors-for-cognitive-decline-through-psychological-interventions-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Viviana M Wuthrich, Ronald M Rapee, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty, Lee-Fay Low, Sharon L Naismith
ABSTRACTObjectives:Modifiable factors associated with increased risk of cognitive decline include emotional (anxiety, depression), cognitive (low social and mental stimulation), and health factors (smoking, alcohol use, sedentary lifestyle, obesity). Older adults with anxiety and depression may be at heightened risk due to direct and indirect impacts of emotional distress on cognitive decline. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trialSetting:Community sample attending a university clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 27 participants (female = 20) aged over 65 years (M = 72...
October 24, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30322425/correlates-of-sedentary-behavior-in-middle-aged-and-old-age-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-multinational-study
#13
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Elvira Lara, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Nathalie Swinnen, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits of being active for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) on cognition and the acknowledgement that MCI is a critical period for intervening to prevent dementia, little is known about the actual sedentary levels in people with MCI. This study investigates correlates of sedentary behavior (SB) in people with MCI. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health were analyzed...
October 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30308579/marriage-and-gut-microbiome-feelings-tracing-novel-dyadic-pathways-to-accelerated-aging
#14
Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser, Stephanie J Wilson, Annelise Madison
Couples influence each other's mental and physical health. This review focuses on how couples' relationships, the partners' individual and joint vulnerabilities, and their health behaviors influence health through changes in the gut microbiota, metabolism, and immune function. Couples' shared stressors and emotions and their intertwined lifestyles and routines serve to promote common disease risks in part through parallel changes in their gut microbiotas. Marital discord, stress, and depression have strong bidirectional links, fueling one another...
October 10, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30294357/exploring-the-role-of-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-in-depression-and-anxiety-symptom-severity-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#15
Matthew T Tull, Aaron A Lee, Andrew L Geers, Kim L Gratz
Research has consistently shown that regular physical activity may protect against the development and maintenance of depression and anxiety, whereas sedentary behavior may exacerbate depression and anxiety. However, much of the past research in this area has focused on non-clinical populations. Therefore, the goal of this study was to examine the relations of physical activity and sedentary behavior to depression and anxiety symptom severity among an understudied patient population, patients in residential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment...
March 2018: Mental Health and Physical Activity
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30265286/daily-sedentary-behavior-predicts-pain-and-affect-in-knee-arthritis
#16
Ruixue Zhaoyang, Lynn M Martire
Background: Sedentary behavior (SB), which has been linked with numerous adverse health outcomes, is prevalent among adults with osteoarthritis (OA). The associations between SB and daily physical and psychological health outcomes for OA patients, however, have received little attention. Purpose: Using accelerometer and self-report data, the current study examined how the amount of time OA patients spent in SB was associated with their pain and affect in daily life, independent of physical activity...
September 28, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30257145/associations-between-backache-and-stress-among-undergraduate-students
#17
Noa Ben-Ami, Liat Korn
OBJECTIVE: Low back pain (LBP) is a very common symptom. It occurs in all age groups from children to the elderly population. Globally, years lived with disability caused by LBP increased by 54% between 1990 and 2015. Our objective was to investigate measures that associate with LBP in students. PARTICIPANTS: A structured, anonymous, self-report questionnaire was distributed in two study years, 2009 and 2015. Participants included 1,026 students, 57.7% of them female, with a mean age of 27...
September 26, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30170310/passive-and-mentally-active-sedentary-behaviors-and-incident-major-depressive-disorder-a-13-year-cohort-study
#18
Mats Hallgren, Neville Owen, Brendon Stubbs, Zangin Zeebari, Davy Vancampfort, Felipe Schuch, Rino Bellocco, David Dunstan, Ylva Trolle Lagerros
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity reduces the risk of depression onset and is an effective treatment for mood disorders. Recent studies have reported that sedentary behavior (SB) increases the risk of depression in adults, but relationships of different types of SBs with depression have not been examined systematically. We explored longitudinal relationships of passive (e.g. watching TV) and mentally-active (e.g. office-work) SBs with incident major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Self-report questionnaires were completed by 40,569 Swedish adults in 1997; responses were linked to clinician-diagnosed MDD obtained from medical registers until 2010...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30159227/joint-association-of-screen-time-and-physical-activity-with-obesity-findings-from-the-korea-media-panel-study
#19
Jihyung Shin
Objectives: There is evidence to suggest that sedentary behavior is associated with a higher risk of metabolic disease. The aim of this study was to investigate cross-sectional joint associations of physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST), with the risk of obesity in Korean adults. Methods: The Korea Media Panel Study consisted of a household interview and a self-administered diary survey on media usage over 3 days. ST (hours/day) was defined as the reported daily average hours spent watching television, computing (i...
August 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30103464/caffeinated-drinks-intake-late-chronotype-and-increased-body-mass-index-among-medical-students-in-chongqing-china-a-multiple-mediation-model
#20
Yangchang Zhang, Yang Xiong, Jia Dong, Tingting Guo, Xiaoman Tang, Yong Zhao
Background : This paper investigates the problems regarding caffeinated drinks intake, late chronotype, and increased body mass index (BMI) among medical students at a Chinese university. Methods : This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2018 with 616 medical students from Chongqing Medical University in Chongqing, China, whose information were collected by a self-reported questionnaire that included four sections: Demographic characteristics; Caffeinated drinks intake and physical state; Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire; Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21...
August 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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