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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30740639/nutritional-markers-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-pancreatic-exocrine-failure
#1
Laure Alexandre-Heymann, Amal Y Lemoine, Samir Nakib, Nathalie Kapel, Séverine Ledoux, Etienne Larger
AIMS: Altered pancreatic exocrine function can be observed in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we evaluated the potential nutritional consequences of this dysfunction. METHODS: Serum concentrations of nutritional markers, including albumin, cholesterol, triacylglycerol, vitamins A, D, and E, were assessed in a cohort of 468 patients (137 with type 1 diabetes and 331 with type 2 diabetes), after exclusion of the patients with a CRP > 10 mg/l...
February 10, 2019: Acta Diabetologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737863/prevalence-of-celiac-disease-in-a-large-cohort-of-young-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
Marcia Puñales, M Marilia Dornelles Bastos, Ana Regina Lima Ramos, Rb Raquel Borges Pinto, Eduardo André Ott, Valentina Provenzi, Cesar Geremia, Maria Antônia Soledade, Ana Paula Schonardie, Themis Reverbel da Silveira, Balduino Tschiedel
BACKGROUND: Serological screening for celiac disease (CD) allows the identification of individuals genetically predisposed, as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). However, the diagnosis is confirmed by intestinal biopsy. The aim was to determine the prevalence of immunoglobulin-A anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA-tTG) and CD in a large cohort of young T1DM patients. METHODS: Screening for CD was randomly conducted in 881 T1DM by IgA-tTG and total IgA. Individuals with positive antibodies were referred to endoscopy/duodenal biopsy...
February 8, 2019: Pediatric Diabetes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30648511/type-3c-diabetes-mellitus-diabetes-of-exocrine-pancreas-an-update
#3
Subrat Kumar Bhattamisra, Tiew Chin Siang, Chieng Yi Rong, Naveenya Chetty Annan, Esther Ho Yung Sean, Lim Wen Xi, Ong Siu Lyn, Liew Hui Shan, Hira Choudhury, Manisha Pandey, Bapi Gorain
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diabetes is increasing steeply; the number of diabetics has doubled over the past three decades. Surprisingly, the knowledge of type 3c diabetes mellitus (T3cDM) is still unclear to the researchers, scientist and medical practitioners, leading towards erroneous diagnosis, which is sometimes misdiagnosed as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), or more frequently type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This review is aimed to outline recent information on the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnostic procedures, and therapeutic management of T3cDM patients...
January 15, 2019: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30541144/pancreatic-islet-transplantation-in-humans-recent-progress-and-future-directions
#4
Michael R Rickels, R Paul Robertson
Pancreatic islet transplantation has become an established approach to β-cell replacement therapy for the treatment of insulin deficient diabetes. Recent progress in techniques for islet isolation, islet culture, and peri-transplant management of the islet transplant recipient have resulted in substantial improvements in metabolic and safety outcomes for patients. For patients requiring total or sub-total pancreatectomy for benign disease of the pancreas, isolation of islets from the diseased pancreas with intrahepatic transplantation of autologous islets can prevent or ameliorate post-surgical diabetes, and for patients previously experiencing painful recurrent acute or chronic pancreatitis, quality-of-life is substantially improved...
December 12, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30176567/cholesterol-efflux-capacity-of-large-small-and-total-hdl-particles-is-unaltered-by-atorvastatin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Liliana Muñoz-Hernandez, Raul J Ortiz-Bautista, Griselda Brito-Córdova, Francisco Lozano-Arvizu, Sharim Saucedo, Oscar Pérez-Méndez, Alejandro Zentella-Dehesa, Carolane Dauteuille, Marie Lhomme, Philippe Lesnik, M John Chapman, Anatol Kontush, Carlos A Aguilar Salinas
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Research on the biologic activities of HDL, such as cholesterol efflux capacity and HDL composition, has allowed the understanding of the effect of interventions directed to improve cardiovascular risk. Previously, statin therapy has shown conflicting results about its effects on cholesterol efflux capacity of HDL; the underlying mechanisms are unclear but studies with positive effects are associated with an increase of HDL-cholesterol levels. We investigated if 10 weeks of atorvastatin therapy changes HDL efflux capacity and the chemical composition of its subpopulations...
August 24, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29859950/prevalence-of-panoramically-imaged-carotid-atheromas-in-alcoholic-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-and-comorbid-diabetes
#6
Urie K Lee, Tina I Chang, John C Polanco, Joseph R Pisegna, Arthur H Friedlander
PURPOSE: Men with alcohol-related chronic pancreatitis (ARCP) resulting in type 3c diabetes mellitus (DM) are at a uniquely elevated risk of adverse ischemic events given the role of inflammation in both the underlying disease processes and atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that their panoramic images would show a prevalence of calcified carotid artery atheromas (calcified carotid artery plaques [CCAPs]) significantly more often than a general population of similarly aged men. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We implemented a retrospective observational study...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29779868/new-onset-diabetes-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Lianne Scholten, Timothy H Mungroop, Simone A L Haijtink, Yama Issa, L Bengt van Rijssen, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Casper H van Eijck, Olivier R Busch, J Hans DeVries, Marc G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy may lead to new-onset diabetes mellitus, also known as type 3c diabetes, but the exact risk of this complication is unknown. The aim of this review was to assess the risk of new-onset diabetes mellitus after pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase (Ovid), and the Cochrane Library for English articles published from March 1993 until March 2017 (PROSPERO registry number: CRD42016039784)...
May 17, 2018: Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29771765/comparison-of-fasting-human-pancreatic-polypeptide-levels-among-patients-with-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-chronic-pancreatitis-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Sajan Jiv Singh Nagpal, William R Bamlet, Yogish C Kudva, Suresh T Chari
OBJECTIVES: Human pancreatic polypeptide (HPP) is a hormone secreted by the ventral pancreas. While postprandial HPP levels have been studied in chronic pancreatitis (CP) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), there are limited data on fasting HPP in these diseases. METHODS: Fasting serum HPP was measured in the following groups of patients: CP with diabetes mellitus (DM) (n = 16), CP without DM (n = 34), PDAC with new-onset DM (n = 50), PDAC without DM (n = 49), new-onset type 2 DM (n = 50), and controls without DM (n = 49)...
July 2018: Pancreas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29558826/diabetes-mellitus-secondary-to-pancreatic-diseases-type-3c-the-effect-of-smoking-on-the-exocrine-endocrine-interactions-of-the-pancreas
#9
Mariola Śliwińska-Mossoń, Stanisław Milnerowicz, Halina Milnerowicz
The present study was conducted to ascertain how cigarette smoke affects the exocrine-endocrine interactions of the human pancreas with diabetes mellitus secondary to pancreatic diseases (type 3c). Blood has been collected from smoking and non-smoking healthy individuals as well as from patients with diagnosed chronic pancreatitis and diabetes type 3c. The concentrations of interleukin-6, endothelin-1 and insulin in the plasma were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests. The activities of amylase and lipase in the serum, as well as the lipid profile, creatinine, uric acid and urea concentrations, were measured using colorimetric methods...
May 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29185012/systems-biology-of-the-imidia-biobank-from-organ-donors-and-pancreatectomised-patients-defines-a-novel-transcriptomic-signature-of-islets-from-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Michele Solimena, Anke M Schulte, Lorella Marselli, Florian Ehehalt, Daniela Richter, Manuela Kleeberg, Hassan Mziaut, Klaus-Peter Knoch, Julia Parnis, Marco Bugliani, Afshan Siddiq, Anne Jörns, Frédéric Burdet, Robin Liechti, Mara Suleiman, Daniel Margerie, Farooq Syed, Marius Distler, Robert Grützmann, Enrico Petretto, Aida Moreno-Moral, Carolin Wegbrod, Anke Sönmez, Katja Pfriem, Anne Friedrich, Jörn Meinel, Claes B Wollheim, Gustavo B Baretton, Raphael Scharfmann, Everson Nogoceke, Ezio Bonifacio, Dorothée Sturm, Birgit Meyer-Puttlitz, Ugo Boggi, Hans-Detlev Saeger, Franco Filipponi, Mathias Lesche, Paolo Meda, Andreas Dahl, Leonore Wigger, Ioannis Xenarios, Mario Falchi, Bernard Thorens, Jürgen Weitz, Krister Bokvist, Sigurd Lenzen, Guy A Rutter, Philippe Froguel, Manon von Bülow, Mark Ibberson, Piero Marchetti
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Pancreatic islet beta cell failure causes type 2 diabetes in humans. To identify transcriptomic changes in type 2 diabetic islets, the Innovative Medicines Initiative for Diabetes: Improving beta-cell function and identification of diagnostic biomarkers for treatment monitoring in Diabetes (IMIDIA) consortium ( www.imidia.org ) established a comprehensive, unique multicentre biobank of human islets and pancreas tissues from organ donors and metabolically phenotyped pancreatectomised patients (PPP)...
March 2018: Diabetologia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29093615/less-common-etiologies-of-exocrine-pancreatic-insufficiency
#11
REVIEW
Vikesh K Singh, Mark E Haupt, David E Geller, Jerry A Hall, Pedro M Quintana Diez
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI), an important cause of maldigestion and malabsorption, results from primary pancreatic diseases or secondarily impaired exocrine pancreatic function. Besides cystic fibrosis and chronic pancreatitis, the most common etiologies of EPI, other causes of EPI include unresectable pancreatic cancer, metabolic diseases (diabetes); impaired hormonal stimulation of exocrine pancreatic secretion by cholecystokinin (CCK); celiac or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) due to loss of intestinal brush border proteins; and gastrointestinal surgery (asynchrony between motor and secretory functions, impaired enteropancreatic feedback, and inadequate mixing of pancreatic secretions with food)...
October 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29066470/type-3c-diabetes-associated-with-pancreatic-disease-is-often-misdiagnosed-finds-study
#12
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29050930/a-plea-for-more-practical-and-clinically-applicable-criteria-defining-type-3c-diabetes
#13
EDITORIAL
Geert Roeyen, Christophe De Block
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28902790/impact-of-treatments-on-diabetic-control-and-gastrointestinal-symptoms-after-total-pancreatectomy
#14
Maarten R Struyvenberg, Zhi Ven Fong, Camilia R Martin, Jennifer F Tseng, Thomas E Clancy, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo, Hanna J Tillman, Melena D Bellin, Steven D Freedman
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare the safety, efficacy, and patients' quality of life with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) versus multiple daily injections (MDIs) in type 3c diabetes mellitus (T3cDM) following total pancreatectomy (TP) and pancreatic enzyme usage. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with T3cDM (18 CSII patients vs 21 MDI patients) who underwent TP between 2000 and 2016 at 3 Harvard-affiliated hospitals and the University of Minnesota returned prospectively obtained questionnaires examining quality of life and both endocrine and exocrine pancreatic functions...
October 2017: Pancreas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28860126/incidence-demographics-and-clinical-characteristics-of-diabetes-of-the-exocrine-pancreas-type-3c-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Chris Woodmansey, Andrew P McGovern, Katherine A McCullough, Martin B Whyte, Neil M Munro, Ana C Correa, Piers A C Gatenby, Simon A Jones, Simon de Lusignan
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to describe the incidence of diabetes following pancreatic disease, assess how these patients are classified by clinicians, and compare clinical characteristics with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Primary care records in England ( n = 2,360,631) were searched for incident cases of adult-onset diabetes between 1 January 2005 and 31 March 2016. We examined demographics, diabetes classification, glycemic control, and insulin use in those with and without pancreatic disease (subcategorized into acute pancreatitis or chronic pancreatic disease) before diabetes diagnosis...
November 2017: Diabetes Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28500868/type-1-diabetes-mellitus-care-and-education-in-china-the-3c-study-of-coverage-cost-and-care-in-beijing-and-shantou
#16
Helen C McGuire, Linong Ji, Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek, David Whiting, Florencia Aguirre, Puhong Zhang, Shaoda Lin, Chunxiu Gong, Weigang Zhao, Juming Lu, Xiaohui Guo, Ying Ji, Till Seuring, Tianpei Hong, Lishu Chen, Jianping Weng, Zhiguang Zhou
AIMS: The paucity of data on Type 1 diabetes in China hinders progress in care and policy-making. This study compares Type 1 diabetes care and clinical outcomes in Beijing and Shantou with current clinical guidelines. METHODS: The 3C Study was a cross-sectional study of the clinical practices and outcomes of people with Type 1 diabetes. The study sequentially enrolled 849 participants from hospital records, inpatient wards, and outpatient clinics. Data were collected via face-to-face interviews with patients and health professionals, the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities, medical records, and venous blood samples...
July 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28429854/application-of-3c-insulin-pump-system-in-combination-with-non-invasive-ventilation-in-the-treatment-of-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#17
Peng Dong, Jing Xu, Junhong Wang, Chunhong Zhang
We observed the curative effect of the 3C insulin system in combination with non-invasive ventilation in a patient with type 2 diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The 3C insulin pump is a system of devices that closely monitors and effectively regulates blood glucose levels. Non-invasive ventilation has been shown to be an effective treatment for OSAS. A type 2 diabetes patient with concomitant OSAS was treated with a 3C insulin pump system for real-time continuous glucose monitoring and nocturnal non-invasive ventilation for OSAS...
March 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28404095/type-3c-pancreatogenic-diabetes-mellitus-secondary-to-chronic-pancreatitis-and-pancreatic-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Phil A Hart, Melena D Bellin, Dana K Andersen, David Bradley, Zobeida Cruz-Monserrate, Christopher E Forsmark, Mark O Goodarzi, Aida Habtezion, Murray Korc, Yogish C Kudva, Stephen J Pandol, Dhiraj Yadav, Suresh T Chari
Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases defined by persistent hyperglycaemia. Type 2 diabetes, the most prevalent form, is characterised initially by impaired insulin sensitivity and subsequently by an inadequate compensatory insulin response. Diabetes can also develop as a direct consequence of other diseases, including diseases of the exocrine pancreas. Historically, diabetes due to diseases of the exocrine pancreas was described as pancreatogenic or pancreatogenous diabetes mellitus, but recent literature refers to it as type 3c diabetes...
November 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28132686/decreased-stard10-expression-is-associated-with-defective-insulin-secretion-in-humans-and-mice
#19
Gaelle R Carrat, Ming Hu, Marie-Sophie Nguyen-Tu, Pauline Chabosseau, Kyle J Gaulton, Martijn van de Bunt, Afshan Siddiq, Mario Falchi, Matthias Thurner, Mickaël Canouil, Francois Pattou, Isabelle Leclerc, Timothy J Pullen, Matthew C Cane, Priyanka Prabhala, William Greenwald, Anke Schulte, Piero Marchetti, Mark Ibberson, Patrick E MacDonald, Jocelyn E Manning Fox, Anna L Gloyn, Philippe Froguel, Michele Solimena, Mark I McCarthy, Guy A Rutter
Genetic variants near ARAP1 (CENTD2) and STARD10 influence type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. The risk alleles impair glucose-induced insulin secretion and, paradoxically but characteristically, are associated with decreased proinsulin:insulin ratios, indicating improved proinsulin conversion. Neither the identity of the causal variants nor the gene(s) through which risk is conferred have been firmly established. Whereas ARAP1 encodes a GTPase activating protein, STARD10 is a member of the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR)-related lipid transfer protein family...
February 2, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28033258/impact-of-disease-management-programs-on-metabolic-control-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-cohort-study-in-shantou-china
#20
Kun Lin, Xiaoping Yang, Yixi Wu, Shuru Chen, Guoshu Yin, Jianjun Zhan, Chujia Lin, Wencan Xu, Yongsong Chen, Dan Lin, Peiwen Xie, Yishan Fang, Qiuqiang Lin, Shaoda Lin
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of diabetes disease management program (DMP) on glycemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients in Shantou China.A sample of 240 participants recruited from 3C study Shantou subgroup was followed up in DMP for 3 years. The DMP provided self-management education, individualized therapy plan, diabetes complications screening, and laboratory examination periodical according to clinical practice guidelines. Primary outcomes were changes in hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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