Read by QxMD icon Read

biological passport

Bradley D Anawalt
Context: The lifetime prevalence of anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use is estimated at 1-5% worldwide. AAS use occurs primarily male elite athletes and men who want a muscular appearance. The evidence for effective, safe management of AAS cessation and withdrawal is weak. Evidence Acquisition: Key studies were extracted from Pubmed (1990-2018) and Google Scholar with reference searches from relevant retrieved articles. Evidence synthesis: The proven adverse effects of AAS include suppression of the gonadal axis and infertility, hirsutism and defeminization in women, and erythrocytosis...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
A G Arutyunov, A V Nozdrin, K B Shavgulidze, D S Tokmin, I V Osadchiy
AIM: The aim of the study was to analyze the severity of the difference in these values in real clinical practice in patients suffering from arterial hypertension (AH) on the basis of an open multicenter register to monitor the effectiveness of therapy in patients with hypertension "HYPERION", conducted by the Eurasian Association of Therapists with the support of the company "Gedeon Richter" (Hungary). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out within the open multi-center register "HYPERION"...
April 19, 2018: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Geoffrey D Miller, Masaru Teramoto, Stacy J Smeal, Dan Cushman, Daniel Eichner
PURPOSE: The hydration status of an athlete at the time of a doping control sample collection is an important factor to consider when reviewing Athlete Biological Passports. Dehydration results in a reduction of the circulating plasma volume (PV), which may lead to artificially high values of some blood parameters. This study aimed to identify whether serum albumin could serve as a single marker of fluid shifts, which are not currently accounted for in the hematological passport. An additional marker could be used to assist experts when interpreting irregularities in the athlete biological passport (ABP)...
January 28, 2019: Drug Testing and Analysis
Neil Robinson, Jonas Saugy, Frédéric Schütz, Raphael Faiss, Norbert Baume, Sylvain Giraud, Martial Saugy
For the first time, blood samples were collected in all athletes participating in a major sporting event of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) (Athletics World Championships 2011, Daegu, Korea). All variables obtained from blood analyses were incorporated into the individual blood profiles of each athlete for the so-called "Athlete Biological Passport" (ABP). This unprecedented data collection highlighted differences for a few blood biomarkers commonly measured and reported for the ABP on some group of athletes...
October 22, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Corinne Buisson, Claire Frelat, Kévin Privat, Nicolas Martinat, Michel Audran, Katia Collomp
The impact of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) administration has been widely studied for anti-doping purposes in men, whereas only a few studies have been performed in women. In the present study, the impact of DHEA on the steroid profile parameters and their carbon isotopic ratios was explored. Eleven healthy young women and 10 healthy young men received two treatments: One with 100 mg/day of DHEA for 28 days and one with a placebo according to a double-blind crossover protocol. Urine and saliva (only in females) samples were collected before and for 72 hours after each short-term treatment...
October 13, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
R Bogucki, M Cygan, C B Khan, M Klimek, J K Milczek, M Mucha
Photo identification is an important tool used in the field of conservation biology to estimate population abundance and monitor trends over time. However, manually matching photographs to known individuals is time-consuming. Motivated by recent developments in image recognition, we hosted a data science challenge on the crowdsourcing platform Kaggle to automate the identification of endangered North Atlantic right whales. The winning solution was able to automatically identify individual whales with 87% accuracy using a series of convolutional neural networks to identify the region of interest, rotate, and crop the images, create standardized 'passport' photographs, and identify the correct individual whale...
September 26, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Wadha Abushareeda, Marc Tienstra, Arjen Lommen, Marco Blokland, Saskia Sterk, Suhail Kraiem, Peter Horvatovich, Michel Nielen, Muhammad Al-Maadheed, Costas Georgakopoulos
RATIONALE: The Worla Anti-doping Agency (WADA) encourages drug-testing laboratories to develop screening methods that can detect as many doping substances as possible in urine. The use of full-scan high-resolution acquisition (FS/HR) with GC/MS for the detection of known and unknown trimethylsilyl (TMS) derivatives of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) provides anti-doping testing bodies with a new analytical tool. METHODS: The AAS were extracted from urine samples by generic liquid-liquid extraction, after enzymatic hydrolysis, and TMS derivatization...
September 14, 2018: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Silvia Montagna, James Hopker
The World Anti-doping Agency currently collates the results of all doping tests for athletes involved in elite sporting competition with the aim of improving the fight against doping. Existing anti-doping strategies involve either the direct detection of use of banned substances, or abnormal variation in metabolites or biological markers related to their use. As the aim of any doping regime is to enhance athlete competitive performance, it is interesting to consider whether performance data could be used within the fight against doping...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Raphael Faiss, Olivier Salamin, Tiffany Astolfi, Martial Saugy
In the light of recurring anti-doping news, this article discusses some special cases and extends to the future prospects of developing effective anti-doping strategies. After recalling the current principles of the fight against doping, the use of substances tole-rated at a certain threshold, and the therapeutic use exemptions (TUE) are discussed. Authorized substances with a health risk for athletes are discussed before concluding on the development of the athlete's biological passport as a future common ground for anti-doping and medical follow-up of athletes...
July 11, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Joseph Ipe, Kimberly S Collins, Yangyang Hao, Hongyu Gao, Puja Bhatia, Andrea Gaedigk, Yunlong Liu, Todd C Skaar
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) studies have identified large numbers of genetic variants that are predicted to alter miRNA-mRNA interactions. We developed a novel high-throughput bioassay, PASSPORT-seq, that can functionally test in parallel 100s of these variants in miRNA binding sites (mirSNPs). The results are highly reproducible across both technical and biological replicates. The utility of the bioassay was demonstrated by testing 100 mirSNPs in HEK293, HepG2, and HeLa cells. The results of several of the variants were validated in all three cell lines using traditional individual luciferase assays...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Marjaana Viljanto, Pamela Hincks, Lynn Hillyer, Adam Cawley, Craig Suann, Glenys Noble, Christopher J Walker, Mark C Parkin, Andrew T Kicman, James Scarth
The use of testosterone and its pro-drugs, such as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), is currently regulated in horseracing by the application of international testosterone thresholds. However, additional steroidomic approaches, such as steroid ratios, to distinguish overall adrenal stimulation from drug administrations and an equine biological passport for longitudinal steroid profiling of individual animals could be advantageous in equine doping testing. Thus, DHEA concentrations and related ratios (testosterone [T] to DHEA and DHEA to epitestosterone [E]) were assessed in the reference population by quantitative analysis of 200 post-race gelding urine samples using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
May 24, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Sergei Iljukov, Stephane Bermon, Yorck O Schumacher
The efficient use of testing resources is a key issue in the fight against doping. The longitudinal tracking of sporting performances to identify unusual improvements possibly caused by doping, so-called "athlete's performance passport" (APP) is a new concept to improve targeted anti-doping testing. In fact, unusual performances by an athlete would trigger a more thorough testing program. In the present case report, performance data is modeled using the critical power concept for a group of athletes based on their past performances...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Olivier Aubel, Brice Lefèvre, Jean-Marie Le Goff, Natascia Taverna
OBJECTIVES: Determine whether career paths of elite male professional riders explain the risk of being sanctioned for an Anti-Doping Rules Violation through the International Cycling Union. DESIGN, METHODS: A discrete-time logit model explored the link between career path and ADRV risk in a database of 10,551 riders engaged in the first three world divisions (2005-2016), including 271 sanctioned riders. RESULTS: Despite a longer career (7...
October 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Thijs Devriendt, Davit Chokoshvili, Maddalena Favaretto, Pascal Borry
The Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) refers to the collection of data related to an individual athlete. The ABP contains the Haematological Module and the Steroidal Module, which are used for the longitudinal monitoring of variables in blood and urine, respectively. Based on changes in these variables, a statistical model detects outliers which indicate doping use and guide further targeted testing of the athlete. Presently, athletes can access their data of the Haematological Module in the Anti-Doping Administration and Management System (ADAMS)...
May 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Nikola Koepke, Joël Floris, Christian Pfister, Frank J Rühli, Kaspar Staub
When investigating the well-being of a society, the living conditions of females are of special importance, not only due to the immediate impact for those directly involved, but also because of the potential intergenerational effects. Studying the dimorphism in the mean height helps to depict variation in the basic biological sex difference due to gender-related factors that potentially determine net nutrition. To expand knowledge of diachronic development in Swiss well-being conditions we investigate changes in the height of adult females born 1770-1930, and compare the series with data on contemporary males from the same sources: We employ a sample of N = 21'028 women and N = 21'329 men from passport-, convict-, maternity hospital-, and voluntary World War II army auxiliary records...
May 2018: Economics and Human Biology
Louisa M Lobigs, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Victor L Vuong, Nicolin Tee, Christopher J Gore, Peter Peeling, Brian Dawson, Yorck O Schumacher
Altitude is a confounding factor within the Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) due, in part, to the plasma volume (PV) response to hypoxia. Here, a newly developed PV blood test is applied to assess the possible efficacy of reducing the influence of PV on the volumetric ABP markers; haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) and the OFF-score. Endurance athletes (n=34) completed a 21-night simulated live-high train-low (LHTL) protocol (14 h.d-1 at 3000 m). Bloods were collected twice pre-altitude; at days 3, 8, and 15 at altitude; and 1, 7, 21, and 42 days post-altitude...
February 19, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Jenny Mullen, Yifat Gadot, Emma Eklund, Alexander Andersson, Jenny J Schulze, Magnus Ericsson, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg, Anders Rane, Lena Ekström
Concentrations of urinary steroids are measured in anti-doping test programs to detect doping with endogenous steroids. These concentrations are combined into ratios and followed over time in the steroidal module of the Athlete Biological Passport (ABP). The most important ratio in the ABP is the testosterone/epitestosterone (T/E) ratio but this ratio is subject to intra-individual variations, especially large in women, which complicates interpretation. In addition, there are other factors affecting T/E. Pregnancy, for example, is known to affect the urinary excretion rate of epitestosterone and hence the T/E ratio...
January 18, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Sergi Coll, Xavier Matabosch, Lorena Garrostas, Clara Perez-Maña, Rosa Ventura
The steroid profile (SP) is a powerful tool to detect the misuse of endogenous anabolic androgenic steroids in sports, and it is included in the Athlete Biological Passport (ABP). Glucocorticoids (GCs), which are widely prescribed in sports and only prohibited in competition by systemic routes, inhibit the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Since the metabolites monitored in the SP have a partial adrenal origin, their excretion in urine might be altered by GCs consumption. The aim of the present work was to investigate if GCs administered by either systemic or local routes could influence the SP parameters...
June 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Paolo Menaspà, Chris R Abbiss
Over the past few decades the possibility to capture real-time data from road cyclists has drastically improved. Given the increasing pressure for improved transparency and openness, there has been an increase in publication of cyclists' physiological and performance data. Recently, it has been suggested that the use of such performance biometrics may be used to strengthen the sensitivity and applicability of the Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) and aid in the fight against doping. This is an interesting concept which has merit, although there are several important factors that need to be considered...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Jenny Mullen, Annica Börjesson, Oscar Hopcraft, Jenny J Schulze, Magnus Ericsson, Anders Rane, Mikael Lehtihet, Lena Ekström
Micro-doping with testosterone (T) is challenging to detect with the current doping tests. Today, the methods available to detect T are longitudinally monitoring of urine biomarkers in the Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) and measuring the isotopic composition of excreted biomarkers to distinguish the origin of the molecule. In this study, we investigated the detectability of a single dose of 100 mg T gel in 8 healthy male subjects. We also studied which biomarkers were most sensitive to T gel administration, including blood biomarkers...
May 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"