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miRNA lncRNA circRNA metabolism

Jing Wang, Qiaoling Ren, Liushuai Hua, Junfeng Chen, Jiaqing Zhang, Hongjie Bai, Haili Li, Bin Xu, Zhihai Shi, Hai Cao, Baosong Xing, Xianxiao Bai
Circular RNA (circRNA) and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) are known to participate in adipogenesis and myogenic differentiation, but their impact on porcine muscle traits is not well understood. We compared their expressional profiles in the longissimus dorsi muscle of Chinese Huainan pigs (HN, the fat type) and Western commercial Duroc×(Landrace×Yorkshire) (DLY, the thin type) pigs, and 854 mRNAs, 233 lncRNAs, and 66 circRNAs (p < 0.05 and |log₂FoldChange|>1) were found to be differentially expressed...
March 4, 2019: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Di Jin, Xiaowei Wu, Hongwen Yu, Lihong Jiang, Ping Zhou, Xiaoyi Yao, Jia Meng, Liping Wang, Meijie Zhang, Yina Zhang
Osteoporosis (OP) is a disease characterized by bone loss, imbalance of bone metabolism and destruction of trabecular microstructure, and associated with menopause. Studies have shown that immune related lymphocytes are involved in bone metabolism. However, the molecular mechanisms hidden in the interaction of lymphocytes with OP need to be further studied. In the present study, we investigated the expression profiles and differences of lncRNAs, mRNAs, circRNAs and miRNAs in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with postmenopausal OP using Illumina-based complementary DNA (cDNA) deep sequencing (RNA-seq)...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Jun Guo, Yuan Zhou, Yafen Cheng, Weiwei Fang, Gang Hu, Jie Wei, Yajun Lin, Yong Man, Lixin Guo, Mingxiao Sun, Qinghua Cui, Jian Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have suggested that changes in non-coding mRNA play a key role in the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Metformin is now recommended and effective for the treatment of NAFLD. We hope the current analyses of the non-coding mRNA transcriptome will provide a better presentation of the potential roles of mRNAs and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) that underlie NAFLD and metformin intervention. METHODS: The present study mainly analysed changes in the coding transcriptome and non-coding RNAs after the application of a five-week metformin intervention...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Yeping Dong, Dan He, Zhenzi Peng, Wei Peng, Wenwen Shi, Jun Wang, Bin Li, Chunfang Zhang, Chaojun Duan
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of endogendous RNAs that form a covalently closed continuous loop and exist extensively in mammalian cells. Majority of circRNAs are conserved across species and often show tissue/developmental stage-specific expression. CircRNAs were first thought to be the result of splicing error; however, subsequent research shows that circRNAs can function as microRNA (miRNA) sponges and regulate splicing and transcription. Emerging evidence shows that circRNAs possess closely associated with human diseases, especially cancers, and may serve as better biomarkers...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Dongdong Yang, Linchong Sun, Zhaoyong Li, Ping Gao
Since the description of the Warburg effect 90 years ago, metabolic reprogramming has been gradually recognized as a major hallmark of cancer cells. Mounting evidence now indicates that cancer is a kind of metabolic disease, quite distinct from conventional perception. While metabolic alterations in cancer cells have been extensively observed in glucose, lipid, and amino acid metabolisms, its underlying regulatory mechanisms are still poorly understood. Noncoding RNA, also known as the "dark matter in life," functions through various mechanisms at RNA level regulating different biological pathways...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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