Read by QxMD icon Read

Cyst ovarian postmenopausal

Pratibha Singh, Nitisha Lath, Shashank Shekhar, Manu Goyal, Meenakshi Gothwal, Garima Yadav, Pushpinder Khera
Struma ovarii is a variant of mature cystic teratoma, with predominant thyroid element. Confirmatory diagnosis is by histopathology. It may mimic as ovarian malignancy in some. It may be associated with ascites in minority; even CA-125 has been found to be raised in some cases. We here report three cases - two operated for suspected ovarian malignancy in a postmenopausal female and one case operated for persistent benign ovarian cyst with raised CA-125 in a young female. In all histopathological diagnosis was a benign struma ovarii...
October 2018: Journal of Mid-life Health
Seul Lee, Yun Hwa Kim, Seung Chul Kim, Jong Kil Joo, Dong Suh Seo, Ki Hyung Kim, Kyu Sup Lee
Objective: To evaluate the effect of tamoxifen on female reproductive organs in women with breast cancer. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 309 women with breast cancer who were currently receiving tamoxifen and undergoing regular gynecological examination. Results: We evaluated 92 pre- and 217 postmenopausal women. The prevalence of endometrial thickening was 12% in the pre- and 10.6% in the postmenopausal group...
September 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Maria Lycke, Björg Kristjansdottir, Karin Sundfeldt
OBJECTIVE: To validate, in a multicenter clinical trial, the performance of biomarkers and algorithms for differential diagnosis in a population of women diagnosed with an unknown ovarian cyst or pelvic tumor. METHODS: Six hospitals in Western Sweden consecutively enrolled 638 women from September 2013 to February 2016. Serum, transvaginal ultrasound data, and basic patient characteristics were collected preoperatively. Biomarker levels, risk of malignancy algorithm (ROMA), and risk of malignancy index (RMI) were calculated and compared with the final pathology report...
October 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Osman Balci, Hasan Energin, Hüseyin Görkemli, Ali Acar
PURPOSE: Adnexal torsion constitutes 2.7% of gynecological emergencies, it is more frequently seen in reproductive age. Delay in diagnosis and treatment may lead to loss of the ovary. In this study, we aimed to assess patients who had adnexal torsion and compare laparoscopy with laparotomy in the treatment of these patients and point the most appropriate surgery according to age groups of the patients and comparison of patient characteristics and management between adnexal torsion in postmenopausal and premenopausal patients...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Crîngu Antoniu Ionescu, Alexandra Matei, Dan Navolan, Mihai Dimitriu, Roxana Bohâltea, Adrian Neacsu, Corina Ilinca, Liana Ples
Ovarian masses are one of the most frequently identified entities in gynecological practice. Early differential diagnosis is a key factor in the medical management of each patient. Transvaginal ultrasound along with additional preoperative testing, such as serum cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) levels and the Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) score, usually provide sufficient information for a presumptive diagnosis. Minimally invasive surgery as a therapeutic approach is the standard procedure for uncomplicated and benign adnexal masses...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Vikarn Vishwajeet, Nirmalya Banerjee, Pranab Dey
Ovarian lipoleiomyoma is an extremely rare neoplasm and may pose a diagnostic challenge for clinicians, radiologists, and pathologists. It is rarely described as case reports in the literature; almost all patients are late middle aged or elderly. Hereby, we encountered a 57-yr-old postmenopausal woman who presented with abdominal pain. Radiologic investigation revealed a heterogenous nonenhancing mass in the left adnexa, suggestive of dermoid cyst. Microscopic examination showed clusters of adipocytes intersecting the fascicles of smooth muscles, diagnostic of lipoleiomyoma...
July 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Akshay D Baheti, Cory E Lewis, Daniel S Hippe, Ryan B O'Malley, Carolyn L Wang
PURPOSE: To assess whether CT morphology of adnexal lesions in postmenopausal women with history of non-ovarian cancer could be used to discriminate benign and malignant lesions, particularly focusing on applicability of the ACR criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an IRB-approved HIPAA-compliant retrospective review of contrast-enhanced CTs of 199 women, 55 years and older. Lesions were classified as simple cystic, complex cystic, solid-cystic, or solid based on CT morphology, and were diagnosed as benign, indeterminate, or malignant on follow-up imaging or pathology...
June 20, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Nishat Fatema, Muna Mubarak Al Badi
Giant (>10 cm) ovarian cyst is a rare finding. In the literature, a few cases of giant ovarian cysts have been mentioned sporadically, especially in elderly patients. We report a 57-year-old postmenopausal woman with a giant left ovarian cyst measuring 43 × 15 × 9 cm. She was referred to us from the local health center in view of palpable pelvic mass for six-month period. Considering the age and menopausal state, we performed a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with excision of the giant left ovarian cyst intact and successfully without any significant complication...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, X Xue, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Danny C Kim, Gregory N Nicola
PURPOSE: To explore variation in downstream relative costs associated with ovarian cysts incidentally detected on ultrasound. METHODS: For 200 consecutive incidental ovarian cysts on ultrasound, ultrasound reports were classified in terms of presence of a radiologist recommendation for additional imaging. All downstream events (imaging, office visits, and surgery) associated with the cysts were identified from the electronic health record. Medical costs associated with these downstream events were estimated using national Medicare rates...
July 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Erdogan Nohuz, Luisa De Simone, Gautier Chêne
BACKGROUND: The IOTA (International Ovarian Tumor Analysis) group has developed the ADNEX (Assessment of Different NEoplasias in the adneXa) model to predict the risk that an ovarian mass is benign, borderline or malignant. This study aimed to test reliability of these risks prediction models to improve the performance of pelvic ultrasound and discriminate between benign and malignant cysts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Postmenopausal women with an adnexal mass (including ovarian, para-ovarian and tubal) and who underwent a standardized ultrasound examination before surgery were included...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
Fabio Parazzini, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Francesca Chiaffarino, Dhouha Dridi, Elena Roncella, Paolo Vercellini
The reported frequency of malignant diseases in unilocular cysts varies in different studies, giving conflicting results. To quantify the risk of malignancies among echoic and anechoic unilocular adnexal cysts, in premenopausal and postmenopausal women, we performed a PubMed/MEDLINE search of papers published in English evaluating the histopathological diagnoses of removed ovarian cysts diagnosed as simple unilocular cysts at pre-operative ultrasound examination. From 34 selected publications, we extracted data on ovarian malignancy in the total series, and separately for premenopausal and postmenopausal women, and women with cysts < 5 cm and  ≥5 cm in diameter...
June 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Eugene Vernyuy Yeika, Derrick Tembi Efie, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Joseph Nkeangu Fomengia
BACKGROUND: Giant ovarian cysts are tumours of the ovary presenting with diameters greater than 10 cm. Giant ovarian cysts have become rare in recent days as they are diagnosed and managed early due to the availability of good imaging modalities. The aim of this case report is to show how a huge cystic ovarian mass can mislead the diagnosis of ascites in a postmenopausal woman. Factors associated with late presentation of giant ovarian cysts in sub-Saharan Africa have also been discussed...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Marliyya Sanusi Zayyan, Saad Aliyu Ahmed, Adekunle O Oguntayo, Abimbola O Kolawole, Tajudeen Ayodeji Olasinde
Background: Globally, the absence of a premalignant stage of ovarian cancer and a reliable screening tool make early diagnosis difficult. Locally, poverty, ignorance, and lack of organized cancer services make prognosis poor. We describe the epidemiological features of ovarian cancer seen at Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria, Northern Nigeria, a tertiary referral center, over a 10-year period in this challenging setting. Methods: All cases of histologically diagnosed ovarian cancer between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2013 were included in the study...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
Kay J Park, Prusha Patel, Irina Linkov, Anjali Jotwani, Noah Kauff, Malcolm C Pike
AIMS: Evidence suggests that up to 70% of high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSCs) arise potentially from fallopian tube fimbriae, and that many of the remaining cases arise from within the ovary in cortical inclusion cysts (CICs) with a Müllerian phenotype (Müllerian-CICs). It has been proposed that Müllerian-CICs arise either from metaplasia of mesothelial ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) entrapped within the ovary after ovulation or from normal tubal cells entrapped postovulation...
April 2018: Histopathology
Hyojin Kim, Taewon Jeong, Yeongho Lee, Gyeonga Kim, Sanggi Hong, Sukyung Beck, Jeongbeom Mun, Kyongjin Kim, Myeongjin Ju
A 74-year-old postmenopausal woman visited our gynecology clinic complaining of a palpable abdominal mass. Physical and radiological evaluation indicated that the mass exhibited features of a left ovarian neoplasm showing heterogeneous enhancement. Surgical resection was performed to confirm this suspicion. During surgery, a mass was observed only in the left ovary with no invasive growth, but adhesions to the surrounding peritoneum were seen. Given the patient's age, large mass size, and accompanying uterine myoma and right ovarian cyst, total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed...
November 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Nicole Yoder, Asher Marks, Pei Hui, Babak Litkouhi, Julia Cron
BACKGROUND: Mature cystic teratomas are the most common ovarian neoplasm in adolescents. They are typically benign, however, malignant transformation rarely occurs. We report a low-grade astrocytoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma in an adolescent patient. CASE: The patient was a 12-year-old girl with an asymptomatic ovarian cyst and subsequent cystectomy. Final pathology identified a solid tumor with glial tissue within the cyst, reported as low-grade astrocytoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Batuhan Turgay, Kazibe Koyuncu, Salih Taşkın, Uğur Fırat Ortaç
OBJECTIVE: Brenner tumors are rare neoplasms of the ovary. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features of Brenner tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical features of 22 patients who were treated in Ankara University Faculty of Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology Department between 2005 and 2015 were evaluated retrospectively from hospital medical records. RESULTS: The patients were aged 34 to 79 years at the time of diagnosis and the mean age was 55...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Guadalupe Vargas, Lourdes-Josefina Balcazar-Hernandez, Virgilio Melgar, Roser-Montserrat Magriña-Mercado, Baldomero Gonzalez, Javier Baquera, Moisés Mercado
A 19-year-old woman with a history of isosexual precocious puberty and bilateral oophorectomy at age 10 years because of giant ovarian cysts, presents with headaches and mild symptoms and signs of hyperthyroidism. Hormonal evaluation revealed elevated FSH and LH levels in the postmenopausal range and free hyperthyroxinemia with an inappropriately normal TSH. Pituitary MRI showed a 2-cm macroadenoma with suprasellar extension. She underwent successful surgical resection of the pituitary tumor, which proved to be composed of two distinct populations of cells, each of them strongly immunoreactive for FSH and TSH, respectively...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Murali Subbaiah, Gowri Dorairajan, Debasis Gochhait, G Vijayalakshmi
Virilizing ovarian dermoid cysts are very rare. The source of androgen in these cysts may be tumors such as Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor or Leydig cell hyperplasia. A 52-year-old postmenopausal female with virilization was found to have an ovarian dermoid cyst on ultrasound. Her serum testosterone levels were elevated. Leydig cell hyperplasia within the dermoid cyst was found to be the source of androgen in this patient.
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
Emi Sato, Kentaro Nakayama, Masako Ishikawa, Kohei Nakamura, Tomoka Ishibashi, Satoru Kyo
Although epithelial ovarian cancer commonly originates from the ovarian surface epithelium and/or ovarian inclusion cysts, it was recently proposed that high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) develops from the Fallopian tubes. In our department, we encountered a case of HGSC that contradicts the hypothesis of a tubal origin for HGSC. A 51-year-old postmenopausal woman had undergone hysterectomy, left oophorectomy and bilateral salpingectomy for uterine myoma. Three years later, the patient was diagnosed with stage IV ovarian cancer and underwent primary debulking surgery...
February 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"